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Encyclopedia > Sayfawa dynasty

The Sayfawa dynasty is the name of the kings (or mai, as they called themselves) of the Kanem-Bornu Empire, centered first in Kanem in western Chad, and then, after 1396, in Borno (today Nigeria). Local oral traditions attribute the foundation of the dynasty to an Arab, Sayf ben Dhi Yazan, in the 9th century AD. The dynasty, one of Africa's longest living, lost the throne in 1846. The Kanem-Bornu Empire existed in Africa, established around 1200 and lasting, in a changed form, until the 1840s. ... Kanem is one of the 18 regions of Chad, corresponding to the former prefecture of Kanem. ... Events September 25 - Bayezid I defeats Sigismund of Hungary and John of Nevers at the Battle of Nicopolis. ... Borno is a commune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ʻarab) are a large and heterogenous ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa, originating in the Arabian Peninsula of southwest Asia. ... This earthenware dish was made in 9th century Iraq. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Kanem Period
Dugu fl. c. 785
Fune fl. c. 835
Aritso fl. c. 893
Katuri fl. c. 942
Ayoma fl. c. 961
Bulu fl. c. 1019
Arki fl. c. 1035
Shu fl. c. 1077
Abd al-Djel fl. c. 1081
Hume 10851097
Dunama I 10981150
Biri I 11501176
Bikoru 11761193
Abd al-Djel Selma 11931210
Dunama II Dibbalem (First Islamic Emperor) 12101224
Kade 12241242
Kachim Biri 12421262
Djil 1262
Dari 12621281
Ibrahim I Nikale 12811301
Abdullah I 13011320
Selma 13201323
Kure Gana 13231325
Kure Kura 13261327
Mohammed I 13271329
Idris I 13291353
Daoud 13531356
Othman I 13561369
Othman II 13691371
Abu Bakr Lagatu 13711372
Idris Dunama III 13721380
Omar I 13801388
Sa'id 1388
Kade Alunu 13881389
Bornu Period
Biri II 1389-1421
Othman Kalinuama 1421-1422
Dunama IV 1422-1424
Abdullah II 1424-1432
Ibrahim II 1432-1440
Kadai 1440-1446
Dunama V 1446-1450
Mohammed II 1450-1451
Amarma 1451-1453
Mohammed III 1453-1458
Ghazi 1458-1463
Othman III 1463-1473
Omar II 1473-1474
Mohammed IV 1474-1479
Ali Gazi 1479-1507
Idris II Katakarmabe 1507-1529
Mohammed V 1529-1544
Ali I 1544-1548
Dunama VI 1548-1566
Abdullah III 1566-1573
Aissa Kili N'guirmamaramama (fem.) 1573-1580
Idris III Alaoma 1580-1617
Mohammed VI Bukalmarami 1617-1632
Ibrahim III 1632-1639
Hadj Omar 1639-1657
Ali II 1657-1694
Idris IV 1694-1711
Dunama VII 1711-1726
Hadj Hamdan 1726-1738
Mohammed VII 1738-1751
Dunama VIII Gana 1751-1753
Ali III 1753-1793
Ahmad 1793-1808
Dunama IX Lefiami 1808-1811 d. 1817
Mohammed VIII 1811-1814
Dunama IX Lefiami (restored) 1814-1817
Ibrahim IV 1817-1846
Ali IV Dalatumi 1846

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