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Encyclopedia > Savoy Operation

Coordinates: 32°04′21″N, 34°45′57″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

The Savoy Hotel where the Savoy Operation took place

The Savoy Operation was an attack by Palestinian militants on the Savoy Hotel in Tel Aviv, Israel on 4 and 5 March 1975. For the term Palestinian as applied to Jews, see Palestinian Jew. ... Savoy Hotel, Strand entrance, 1911 The Savoy Hotel is a five-star hotel located on the Strand, in the City of Westminster in central London that opened in 1889. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Background

On the night of 4 March 1975 at 11:00 PM, eight Palestinian militants in two teams landed by boat on the Tel Aviv beach. Shooting and throwing grenades, they captured the Savoy Hotel near the center of the city. The guests became hostages. The Palestinians threatened that if the Israelis did not release 20 Palestinian prisoners within four hours the hostages would be killed. Grenade may refer to: The well-known hand grenade commonly used by soldiers. ...


Early the next morning an Israeli commando unit (Sayeret Matkal) stormed the hotel, killing seven militants and capturing one. Five hostages were freed and eight were killed. Three soldiers, including the former Sayeret Matkal commander Uzi Yairi, were also killed. A few hours later the ship that transported the militants was captured and its crew were taken prisoner. Sayeret Matkal (Hebrew: סיירת מטכל, translation: General Staff Reconnaissance unit) is the elite special forces unit of the Israeli Defence Force (IDF). ...


The Palestinian operation was masterminded by Abu Jihad in retaliation for a surgical raid that the same commando unit (Sayeret Matkal) conducted in Beirut, Lebanon in April, 1973 (Operation Spring of Youth), where they killed three top PLO leaders. Khalil Al-Wazir (October 10, 1935–April 16, 1988), better known by the kunya Abu Jihad (Arabic: father of the struggle) and Al-Wazir (the top minister), was a founder of the Palestinian group Fatah (which later formed the dominant part of the PLO), and later a top aide to... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Operation Spring of Youth took place on the night of April 9 and early morning of April 10, 1973. ... The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic Munazzamat al-Tahrir Filastiniyyah منظمة تحرير فلسطينية ) is a political and paramilitary organization of Palestinian Arabs dedicated to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state to consist of the area between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea, with an intent to destroy Israel. ...


Members of the Savoy Operation included Musa Juma al-Tallka, who was the only survivor, Muhammad Mashala, Hader Muhammad, Ziad Talk al-Zrir, Musa Awad, Muhammed al-Masri, Abu al-Lel, and Ahmed Hamid who were all killed by the Israeli commandos.


Although the hostage situation took place in the Savoy Hotel, the initial target of the militants was the Israeli tourist city of Nahariya. Apparently the team was unable to locate the city on the night of the operation. Two months later, the operation's objectives were changed to the Manshiya Neighborhood Youth Club, and the Tel Aviv Opera Building. The contingency plan in case the original targets could not be located was to select any nearby populated buildings as targets. This resulted in the Savoy Hotel raid, as it was the only illuminated building on the street. Nahariyya (נהריה; unofficially also spelled Nahariya or Naharia) is a city in the North District in Israel. ...


External links


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