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Encyclopedia > Saunaka

Shaunaka (a patronym of Shunaka "little dog", the name of a Rishi) is the name applied to teachers, and to a Shakha of the Atharvaveda. It is especially the name of a celebrated Sanskrit grammarian, author of the Ṛgveda-Prātiśākhya, the Bṛihad-devatā, the Caraṇa-vyūha and other works. He is claimed as the teacher of Katyayana and especially of Ashvalayana, and is said to have united the Bashkala and Shakala Shakhas of the Rigveda. In legend, he is sometimes identified with Gritsamada, a Vedic Rishi. According to the Vishnu Purana, Shaunaka was the son of Gritsamada, and invented the system of the four Hindu castes. A rishi (Sanskrit ऋषि: ṛṣi) is a Hindu saint or sage, originally a divinely inspired poet or singer. ... Shakha (IAST ), literally branch or limb, is the Sanskrit term for a recension or version of Vedic texts according to a particular school. ... The Atharvaveda (Sanskrit: अथर्ववेद, , a tatpurusha compound of , a type of priest, and meaning knowledge) is a sacred text of Hinduism, and one of the four Vedas, often called the fourth Veda. According to tradition, the Atharvaveda was mainly composed by two groups of rishis known as the Bhrigus and the... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Kātyāyana (c. ... The Rigveda (Sanskrit: , a tatpurusha compound of praise, verse and knowledge) is a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns dedicated to the gods. ... Grtsamada is a rishi, credited with most of Mandala 2 of the Rigveda (36 out of 43, hymns 27-29 being attributed to his son Kurma and 4-7 to Somahuti). ... The Vishnu Purana is one of the oldest of the Puranas (dating to maybe the 5th century), containing some 23,000 shlokas, presented as a dialogue between Parasara with his disciple Maitreya. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, occupation, economic status, race, ethnicity, etc. ...

Ṛgveda-Prātiśākhya is attributed to Shaunaka who taught it to others in a a satra-yajna (a 12-day very large scale collective yajna) held in Naimisha according to Vishnumitra of Champa town, the commentator of Uvaṭa's commentary of Ṛgveda-Prātiśākhya (Ref.1 and 2) . Naimisha Forest was an ancient forest mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. ...

Shaunaka had a prominent role in the epic Mahabharata. The epic Mahabharata was narrated to Shaunaka by a story teller named Ugrasrava Sauti during a conclave of sages headed by Shaunaka in a forest named Naimisha. For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Ugrasrava Sauti was the narrator of the epic Mahabharata. ... Naimisha Forest was an ancient forest mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. ...


  • 1.(English)Mangaldeva Śāstri, The Rgveda-prātiśākhya with the commentary of Uvaṭa

by Śaunaka.; Vaidika Svādhyāya Mandira, Varanasi Cantt.,1959 ,OCLC: 28723321.].

  • 2. (Hindi)Virendrakumar Verma, Rgveda-prātiśākhya of Śaunaka Alongwith Uvaṭabhāshya; Chaukhambha Sanskrit Pratishthan,38 U.A., Jawaharnagar, Bungalow Road, Delhi-110007, Reprint-1999; (also published by Saujanya Books,Delhi, and by Benaras Hindu University)



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