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Encyclopedia > Saxony
Freistaat Sachsen/Swobodny stat Sakska
Free State of Saxony
Flag Coat of arms
Coat of arms of Saxony
Location
Map of Germany, location of Saxony highlighted
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country Germany
NUTS Region DED
Capital Dresden
Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU)
Governing parties CDUSPD
Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69)
Basic statistics
Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi)
Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]
 - Density 231 /km² (598 /sq mi)
Other information
GDP/ Nominal € 86 billion (2005)
Website sachsen.de

The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) is the easternmost federal state of Germany. Located in the country's southeast, it is the tenth-largest in area and sixth-largest in population among Germany's sixteen states, and has a land area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4.3 million. Image File history File links Flag_of_Saxony. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Saxony. ... Image File history File links Deutschland_Lage_von_Sachsen. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... A minister-president (Ministerpräsident) is the head of government of a German federal state; the office corresponds to the governorship of a state in the United States. ... Georg Milbradt (born 23 February 1945 in Eslohe) is a German politician (CDU). ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Nominal GDP per person (capita) in 2006. ... A website (alternatively, Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a... This article or section should be merged with List of Sorbian languages The Sorbian languages are members of the West Slavic branch of languages spoken in eastern Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ...


Saxony has a long history as a duchy, an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (the Electorate of Saxony), and eventually as a kingdom (the Kingdom of Saxony). Its monarchy was overthrown in 1918 and a republican form of government was established under its current name subsequent to Germany's defeat in World War I. Abolished during communist rule, it was re-established at 3 October 1990 during the re-unification of the nation-state of Germany from East and West Germany. A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst ( - singular), Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... “Kingdom” redirects here. ... The Kingdom of Saxony, lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Germany, finally being absorbed into the Weimar Republic in 1918. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... “East Germany” redirects here. ...


During the early Middle Ages the term Saxony referred to the region occupied by today's states of Lower Saxony and northern North Rhine-Westphalia. The Saxons had migrated there from the area of present-day Schleswig-Holstein between 250 and 500. See the history section below. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... Events Diophantus writes Arithmetica the first systematic treatise on algebra. ... Events Possible date for the Battle of Mons Badonicus: Romano-British and Celts defeat an Anglo-Saxon army that may have been led by the bretwalda Aelle of Sussex (approximate date; suggested dates range from 490 to 510) Note: This battle may have influenced the legend of King Arthur. ...


Saxony cannot necessarily correlate with every other meaning of "Saxons"; that is, a Saxon is not necessarily an inhabitant of Saxony (e.g. Saxon people, Anglo-Saxons or Transylvanian Saxons). For full disambiguation of the meaning, see Saxon (disambiguation). This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... The Transylvanian Saxons (German: ; Hungarian: ; Romanian: ) are a people of German origin who settled in Transylvania (German: ) from the 12th century onwards. ... Saxon is: A member of the Saxons, a German people; see Saxon. ...

Contents

Geography

Borders and cities

Saxony shares borders with, from the east and clockwise, Poland, the Czech Republic and the German states of Bavaria, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg. Its capital is Dresden, and the other principal cities are Leipzig and Chemnitz. For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) is located in central Germany and is considered one of the smaller of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 km² and 2. ... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ...   (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Chemnitz (Sorbian/Lusatian Kamjenica, 1953-1990 called Karl-Marx-Stadt; Czech: Saská Kamenice) is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. ...


Landscape and topography

The main axis of Saxony is the Elbe river, crossing the state from southeast to northwest. Another important river, west of the Elbe, is the Mulde. The Lusatian Neisse river forms the Polish border. The portions in the east of Saxony are the southern parts of the historical region of Lusatia (Lausitz/Łužica) and are called Upper Lusatia (Oberlausitz/Horna Łužica); the minority Sorbs live in the region, which is partially (for example around Bautzen/Budyšin, Hoyerswerda/Wojerecy and Kamenz/Kamjenc but not around Zittau and Görlitz) bilingual today. This article is about a river in Central Europe. ... This article is about a river in Central Europe. ... The Mulde is a river in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... The Lusatian Neisse (German Lausitzer Neiße, Polish Nysa Łużycka, Czech Lužická Nisa) is a river in the Czech Republic (54 km) and on Polish-German border (198 km), in total 252 km long. ... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech Lužice) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern... The Sorbs are a Slavic minority indigenous to the region known as Lusatia in the current German states of Saxony and Brandenburg (in former GDR territory). ...


The countryside rises gradually from north to south, culminating in the mountain ranges along the Czech border. The Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge) extend from Bavaria to the Elbe river. The Elbe itself has cut a majestic gorge to pass the mountains of the Elbsandsteingebirge, better known as Saxon Switzerland. Further east the mountains are less high and form a hilly countryside called the Lausitzer Bergland. See also List of places in Saxony. In the 19th century the Erzgebirge mountains were a centre for lace making. ... This article or section should be merged with Sächsische Schweiz This article is about the landscape. ... Bastei bridge The Saxon Switzerland is a mountainous climbing area and national park near the cultural and technological center of Dresden in the state of Saxony, Germany. ... The Lausitzer Bergland ist a mountanous region between Dresden the capital of Saxony and the german-polish border. ... This is a list of geographical features in the state of Saxony, Germany. ...

The climate of Dresden, the capital of Saxony and situated on the Elbe in eastern middle Germany, as measured and recorded in Klotzsche (altitude 227 m).

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1938x1545, 679 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saxony Dresden ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1938x1545, 679 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saxony Dresden ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... This article is about a river in Central Europe. ...

Administration

Saxony is divided into 3 Regierungsbezirke - Chemnitz, Dresden, Leipzig - which are subdivided into 22 districts: A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Chemnitz is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of the Free State of Saxony, Germany, located in the south-west of the state. ... Dresden is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Saxony, Germany, located in the south-east of the country. ... Leipzig is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Saxony, Germany, located in the north-west of the country. ...


Image:Landkreise_Sachsen.png Image File history File links Landkreise_Sachsen. ...

  1. Annaberg (ANA)
  2. Aue-Schwarzenberg (ASZ)
  3. Bautzen (BZ)
  4. Chemnitzer Land (GC)
  5. Delitzsch (DZ)
  6. Döbeln (DL)
  7. Freiberg (FG)
  8. Kamenz (KM)
  1. Leipziger Land (L)
  2. Löbau-Zittau (ZI)
  3. Meißen (MEI)
  4. Mittlerer Erzgebirgskreis (MEK)
  5. Mittweida (MW)
  6. Muldentalkreis (MTL)
  7. Niederschlesischer Oberlausitzkreis (NOL)
  1. Riesa-Großenhain (RG)
  2. Sächsische Schweiz (PIR)
  3. Stollberg (STL)
  4. Torgau-Oschatz (TO)
  5. Vogtlandkreis (V)
  6. Weißeritzkreis (DW)
  7. Zwickauer Land (Z)

Furthermore there are seven independent cities, which don't belong to any district: Annaberg is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... Aue_Schwarzenberg is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... Bautzen is a district in Saxony in Germany including the former district of Bischofswerda. ... Chemnitzer Land is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... Delitzsch is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... Döbeln is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... Freiberg is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... Kamenz (Lusatian: Kamjenc) is a Kreis (district) in the north-east of Saxony, Germany. ... Leipziger Land is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... Löbau-Zittau is a Kreis (district) in the east of Saxony, Germany. ... Meißen is a district (Kreis) in Saxony, Germany. ... The Mittlerer Erzgebirgskreis is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... Mittweida is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... The Muldentalkreis is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... The Niederschlesischer Oberlausitzkreis (German for district of Lower Silesian Upper Lusatia) is the eastermost Kreis (district) of Saxony and Germany. ... Riesa-Großenhain is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... This article is about the district. ... Stollberg is a district in Saxony, Germany. ... Torgau-Oschatz is a district (Kreis) in Saxony, Germany. ... The Vogtlandkreis is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of Saxony, Germany, at the borders to Thuringia, Bavaria, and the Czech Republic. ... The Weißeritzkreis is a district (Kreis) in the south of Saxony, Germany. ... Zwickauer Land is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of Saxony, Germany. ...

  1. Chemnitz (C)
  2. Dresden (DD)
  3. Görlitz (GR)
  4. Hoyerswerda (HY)
  5. Leipzig (L)
  6. Plauen (PL)
  7. Zwickau (Z)

Chemnitz (Sorbian/Lusatian Kamjenica, 1953-1990 called Karl-Marx-Stadt; Czech: Saská Kamenice) is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Church towers in Görlitz. ... Hoyerswerda (Upper Sorbian Wojerecy, Lower Sorbian Wórjejce, Czech Hojeřice) is a town in the German Bundesland of Saxony. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Plauen, old townhall Plauen is a city in Saxony, east-central Germany, located at 50°29′N 12°07′O. The city is situated near the border of Bavaria and the Czech Republic. ... Zwickau is a city of Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony (Sachsen), situated in a valley at the foot of the Erzgebirge, on the left bank of the Zwickauer Mulde, 130 km (82 miles) southwest of Dresden, south of Leipzig and south west of Chemnitz. ...

Economy

Saxony has been observed to have the most vibrant economy among the former GDR states. Its economy grew by 4.0% in 2006, making it the fastest growing region in Germany, which is among other things due to the establishment of a chip producing economy near Dresden. As a result of this the region was given the nickname "Silicon Saxony". Nonetheless, unemployment remains high and investment is scarce. Because of these factors, Saxony, along with the rest of the east (excluding Berlin) qualifies as an "Objective 1" development region within the European Union, and thus can receive investment subsidies of up to 30% until 2013. In the interests of encouraging growth, the state government has attempted to develop tourism in the region, notably in the lake district of Lausitz (The Economist, Aug. 27, 2005). Along with tourism, the publishing industry and porcelain factories are major contributors to Saxony's economy. Disambiguation Page Global Depositary Receipt East Germany ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ...


History

Main article: History of Saxony

Prehistoric Saxony was the site of some of the largest of the ancient Central European monumental temples, dating from the 5th millennium BC. Notable archaeological sites have been discovered in Dresden and the village of Aythra near Leipzig. This article needs to be updated. ... According to research made public on June 11, 2005, a series of monumental temples were built in Central Europe between 4800 BC and 4600 BC. The remains of approximately 150 such temples have been found at various sites in present-day Germany, Slovakia, Austria, and the Czech Republic. ... // Events 4860 BC - Mount Mazama in Oregon collapses, forming a caldera that later fills with water and becomes Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States. ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ...


For the origins of the Saxon tribes see Saxons. For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ...


Foundation of the first Saxon state

Henry the Lion (with his wife Matilda of England) is crowned as Duke of Saxony
Henry the Lion (with his wife Matilda of England) is crowned as Duke of Saxony

The first Duchy of Saxony emerged about AD 700 in today's Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia. In the 10th century the dukes of Saxony were at the same time kings (or emperors) of the Holy Roman Empire (Ottonian or Saxon Dynasty). At that time, a Saxon noble family of Billungs received extensive fiefs in Saxony, and the Emperor eventually gave them the title of Duke of Saxony. After the extinction of the male line of Billungs, the duchy was given to Lothar of Supplinburg, who then also became Emperor for a short time. Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Henry the Lion Matilda of England ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Henry the Lion Matilda of England ... Coronation of Henry the Lion and Matilda of England (1188) Henry the Lion (face of statue on his tomb in Brunswick Cathedral) Henry the Lion (1129 - August 6, 1195; in German, Heinrich der Löwe) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony as Henry III since... Coronation of Henry the Lion and Matilda of England (1188) Matilda of England (1156 - June 28, 1189), also known as Maud, was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... The Duchy of Saxony was a medieval Duchy covering the greater part of Northern Germany. ... // Events Saint Adamnan convinces 51 kings to adopt Cáin Adomnáin defining the relationship between women and priests. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Ottonian dynasty is a name sometimes given to a ruling dynasty of German kings, sometimes regarded as the first dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire, (though Charlemagne is commonly viewed as the original founder. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Billung Family were Saxon dukes and rulers, who can be traced back to AD 500. ... List of Dukes, Electors, and Kings of Saxony, 880-1918 The original Duchy of Saxony was in Northern Germany, roughly corresponding to the modern German state of Lower Saxony and Westphalia. ... Lothair III of Supplinburg (1075–1137), was Duke of Saxony (1106), King of Germany (1125), and Holy Roman Emperor from 1133 to 1137. ...


In 1137 Saxony was passed to the Welfen dynasty, who were descendants (1) of Wulfhild Billung, eldest daughter of the last Billung duke, and (2) of the daughter of Lothar of Supplinburg. It reached its peak under Duke Henry the Lion, and after his death it began to decline (Henry had declined to participate in the later Italian wars of his liege lord, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and those expeditions to Italy ended in disasters. The furious emperor retaliated and sent his troops to end Duke Henry's dominion). In 1180 large portions west of the Weser were ceded to the Bishops of Cologne, while some central parts between Weser and Elbe remained to the Welfs, later forming the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg). The remaining Eastern lands, together with the title of Duke of Saxony, were passed to an Ascanian dynasty (who descended from Eilika Billung, Wulfhild's younger sister) and divided in 1260 into the two small states of Saxony-Lauenburg and Saxony-Wittenberg. Saxony-Lauenburg was later renamed Lauenburg and was no longer part of Saxony or its history. Saxe-Wittenberg was confirmed to have inherited the "main" ducal title of the Saxons and as such was recognized as an Elector of the Empire in 14th century. // Groups BL1137 is the (now defunct) Unix group at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ where Unix and C were invented. ... The Welfs were a Bavarian dynasty so named because many of its members were named Welf. ... Coronation of Henry the Lion and Matilda of England (1188) Henry the Lion (face of statue on his tomb in Brunswick Cathedral) Henry the Lion (1129 - August 6, 1195; in German, Heinrich der Löwe) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony as Henry III since... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Ascanian dynasty of the rulers of Brandenburg began with Albert the Bear who inherited the territory from its last Wendish ruler, Pribislav, in 1150. ... The magnificent Cathedral of Chartres was dedicated in 1260. ... With an area of 18,400 sq. ... Lauenburg (in full Herzogtum Lauenburg, Duchy of Lauenburg) is a district in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ...


Foundation of the second Saxon state

Between the years 1697 and 1763 the Electors of Saxony also were elected Kings of Poland in personal union.
Between the years 1697 and 1763 the Electors of Saxony also were elected Kings of Poland in personal union.
Saxony is home to numerous castles, like the Schloss Moritzburg north of Dresden.
Saxony is home to numerous castles, like the Schloss Moritzburg north of Dresden.

Saxony-Wittenberg, in present Saxony-Anhalt, became subject to the margravate of Meißen and ruled by the Wettin dynasty in 1423. A new powerful state was established, occupying large portions of present Saxony, Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt. Although the center of this state was far southeast of the former Saxony, it came to be referred to as Upper Saxony and then simply Saxony, while the former Saxon territories were now known as Lower Saxony. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 580 KB) author: Stefan Kühn source: de:Bild:Dresden Fuerstenzug 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 580 KB) author: Stefan Kühn source: de:Bild:Dresden Fuerstenzug 2. ... List of Dukes, Electors, and Kings of Saxony, 880-1918 The original Duchy of Saxony was in Northern Germany, roughly corresponding to the modern German state of Lower Saxony and Westphalia. ... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... A personal union is a relationship of two or more entities that are considered separate, sovereign states, which, through established law, share the same person as their respective head of state. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2248x1945, 575 KB) Moritzburg Author: Adam Kumiszcza File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saxony User:Akumiszcza Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2248x1945, 575 KB) Moritzburg Author: Adam Kumiszcza File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saxony User:Akumiszcza Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Castle Moritzburg, Saxony Moritzburg is a village in the Friedewald area in Saxony, Germany, between Meissen as early center of Saxony and the todays capital Dresden. ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ... Graf is a German noble title equal in rank to a count or an earl. ... Meißen, internationally most known for porcelain, is a town of approximately 35,000 near Dresden on the river Elbe in the State of Saxony in the southern part of eastern Germany. ... The Wettin dynasty of German counts, dukes, Prince Electors (Kurfürsten) and kings ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ... Events July 31 - Hundred Years War: Battle of Cravant - The French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne. ...


In 1485, Saxony was split as a collateral line of the Wettin princes received what later became Thuringia and founded several small states there (see Ernestine duchies). The remaining Saxon state became even more powerful, becoming known in the 18th century for its cultural achievements, although it was politically inferior to Prussia and Austria, which pressed Saxony from either side. // Events August 5-7 - First outbreak of sweating sickness in England begins August 22 - Battle of Bosworth Field is fought between the armies of King Richard III of England and rival claimant to the throne of England Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond. ... The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) is located in central Germany and is considered one of the smaller of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 km² and 2. ... Coat of arms of the Ernestines on a boundary stone The Ernestine duchies, also called the Saxon duchies (although also the Albertine appanage duchies of Weissenfels, Merseburg and Zeitz were Saxon duchies and located adjacent to several Ernestine ones), were a changing number of small states in the present German... Motto Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Government Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I (first)  - 1688–1701 Frederick III (last) King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I (first)  - 1888–1918 William II (last) Prime Minister1,2...


Saxony in the 19th and 20th centuries

Following the abolition of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Electorate of Saxony became a kingdom by decree of the French Emperor Napoleon, and Elector Frederick Augustus III became King Frederick Augustus I. Frederick Augustus made the mistake of remaining loyal for too long to Napoleon, and he was taken prisoner and his territories declared forfeit by the allies in 1813, with the intention of their being annexed by Prussia. Ultimately, the opposition of Austria, France, and the United Kingdom resulted in Frederick Augustus being restored to his throne at the Congress of Vienna, but Saxony was forced to cede the northern part of the kingdom to Prussia. These lands became the Prussian province of Saxony, which is today incorporated in Saxony-Anhalt. What was left of the Kingdom of Saxony was roughly identical with the present federal state. The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... Frederick Augustus I of Saxony Frederick Augustus I (or III) of Saxony (December 23, 1750 - May 5, 1827). ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Motto Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Government Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I (first)  - 1688–1701 Frederick III (last) King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I (first)  - 1888–1918 William II (last) Prime Minister1,2... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... The Province of Saxony (German Provinz Sachsen) was a Prussian province between the Napoleonic Wars of 1815 and 1947. ... The Kingdom of Saxony, lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Germany, finally being absorbed into the Weimar Republic in 1918. ...


During the 1848-49 constitutionalist revolutions in Germany, Saxony became a hotbed for revolutionaries, with anarchists such as Mikhail Bakunin and democrats including Richard Wagner and Gottfried Semper taking part in the May Uprising in Dresden in 1849. // Preliminaries Germany at the time of the Revolutions of 1848 was a collection of over 30 states loosely bound together in the German Confederation after the Congress of Vienna in 1815. ... For the character on the TV series Lost, see Mikhail Bakunin Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin (Russian — Михаил Александрович Бакунин, Michel Bakunin — on the grave in Bern), (May 18 (30 N.S.), 1814–June 19 (July 1 N.S.), 1876) was a well-known Russian revolutionary, and often considered one of the “fathers of modern... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... Gottfried Semper Gottfried Semper (1803-1879) was a German architect, art critic, and professor of architecture, who designed and built the Semper Oper in Dresden between 1838 and 1841. ... Revolutionary barricades in Germany The May Uprising took place in Dresden, Germany in 1849; it was one of the last of the series of events known as the Revolutions of 1848. ...


After the Austro-Prussian war Saxony joined the North German Federation in 1867. In 1871 it became part of the German Empire. Combatants Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Hanover and some minor German States (formerly as the German Confederation) Prussia, Italy, and some minor German States Strength 600,000 Austrians and German allies 500,000 Prussians and German allies 300,000 Italians Casualties 20,000 dead or wounded 37,000 dead... Map of the North German Confederation Capital Berlin Political structure Confederation Presidency Prussia (William I) Chancellor Otto von Bismarck History  - Constitution tabelled April 16, 1867  - Confederation formed July 1, 1867  - Elevation to empire January 18, 1871 The North German Federation (in German, Norddeutscher Bund) came into existence in 1867, following... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Motto Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Danish, French, Frisian, Polish, Sorbian Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871–1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick...


After 1918 Saxony was a state in the Weimar Republic and was the scene of Gustav Stresemann's overthrow of the KPD/SPD led government in 1923, during the Nazi era and under Soviet occupation. It was dissolved in 1952, and divided into three smaller 'Bezirke' based on Leipzig, Dresden and Karl-Marx-Stadt, but reestablished within slightly altered borders in 1990 upon German reunification. Saxony also includes a small part of previous Silesia west of the town of Görlitz which remained German after the war and which for obvious reasons of unviability as a separate state was incorporated into Saxony. This part has been part of Silesia only after 1815 and belonged as part of Upper Lusatia to Bohemia before 1623 and thereafter to Saxony between 1623 and 1815. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Anthem Das Lied der Deutschen Germany during the Weimar period, with the Free State of Prussia (in blue) as the largest state Capital Berlin Language(s) German Government Republic President  - 1918-1925 Friedrich Ebert  - 1925-1933 Paul von Hindenburg Chancellor  - 1919 Philipp Scheidemann(first)  - 1933 Adolf Hitler (last) Legislature Reichstag... Gustav Stresemann (May 10, 1878 – October 3, 1929) was a German liberal politician and statesman who served as Chancellor and Foreign Secretary during the Weimar Republic. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Chemnitz (Sorbian/Lusatian Kamjenica, 1953-1990 called Karl-Marx-Stadt; Czech: Saská Kamenice) is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... German reunification (German: ) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, in English commonly called West Germany). The start of this reunification process is commonly referred to... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Church towers in Görlitz. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ...


Culture

Languages

Boundary sign of Bautzen/Budyšin in German and Upper Sorbian; many place names in Saxony are derived from Sorbian.
Boundary sign of Bautzen/Budyšin in German and Upper Sorbian; many place names in Saxony are derived from Sorbian.

The most important patoises that are spoken in Saxony are combined in the group of "Thuringian and Upper Saxon dialects". Due to the incorrect name of "Saxon dialects" in colloquial language the Upper Saxon attribute has been added to distinguish from Old Saxon and Low Saxon. Other German dialects spoken in Saxony are the dialects in the Ore Mountains which has been affected by Upper Saxon dialects and the dialects of the Vogtland which is more affected by the east Frankish languages. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (992x744, 241 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sorbian languages Saxony ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (992x744, 241 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sorbian languages Saxony ... The Free State of Thuringia (German Freistaat Thüringen) lies in central Germany and is among the smaller of the countrys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 sq. ... Old Saxon, also known as Old Low German, is a Germanic language. ... Low Saxon (in Low Saxon, Nedersaksisch, Neddersassisch, Plattdüütsch or Nedderdüütsch) is any of a variety of Low German dialects spoken in northern Germany and the Netherlands. ... In the 19th century the Erzgebirge mountains were a centre for lace making. ... The Frankish language can refer to: Old Frankish, the language spoken by the Franks, a Germanic people active in the Roman era Low Franconian, the only linguistic subgroup containing modern variants of the Old Frankish language: Dutch and Afrikaans. ...


Upper Sorbian (a Slavic language) is still actively spoken in the parts of Upper Lusatia that are occupied by the Sorbian minority. The Germans in Upper Lusatia speak also distinct dialects of their own (Lusatian dialects). Upper Sorbian (hornjoserbsce) is a minority language of Germany spoken in the historical province of Upper Lusatia, today part of Saxony. ... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech Lužice, sometimes called Sorbia, is a historical region between Bóbr-Kwisa rivers and Elbe river in northeastern Germany (states of Saxony and Brandenburg), south-western Poland (voivodship of Lower Silesia and northern Czech... This article or section should be merged with List of Sorbian languages The Sorbian languages are members of the West Slavic branch of languages spoken in eastern Germany. ...


Tourism

Apart from Dresden and perhaps Leipzig international tourism is not well developed in Saxony, but some regions and cities are national, and potentially international touristic targets. Some attractive regions are the ones shared with Czech Republic, including the Lusatian Mountains, Ore Mountains, Saxon Switzerland, and Vogtland. In Germany Saxony offers an above-average number of very well preserved historic little towns, for example Meißen, Freiberg, Pirna, Bautzen, Görlitz and others; thus tourism from within Germany is important for Saxony. Cross-counry skiing route on the main ridge, Luž/Lausche on the horizon. ... In the 19th century the Erzgebirge mountains were a centre for lace making. ... Bastei bridge The Saxon Switzerland is a mountainous climbing area and national park near the cultural and technological center of Dresden in the state of Saxony, Germany. ... The Vogtlandkreis is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of Saxony, Germany, at the borders to Thuringia, Bavaria, and the Czech Republic. ... Meißen, internationally most known for porcelain, is a town of approximately 35,000 near Dresden on the river Elbe in the State of Saxony in the southern part of eastern Germany. ... Freiberg, Obermarkt square Freiberg is a city in Saxony, Germany, capital of the district Freiberg. ... This term is ambiguous for Piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA) Pirna is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany in the administrative district of the Sächsische Schweiz. ... Bautzen (pronounced , listen, until 1868: Budissin; Upper Sorbian: BudyÅ¡in; Lower Sorbian: BudyÅ¡yn; , listen; Polish: Budziszyn; Czech: Budyšín) is a city in eastern Saxony, Germany, and capital of the eponymous district. ... Church towers in Görlitz. ...


Politics

List of Minister-presidents of Saxony

For earlier rulers, see Rulers of Saxony. List of Dukes, Electors, and Kings of Saxony, 880-1918 The original Duchy of Saxony comprised lands in the north-westen part of present-day Germany, roughly corresponding to the modern German state of Lower Saxony and to Westphalia. ...

  1. 1918 - 1919: Richard Lipinski (USPD)
  2. 1919 - 1920: Georg Gradnauer (SPD)
  3. 1920 - 1923: Wilhelm Buck (SPD)
  4. 1923 - 1923: Erich Zeigner (SPD)
  5. 1923 - 1924: Alfred Fellisch (SPD)
  6. 1924 - 1929: Max Heldt (SPD)
  7. 1929 - 1930: Wilhelm Bünger (DVP)
  8. 1930 - 1933: Walter Schieck (no party)
  9. 1933 - 1935: Manfred Freiherr von Killinger (NSDAP)
  10. 1935 - 1945: Martin Mutschmann (NSDAP)
  11. 1945 - 1947: Rudolf Friedrichs (SPD, then SED)
  12. 1947 - 1952: Max Seydewitz (SED)
  13. 1990 - 2002: Kurt Biedenkopf (CDU)
  14. since 2002: Georg Milbradt (CDU)

1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... For the Independent Social Democratic Party of Romania, see Romanian Social Democratic Party (defunct). ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... SPD redirects here. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page is about the German Peoples Party which existed between 1918 and 1933. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Manfred baron von Killinger (born 14 July 1886 on property Lindigt with Ketzerbachtal; died 2 September 1944 in Bucharest, suicide) was a German naval officer, Free Corps (Freikorps) leader, military writer, member of the Reichstag during the Weimar Republic (Reichstagsabgeordneter), National Socialist, politician, and diplomat. ... The Nazi swastika symbol The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Martin Mutschmann (1879-?), born in Hirschberg an der Saale in Prussia, his family moved while he was young to Plauen in Saxony. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... The party emblem represented the handshake between Communist Wilhelm Pieck and Social Democrat Otto Grotewohl when their parties merged in 1946 The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) (German: Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands) was the governing party of East Germany from its formation in 1949 until the elections of 1990. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Prof. ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Georg Milbradt (born 23 February 1945 in Eslohe) is a German politician (CDU). ...

September 19, 2004 state election

See also: Saxony state election, 2004 The Saxony state election, 2004, was conducted on September 19, 2004, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Saxony. ...


Georg Milbradt (CDU), losing his absolute majority, had to form a grand coalition with the SPD to remain in office as Minister-president. Georg Milbradt (born 23 February 1945 in Eslohe) is a German politician (CDU). ... A grand coalition is a coalition government in a parliamentary system where political parties representing a vast majority of the parliament unite in a coalition. ...

Party Party List votes Vote percentage Total Seats Seat percentage
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 855,203 41.1% 55 44.4%
Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) 490,488 23.6% 31 25.0%
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 204,438 9.8% 13 10.5%
Alliance '90/The Greens 106,771 5.1% 6 4.8%
National Democratic Party (NPD) 190,909 9.2% 12 9.7%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 122,605 5.9% 7 5.6%
Mensch Umwelt Tierschutz (Humans, the Environment, and Animal Protection) 34,068 1.6% 0 0.0%
All Others 75,653 3.7% 0 0.0%
Totals 2,080,135 100.0% 124 100.0%

Notably, the far-right NPD received two more votes in the ballot for Minister-president than it had members. It is presumed that two CDU Landtag members must have backed the NPD leadership. The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... Party of Democratic Socialism is a political party in India; see Party of Democratic Socialism (India) the former name of a German political party; see Left Party (Germany). ... SPD redirects here. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... For the East German block party, see National Democratic Party of Germany (East Germany) The National Democratic Party of Germany (German: Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, NPD) is a nationalist political party in Germany. ... The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei - FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany. ...


By November 2006, the NPD only holds 8 seats after 4 MPs have left the party or were expelled.


References

August 27 is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official governmental portal
  • Christmas time in Saxony
  • some facts about Saxony
  • some stories about Dresden Neustadt - The Capital of Saxony

References

  1. ^ State population. Portal of the Federal Statistics Office Germany. Retrieved on 2007-04-25.

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Saxony (7232 words)
Saxony forever the possibility of extending its territory along the lower course of the Elbe, and confirmed the preponderance of Prussia.
Saxony is the fifth state of the German Empire in area and third in population; in 1905 the average population per square mile was 778.8.
The Vicariate Apostolic of Saxony, and the Prefecture Apostolic of Saxon Upper Lusatia.
Saxony - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1275 words)
Saxony borders, from the east and clockwise, on Poland, the Czech Republic and the German states of Bavaria, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg.
In 1137 Saxony was passed to the Welfen dynasty, who were descendants (1) of Wulfhild Billung, eldest daughter of the last Billung duke, and (2) of the daughter of Lothar of Supplinburg.
After 1918 Saxony was a state in the Weimar Republic and was the scene of Gustav Stresemann's overthrow of the KPD/SPD led government in 1923, during the Nazi era and under Soviet occupation.
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