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Encyclopedia > Scarborough Shoal

The Scarborough Shoal, more correctly described as a group of islands, atolls, and reefs then a shoal, is located in the Luzon Sea (South China Sea). The nearest landmass is Palauig town, Zambales province, Luzon Island, with only 221 kilometers. It is about 123 miles west of Subic Bay. The South China Sea, showing surrounding countries and neighbouring seas and oceans The South China Sea is a marginal sea, part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from Singapore to the Strait of Taiwan of around 3,500,000 km². It is the largest sea body after the five... Palauig is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zambales, Philippines. ... Subic Bay is a bay on the west coast of the island of Luzon in the Philippines, about 100km northwest of Manila Bay. ...

Both the Philippines and the People's Republic of China claim it.

The Philippines base their claim on its proximity, its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), and the principle of terra nullius (which can only be valid if no one ever owned it before) Terra nullius is a Latin expression deriving from Roman Law meaning empty land or no mans land. // Rationale As in Antiquity peace was considered an exceptional condition between states, only established by peace treaty, war being their natural rapport, any territory that was not explicitly recognized as legitimately possessed...

The Chinese basis for claim is the historic use of the shoal by Chinese fishermen and the fact that the shoal was first discovered by Chinese in 13th Century.

Sources and references

  • [www.vic-info.org/.../$FILE/ Spratly+Islands+Dispute+Primer+Update+9-2-02web.doc - VirtualInformationCenter- includes many more references]

  Results from FactBites:
Philippine Navy Fires Warning Shots to Ward Off Chinese Vessel [Free Republic] (876 words)
A Navy patrol craft fired warning shots to drive away a Chinese vessel allegedly poaching in the disputed Scarborough Shoal in the South China Sea on Wednesday, further raising tensions between the Philippines and China over the rocky outcrop.
Wang Ni, spokesman for the Chinese Embassy in Manila, condemned the Navy's action, saying it was against a Philippines-China agreement to exercise restraint in Scarborough Shoal.
It was the second incident between the Navy and Chinese vessels around Scarborough Shoal in the last few days.
  More results at FactBites »



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