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Encyclopedia > Scammell Lorries
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Scammell Scarab - Steam Museum, Swindon.
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Scammell Scarab - Steam Museum, Swindon.
Scammell S24 in the film Brazil
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Scammell S24 in the film Brazil

Scammell Lorries Limited was a British manufacturer of trucks, particularly specialist and military off-highway vehicles, from 1921 to 1988. Swindons Steam Railway Museum is located at the site of the old railway works near Swindons town centre, adjacent to the McArthur Glen Designer Outlet Village. ... Swindon is a large town in the South West of England. ... Image File history File links Scammell-s24-brazil. ... Image File history File links Scammell-s24-brazil. ... The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer truck prepares to offload Å koda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales For other meanings, see Truck (disambiguation). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

Scammell started as a late-Victorian period wheelwright and coach-building business in Spitalfields, London. Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian Era of Great Britain marked the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Wheelwright - a person that repairs and aligns defective wheels of automotive vehicles, such as automobiles, buses, and trucks. ... // Original meaning and etymology The original meaning of the term coach was: a horse-drawn vehicle designed for the conveyance of more than one passenger — and of mail — and covered for protection from the elements. ... Christ Church, Spitalfields Spitalfields, an area in Tower Hamlets, east London near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane which gets its name from a contraction of hospital fields, as there used to be a major hospital in the area. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ...


In 1921, the company exhibited its first articulated vehicle, capable of carrying 7.5 tons, at the Olympia Motor Show. With the demand for this vehicle, the company first moved to a new works in Watford, and then formed Scammell Lorries Ltd in July 1922. The word ton or tonne is derived from the Old English tunne, and ultimately from the Old French tonne, and referred originally to a large cask with a capacity of 252 wine gallons, which holds approximately 2100 pounds of water. ... The British International Motor Show is an automobile show held biennially in the United Kingdom. ... Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, England and is situated 27 km (17 miles) northwest of central London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ...


In 1934, Scammell produced the 'Mechanical Horse', designed by Oliver D. North to replace horses in rail, postal and other delivery applications. This featured automatic carriage coupling and the single front wheel could be steered through 360 degrees. It was sold in 3 and 6 ton versions. The 3-tonner was powered by a 1,125 cc side-valve petrol engine and the 6-tonner by a 2,043 cc engine. The cam-in-block valvetrain layouts are ones in which the camshaft is placed within the cylinder block, usually beside and slightly above the crankshaft in a straight engine or directly above the crankshaft in the V of a V engine. ... Gasoline, as it is known in North America, or petrol, in many Commonwealth countries (sometimes also called motor spirit) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ...


From 1937, a Citroën Traction Avant powered version was made under licence in France, by Chenard-Walcker-FAR, known as the 'Pony Mécanique'. This continued in production, in various versions, until 1970. Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën, today part of PSA Peugeot Citroën. ... A black Traction Avant 1934 Traction Avant 11CV The term traction avant is literal French for pull from the front or front wheel drive. ...


In the late 1940s, the 'Mechanical Horse' was superceded by the 'Scarab', with similar features but now with a 2,090 cc side-valve petrol engine in both models and a diesel version with a Perkins engine. Diesel or diesel fuel is a specific fractional distillate of fuel oil (mostly petroleum) that is used as fuel in a diesel engine invented by German engineer Rudolf Diesel. ... Perkins can mean: // People Last or surname Perkins Al Perkins (musician-guitarist) Anthony Perkins (actor) Bill Perkins several well-known people named Bill Perkins. ...


In 1967, the 'Scarab' was replaced by the 'Townsman', which had a fibre-glass cab.


The company mainly concentrated on articulated and rigid eight-wheeler lorries, from the 1920s. One vehicle not in those lines that became well-known was the six-wheeled Pioneer. This was an off-highway heavy haulage tractor first produced in 1927. It showed outstanding cross-country performance due to the design that included a sideways rocking front axle, and 2 ft of vertical movement for each of the rear wheels. The front suspension components of a Ford Model T. Suspension is the term given to the system of springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels. ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ...


The Pioneer was popular in the oil field and forestry (logging) markets, and formed the basis of the British Army's World War II 30-ton tank transporter. With the outbreak of war, development of new vehicles stopped and production concentrated on military Pioneers for use as artillery tractors, recovery and transporter vehicles. Drilling rig in a small oil field Near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 An oil field is an area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (oil) from below ground. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Loggers on break, c. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead... A 155 mm artillery shell fired by a United States 11th Marine regiment M-198 howitzer Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ...


Post war, foreign competition and rationalisation of the UK manufacturers led to Scammell coming under Leyland Motors Ltd in 1955. It continued production in specialist and military markets until 1988 when the site at Watford was closed and the last vehicles under the Scammell name were sold. Leyland flatbed Leyland Motors was a British vehicle manufacturer of lorries and buses. ...


Alvis Unipower set up an operation in Watford in 1988 developing trucks and offering ongoing support and spare parts for Scammell vehicles.


An S24 Tank Transporter is Jill's vehicle in the Terry Gilliam film Brazil. Terry Gilliam at Karlovy Vary 2006. ...


Vehicle list

  • Rigid Six
  • Rigid Eight
  • 100 Tonner
  • Pioneer
    • Pioneer Artillery Tractor
    • Scammell Pioneer tank transporter
  • 80 Tonner
  • Mountaineer
  • Explorer
  • Constructor
  • Scarab, 'Mechanical Horse' and Townsman
  • Highwayman
  • Handyman
  • Routeman
  • Showtrac - Showmans generator vehicle for fairground ride power supply
  • Trunker
  • Contractor
  • Himalayan
  • Crusader - 6 × 4 tractor
  • Commander
  • S24
  • S26

General characteristics Role tank recovery and transport Crew 1 + armour none Capacity one 30 ton weight or less tank - Length with trailer 10. ...

External links

  • Scammell enthusiast site
  • Mechanical Horse Club of Great Britain
Modern (post WW2) UK military vehicles (not AFV)
Light vehicles
Austin Champ | Land Rover | Land Rover Forward Control | "Airportable" Land Rover|ATMP (Supacat)
Load carriers
FV 620 "Stalwart" | Bedford MK/MJ 4 ton | Militant 10 ton
Transporters
"Mighty Antar" | Scammell Commander
Recovery and engineering vehicles
Royal Marines Beach ARV | FV180 CET | FV106 Samson
UK Armoured Fighting Vehicles

 
 

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