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Encyclopedia > Saurashtra (region)
Saurashtra in between Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambat. Image NASA Earth Observatory
Saurashtra in between Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambat. Image NASA Earth Observatory

Saurashtra (also Soruth and Sorath, formerly Surastrene) is a region of western India, located on the Arabian Sea coast of Gujarat state. It is a peninsula also called Kathiawar after the Kathi Darbar rulers who ruled part of the region once. The Peninsula is shared with the Kutch region which occupies the north, Saurashtra or Sorath forming the southern portion. Image File history File links Gujarat Gegoraphy. ... Image File history File links Gujarat Gegoraphy. ... The Gulf of Kutch is an inlet of the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India, in the state of Gujarat. ... The Gulf of Cambay (also the Gulf of Khambat) is an inlet of the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India, in the state of Gujarat. ... NASA Earth Observatory is an online publication of NASA where the public can access satellite imagery and scientific information about our planet for free. ... Map of the Arabian Sea. ... Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA: ,  ) is the most industrialized state in the Republic of India with 19. ... Kathiawar in between Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambat. ...

Contents

History

Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat
Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat

Surastrene is mentionned in the 1st century CE Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1058x749, 62 KB) Summary Districts of Saurastra region of Gujarat State (India) - Self Made - w:User:Miljoshi - December 2005 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Kathiawar Amreli District Surendranagar District Junagadh District Jamnagar District Bhavnagar District Porbandar... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1058x749, 62 KB) Summary Districts of Saurastra region of Gujarat State (India) - Self Made - w:User:Miljoshi - December 2005 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Kathiawar Amreli District Surendranagar District Junagadh District Jamnagar District Bhavnagar District Porbandar... Gujarat (Gu: , De: ; , IPA ; also spelled Gujrat and sometimes (incorrectly) Gujarath) is one of the Princely states of India, and it is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra. ... The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (Periplus Maris Erythraei ) is a Greek periplus, describing navigation and trading opportunities from Roman Egyptian ports like Berenice along the coast of the Red Sea, and others along East Africa and India. ...

"Beyond the gulf of Baraca is that of Barygaza and the coast of the country of Ariaca, which is the beginning of the Kingdom of Nambanus and of all India. That part of it lying inland and adjoining Scythia is called Abiria, but the coast is called Syrastrene. It is a fertile country, yielding wheat and rice and sesame oil and clarified butter, cotton and the Indian cloths made therefrom, of the coarser sorts. Very many cattle are pastured there, and the men are of great stature and black in color. The metropolis of this country is Minnagara, from which much cotton cloth is brought down to Barygaza." Periplus, Chap. 41 [1]

Sorath was the former name of the Muslim-ruled Princely State of Junagadh ("Junagarh" or the "Old City"). In 1947, Junagadh's Muslim ruler desired to accede his territory to Pakistan, but the predominantly Hindu population rebelled, and while he fled to Pakistan, a plebiscite was conducted as a result of which the kingdom was merged into the Indian Union. The Gulf of Kutch is an inlet of the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India, in the state of Gujarat. ... Bharuch (also known as Broach) is a district in south Gujarat state in India. ... Junagadh is a city, in Junagadh District, in the Indian state of Gujarat. ...


During British rule, Junagadh and its neighboring princely states were supervised by the Western India States Agency (WISA).


After India's independence in 1947, 217 princely states of Kathiawar and Saurashtra, including the former kingdom of Junagadh, were grouped together to form the province of Saurashtra. The capital of Saurashtra was Rajkot. On November 1, 1956, Saurashtra was merged into Bombay state. In 1960 Bombay state was divided along linguistic lines into the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The territory of Saurashtra, including that of the former kingdom of Sorath or Junagadh is now part of the state of Gujarat. A princely state or native state was a feudal monarchy in British India ruled by a hereditary ruler, who was nominally sovereign. ... Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bombay state is a former state of India. ... Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA: ,  ) is the most industrialized state in the Republic of India with 19. ... Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र mahārāṣṭra, literally: Great Nation; IPA: )( ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA: ,  ) is the most industrialized state in the Republic of India with 19. ...


Language

Saurashtra (alternate names and spellings: Sourashtra, Sowrashtra, Palkar, Saurashtri) is also the name of an Indo-Aryan language of Kathiawar-Saurashtra, currently spoken in parts of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu (See Saurashtra language). The Indo-Aryan languages form a subgroup of the Indo-Iranian languages, thus belonging to the Indo-European family of languages. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... The Sourashtra language is now spoken by the Sourashtra( Palkar ) community in some parts of TamilNadu. ...


Postage stamps

The first postage stamps of the state were issued for Junagadh in 1864. They consisted of three lines of Hindi script in colorless letters on black, and were produced by handstamping with watercolor ink. A second issue, in 1868 used colored letters, printed in black or red on several colors of paper. A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Watercolor is a painting technique making use of water-soluble pigments that are either transparent or opaque and are formulated with gum to bond the pigment to the paper. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


The issue of 1877 was the first to include Latin letters; the circular design included the inscription "SORUTH POSTAGE" at the top, and "ONE ANNA OF A RUPEE" (or "FOUR ANNAS...") at the bottom. Some of these were surcharged in 1913-14, followed by redesigned stamps in 1914. 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ...


The next issue came in 1923, and featured a portrait of Nawab Mahabat Khan III, along with the inscription "SAURASHTRA POSTAGE". A set of eight stamps in 1929 including pictures of Junagadh, the Gir Lion, and the Kathi Horse in addition to the Nawab. In 1937 the one anna value was reissued reading "POSTAGE AND REVENUE". 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Anna can refer to a variety of people, objects, and ideas. ...


The Indian province of Saurashtra did not design any of its own stamps, but before adopting the stamps of India, Saurashtra issued a court fee stamp overprinted for postal use, then created more one anna stamps by surcharging three stamps of the 1929 issue. Anna can refer to a variety of people, objects, and ideas. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Source

See also

Junagadh is a city, in Junagadh District, in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... The town of Veraval is located 6 km from Somnath. ... The Somnath Temple in the Prabhas Kshetra in Saurashtra, on the western coast of Gujarat, India is one of the twelve Jyotirlings (golden lingas) symbols of the God Shiva. ...

Reference

  • Ron Wood, Soruth (Handbook of Indian Philately, Series 2, Hampshire, UK: The India Study Circle for Philately, 1999)

 
 

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