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Encyclopedia > Sawara Cypress
Sawara Cypress
Conservation status: Secure

Chamaecyparis pisifera foliage and cones
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Cupressaceae
Genus: Chamaecyparis
Species: C. pisifera
Binomial name
Chamaecyparis pisifera
(Siebold & Zucc.) Endl.


Sawara Cypress Chamaecyparis pisifera, also known as just Sawara, is a conifer in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to central Japan. It is a slow-growing tree which grows to 35 m tall with a trunk up to 1 m in diameter. The bark is red-brown. The leaves are scale-like, 2-4 mm long, with pointed tips (unlike the blunt tips of the leaves of the related Hinoki Cypress C. obtusa), green above, green below with a white stomatal band at the base of each scale-leaf. The cones are globose, 4-8 mm diameter, with 6-10 scales arranged in opposite pairs.


A related cypress found on Taiwan, the Formosan Cypress C. formosensis differs in longer ovoid cones 6-10 mm long with 10-16 scales.


Uses

It is grown for its high quality timber in Japan, where it is used as a material for building palaces, temples, shrines and baths, and making coffins. The wood is lemon-scented and light-colored with a rich, straight grain, and is highly rot resistant.

Enlarge
Foliage of the juvenile cultivar 'Boulevard', with soft feathery needle-like leaves

It is also a popular ornamental tree in parks and gardens, both in Japan and elsewhere in temperate climates including western Europe and parts of North America. A large number of cultivars have been selected for garden planting, including dwarf forms, forms with yellow or blue-green leaves, and forms with juvenile needle-like foliage; particularly popular cultivars include 'Plumosa', 'Squarrosa' and 'Boulevard'.


External links

  • Arboretum de Villardebelle: close-up photo of cones (http://www.pinetum.org/cones/CHpisifera.jpg)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Floridata: Chamaecyparis pisifera (598 words)
The wild form of Sawara false cypress is a huge evergreen conifer, to 150 ft (46 m) tall with a trunk up to 7 ft (2 m) in diameter, but in cultivation the typical species usually stays under 60 ft (18.3 m) in height, and many of the cultivars are very much smaller.
Sawara false cypress is similar to Hinoki false cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa), but that species has two different shapes and sizes of scalelike leaves on its twigs, and larger cones.
Sawara false cypress is native to southern Japan.
Bonsai Etc. - Sawara Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera) seedling (693 words)
a conifer in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to central Japan, commonly known as Sawara Cypress or Sawara.
It is a slow-growing tree which grows to 35 m tall with a trunk up to 1 m in diameter.
The leaves are scale-like, 2-4 mm long, with pointed tips (unlike the blunt tips of the leaves of the related Chamaecyparis obtusa (Hinoki Cypress).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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