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Encyclopedia > Sayan Mountains
Lake Gornyh Duhov Western Sayan, Ergaki mountains
Lake Gornyh Duhov

Western Sayan, Ergaki mountains Image File history File links Size of this preview: 388 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (414 × 640 pixel, file size: 68 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sayan Mountains ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 388 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (414 × 640 pixel, file size: 68 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sayan Mountains ...

The Sayan Mountains (Russian: Саяны, Sayany) are a mountain range in southern Siberia, Asia. The Eastern Sayan extends 1000 km from the Yenisey River at 92° E to the southwest end of Lake Baikal at 106° E. The Western Sayan forms the eastern continuation of the Sailughem Mountains or Altay Mountains, stretching for 500 km from 89° E to the middle of the Eastern Sayan at 96° E. [1] The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) arctic northeast Siberia Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia and comprising a large part of the Euro-Asian Steppe. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Енисей Length 5,550 (4,102) km Elevation of the source m Average discharge 19,600 m³/s Area watershed 2,580,000 km² Origin  ? Mouth Arctic Ocean Basin countries Russia The Yenisei basin, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... The Altay Mountains (Russian: ; Mongolian: , Altai) are a mountain range in central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and where the great rivers Irtysh, Ob and Yenisei have their sources. ... The Altay Mountains (Russian: ; Mongolian: , Altai) are a mountain range in central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and where the great rivers Irtysh, Ob and Yenisei have their sources. ...


The Sayan Mountains' towering peaks and cool lakes southwest of Tuva give rise to the tributaries that merge to become one of Siberia's major rivers, the Yenisei River, which flows north over 2000 miles to the Arctic Ocean. This is a protected and isolated area, having been kept closed by the Soviet Union since 1944.[2] Capital Kyzyl Area - total - % water Ranked 22nd - 170,500 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density Ranked 77th - est. ... A tributary (or affluent or confluent) is a contributory stream, a river that does not reach the sea, but joins another major river (a parent river), to which it contributes its waters, swelling its discharge. ... The Yenisei (Енисе́й) is the greatest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean, and the fifth longest river in the world. ...

Contents

Geography

While the general elevation is 2000 to 2700 m, some of the individual peaks, consisting largely of granites and metamorphic slates, reach altitudes of over 3000 m, with the highest being Munku-Sardyk at 3492 m. The principal mountain passes lie 1800 to 2300 m above the sea, for example Muztagh pass at 2280 m, Mongol pass at 1980 m, Tenghyz pass at 2280 m and Obo-sarym pass at 1860 m. Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... The term Metamorphic can be associated with a number of meanings:- Metamorphic rock The term for rocks that have been transformed by extreme heat and pressure. ... Alternate meanings in Slate (disambiguation) Slate Slate is a fine-grained homogeneous sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash which has been metamorphosed (foliated) in layers (bedded deposits). ... In a range of hills, or especially of mountains, a pass (also gap, notch, col, saddle, bwlch or bealach) is a lower point that allows easier access through the range. ...


At 92°E the system (the Western Sayan) is pierced by the Ulug-Khem (Russian: Улуг-Хем) or Upper Yenisei River, and at 106°, at its eastern extremity, it terminates above the depression of the Selenga-Orkhon Valley. From the Mongolian plateau the ascent is on the whole gentle, but from the plains of Siberia it is much steeper, despite the fact that the range is masked by a broad belt of subsidiary ranges of an Alpine character, e.g. the Usinsk, Oya, Tunka, Kitoi and Belaya ranges. The Yenisei (Енисе́й) is the greatest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean, and the fifth longest river in the world. ... Selenga River Delta from space, October 1994 The Selenga or Selenge (Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ, Russian: Селенга́) is a river in Mongolia and Russia. ... Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape sprawls along the banks of the Orhon River in Central Mongolia, some 360 km west from the capital Ulaanbaatar. ... The Mongolian Plateau is part of the larger Central Asian Plateau and has an area of approximately 2,600,000 square kilometres. ... The Tunka range (Russian: ) is a part of the Eastern Sayan. ... The Kitoi range (Russian: ) is a part of the Eastern Sayan. ... The Belaya Mountains are a mountain range that is a part of the Sayan Mountains. ...


Between the breach of the Yenisei and the Kosso-gol (lake) at 100° 30' E. the system bears also the name of Yerghik-taiga. The flora is on the whole poor, although the higher regions carry good forests of larch, pine, juniper, birch, and alder, with rhododendrons and species of Berberis and Ribes. Lichens and mosses clothe many of the boulders that are scattered over the upper slopes. Species About 12; see text Siberian larch Male (above) and female (below right) cones of Japanese Larch emerging in spring Larches are conifers in the genus Larix, in the family Pinaceae. ... Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... Species Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Species About 20-30 species, see text. ... Subgenera Azaleastrum Candidastrum Hymenanthes Mumeazalea Pentanthera (Azaleas) Rhododendron Therorhodion Tsutsusi (Azaleas) Vireya Source: RBG, Edinburgh Rhododendron (from the Greek: rhodos, rose, and dendron, tree) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. ... Species About 450-500; see text Berberis is a genus of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from 1-5 m tall with thorny shoots, native to the temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America. ... Species Syme whitecurrant L. redcurrant L. blackcurrant L. Eurasian gooseberry North American gooseberry Flowering currant Northern red currant Miccosukee Gooseberry and about 150 others The genus Ribes of flowering plants is the only one placed in the family Grossulariaceae. ...


Culture

Currently about five percent of the Tuvan people, nomadic herders, live in this remote and primitive area. The rest have been dispersed during the Soviet era. Tuvan people live in the republic of Tuva, one of the Federal subjects of Russia. ... Communities of nomadic people move from place to place, rather than settling down in one location. ... Soviet redirects here. ...

  • Russian general and politician Aleksandr Lebed died in a controversial helicopter crash in the Sayan Mountains on April 28, 2002.

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

See also

The Mana River near the Ust-Mana village. ... Abakan (Абака́н) a river of south-central Russia rising in the western Sayan Mountains and flowing about 514 km northeast to the Yenisei River. ... Minusinsk Depression (Russian: ) is located among mountains of South Siberia: Kuznetsk Alatau, Eastern Sayans and Western Sayans. ... Tuva Depression (Russian: ) is located among mountains of South Central Siberia — Tannu-Ola Mountains, Eastern Sayans and Western Sayans, and the Altay Mountains region, including the Western-Siberian plains, part of a combination of raised lands and depressions. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Sayan Mountains. Retrieved on December 25, 2006.
  2. ^ Tuva and Sayan Mountains. Geographic Bureau - Siberia and Pacific. Retrieved on October 26, 2006.

December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sayan Mountains - Search Results - MSN Encarta (189 words)
Sayan Mountains (Russian, Sayanskiy Khrebet), mountain range in the southern Siberia region of Russia and forming the northern border of the...
The Eastern Sayan extends 1000 km from the Yenisey River at 92° E to the...
Sayan Mountains: large upland region lying along the frontiers of east-central Russia and Mongolia.
Rafting and Kayaking the Sayan Regoin of Siberia (249 words)
The Sayany region, one of the most popular tourist areas in Russia, is a great horseshoe of rugged mountains stretching from the Altai region to Lake Baikal in southern Siberia, just north of the Mongolian border.
At its western end, the Sayany is separated from the Altai by the Shapshalskiy chain of mountains, with peaks towering 3,614 meters.
The Sayan mountains are laced with numerous rivers and most of the waterfalls of Siberia are located in this region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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