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Encyclopedia > Scarborough RT (TTC)
Scarborough RT
Image:Scarborough RT logo.png
Scarborough RT on its elevated tracks between Scarborough Centre and McCowan stations.
Locale Toronto, Ontario
Years of operation 1985 – present
System length 6.4 km (4.2 miles)
No. of stations 6
Track gauge ft 8½ in (1435 mm)

(standard gauge) Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Scarborough_RT_between_Scarborough_Centre_and_McCowan. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (de facto) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 4th 1,076... km redirects here. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Rail gauge is the distance between two rails of a railroad. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ...

Operator Toronto Transit Commission
Subway Lines
Yonge-University-Spadina
Bloor-Danforth
Scarborough RT
Sheppard

The Scarborough RT (sometimes shortened to SRT or RT) is a public transport metro line in the Scarborough district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It has been suggested that TTC Special Constable Services be merged into this article or section. ... The Yonge-University-Spadina Line is the oldest subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and undoubtedly, the most crowded subway line in Toronto, since it serves Downtown Toronto. ... The Bloor-Danforth line is the main east-west subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission. ... The Sheppard Line is the newest subway line line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission. ... Skytrain Bangkok. ... For lower capacity public transit systems, see tram, light rail, bus, and bus rapid transit. ... Motto: Location City Information Established: 1 January 1850 (township), 1 January 1967 (borough), June 1983 (city), 1 January 1998 (amalgamated) Area: 187. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (de facto) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 4th 1,076...


Rather than the long subway trains used by the Toronto Transit Commission’s three other rapid-transit lines, it uses the shorter Intermediate Capacity Transit System (ICTS) Mark I vehicles powered by linear induction motors. They are the same model as the original fleet of the Vancouver SkyTrain and that of the Detroit People Mover, although unlike these other operators, the TTC has opted to run them semi-automatically with a driver on board. This is partly to allay public safety concerns despite the trains’ ability to run under exclusive computer control, but also to accede to union pressure that the trains be crewed. It has been suggested that TTC Special Constable Services be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that List of Toronto Transit Commission stations be merged into this article or section. ... Where most trains have a driver’s cab, ART Mark II trains give passengers a large picture window through which they can see where the train is going. ... A linear motor is essentially an electric motor that has had its stator unrolled so that instead of producing a torque (rotation), it produces a linear force along its length. ... The platform at Metrotown Station in Burnaby is one of the busiest in the SkyTrain system. ... The Detroit People Mover is a 2. ...


The line has six stations and is 6.4 km (4.2 miles) in length. It is operated by the Toronto Transit Commission and administered as part of its subway system, although the Scarborough RT differs technologically from the city’s other three lines in a number of respects. "RT" simply stands for ‘rapid transit’, as the name ‘subway’ seemed inappropriate for a line that is predominantly elevated. Internally, the TTC uses the name ‘rapid transit’ to refer to all four lines, which is often confusing to the general public. The term is sometimes used for streetcar lines as well. The line’s tracks are of standard gauge, unlike those of the rest of Toronto’s streetcar and subway lines). Exterior open entrance to a metro station (Tribunal station in Madrid) A metro station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as metro and subway. It is often underground or elevated. ... km redirects here. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... It has been suggested that TTC Special Constable Services be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that List of Toronto Transit Commission stations be merged into this article or section. ... A CLRV streetcar, used on most of the TTCs streetcar routes, is seen here in downtown Toronto, shown here on the 506 route. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... It has been suggested that List of Toronto Transit Commission stations be merged into this article or section. ...


The line is internally referred to as Route 3 (formerly route 603), but this number is not used by the public or shown on TTC maps and signs.


The 302 Danforth Rd-McCowan bus provides late night service parallel in routing to the Scarborought RT service when the Scarborough RT is not in operation. This service terminates at Danforth and Warden, where it connects with the 300 Bloor-Danforth that travels to the west. From Warden, the 302 travels east along Danforth to McCowan, then north along McCowan to Steeles. With the exception of McCowan RT station, it does not pass near any of the subway or RT stations, though other night bus services pass near stations. Bus service is extended on Sundays because the subway and RT starts at 9:00 am instead the usual 6:00 am start.

Contents

History

The TTC had proposed to extend the Bloor-Danforth line using streetcars operating in a private right-of-way, but the ICTS system was used instead because the Province of Ontario agreed to pay a large portion of the costs. This change was made after construction had commenced. At Kennedy Station, there are clues revealing that it was originally built for streetcar operation, it is possible to see old low-level streetcar platforms protruding under the current high-level platforms, and Kennedy station originally had a loop to turn streetcars. This proved too sharp for safe operation of SRT cars, and the loop was abandoned and replaced by a crossover. Ontario wanted to develop and promote its new technology, which had been originally designed for urban GO Transit services. Changes to federal railway regulations had made the new system unnecessary for GO, and so the government hoped to sell it to other transit services in order to recoup its investment. The Bloor-Danforth line is the main east-west subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission. ... A CLRV Streetcar in the City of Toronto. ... GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ...

The original streetcar platform can been seen at Kennedy Station
The original streetcar platform can been seen at Kennedy Station
The abandoned loop at Kennedy Station
The abandoned loop at Kennedy Station

It was developed by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation (UTDC), then an Ontario Crown corporation but now a division of Bombardier. The business proposal initially bore little fruit – a proposed pilot project in Hamilton was cancelled after meeting widespread public opposition, and the technology was used initially only by the Scarborough RT, Vancouver’s SkyTrain, and the Detroit People Mover. With expansion of the SkyTrain and sales to Ankara, Kuala Lumpur, New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport, and now Seoul, a newer version, sold under the name "ART" (advanced rapid transit), has become a success for Bombardier (see Bombardier Advanced Rapid Transit). Image File history File linksMetadata Kennedylowlevel. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kennedylowlevel. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kennedyloop. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kennedyloop. ... The Urban Transportation Development Corporation was a corporation created in the 1970s by the Government of Ontario, Canada, to develop transit vehicles for the provinces public transit authorities. ... In Commonwealth countries a Crown corporation is a state-controlled company or enterprise (a public corporation). ... logo Bombardier Inc. ... Nickname: Ambitious City, Steeltown, The Hammer Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: Country  Province Canada  Ontario Incorporated June 9, 1846 [1] Mayor Fred Eisenberger City Council Hamilton City Council Representatives MPs and MPPs Area    - City 1,138. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... The platform at Metrotown Station in Burnaby is one of the busiest in the SkyTrain system. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Government  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area  - City  143. ... The Detroit People Mover is a 2. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Nickname: KL Motto: Maju dan makmur (Malay: Peace and progress) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Federal Territory Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - City 243. ... NY redirects here. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK), originally known as Idlewild Airport, is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in southeastern New York City on the edge of Jamaica Bay. ... Seoul   is the capital of South Korea and is located on the Han River in the countrys northwest. ... Where most trains have a driver’s cab, ART Mark II trains give passengers a large picture window through which they can see where the train is going. ...


One unusual feature of the ICTS cars is that they are driven by linear induction motors: instead of using conventional motors to turn the wheels, they push themselves along the route using magnets and a distinctive metal plate that runs down the centre of the tracks. It is interesting to note that the wheel flange size is somewhat larger than normal in order to keep the car on the rails. When the car motor is accelerating, it actually lifts the cars off the track an extremely small distance and this extra flange length keeps the car truck in alignment with the rails. As a side effect to the micro lifting from the truck motors, the third rail actually has both a positive and a negative rail unlike most conventional subway trains. The power rails were engineered this way, as the micro lifting action prevents a solid current path through the main rail line. This system requires very few moving parts, and therefore leads to lower maintenance costs. A linear motor is essentially an electric motor that has had its stator unrolled so that instead of producing a torque (rotation), it produces a linear force along its length. ... Third rail at the West Falls Church Metro stop in the Washington, D.C. area, electrified to 750 volts. ...


The trains are also able to be operated exclusively by computers, doing away with the need for a human operator. The public, however, was not ready for driverless trains when the Scarborough RT opened, particularly in light of frequent software glitches early in its operation, so operators were retained (other systems, including Vancouver’s, take full advantage of automated operation). The Scarborough RT trains have only one operator, unlike TTC subway trains which carry both a guard, who operates the train’s doors, and an operator, who drives. In practice, the Scarborough RT trains drive themselves; the operator monitors their operations and controls the doors.


The Scarborough RT opened in March 1985. Only a year after it opened, the TTC had to renovate its south-western terminus at Kennedy station, because the looped turnaround track, originally designed for streetcars under the earlier plan and not needed for the bi-directional ICTS trains, was causing derailments; it was replaced with a single terminal track. Kennedy is a station on the Bloor-Danforth Line and Scarborough RT of the Toronto subway. ...


Largely because of the relatively high cost of the ICTS technology for the service it provides, the line has seen no extensions since it opened. Many transit advocates believe that it would have been wiser either to build it using streetcars, as was originally planned, to allow for lower costs and more flexibility in route options, or to simply extend the underground Bloor-Danforth line further into Scarborough (for more details, see The future below). Where most trains have a driver’s cab, ART Mark II trains give passengers a large picture window through which they can see where the train is going. ... The Bloor-Danforth line is the main east-west subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission. ...


Route

The line follows a roughly L-shaped route: first northward from Kennedy Station, parallelling the Canadian National Railway tracks, between Kennedy Road and Midland Avenue, 4 km to Ellesmere Road; then eastward between Ellesmere and Progress Avenue, through Scarborough Town Centre to McCowan Road. The Scarborough RT’s ICTS trains, which are not shared with any of the TTC’s other lines, have their own small yard east of McCowan station. This yard is large enough to store the existing fleet, but would have to be expanded or replaced if the TTC were to expand the line’s capacity by buying new trains. Basic maintenance is performed in this yard, but for more major work, the cars are taken to the subway’s Greenwood yards, which must be done by truck because differences in track gauge make it impossible for the Scarborough RT’s track to be connected with the rest of the subway and streetcar systems. Image File history File links ScarboroughRTMap. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The north-south section of the route, where it follows the CN tracks, is at ground level; the shorter east-west section (except for the ground-level yard) is elevated, as is the Kennedy terminus. The line dives briefly underground just north of Ellesmere station to cross under the CN tracks. Ellesmere is a station on the Scarborough RT of the Toronto subway. ...


All stations, whether by transfer or fare-paid terminal, connect to surface TTC bus routes. Other connections are noted below.


Stations marked have elevators for wheelchair access. Image File history File links Wheelchair. ... A set of lifts (elevators) in the lower level of a London Underground station. ... Accessibility is a general term used to describe the degree to which a system is usable by as many people as possible. ...

Name Opening Year Interchange
Scarborough RT
Kennedy 1985 Bloor-Danforth, GO Transit
Lawrence East 1985 54 Lawrence East
Ellesmere 1985 95 York Mills
Midland 1985 57 Midland
Scarborough Centre 1985 GO Transit
McCowan 1985 9 Bellamy, 134 Progress

There have been proposals to add a station at Brimley Road due to the increased number of residential developments in the area of Brimley Road and Ellesmere Road. Kennedy is a station on the Bloor-Danforth Line and Scarborough RT of the Toronto subway. ... Image File history File links Wheelchair. ... The Bloor-Danforth line is the main east-west subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission. ... GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ... Lawrence East is a station on the Scarborough RT line of the Toronto subway. ... Ellesmere is a station on the Scarborough RT of the Toronto subway. ... Midland is a station on the Scarborough RT of the Toronto subway. ... Scarborough Centre is a station on the Scarborough RT line of the Toronto subway. ... Image File history File links Wheelchair. ... GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ... McCowan is a station on the Scarborough RT of the Toronto subway. ...


The future

There were at one point plans for the Scarborough RT to be extended further east, with stations at Bellamy Road, Markham Road, Milner Avenue, and Sheppard Avenue East, but they have largely been abandoned, primarily because of the high costs of the ICTS technology. [1]


Although the Scarborough RT line is heavily used, its future is uncertain, as its aging fleet has never been expanded since it opened, and consists entirely of ICTS Mark I trains, which are no longer produced. Where most trains have a driver’s cab, ART Mark II trains give passengers a large picture window through which they can see where the train is going. ...


In November 2005, an information meeting was held as part of an official study on the prospects of this line. [2] 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Some possible solutions include:

  • converting the line to a separated streetcar line, using either new or refurbished vehicles;
  • extending the Bloor-Danforth line (either along the current Scarborough RT route or along a different alignment directly to Scarborough Centre), and then closing the Scarborough RT;
  • buying Bombardier’s ART Mark II vehicles, the successors to the ICTS technology;
  • paying Bombardier to re-start the production of ICTS Mark I trains; or
  • purchasing used ICTS Mark I trains from Vancouver’s SkyTrain network.

Most of these options have difficulties associated with them. In order to run ART Mark II trains, the line would require expensive upgrades, as they are longer than the ICTS Mark I units and would have difficulty negotiating the current track’s curves at a reasonable speed. One possible option is the Mark II-a, which are essentially shorter versions of the Mark II vehicles. Paying Bombardier to produce Mark II-a trains would be expensive, however, as they would be of unique design. On top of all these problems, the only place attached to the line where trains can be stored is McCowan Yard, which is nearly full even with the current fleet. However when the people of Scarborough were offered an extension of the SRT, it was planned that a new yard would be built east of McCowan. The Bloor-Danforth line is the main east-west subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission. ... Scarborough Centre is a station on the Scarborough RT line of the Toronto subway. ... Where most trains have a driver’s cab, ART Mark II trains give passengers a large picture window through which they can see where the train is going. ... The platform at Metrotown Station in Burnaby is one of the busiest in the SkyTrain system. ...


Extending the Bloor-Danforth line would be even more expensive, but as the bulk of the Scarborough RT’s passengers are travelling between Scarborough Centre and Kennedy, where they change to the Bloor-Danforth line, it would eliminate a transfer for large numbers of people; it could also be built without closing the current line until the new one was ready for service. Additionally, the closure of the standard-gauge Scarborough RT would save having to maintain two separate fleets of trains and work vehicles for Toronto’s rapid-transit network (the subway uses a non-standard gauge), and allow the entire network to be operated as one system. That being said, having two separate routes leaves open the option of extending the subway line eastward along Eglinton Avenue towards Guildwood and Rouge Hill, with possible connections to GO Transit’s Lakeshore East trains at Guildwood or Rouge Hill stations (although there are no current plans for such an extension). Scarborough Centre is a station on the Scarborough RT line of the Toronto subway. ... Kennedy is a station on the Bloor-Danforth Line and Scarborough RT of the Toronto subway. ... Guildwood, often called Guildwood Village, is a neighbourhood in Toronto found along the Scarborough Bluffs. ... GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ... Lakeshore East is one of the seven train lines of the GO Transit system in the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, Canada. ... The Guildwood GO Station is a train and bus station in the GO Transit network located in Scarborough, Ontario in Canada. ... The Rouge Hill GO Station is a train and bus station in the GO Transit network located in Scarborough, Ontario in Canada. ...


The simplest option would be to replace the ICTS trains with streetcars, and run the Scarborough RT as the separated streetcar line it was originally intended to be. Because of the line’s standard-gauge track, third-rail power supply and high boarding platforms, it would not make sense to use the same low-floor fleet the TTC plan to buy for their regular streetcar network, but there are many suitable high-floor vehicles on the market, and the replacement of the current streetcars on the regular lines will render surplus a large number of refurbished CLRV and ALRV streetcars, which could be rebuilt for use on the Scarborough RT. This would not require the abandonment of any existing stations, but would not do anything to eliminate the transfer at Kennedy or the need for an additional fleet. Third rail at the West Falls Church Metro stop in the Washington, D.C. area, electrified to 750 volts. ... Passenger door of a low-floor tram Passenger door of a non-low-floor tram In public transportation, low floor is a term describing vehicles such as busses, trolleybusses and trams whose passenger compartment has a floor which is considerably lower than that of traditional cars. ... A CLRV streetcar, used on most of the TTCs streetcar routes, is seen here in downtown Toronto, shown here on the 506 route. ... A CLRV streetcar, used on most of the TTCs streetcar routes, is seen here in downtown Toronto, shown here on the 506 route. ...


Scarborough-area city councillors campaigned to replace the line with a tunnelled extension of the Bloor-Danforth subway, claiming they could gain more ridership than the proposed Spadina line extension to York University. [3] In August 2006 however, the TTC released a report, concluding that updating the RT's trains to Mark II vehicles is the most beneficial option. [4] The Yonge-University-Spadina Line is the oldest subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and undoubtedly, the most crowded subway line in Toronto, since it serves Downtown Toronto. ... York University, located in Toronto, Ontario, is Canadas third-largest university. ... August 2006 is the eighth month of that year, and has yet to occur. ... It has been suggested that TTC Special Constable Services be merged into this article or section. ...


See also

Where most trains have a driver’s cab, ART Mark II trains give passengers a large picture window through which they can see where the train is going. ... It has been suggested that List of Toronto Transit Commission stations be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that TTC Special Constable Services be merged into this article or section. ... A CLRV streetcar, used on most of the TTCs streetcar routes, is seen here in downtown Toronto, shown here on the 506 route. ... Block Signals Block signals are the most commonly used signals on the TTC. They are used to keep trains properly spaced, and are controlled by the trains themselves, based on their distance relative to other trains. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Transit Toronto - Content: The Scarborough Rapid Transit Line (2504 words)
Scarborough officials wanted a further extension of the subway, but the TTC looked at the costs involved and decided that a cheaper project was needed.
To effect these changes (which, to their credit, the province did pay for), the Scarborough RT had to be shut down for three months during the summer of 1988.
One possibility was to scrap the Scarborough RT altogether and replace it with an extension of the Bloor-Danforth subway.
Australian Information from Wikipedia (2968 words)
A current focus for the TTC's rapid-transit expansion is a short extension bringing the western branch of the Yonge-University-Spadina Line north to York University, Steeles Avenue and Vaughan Corporate Centre in York Region.
Unionized workers began picketing TTC sites on the morning of May 29 in response to a dispute over shift changes for unionized TTC employees due to the unionized workers feeling that management had broken the Collective Agreement between the management and the union.
TTC Constables also drive in the white unmarked and marked cruisers (blue stripes with crest) Ford Crown Victoria, similar to the ones used by the Toronto Police Service.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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