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Encyclopedia > Scandinavism

Scandinavism and Nordism are political ideas that supports cooperation between the Scandinavian and/or Nordic countries. Download high resolution version (444x640, 86 KB)Scandinavism This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ...

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Scandinavism

Scandinavism was a short-lived political movement in the mid-19th century that supported the idea of Scandinavia as a unified region or even a single nation, based on the common linguistic, political and cultural heritage of the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway, Sweden. (These three countries are referred to as "three brothers" in the sixth stanza of the national anthem of Norway.) Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... Listen to anthem (MIDI) (audio help) // Ja, vi elsker dette landet (or: Ja, vi elsker) (In eng: Yes, we love this land) is the national anthem of Norway. ...


The movement was initiated by Danish and Swedish university students in the 1840s. At first the movement was supported by the liberal newspapers like F├Ždrelandet and Aftonbladet, which saw it as a way to counter the conservative powers that be and during the war between Denmark and Prussia in 1848, Sweden (then in union with Norway) offered support in form of a Norwegian-Swedish expeditionary force, though the force never actually saw combat. The movement received a blow from which it never fully recovered after the Danish-German war over Schleswig, when the Swedish government refused to jeopardize its future by joining in an alliance against the rising German power on the continent. Aftonbladet (Swedish for the evening-sheet) is a Swedish newspaper, founded by Lars Johan Hierta in 1830, during the liberalization of Sweden. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... Sweden and Norway 1888 The Union between Sweden and Norway refers to the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway between 1814 and 1905, when they were united under one monarch in a personal union, following the Convention of Moss, on August 14, and the Norwegian constitutional revision of November 4. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The region of Schleswig (former English name: Sleswick, Danish: Sønderjylland or Slesvig, Low German: Sleswig, North Frisian: Slaswik or Sleesweg) covers the area about 60 km north and 70 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark. ...


Nordism

Nordism is a movement that in many ways is similar to Scandinavism, but also includes Finland, Iceland and the Danish territories Greenland and Faroe Islands.


Scandinavism and Nordism today

Modern Nordism and Scandinavism has played a part in the close cooperation among the five Nordic countries, examples include the Nordic Passport Union, the Scandinavian Airlines System and the Royal League. It also surfaces amongst Danes and Swedes in criticism of the EU, saying a Nordic union between Norway, Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Iceland would have been better. According to a poll in Denmark, Sweden, and Norway; "a slim majority of voters in Norway and Sweden in favour of a Nordic, rather than European, union. A slight majority of Danish voters favour the EU, but would support closer ties to a Nordic union, if a partnership with the EU on free cross-border movement and free trade would be arranged." [1] Political map of the Nordic countries and associated territories. ... The Nordic Passport Union, created in 1954, allowed citizens of the Nordic countries (Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland and Iceland) to cross approved border districts without carrying and having their passport checked. ... Scandinavian Airlines System is a multi-national airline for Denmark and Sweden, SAS Braathens for Norway and the leading carrier in the Nordic countries. ... The Royal League is an annual Scandinavian football tournament, starting after the end of the regular domestic seasons of Norway and Sweden. ...


External links

  • Nordisk vision - Scandinavian language site proposing a Nordic union

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Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Scandinavism and Nordism (276 words)
Scandinavism and Nordism are political ideas that supports cooperation between the Scandinavian and/or Nordic countries.
Nordism is a movement that in many ways is similar to Scandinavism, but also includes Finland, Iceland and the Danish territories Greenland and Faroe Islands.
Modern Nordism and Scandinavism has played a part in the close cooperation among the five Nordic countries, examples include the Nordic Passport Union, the Scandinavian Airlines System and the Royal League.
NOTES Page 5 (1134 words)
This "Scandinavism" is referred to in the poem by the words "to the North," "his course," and similar expressions.
It was the name given to the sense of kinship of the three Northern peoples and the desire of closer union, whether in spiritual or material or political relations.
But the end of the war of 1864, and Germany's victory over France in 1870-71, destroyed the hopes of political Scandinavism, and thereafter it became rather cultural and practical, at least until 1905, when Norway's full independence of Sweden led to emphasis on individual nationality.
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