FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Saxophone" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Saxophone
Saxophone
Sax
Classification
Playing range

Written Range:
Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (360x750, 35 KB) from fr:Image:Saxophone alto. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... An aerophone is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound. ... In music, the range of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play. ...

Related instruments

Military band family:
Image File history File links Alto_sax_range. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Military Band marching A military band is a group of soldiers assigned to musical duties. ...


Orchestral family:
The contrabass saxophone is one of the lowest-pitched members of the saxophone family. ... The bass saxophone (or bass sax for short) is the second largest existing member of the saxophone family (or third largest, if the subcontrabass tubax is counted). ... The baritone saxophone, often called bari sax (to avoid confusion with the baritone horn, which is often referred to simply as baritone), is one of the larger and lower pitched members of the saxophone family. ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... An E-flat sopranino saxophone (right). ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ...

Musicians

The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored musical instrument usually considered a member of the woodwind family. Saxophones are usually made of brass and are played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to the clarinet. The saxophone was invented by Adolphe Sax in the early 1840s, and patented in 1846 in two groups of seven instruments each. Within each group the instruments formed a logical series in alternating transposition. The series pitched in B and E, designed for military bands, has proved extremely popular and most saxophones encountered today are from this series. A few saxophones remain from the less popular orchestral series pitched in C and F. The C melody saxophone is a saxophone in the key of C, one whole step above the tenor saxophone. ... Mezzo-soprano (left) and alto (right) saxophones. ... Explanation of columns: s = Sopranino S = Soprano A = Alto T = Tenor B = Baritone b = Bass c = Contrabass sc = Subcontrabass (i. ... A colloquialism is an informal expression, that is, an expression not used in formal speech or writing. ... The bore of a wind instrument is its interior chamber that defines a flow path through which air travels and is set into vibration to produce sounds. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... Brazen redirects here. ... A single-reed instrument uses only one reed to produce sound. ... The mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument is that part of the instrument which is placed partly in the players mouth. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... Life-size statue of Adolphe Sax outside his birthplace in Dinant, Belgium. ... In music transposition refers to the process of moving a collection of notes (pitches) up or down in pitch by a constant interval. ... Military Band marching A military band is a group of soldiers assigned to musical duties. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ...


While proving very popular in its intended niche of military band music, the saxophone is most commonly associated with popular music, big band music, blues, and particularly jazz. Saxophone players are called saxophonists. Military Band marching A military band is a group of soldiers assigned to musical duties. ... For the music genre, see Pop music. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... Blues music redirects here. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Explanation of columns: s = Sopranino S = Soprano A = Alto T = Tenor B = Baritone b = Bass c = Contrabass sc = Subcontrabass (i. ...

Contents

History

The saxophone was developed in the 1840s by Adolphe Sax, a Belgian-born instrument-maker, flautist, and clarinetist working in Paris. While still working at his father's instrument shop in Brussels, Sax began developing an instrument which would form a better tonal link between the clarinets and brass instruments in contemporary military bands, an area which was considered sorely lacking. Sax may also have been attempting to create a wind instrument which, while similar to the clarinet, would overblow at the octave. This would be a substantial improvement over the clarinet, which rises in pitch by a twelfth when overblown; an instrument which overblew at the octave would have identical fingering for both registers. Sax is also rumoured to have envisaged the instrument as similar to the then-popular ophicleide fitted with a single reed mouthpiece. From this medley of ideas came the saxophone, with the brass body of the ophicleide, the conical bore of the oboe which enabled it to overblow at the octave (see acoustic resonance), the fingering and keywork of a flute and the mouthpiece and single reed of the clarinet. Life-size statue of Adolphe Sax outside his birthplace in Dinant, Belgium. ... A flautist, flutist, or flute player is a musician who plays the flute. ... A clarinetist (also spelled clarinettist) is a musician who plays the clarinet. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... Two soprano clarinets: a B♭ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... Image of a trumpet, foreground, a piccolo trumpet behind, and a flugelhorn in background. ... Military Band marching A military band is a group of soldiers assigned to musical duties. ... Overblowing is producing a different note in a wind instrument by forcing air harder. ... For other uses, see Octave (disambiguation). ... Pitch is the perceived fundamental frequency of a sound. ... In music theory, the term interval describes the difference in pitch between two notes. ... A close-up of the first bar of Applicatio in C major, BWV 994, from Klavierbüchlein für Wilhelm Friedemann Bach that shows the fingering guide on the score. ... In music, a register is the relative height or range of a note, set of pitches or pitch classes, melody, part, instrument or group of instruments. ... The ophicleide () is a family of conical bore, brass keyed bugles. ... Alto and tenor saxophone reeds. ... The mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument is that part of the instrument which is placed partly in the players mouth. ... For other uses, see Oboe (disambiguation). ... Acoustic resonance is an important consideration for instrument builders as most acoustic instruments use resonators, such as the strings and body of a violin, the length of tube in a flute, and the shape of a drum membrane. ... ♠ This article is about the family of musical instruments. ...


Having constructed saxophones in several sizes in the early 1840s, Sax applied for, and received, a 15-year patent for the instrument on June 28, 1846.[1] The patent encompassed 14 versions of the fundamental design, split into two categories of seven instruments each and ranging from sopranino to contrabass. In the group Sax envisaged for orchestral work, the instruments transposed at either F or C, while the "military band" group included instruments alternating between E and B. The orchestral soprano saxophone was the only instrument to sound at concert pitch. All the instruments were given an initial written range from the B below the treble staff to the F three ledger lines above it, giving each saxophone a range of two and a half octaves. is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The term contrabass (derived from the Italian contrabbasso) refers to very low musical instruments; generally those pitched one octave below instruments of the bass register. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... A transposing instrument is a musical instrument whose music is written at a pitch different from concert pitch. ... In music, pitch is the perception of the frequency of a note. ... Ledger lines above the staff, using eighth notes. ... For other uses, see Octave (disambiguation). ...

Adolphe Sax, the inventor of the saxophone
Adolphe Sax, the inventor of the saxophone

Sax's patent expired in 1866,[2] thereafter numerous saxophonists and instrument manufacturers implemented their own improvements to the design and keywork. The first substantial modification was by a French manufacturer who extended the bell slightly and added an extra key to extend the range downwards by one semitone to B. It is suspected that Sax himself may have attempted this modification. This extension was adopted into almost all modern designs. Life-size statue of Adolphe Sax outside his birthplace in Dinant, Belgium. ... A semitone (also known in the USA as a half step) is a musical interval. ...


Sax's original keywork was very simplistic and made playing some tied or arpeggio passages extremely difficult, so numerous developers added extra keys or other note duplications to make playing chromatic scales easier. While the saxophone had and retains two separate tone holes which assist in the playing of the upper registers, players of Sax's original design had to operate these via two separate octave keys operated by the left thumb. A substantial advancement in saxophone keywork was the development of a method by which both tone holes are operated by a single octave key by the left thumb. This is now universal on all modern saxophones. One of the most radical, however temporary, revision of saxophone keywork was made in the 1950s by M. Houvenaghel of Paris, who completely redeveloped the mechanics of the system to allow a number of notes (C, B, A, G, F and E) to be flattened by a semitone simply by lowering the right middle finger. This enables a chromatic scale to be played over two octaves simply by playing the diatonic scale combined with alternately raising and lowering this one digit.[3] However, this keywork never gained much popularity, and is no longer in use. Various arpeggios as seen on a staff Notation of a chord in arpeggio In music, an arpeggio is a broken chord where the notes are played or sung in succession rather than simultaneously. ... The chromatic scale is a scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone or half step apart. ... Tones holes are holes in the body and bell of a saxophone. ... The octave key is a key on a saxophone or oboe which raises the pitch of all notes by an octave when pressed. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Figure 1. ... A semitone (also known in the USA as a half step) is a musical interval. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ...


Description

From left to right, an E alto saxophone, a curved B soprano saxophone, and a B tenor saxophone.

The saxophone consists of an approximately conical tube of thin metal, most commonly brass, flared at the tip to form a bell. At intervals along the tube are between 20 and 23 tone holes of varying size, including two very small 'speaker' holes to assist the playing of the upper register. These holes are covered by pads which are capable of pressing the holes to produce an airtight seal; at rest some of the holes stand open and others are closed by pads. The pads can be controlled by a number of keys by the left and right fingers, while the left thumb operates an octave key to open the speaker holes for the upper register. The fingering for the saxophone is a combination of that of the oboe with the Boehm system, and is very similar to the flute or the upper register of the clarinet. On the larger instruments, the leverage required to play the very lowest notes (which are customarily played with the left and right little fingers) is great enough that additional keywork is introduced to enable these to be played with the thumbs. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... This article is about the geometric object, for other uses see Cone. ... The bell of a wind instrument is the round, flared opening opposite the mouthpiece. ... A tone hole is an opening in the body of a woodwind instrument that when covered, can alter the pitch of the sound produced. ... The octave key is a key on a saxophone or oboe which raises the pitch of all notes by an octave when pressed. ... For other uses, see Oboe (disambiguation). ... The Boehm system for the clarinet is a system of clarinet keywork, developed by Hyacinthe Klosé. The name is somewhat deceptive; the system was inspired by Theobald Boehms system for the flute, but differs from it (necessarily, since the clarinet overblows at the twelfth rather than the flutes... ♠ This article is about the family of musical instruments. ... The little finger, often called the pinky in American English and pinkie in Scottish English (from the Dutch word pink, meaning little finger), is the most ulnar and usually smallest finger of the human hand, opposite the thumb, next to the ring finger. ...


The simplest design of saxophone is a straight conical tube, and the sopranino and soprano saxophones are usually of this straight design. However, as the lower-pitched instruments would be unacceptably lengthy if straight, the larger instruments usually incorporate a U-bend at or slightly above the third-lowest tone hole. As this would cause the bell of the instrument to point almost directly upwards, the end of the instrument is either beveled or tilted slightly forwards. This U-shape has become an iconic feature of the saxophone family, to the extent that soprano and even sopranino saxes are sometimes made in the curved style even though this is not strictly necessary. By contrast, tenors and even baritones have occasionally been made in the straight style.[4][5] Most commonly, however, the alto and tenor saxophones incorporate a curved 'crook' above the highest tone hole but below the top speaker hole, tilting the mouthpiece through 90 degrees; the baritone, bass and contrabass extend the length of the bore mainly by double-folding this section. The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... The Savior Not Made By Hands (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) An icon (from Greek εικων, eikon, image) is an artistic visual representation or symbol of anything considered holy and divine, such as God, saints or deities. ... The tenor saxophone is one of the larger members of the saxophone family invented by Adolphe Sax. ... Baritone saxophone The baritone saxophone is one of the larger and lower pitched members of the saxophone family. ... The alto saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ...


Materials

The lower portion of an alto saxophone, showing the mother of pearl key touches and engraved brass pad cups.

Nearly all saxophones, past and present, are made from brass. Despite this, they are usually categorized as woodwind instruments rather than brass. Saxophones are in fact most accurately categorized as aerophones. Brass is used to make the body of the instrument; the pad cups; the rods that connect the pads to the keys; the keys themselves and the posts that hold the rods and keys in place. The screw pins that connect the rods to the posts, and the needle springs and leaf springs that cause the keys to return to their rest position after being released, are generally made of blued or stainless steel. Since 1920, nearly all saxophones have 'key touches' (smooth decorative pieces placed where the fingers will touch the instrument) made of either plastic or mother of pearl. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A piece of nacre Nacre, also known as mother of pearl, is an organic mixture of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the form of platy crystals of aragonite and conchiolin (a scleroprotein). ... Brazen redirects here. ... A woodwind instrument is an instrument in which sound is produced by blowing against an edge or by a vibrating with air a thin piece of wood known as a reed. ... Image of a trumpet, foreground, a piccolo trumpet behind, and a flugelhorn in background. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A traditional leaf spring arrangement. ... The 630 foot (192 m) high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... A piece of nacre Nacre, also known as mother of pearl, is an organic mixture of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the form of platy crystals of aragonite and conchiolin (a scleroprotein). ...


Other materials have been tried with varying degrees of success, as with the 1950s plastic saxophones made by the Grafton company, and the rare wooden saxophones. A few companies, such as Yanagisawa, have made some saxophone models from bronze,[6] and some manufacturers have made saxophone necks or entire instruments out of Sterling silver,[7] copper, Nickel silver or synthetic materials. For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... The Grafton saxophone was a plastic saxophone manufactured by the Grafton company from the late-1940s, due to World War II and the shortage of metals and steels, until the mid-1950s. ... Yanagisawa Wind Instruments is a Japanese woodwind company known for its professional saxophones. ... This article is about the metal alloy. ... Sterling silver is an alloy of silver containing 92. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... For other uses of Alpaca, see Alpaca (disambiguation). ...


After completing the instrument, manufacturers apply a thin coating of clear or colored acrylic lacquer, or silver plate, over the bare brass. The lacquer or plating serves to protect the brass from corrosion, and gives the instrument a pleasing appearance. Several different types and colors of surface finish have been used over the years.[8] It is also possible to plate the instrument with nickel or gold, and a number of gold-plated saxophones have been produced.[8] It is commonly claimed that the type of lacquer or plating, or absence thereof, may enhance an instrument's tone quality; the possible effects of different finishes on tone is a hotly debated topic.[9][10] In a general sense, lacquer is a clear or coloured coating, that dries by solvent evaporation only and that produces a hard, durable finish that can be polished to a very high gloss, and gives the illusion of depth. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... Plating is the general name surface-covering techniques in which a metal is deposited onto a conductive surface. ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ...


Mouthpiece and reed

Two mouthpieces for tenor saxophone; the one on the left is rubber; the one on the right is Metal.
Two mouthpieces for tenor saxophone; the one on the left is rubber; the one on the right is Metal.

The saxophone uses a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet, but the saxophone mouthpiece has a wider inner chamber and lacks the cork-covered tenon of a clarinet mouthpiece. Mouthpieces come in a wide variety of materials, including vulcanized rubber (sometimes called rod rubber or ebonite), plastic, and metal. Less common materials that have been used include wood, glass, crystal, porcelain, and even bone. According to Larry Teal, the mouthpiece material has little, if any, effect on the sound, and the physical dimensions give a mouthpiece its tone colour.[11] Mouthpieces with a concave ("excavated") chamber are more true to Adolphe Sax's original design; these provide a softer or less piercing tone, and are favored by some saxophonists, including students of Sigurd Raschèr, for classical playing. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (990x658, 126 KB) Beschreibung de Beschreibung: Das Bild zeigt 2 Mundstücke für Tenorsaxophon: Selmer S90 190 aus de:Kautschuk Bobby Dukoff Super Power Chamber M8 aus Metall Quelle: selbst erstellt Fotograf: User:Dbenzhuser Entstehungsdatum: 21. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (990x658, 126 KB) Beschreibung de Beschreibung: Das Bild zeigt 2 Mundstücke für Tenorsaxophon: Selmer S90 190 aus de:Kautschuk Bobby Dukoff Super Power Chamber M8 aus Metall Quelle: selbst erstellt Fotograf: User:Dbenzhuser Entstehungsdatum: 21. ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about metallic materials. ... The mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument is that part of the instrument which is placed partly in the players mouth. ... Alto and tenor saxophone reeds. ... The mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument is that part of the instrument which is placed partly in the players mouth. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... The mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument is that part of the instrument which is placed partly in the players mouth. ... Vulcanization refers to a specific curing process of rubber involving high heat and the addition of sulfur. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... Larry Teal is a noted saxophone instructor. ... Sigurd Manfred Raschèr (15 May 1907 in Elberfeld, Germany - 25 February 2001 in Shushan, New York) was an American saxophonist of German birth. ...


Like clarinets, saxophones use a single reed. Saxophone reeds are proportioned slightly differently to clarinet reeds, being wider for the same length. Each size of saxophone (alto, tenor, etc.) uses a different size of reed. Reeds are commercially available in a vast array of brands, styles, and strengths. Each player experiments with reeds of different strength (hardnesses) to find which strength suits his or her mouthpiece and playing style. Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... Alto and tenor saxophone reeds. ...


Uses of the saxophone

Ten members of the saxophone family. Clockwise from top left: contrabass, bass, baritone, tenor, C melody, alto, F mezzo-soprano, soprano, C soprano, and sopranino.
Ten members of the saxophone family. Clockwise from top left: contrabass, bass, baritone, tenor, C melody, alto, F mezzo-soprano, soprano, C soprano, and sopranino.

The saxophone was originally patented as a group of 14 instruments in two families. The orchestral family consisted of instruments in the keys of C and F, and the military band family in E and B. Each family consisted of sopranino, soprano, alto, tenor, baritone, bass and contrabass instruments, alternating in transposition. While all seven members of the military band family are still relatively common, the orchestral group was less successful; Adolphe Sax's personal rivalry with influential German composer Wilhelm Wieprecht may have been partially responsible for the complete failure of the saxophone in orchestral music. Only the orchestral tenor and soprano saxes, both pitched in C and therefore able to easily play music written for strings or voice, attained any popularity; the tenor was popularized by players such as Rudy Wiedoeft and Frankie Trumbauer, but did not secure a permanent place in either jazz or classical music. In the early 20th century, the orchestral soprano was marketed to those who wished to perform oboe parts in military band, vaudeville arrangements, or church hymnals. None have been produced since the late 1920s. The orchestral alto, produced by the American firm Conn during the period 1928–1929, is now extremely rare; most remaining examples are in the possession of serious instrument collectors. Adolphe Sax made a few F baritone prototypes, but no serious F baritones were manufactured. There are no known remaining specimens of the bass saxophone in C, the first saxophone constructed and exhibited by Sax in the early 1840s, or the sopranino in F, despite Ravel's scoring for the instrument in Bolero. The only known F alto made by Sax himself known to exist is owned by retired Canadian classical saxophonist Paul Brodie. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (550x698, 99 KB)Seattle musician Jay C. Easton with 10 members of the saxophone family (from largest to smallest: contrabass, bass, baritone, tenor, C tenor, alto, F mezzo-soprano, soprano, C soprano, sopranino). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (550x698, 99 KB)Seattle musician Jay C. Easton with 10 members of the saxophone family (from largest to smallest: contrabass, bass, baritone, tenor, C tenor, alto, F mezzo-soprano, soprano, C soprano, sopranino). ... The contrabass saxophone is one of the lowest-pitched members of the saxophone family. ... The bass saxophone (or bass sax for short) is the second largest existing member of the saxophone family (or third largest, if the subcontrabass tubax is counted). ... The baritone saxophone, often called bari sax (to avoid confusion with the baritone horn, which is often referred to simply as baritone), is one of the larger and lower pitched members of the saxophone family. ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... The C melody saxophone is a saxophone in the key of C, one whole step above the tenor saxophone. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Mezzo-soprano (left) and alto (right) saxophones. ... The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... An E-flat sopranino saxophone (right). ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... Military Band marching A military band is a group of soldiers assigned to musical duties. ... In music transposition refers to the process of moving a collection of notes (pitches) up or down in pitch by a constant interval. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... Vocal music is music performed by one or more singers, with or without non-vocal instrumental accompaniment, in which singing provides the main focus of the piece. ... Rudolph Rudy Cornelius Wiedoeft (January 3, 1893 - February 18, 1940) was a U.S. saxophonist. ... Frankie (Tram) Trumbauer (1901–1956) was one of the leading jazz saxophonists of the 1920s and 1930s. ... Military Band marching A military band is a group of soldiers assigned to musical duties. ... This article is about the musical variety theatre. ... Maurice Ravel. ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... Paul Brodie (b. ...

A saxophonist in a military band of the Italian army, playing a baritone saxophone.
A saxophonist in a military band of the Italian army, playing a baritone saxophone.

The saxophone first gained popularity in the niche it was designed for: the military band. Although the instrument was studiously ignored in Germany, French and Belgian military bands took full advantage of the instrument that Sax had designed specifically for them. Most French and Belgian military bands incorporate at least a quartet of saxophones comprising at least the E baritone, B tenor, E alto and B soprano. These four instruments have proved the most popular of all of Sax's creations, with the E contrabass and B bass usually considered impractically large and the E sopranino insufficiently powerful. British military bands tend to include at minimum two saxophonists on the alto and tenor. Military Band marching A military band is a group of soldiers assigned to musical duties. ... Coat of Arms of the Italian Army Dardo IFV on exercise in Capo Teulada Soldiers of the 33rd Field Artillery Regiment Acqui on parade The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) is the ground defense force of the Italian Republic. ... Military Band marching A military band is a group of soldiers assigned to musical duties. ...


The saxophone has more recently found a niche in both concert band and big band music, which often calls for the E baritone, B tenor and E alto. The B soprano is also occasionally utilised, in which case it will normally be played by the first alto saxophonist. The bass saxophone in B is called for in band music (especially music by Percy Grainger) and big band orchestrations, especially music performed by the Stan Kenton "Mellophonium Orchestra". In the 1920s the bass saxophone was used often in classic jazz recordings, since at that time it was easier to record than a tuba or double bass. It is also used in the original score (and movie) of Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story. The saxophone has been more recently introduced into the symphony orchestra, where it has found increased popularity. In one or other size, the instrument has been found a useful accompaniment to genres as wide-ranging as opera, choral music and chamber pieces. Many musical scores include parts for the saxophone, usually assigned to the second or third reed. A concert band, also called wind band, symphonic band, symphonic winds, wind orchestra, wind symphony, or wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of several members of the woodwind instrument family, brass instrument family and percussion instrument family. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... Percy Grainger. ... Stanley Newcomb Kenton (December 15, 1911 – August 25, 1979) led a highly innovative, influential, and often controversial American jazz orchestra. ... The mellophone is a brass instrument that is typically used in place of the horn in marching bands or drum and bugle corps. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... This article is about the musical. ... Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... This article is about choirs, musical ensembles containing singers. ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... The Black Crook (1866), considered by some historians to be the first musical[1] Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ...


Saxophone ensembles

By far the most well known, and iconic, implementation of the saxophone is in modern jazz music, usually in the form of a saxophone quartet or larger ensemble. For other article subjects named Jazz see jazz (disambiguation). ...


The saxophone quartet is usually made up of one B soprano, one E alto, one B tenor and one E baritone. On occasion, the soprano is replaced with a second alto sax; a few professional saxophone quartets have featured non-standard instrumentation, such as James Fei's Alto Quartet[12] (four altos) and Hamiet Bluiett's Bluiett Baritone Nation (four baritones). The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... The baritone saxophone, often called bari sax (to avoid confusion with the baritone horn, which is often referred to simply as baritone), is one of the larger and lower pitched members of the saxophone family. ... James Cheng Ting Fei (b. ... Hamiet Bluiett (b. ...


There is a repertoire of classical compositions and arrangements for the soprano-alto-tenor-baritone instrumentation dating back to the nineteenth century, particularly by French composers who knew Adolphe Sax. The Raschèr,[13] Amherst,[14] Aurelia,[15] Amstel and Rova Saxophone Quartets are among the best known groups. Historically, the quartets led by Marcel Mule and Daniel Deffayet, saxophone professors at the Conservatoire de Paris, were started in 1928 and 1953, respectively, and were highly regarded. The Mule quartet is often considered to be the prototype for all future quartets due the level of virtuosity demonstrated by its members and its central role in the development of the quartet repertoire. However organised quartets did exist prior to Mule's ensemble, the prime example being the quartet headed by Eduard Lefebre (1834-1911), former soloist with the Sousa band, in the United States c1904-1911. Other ensembles most likely existed at this time as part of the saxophone sections of the many touring "business" bands that existed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. More recently, the World Saxophone Quartet has become known as the preeminent jazz saxophone quartet. The Rova Saxophone Quartet, based in San Francisco, is noted for its work in the fields of contemporary classical music and improvised music. The Raschèr Saxophone Quartet is a professional ensemble of four saxophonists which performs classical and modern music. ... The Rova Saxophone Quartet is a San Francisco-based all-saxophone band formed in October 1977 at the same time as their less-adventurous but better known colleagues the World Saxophone Quartet. ... Marcel Mule (June 24, 1901 - December 19, 2001) was a French classical saxophonist. ... Facade of the Conservatory (CNSMDP) designed by Christian de Portzamparc on the boulevard de la Villette. ... Sousa may mean a number of different things: Sousa is a common surname in the Portuguese language, namely in Portugal and Brazil. ... The World Saxophone Quartet is a jazz group founded in 1977. ... The Rova Saxophone Quartet is a San Francisco-based all-saxophone band formed in October 1977 at the same time as their less-adventurous but better known colleagues the World Saxophone Quartet. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ...


There are a few larger all-saxophone ensembles, the most prominent including the 9-member SaxAssault,[16] and Urban Sax, which includes as many as 52 saxophonists. The 6-member Nuclear Whales Saxophone Orchestra owns one of the few E contrabass saxophones, and plays a variety of ensemble pieces including "Casbah Shuffle", a duet for sopranino and contrabass.[17] Very large groups, featuring over 100 saxophones, are sometimes organized as a novelty at saxophone conventions.[18] Urban Sax is an ensemble founded by the French composer Gilbert Artman made up of massive numbers of saxophones, accompanied by percussion and sometimes voices. ... The Nuclear Whales Saxophone Orchestra is a group of 6 saxophonists centered near Santa Cruz, California. ... The contrabass saxophone is one of the lowest-pitched members of the saxophone family. ... Duet may refer to: Duet, musical form Duet, Fox sitcom This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Related instruments

Various unusual saxophone variants; clockwise from top left: a straight E♭ baritone, a straight B♭ tenor, straight C soprano, straight B♭ soprano, and a B♭ soprillo.
Various unusual saxophone variants; clockwise from top left: a straight E baritone, a straight B tenor, straight C soprano, straight B soprano, and a B soprillo.

Baritone saxophone The baritone saxophone is one of the larger and lower pitched members of the saxophone family. ... The tenor saxophone is one of the larger members of the saxophone family invented by Adolphe Sax. ... The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... The soprillo, a piccolo or sopranissimo saxophone, is the worlds smallest saxophone. ...

Other saxophones

The "contralto" saxophone, similar in size to the orchestral soprano, was developed in the late 20th century by California instrument maker Jim Schmidt.[19] This instrument has a larger bore and a new fingering system, and does not resemble the C melody instrument except for its key and register. Another new arrival to the novelty sax scene is the soprillo sax, a piccolo-sized straight instrument which has the upper speaker hole built into the mouthpiece. The instrument, which extends Sax's original family as it is pitched a full octave higher than the B soprano sax, is manufactured by Benedikt Eppelsheim, of Munich, Germany. There is a rare prototype slide tenor saxophone, but few were ever made. One known company that produced a slide soprano saxophone was Reiffel & Husted, Chicago, ca. 1922 (catalog NMM 5385).[20][21][22] This article is about the instrument in the flute family. ...


Similar instruments

A number of saxophone-related instruments have appeared since Sax's original work, most enjoying no significant success. These include the saxello, essentially a straight B soprano, but with a slightly curved neck and tipped bell; the straight alto; and the straight B tenor.[23]) Since a straight-bore tenor is approximately five feet long, the cumbersome size of such a design makes it almost impossible to either play or transport. "King" Saxellos, made by the H. N. White Company in the 1920s, now command prices up to US$4,000. A number of companies, including Rampone & Cazzani and L.A. Sax, are marketing straight-bore, tipped-bell soprano saxophones as saxellos (or "saxello sopranos").


The tubax, developed in 1999 by the German instrument maker Benedikt Eppelsheim,[24] plays the same range, and with the same fingering, as the E contrabass saxophone; its bore, however, is narrower than that of a contrabass saxophone, making for a more compact instrument with a "reedier" tone (akin to the double-reed contrabass sarrusophone). It can be played with the smaller (and more commonly available) baritone saxophone mouthpiece and reeds. Eppelsheim has also produced subcontrabass tubaxes in C and B, the latter being the lowest saxophone ever made. Among the most recent developments is the aulochrome, a double soprano saxophone invented by Belgian instrument maker François Louis in 2001. A B-flat subcontrabass tubax (right). ... Benedikt Eppelsheim is a world-renowned German manufacturer of high- and low-voiced saxophones, the soprillo and tubax, which are available exclusively from him. ... The sarrusophone is a family of transposing musical instruments patented and placed into production by Pierre-Louis Gautrot in 1856. ... The aulochrome is a new woodwind instrument invented by Belgian François Louis in 2001. ... François and his creation François Louis (born 1954 in Brussels, Belgium) is a musical instrument craftsman, famous for his creation of the Aulochrome. ...


Bamboo "saxophones"

Although not true saxophones, inexpensive keyless folk versions of the saxophone made of bamboo were developed in the 20th century by instrument makers in Hawaii, Jamaica, Thailand, Indonesia, and Argentina. The Hawaiian instrument, called a xaphoon, was invented during the 1970s and is also marketed as a "bamboo sax," although its cylindrical bore more closely resembles that of a clarinet, and its lack of any keywork makes it more akin to a recorder. Jamaica's best known exponent of a similar type of homemade bamboo "saxophone" was the mento musician and instrument maker 'Sugar Belly' (William Walker).[25] In the Minahasa region of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, there exist entire bands made up of bamboo "saxophones"[26] and "brass" instruments of various sizes. These instruments are clever imitations of European instruments, made using local materials. Very similar instruments are produced in Thailand.[27] In Argentina, Ángel Sampedro del Río and Mariana García have produced bamboo saxophones of various sizes since 1985, the larger of which have bamboo keys to allow for the playing of lower notes.[28]audio For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Xaphoon (also known as Maui Xaphoon or Bamboo Sax) is a single-reed keyless bamboo wind instrument. ... The bore of a wind instrument is the interior chamber in which air is set into vibration to produce musical sounds. ... Various recorders The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument of the family known as fipple flutes or internal duct flutes — whistle-like instruments which include the tin whistle and ocarina. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... The Minahasa (alternative spelling: Minahassa) are an ethnic group located in the North Sulawesi province of Indonesia. ... Sulawesi (formerly more commonly known as Celebes, IPA: a Portuguese-originated form of the name) is one of the four larger Sunda Islands of Indonesia and is situated between Borneo and the Maluku Islands. ...


Writing for the saxophone




The actual range of the military soprano, alto, tenor and baritone when playing a C major scale.

Music for all sizes of saxophone is usually notated using treble clef. The standard written range extends from a B below the staff to an F or F three ledger lines above the staff. There are a few models of soprano saxophone that have a key for high G, and several models of baritone saxophone have an extended bore and key to produce low A; it is also possible to play a low A on any saxophone by blocking the end of the bell, usually with the foot or inside of the left thigh. Notes above F are considered part of the altissimo register of any sax, and can be produced using advanced embouchure techniques and fingering combinations. Sax himself had mastered these techniques; he demonstrated the instrument as having a range of just beyond three octaves up to a (written) high B4. The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... The alto saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... The tenor saxophone is one of the larger members of the saxophone family invented by Adolphe Sax. ... Baritone saxophone The baritone saxophone is one of the larger and lower pitched members of the saxophone family. ... C major (often just C or key of C) is a musical major scale based on C, with pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, B and C. Its key signature has no flats/sharps (see below: Diatonic Scales and Keys). ... In music, a scale is a set of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... A clef (French for key) is a symbol used in musical notation that assigns notes to lines and spaces on the musical staff. ... For other uses, see Octave (disambiguation). ...


Because all saxophones use the same key arrangement and fingering to produce a given notated pitch, it is not difficult for a competent player to switch among the various sizes when the music has been suitably transposed. Since the baritone and alto are pitched in E, players can read concert pitch music notated in the bass clef by reading it as if it were treble clef and adding three sharps to the key signature. This process, referred to as clef substitution, makes it possible for the baritone or alto to play from parts written for bassoon, tuba, trombone or string bass. This can be useful if a band or orchestra lacks one of those instruments A clef (French for key) is a symbol used in musical notation that assigns notes to lines and spaces on the musical staff. ... Figure 1. ... This key signature – A major or F# minor – consists of three sharps placed after the clef In musical notation, a key signature is a series of sharp symbols or flat symbols placed on the staff, designating notes that are to be consistently played one semitone higher or lower than the... The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. ... For other uses, see Tuba (disambiguation). ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ...


See also

Explanation of columns: s = Sopranino S = Soprano A = Alto T = Tenor B = Baritone b = Bass c = Contrabass sc = Subcontrabass (i. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ...

References

  • Grove, George (Jan 2001). in Stanley Sadie: The New Grove Encyclopædia of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition, Grove's Dictionaries of Music, Volume 18, pp534–539. ISBN 1561592390. 
  • Horwood, Wally [1983] (1992). Adolphe Sax, 1814-1894: His Life and Legacy, (Revised edition), Herts: Egon Publishers. ISBN 0-905858-18-2. 
  • Howe, Robert (2003). Invention and Development of the Saxophone 1840-55, Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society. 
  • Kool, Jaap [1931]. Das Saxophon (in German). Leipzig: J. J. Weber.  (translated to English as Gwozdz, Lawrence (1987). The Saxophone. Egon Publishers Ltd. )
  • Kotchnitsky, Léon [1949] (1985). Sax and His Saxophone, fourth edition, North American Saxophone Alliance. 
  • Lindemeyer, Paul (1996). Celebrating the Saxophone. William Morrow & Co. ISBN 0-688-13518-8. 
  • Segell, Michael (2005). The Devil's Horn: The Story of the Saxophone, from Noisy Novelty to King of Cool. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 0-374-15938-6. 
  • Thiollet, Jean-Pierre (2004). Sax, Mule & Co. Paris: H & D. ISBN 2-914-26603-0. 
  1. ^ Adolphe Sax. BassSax.com. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  2. ^ The history of the saxophone. The-Saxophone.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  3. ^ MacGillivray, James (May 1959). "Recent Advances in Woodwind Fingering Systems". The Galpin Society Journal. Retrieved on 2008-03-08. 
  4. ^ Jay C. Easton: Saxophone Family Gallery. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  5. ^ Contrabass-L, Vol. 1, No. 76. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  6. ^ A992. Yanagisawa website. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  7. ^ T9937. Yanagisawa website. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  8. ^ a b The Horn. JazzBariSax.com.
  9. ^ Jazz & Blues Saxophone FAQs. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  10. ^ How Brass Instruments are Built. Acoustical Society of America. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  11. ^ Teal, Larry (1963). The Art of Saxophone Playing. Miami: Summy-Birchard, 17. ISBN 0-87487-057-7. “A preference as to material used is up to the individual, and the advantages of each are a matter of controversy. Mouthpieces of various materials which have exactly the same dimensions, including the chamber and outside measurements as well as the facing, play very nearly the same.” 
  12. ^ James Fei: DVD. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  13. ^ Raschèr Saxophone Quartet. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  14. ^ Amherst Saxophone Quartet. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  15. ^ AureliaSax4. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  16. ^ The Band. SaxAssault.com. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  17. ^ About the Nuclear Whales and their music. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  18. ^ 14th World Saxophone Congress 2006 - Ljubljana - Slovenia. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  19. ^ Jim Schmidt's Contralto. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  20. ^ The Royal Holland Bell Ringers Collection and Archive. Retrieved on 2006-10-23.
  21. ^ Slide sax picture at http://www.gs.kunitachi.ac.jp. Retrieved on 2006-10-23.
  22. ^ Slide sax picture at http://www.jasonharron.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-23.
  23. ^ L.A. Sax Straight Models. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  24. ^ Tubax E saxophone. Benedikt Eppelsheim Wind Instruments. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  25. ^ Mento Music: Sugar Belly. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  26. ^ Culture & Arts in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  27. ^ Thai Bamboo Saxophone. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  28. ^ Un Mundo de Bambú. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
Sir George Grove (August 13, 1820 - May 28, 1900) was an English writer on music, immortalised in the title of Groves Dictionary of Music and Musicians. ... Stanley Sadie CBE (October 30, 1930-March 21, 2005) was a British musicologist, music critic, and editor. ... Second Edition, shelved The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians and is regarded as the most authoritative reference source on the subject in the English language. ... The American Musical Instrument Society (AMIS) was formed in 1971 to promote better understanding of all aspects of the history, design, construction, restoration, and usage of musical instruments in all cultures and from all periods (the branch of musicology known as organology). ... Lawrence S. Gwozdz (born April 1, 1953) is an internationally renowned American saxophonist in the classical tradition. ... The North American Saxophone Alliance is an organization for saxophone players from around North America. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Benedikt Eppelsheim is a world-renowned German manufacturer of high- and low-voiced saxophones, the soprillo and tubax, which are available exclusively from him. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A single-reed instrument uses only one reed to produce sound. ... The aulochrome is a new woodwind instrument invented by Belgian François Louis in 2001. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... The heckel-clarina, also known as clarina or patent clarina, is a very rare woodwind instrument, invented and manufactured by Wilhelm Heckel in Wiesbaden-Biebrich, Germany. ... A musician playing a heckelphone-clarinet. ... The Octavin is a woodwind instrument with a conical bore and a single reed. ... Tárogató The tárogató (Romanian: taragot) refers to two different woodwind instruments, both of them Hungarian. ... The Xaphoon (also known as Maui Xaphoon or Bamboo Sax) is a single-reed keyless bamboo wind instrument. ... The chalumeau ( chalumeaux) is a wind instrument, the immediate ancestor of the clarinet. ... Albogues The albogue is a single-reed clarinet coming from Spain, especially from Madrid (gaita serrana), Asturias (turullu), Castile and Andalusia (gaita gastoreña). It is simillar to a hornpipe, like the Welsh pibgorn and the Basque alboka. ... The alboka is a double clarinet coming from the Basque region of Northern Spain. ... Diplica The diplica is an ancient, clarinet-like, single-reed instrument which was played in different forms in many parts of Croatia, but now survives only in the Baranja region. ... The Highland Hornpipe is a musical instrument that can be played similarly to a chanter on a Highland Bagpipe, although it is usually tuned an octave lower than a bagpipe chanter. ... The launeddas, triple clarinet or triplepipe is a typical Sardinian woodwind instrument, consisting of three pipes. ... A Pibgorn is a reed instrument from Wales. ... Phenylketonuria fee-nil-kee-ton-yur-ee-aah+ (PKU) is a human genetic disorder that occurs in about 1 in 15,000 births, but the incidence varies widely in different human populations from 1 in 4,500 births among the Irish to fewer than one in 100,000 births among... The sipsi is a Turkish woodwind instrument. ... Zhaleika (Жалейка in Russian, a. ... The arghul, also spelled argul, arghoul, arghool, argol or yarghul (Palestine), is a traditional Arabic musical instrument. ... The double clarinet (or zummara) is a Middle Eastern musical instrument consisting of two parallel cane or bamboo pipes, with five or six holes each. ... The mijwiz is a traditional musical instrument of ancient Egypt and the Levant. ...

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m