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Encyclopedia > Scheldt
Scheldt
The Scheldt in Antwerp
Origin France
Mouth Westerschelde
Basin countries France, Belgium, Netherlands
Length 350 km (217 mi)
Source elevation 95 m (312 ft)
Avg. discharge 120 m³/s (4,238 ft³/s)
Basin area 21,860 km² (8,440 mi²)

The Scheldt (Dutch: Schelde, French Escaut) is a 350 km[1] long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands. From Dutch wik, foto taken by LennartBolks , This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Satellite image of the Scheldt delta showing the Western Scheldt (b) The Western Scheldt (Westerschelde) in the province Zeeland in the southwestern Netherlands, is an estuary of the Scheldt river. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... km redirects here. ... River upstream of an Australian trout farm A river is a large natural waterway. ...

Contents

Course

The Scheldt finds its origin in Gouy, in the Aisne department, northern France. It flows north through Cambrai and Valenciennes, and enters Belgium near Tournai. In Ghent, where it receives the Lys, its main tributary, the Scheldt turns east. Near Antwerp, the largest city on its banks, the Scheldt flows west into the Netherlands towards the North Sea. Aisne is a département in the northern part of France named after the Aisne River. ... Cambrai (Dutch: Kamerijk) is a French city and commune, in the Nord département, of which it is a sous_préfecture. ... Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a town and commune in northern France in the Nord département on the Escaut river. ... Tournai (in Dutch: Doornik in Latin: Tornacum) is a municipality located 85 kilometres southwest of Brussels, on the river Scheldt (in French: Escaut, in Dutch: Schelde), in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Gent at Night Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ... The Lys or Leie is a river originating in France entering Belgium and flowing into the river Scheldt in Ghent. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ...


Originally there were two branches from that point: the Oosterschelde (Eastern Scheldt) and the Westerschelde (Western Scheldt) but in the 19th century the river was cut off from its eastern (actually: northern) branch by a dike that connects Zuid-Beveland with the mainland (North Brabant). Today the river therefore continues into the Westerschelde estuary only, passing Terneuzen to reach the North Sea between Breskens in Zeeuws-Vlaanderen and Vlissingen (Flushing) on Walcheren. Satellite image of the Scheldt delta showing the Oosterschelde estuary (i) The Oosterschelde (Eastern Scheldt) is an estuary in Zeeland, the Netherlands, between Schouwen-Duiveland and Tholen on the north and Noord-Beveland and Zuid-Beveland on the south. ... Satellite image of the Scheldt delta showing the Western Scheldt (b) The Western Scheldt (Westerschelde) in the province Zeeland in the southwestern Netherlands, is an estuary of the Scheldt river. ... The Scheldt delta, including Zuid-Beveland (2) Zuid-Beveland is a part of the province of Zeeland in the Netherlands north of the Westerschelde and south of the Oosterschelde. ... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... Terneuzen is a city and municipality in the southwestern Netherlands, in the province of Zeeland, in the middle of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen. ... Coat of Arms of Breskens Breskens is a harbour town on the Westerschelde in the municipality of Sluis in the province of Zeeland, in the south-western Netherlands. ... Satellite image of the Scheldt delta Zeeuws-Vlaanderen is the part of the Netherlands on the left shore of the Scheldt river (here called Westerschelde), nr. ... Flushing (Dutch Vlissingen) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren. ... Satellite image of the Scheldt estuary Walcheren is a former island in the province of Zeeland in the Netherlands at the mouth of the Scheldt estuary. ...


The Scheldt is an important waterway, and has been made navigable from its mouth up to Cambrai. Several canals (including the Albert Canal) connect the Scheldt with the basins of the Rhine, Meuse and Seine, and with the industrial areas around Brussels, Liège, Lille, Dunkirk and Mons. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Channel (geography). ... The Albert Canal is a canal located in northeastern Belgium. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Meuse near Grave The Meuse (Dutch Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea. ... The Seine (pronounced in French) is a major river of north-western France, and one of its commercial waterways. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Liège (Dutch: Luik, German: Lüttich; before 1946, the citys name was written Liége, with the acute accent) is a major city located in the Belgian province of Liège, of which it is the capital. ... t* Autoroute A22 : Lille - Antwerp - Netherlands A sixth oher ejt weoitjh w newr0tipew roj40=9 dfiojg b o4it orpitre royieoy i53 -y035 3[49430ne — the proposed A24 — will link Amiens to Lille if built, but there is opposition to its route. ... Carnival in Dunkirk. ... The central square and town hall of Mons Mons (Dutch: Bergen) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut, of which it is the capital. ...


The Scheldt flows through the following departments of France, provinces of Belgium, provinces of the Netherlands and towns: The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... Belgium is a federal state and is composed of three communities, three regions, and four linguistic regions. ... The modern day Netherlands are divided into twelve provinces (provincies in Dutch), listed below with their capital city: Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also the ranked list of Dutch provinces // Structure A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in between the national government and the...

Aisne is a département in the northern part of France named after the Aisne River. ... Extent of Flemish in the Arrondissement of Dunkirk, 1874 and 1972 Nord (French: North) is a département in the north of France. ... Cambrai (Dutch: Kamerijk) is a French city and commune, in the Nord département, of which it is a sous_préfecture. ... Denain is a commune of the Nord département, in France. ... Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a town and commune in northern France in the Nord département on the Escaut river. ... Hainaut (French; English traditionally Hainault, Dutch: Henegouwen, German: Hennegau, Walloon: Hinnot) is the westernmost province of Wallonia, in Belgium. ... Tournai (in Dutch: Doornik in Latin: Tornacum) is a municipality located 85 kilometres southwest of Brussels, on the river Scheldt (in French: Escaut, in Dutch: Schelde), in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... West Flanders (Dutch: West-Vlaanderen) is the westernmost province of Flanders and of Belgium. ... Avelgem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... East Flanders is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Oudenaarde (French Audenarde, English sometimes Oudenarde) is a municipality in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of East Flanders. ... Gent at Night Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ... Dendermonde (French: Termonde) is a city and municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of East Flanders. ... Temse is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of East Flanders. ... Antwerp is the northernmost province of Flanders and of Belgium. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... Capital Middelburg Queens Commissioner drs. ... Terneuzen is a city and municipality in the southwestern Netherlands, in the province of Zeeland, in the middle of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen. ... Flushing (Dutch Vlissingen) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren. ...

History

Satellite image of the Scheldt delta
Satellite image of the Scheldt delta

The Scheldt estuary has always had considerable commercial and strategic importance. In Roman days it was important for the shipping lanes to Britannia. The Franks took control over the region around 260 and at first interfered with the Roman supply routes as pirates. Later they became allies of the Romans. With the various divisions of the Frankish Empire in the 9th century, the Scheldt eventually became the border between the West and the East Empire, later named France and the Holy Roman Empire. South part of the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta in the Netherlands, focusing on the Scheldt-influenced bit and showing most of the province of Zeeland. ... South part of the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta in the Netherlands, focusing on the Scheldt-influenced bit and showing most of the province of Zeeland. ... The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... Britannia on a 2005 £2 coin. ... For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... The Frankish Empire was the territory of the Franks, from the 5th to the 10th centuries, from 481 ruled by Clovis I of the Merovingian Dynasty, the first king of all the Franks. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... The Holy Roman Empire and from the 16th century on also The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ...


This situation remained -- at least on paper -- till 1528, although by then both Flanders on the left bank and Zeeland and Brabant on the right were part of the Habsburg possessions of the Seventeen Provinces. Antwerp was the most prominent harbor of Western Europe. After this city fell back under Spanish control in 1585 the Dutch Republic took control of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen, a strip of land on the left shore and closed the Scheldt for shipping. This shifted the trade to Amsterdam. Events June 19 - Battle of Landriano - A French army in Italy under Marshal St. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a... Brabant is a former duchy in the Low Countries, and a former province of Belgium. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... The Seventeen Provinces were a personal union of states in the Low Countries in the 16th century, roughly covering the current Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, a good part of the North of France (Artois, Nord) and a small part of Germany. ... 1585 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 741,329 (1 August 2006) Demonym Amsterdammer Coordinates Website www. ...


In the time of the French Revolution the river was reopened in 1792 and once Belgium in 1830 had claimed its independence from The Netherlands the treaty of the Scheldt determined that the river should remain accessible to ships headed for Belgian ports. The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a pivotal period in the history of French, European and Western civilization. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


In World War II the estuary once again became a contested area. Despite allied control of Antwerp, in September 1944 German forces still occupied fortified positions throughout the Scheldt estuary west and north, preventing any allied shipping to the port. In the Battle of the Scheldt, the Canadian First Army successfully cleared the area, allowing supply convoys direct access to the port of Antwerp by November of 1944. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Combatants Canada United Kingdom Poland Belgium Norway Germany Commanders Guy Simonds (acting) (First Canadian Army) Gustav-Adolf von Zangen (German 15th Army) Strength  ?  ? Casualties 12,873 total; including 6,367 Canadian  ? The Battle of the Scheldt was a series of military operations which took place in northern Belgium and south... The Canadian First Army was the overall command for the Canadian military forces in Europe during World War II. It was formed in early 1942 to command two corps composed of the three infantry divisions, two armoured divisions, and two armoured brigades that had assembled in England. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ...


Tributaries and sub-tributaries

Satellite image of the Scheldt delta showing the Western Scheldt (b) The Western Scheldt (Westerschelde) in the province Zeeland in the southwestern Netherlands, is an estuary of the Scheldt river. ... Flushing (Dutch Vlissingen) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... Rupel is a tidal river in northern Belgium. ... Rupelmonde is a constituent town of the municipality of Kruibeke, located in the Belgian province of East Flanders. ... Nete (Dutch, in French: Nèthe) is a river in northern Belgium. ... Rumst is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. ... Nete (Dutch, in French: Nèthe) is a river in northern Belgium. ... Lier can refer to the municipalities: Lier, Norway Lier, Belgium This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Grobbendonk is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp (Dutch: Antwerpen). ... WAMP is an acronym for the combination Microsoft Windows, Apache, MySQL and one or more of Perl, PHP and Python. ... Kasterlee is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. ... Nete (Dutch, in French: Nèthe) is a river in northern Belgium. ... Lier can refer to the municipalities: Lier, Norway Lier, Belgium This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Herenthout is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. ... Geel is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. ... City Hall of Westerlo, with Christmas and Newyear lighting Westerlo is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. ... Dijle (Dutch, in French: Dyle) is a river in central Belgium. ... Rumst is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. ... The Zenne (Dutch) or Senne (French) is a small river that flows through Brussels. ... Mechelen: Grote Markt square, with St. ... The Maelbeek or Maalbeek is a stream that goes through several municipalities in Brussels, including Etterbeek, Ixelles, Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Schaerbeek. ... Grimbergen is a municipality in the province of Flemish Brabant, in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... The Woluwe is a stream that goes through several municipalities in the Southeast and East of Brussels and is a tributary of the Senne River (in Vilvoorde) and of the Maalbeek stream (in Kraainem). ... Vilvoorde (French: Vilvorde) is a municipality in the province of Flemish Brabant, in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... The Maelbeek or Maalbeek is a stream that goes through several municipalities in Brussels, including Etterbeek, Ixelles, Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Schaerbeek. ... Schaerbeek (French) or Schaarbeek (Dutch) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. ... Molenbeek-Saint-Jean municipality in the Brussels-Capital Region Molenbeek-Saint-Jean (French) or Sint-Jans-Molenbeek (Dutch) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Anderlecht within the Brussels-Capital Region Anderlecht is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. ... Sint-Pieters-Leeuw is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... Drogenbos is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... Linkebeek is a municipality in the province of Flemish Brabant, in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Drogenbos is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... Tubize is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... Tubize is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... Braine-le-Comte (Dutch: s-Gravenbrakel) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Nivelles (Dutch: Nijvel) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... The Demer is a river in eastern Belgium. ... Rotselaar is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... Halen is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg. ... The Gete (French : Jauche) is a river in Belgium which flows south to north . ... Halen is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg. ... Zoutleeuw is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... Zoutleeuw is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... Herk-de-Stad is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg. ... Leuven   (French Louvain, German Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Flanders, Belgium, European Union. ... Huldenberg is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... Grez-Doiceau is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... Huldenberg is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... Rixensart is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... Temse is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of East Flanders. ... The Dender is a tribuary of the river Scheldt. ... Dendermonde (French: Termonde) is a city and municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of East Flanders. ... The Mark (Dutch) or Marcq (French) is a river in Belgium, tributary of the Dender. ... Lessines is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Lessines is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Alex Zülle is a Swiss road bicycle racer born on July 5, 1968 in Wil, Switzerland. ... This article is about the Belgian municipality. ... This article is about the Belgian municipality. ... This article is about the Belgian municipality. ... The Lys or Leie is a river originating in France entering Belgium and flowing into the river Scheldt in Ghent. ... gent is a morpheme, see contingent, agent, short for gentleman Native spelling for the Belgian city of Ghent This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The River Mandel is a small river in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Wielsbeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Kuurne is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... Kortrijk (French: Courtrai) is a city and municipality located in West Flanders, Belgium. ... Comines-Warneton (Dutch: Komen-Waasten) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Deûle is a river of northern France which is currently channeled for the main part of its course (from Lens to Lille ). The upstream part is still partly free-flowing and is known as the Souchez. ... Souchez is a commune of northern France, in the départment of Pas-de-Calais. ... Lens is commune in northern France, in the Pas-de-Calais département. ... Carency is a village of northern France, in the Pas-de-Calais départment. ... Souchez is a commune of northern France, in the départment of Pas-de-Calais. ... Ablain-Saint-Nazaire is a France, in the Pas-de-Calais départment. ... Souchez is a commune of northern France, in the départment of Pas-de-Calais. ... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... Zwalm is a municipality located in Flanders and in the Flemish province of East Flanders, in Belgium. ... Kluisbergen is a municipality located in the Belgian province of East Flanders. ... Ronse (French: Renaix) is a municipality located in the province of East Flanders, Flemish Region, Belgium. ... The Scarpe is a river in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France. ... The Haine (French: , Dutch: ) is a river in southern Belgium (Hainaut) and northern France (Nord), right tributary of the river Scheldt. ... The central square and town hall of Mons Mons (Dutch: Bergen) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut, of which it is the capital. ... Quiévrain is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a town and commune in northern France in the Nord département on the Escaut river. ... Denain is a commune of the Nord département, in France. ... Bouchain is a former part of French Flanders, located halfway between Cambrai and Valenciennes. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Scheldt
  • Water basin of the Scheldt
  • www.scheldenet.nl

  Results from FactBites:
 
BAM: Management Company Antwerp Mobile Scheldt crossing (149 words)
The Antwerp region currently offers three links for freight transport between the left and right bank of the Scheldt: the Kennedy tunnel, the Liefkenshoek tunnel and the Scheldt bridge in Temse.
This is why the decree of 13 December 2002 lays down that the Flemish Government will bring all the Scheldt river bank links into BAM (Management Company Antwerp Mobile).
Together with the closing of the Kennedy tunnel to freight traffic as of 2010, this may guarantee reliable assessments of the use of available infrastructure, with low demand elasticity.
Scheldt - LoveToKnow 1911 (218 words)
The Scheldt has a length of 250 m., of which, by a skilful arrangement of locks, not less than 207 m.
By the treaty of Munster in 1648 the Dutch obtained the right to close the Scheldt to navigation, and they clung tenaciously to it for over two centuries.
In 1839 on the final dissolution of the kingdom of the Netherlands, Holland gave definite form to this right by fixing the toll, and by obtaining the assent of the powers to the arrangement which fettered the trade of Antwerp.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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