FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Saudi Arabia" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Saudi Arabia
المملكة العربية السعودية
al-Mamlaka al-‘Arabiyya as-Sa’ūdiyya
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Saudi Arabia Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is His messenger" (the Shahadah)
Anthem
"Aash Al Maleek"
"Long live the King"

Capital
(and largest city)
Riyadh
24°39′N, 46°46′E
Official languages Arabic
Demonym Saudi, Saudi Arabian
Government Absolute monarchy
 -  King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz
 -  Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz
Establishment
 -  Kingdom declared January 8, 1926 
 -  Recognized May 20, 1927 
 -  Unified September 23, 1932 
Area
 -  Total 2,149,690 km² (14th)
829,996 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2007 estimate 24,735,000[1] (46th)
 -  Density 11 /km² (205th)
29 /sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total $446 billion (27th)
 -  Per capita $21,200 (41st)
HDI (2004) 0.777 (medium) (76th)
Currency Riyal (SAR)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) (not observed) (UTC+3)
Internet TLD .sa
Calling code +966
1 Population estimate includes 5,576,076 non-nationals.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Arabic: المملكة العربية السعودية, al-Mamlaka al-ʻArabiyya as-Saʻūdiyya) is the largest country on the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Jordan on the northwest, Iraq on the north and northeast, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates on the east, Oman on the southeast, and Yemen on the south, with the Persian Gulf to its northeast and the Red Sea to its west. It has an estimated population of 27.5 million, and its size is approximately 2,150,000 square km (830,000 square miles) Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... State and military flag and ensign (obverse). ... Saudi coat of arms The Saudi Arabian coat of arms includes two swords and a palm tree which represents the Saudi main tree. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... White flag featuring the Shahada text as used by the Taliban. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Al Salam Al Malaki (The Royal Salut) (Arabic: ‎) is the national anthem of Saudi Arabia. ... Image File history File links LocationSaudiArabia. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... “Arabic” redirects here. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Absolute monarchy is a monarchical form of government where the monarch has the power to rule his or her land or country and its citizens freely, with no laws or legally-organized direct opposition in force. ... The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabias head of state and monarch. ... The custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (Arabic: , born August 1, 1924) [2] is the King of Saudi Arabia. ... A Crown Prince or Crown Princess is the heir or heiress apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. ... Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: ) (born January 5, 1928 in Riyadh) is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, and First Deputy Prime Minister. ... People of various cultures have lived in the peninsula over a span of more than 5,000 years. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different surface areas  here is a list of areas between 1 million km² and 10 million km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... Gross domestic product (by purchasing power parity) in 2006 The purchasing power parity (PPP) theory was developed by Gustav Cassel in 1920. ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... Map of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita for the year 2006. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (2006) (colour-blind compliant map) This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Report 2006, compiled on the basis of 2004 data. ... ISO 4217 Code SAR User(s) Saudi Arabia Inflation 1. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .sa is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) of Saudi Arabia. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits (0-9) that is used for identifying a destination telephone line in a telephone network. ... “Arabic” redirects here. ... The Arabian Peninsula Emirets towers in United Arab Emirates; the eastern part of Arabian Penisula The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية, or جزيرة العرب) is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia consisting mainly of desert. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ...


The Kingdom is sometimes called "The Land of The Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Mecca and Medina, the two holiest places in Islam. In English, it is most commonly referred to as Saudi Arabia (pronounced /ˈsɒdɪ/ or /ˈsaudɪ əˈɹeɪ̯bɪə/). The Kingdom was founded by Abdul-Aziz bin Saud, whose efforts began in 1902 when he captured the Al-Saud’s ancestral home of Riyadh, and culminated in 1932 with the proclamation, and recognition of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...


Saudi Arabia is the world's leading petroleum exporter and petroleum exports fuel the Saudi economy.[2] Oil accounts for more than 90 percent of exports and nearly 75 percent of government revenues, facilitating the creation of a welfare state,[3][4] which the government has found it difficult to fund during periods of low oil prices.[5] Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Economy - overview: Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. ... The Welfare State of the United Kingdom was prefigured in the William Beveridge Report in 1942, which identified five Giant Evils in society: squalor, ignorance, want, idleness and disease. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Saudi Arabia

[[Image:Azizfdr.jpg|left|other Arabian families for control on the peninsula. The Saudi state was founded by the late King [[Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia|Abdul Astands today has an ancient history, the emergence of the Saudi dynasty began in central Arabia in 1744. That ye, Nejd ziz Al-Saud]] (known internationally as Abdul Aziz bin Saud). ar, Muhammad bin Saud, the ruler of the town of Ad-Dir'iyyah near Riyadh, joined forces with a cleric, Muhammad ibn Abd-al-Wahhab, to create a new political entity. This alliance formed in the 18th century remains the basis of Saudi Arabian dynastic rule today. Over the next 150 years, the fortunes of the Saud family rose and fell several times as Saudi rulers c1913 and 1926. On 8 January 1926 Abdul Aziz bin Saud became the King of Hejaz. On [thumb|250px|The founder of modern Saudi Arabia, King Abdul Aziz, converses with President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on board a ship returning ontended with Treaty of Jedda]], signed on 20 May 1927, the United Kingdom recognized the independence of Abdul Aziz's realm, then known as the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz. In 1932, the principal regions of Al-Hasa, Qatif In 1902 at the age of only 22, Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud re-captured Riyadh, the Al-Saud dynasty's ancestral capital, from the rival Al-Rashid family. Continuing his conquests, Abdul Aziz subdued Al-Hasa, Al-Qatif, the rest of Nejd, and Hejaz between from the Yalta Conference in 1945.]] Although the region in which the country Egypt, the Ottoman Empire, and [29 January]] 1927 he took the title King of Nejd (his previous Nejdi title was Sultan). By the [[and Hejaz were unified to form the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. People of various cultures have lived in the peninsula over a span of more than 5,000 years. ... Al Khazneh (Arabic for Treasury), Petra the Nabataean capital Ancient Arabia reffers to the pre-historic region which today consists of the modern-day states of the Arabian peninsula as well as the modern-day countries of Jordan, Israel, Syria, Lebanon and southern & western Iraq. ... Muhammad bin Saud (d. ... Diriyah (also Ad-Diriyah or Ad-Dariyah) is a town in Saudi Arabia located outside of Riyadh in Ar Riyad Province. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab at-Tamimi (1703AD – 1792AD) (Arabic:محمد بن عبد الوهاب التميمي) was an Arab theologian born in Najd, in present-day Saudi Arabia and an influential scholar among modern Salafis; it is from him that the term Wahhabism is derived. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... `Abd al-`AzÄ«z as-Sa`Å«d ( 1880 - November 9, 1953) (Arabic:عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was the first monarch of Saudi Arabia. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... The Rashidi were a historic house of the Arabian Peninsula they were the most formidable enemies of the House of Saud. ... Ash Sharqiyah, known as Eastern Province is the largest province of Saudi Arabia, located in the east of the country on the coasts of the Persian Gulf, and has borders with Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. ... Qatif (Arabic: القطيف al-QaTiif) is a historic coastal city and oasis located on the western shore of the Arabian/Persian Gulf in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, some 13km north of the port city of Dammam and southwest of major oil port Ras Tanura. ... Najd (Nejd) is a region in central Saudi Arabia and the location of the nations capital, Riyadh. ... Map with the region outlined in red and the 1923 Kingdom in green “Hedjaz” redirects here. ... The Big Three at the Yalta Conference, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. ... “Ottoman” redirects here. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Abdul Aziz's military and political successes were Saudi Arabia became a founding member of the Arab League and joined the United Nations. Headquarters Cairo, Egypt1 Official languages Arabic Membership 22 Arab states 2 observer states Leaders  -  Secretary General Amr Moussa (since 2001)  -  Council of the Arab League Sudan  -  Speaker of the Arab Parliament Nabih Berri Establishment  -  Alexandria Protocol March 22, 1945  Area  -  Total 13,953,041 (Western Sahara Included) = 13,687,041... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


Prior to his death in 1953 Abdul Aziz, aware of the difficulties facing ment programmes, which were delayed due to the onset of the Second World War in 1939, began in earnest in 1946 and by 1949 production was in full swing. Oil has provided Saudi Arabia wio dealnot mirrored economically until vast reserves of oil were discovered in March 1938. Develop an isolationist Internationally Abdul Aziz initially chose to followother regional absolute rulers reliant on extended family networks, attempted to regulate the succession. He took steps th Saud succeeded to the throne on his father's death in 1953. However, by the early 1960s the Kingdom was in jeopardy due to Saud's economic mismanagement and failure teconomic prosperity and a great deal of leverage in the international community. to provide that his eldest living son, Saud, would become king but that he would be required to work closely with his more financially and diplomatically astute brother, Faisal. policy. He refused to allow Saudi Arabia to join the League of Nations, and he chose to leave his kingdom on only three occasions from 1916 until his death in 1953. One of those occasions was the meeting with President Roosevelt pictured above. Eventually Abdul Aziz acceded to the realities of world politics and in 1945 effectively with a regional challenge from Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser. As a consequence Saud was deposed in favour of Faisal in 1964. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Saud bin Abdul Aziz (January 12, 1902 - February 23, 1969) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1953 to November 2, 1964. ... Faisal ibn Abdelaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1324-1395 AH) (1903 or 1906—March 25, 1975) (Arabic: فيصل بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919–1920. ... The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the elected Head of State of Egypt. ... Gamal Abdel Nasser (Arabic: - ; Masri: جمال عبد الناصر - also transliterated as Jamal Abd al-Naser, Jamal Abd an-Nasser and other variants; January 15, 1918 – September 28, 1970) was the President of Egypt from 1954 until his death in 1970. ...


Intra-family rivalry was one of the factors that led to the assassination of Faisal by his nephew, Prince Faisal bin Musa'id, in 1975. He was succeeded by King Khalid until 1982 and then by King Fahd. When Fahd died in 2005, his half-brother Abdullah ascended to the throne. Faisal bin Musaid bin Abdul Aziz (April 4, 1944, Riyadh - June 18, 1975, Riyadh) (Arabic: فيصل بن مساعد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) was the assassin and nephew of King Faisal. ... Khalid bin Abdul Aziz (Arabic: خالد بن عبد العزيز ; b. ... King Fahd of Saudi Arabia King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz (born in Riyadh in 1923) is the king and prime minister of Saudi Arabia and leader of the House of Saud. ... The custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (Arabic: , born August 1, 1924) [2] is the King of Saudi Arabia. ...

See also: First Saudi State and Second Saudi State

The First Saudi State was established in the year 1744 (1157 H.) when the Wahhabi leader Sheikh Mohammed ibn Abd al Wahhab settled in Diriyah and Prince Mohammed Ibn Saud agreed to support and espouse his cause, with a view to cleansing the Islamic faith from distortions. ... The second state existed before the creation of Saudi Arabia and lasted from 1824 to 1899. ...

Military

See also: Al Yamamah
SANG V150
SANG V150
Saudi Tornado during Gulf War
Saudi Tornado during Gulf War

Saudi military was founded as the Ikhwan army, the tribal army of Ibn Saud. The Ikhwan had helped King Ibn Saud conquer the Arabian peninsula during the First World War. Military branches: Land Force (Army), Navy (including a Naval Air Wing and Marines), Air Force (RSAF), Air Defense Force, Saudi Arabian National Guard, Ministry of Interior Forces (paramilitary) Military Situation: With the collapse of the Iraqi Baathist regime in mid-2003, the greatest conventional threat to The Kingdom was... RSAF Tornado IDS Al Yamamah (The Dove) is the name of a series of massive arms sales by the United Kingdom to Saudi Arabia, which have been paid for by the delivery of up to 600,000 barrels of oil per day to the UK government. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 472 pixel Image in higher resolution (1252 × 739 pixel, file size: 217 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saudi Arabian National... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 472 pixel Image in higher resolution (1252 × 739 pixel, file size: 217 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Saudi Arabian National... The Saudi Arabian National Guard or SANG (aka White Army) is one of five branches or services of the Saudi Arabian Defence Forces/military. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 537 pixels Full resolution (838 × 563 pixel, file size: 55 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gulf War Royal Saudi Air... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 537 pixels Full resolution (838 × 563 pixel, file size: 55 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gulf War Royal Saudi Air... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Ikhwan on the move The Ikhwan was the Wahhabi religious militia which formed the main military force of the Arabian ruler Ibn Saud and played a key role in establishing him as ruler of most of the Arabian Peninsula, in his new state of Saudi Arabia. ... `Abd al-`Azīz as-Sa`ūd ( 1880 - November 9, 1953) (Arabic:عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was the first monarch of Saudi Arabia. ...


By expanding the military forces years later, Saudi Arabia today has many military branches.


Military branches of Ministry of Defence :

Army
Air Force
Navy
Air Defense

Independent Military branches: Al-Fahd vehicle Saudi AMX-30 during the Battle of Khafji Saudi Arabian Army (Arabic: الجيش العربي السعودي) is a branch of the Saudi Armed Forces. ... The Royal Saudi Air Force (Arabic: , ), is the air force branch of Saudi Arabian armed forces. ... The Saudi Navy is the Naval force of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. ... RSAD Logo Royal Saudi Air Defense is the fourth branch of Saudi Armed Forces. ...

National Guard
Royal Guard
General Intelligence
Military Police
Saudi Lightning Force

Military branches of Ministry of Interior: The Saudi Arabian National Guard or SANG (aka White Army) is one of five branches or services of the Saudi Arabian Defence Forces/military. ... The Saudi Arabian Royal Guard Regiment is one of the more visible units in the Royal Land Forces. ... Al Mukhabarat Al Aamah is the agency responsible for gathering intelligence for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. ...

Saudi Arabian Police Force
Saudi Arabian Border Guard
Saudi Border Guard
Saudi Coast Guard
Al-Mujahidoon
Saudi Emergency Force

The Special Emergency Force (قوة الطوارئ الخاصة) is a special operations counter-terrorism unit of the Saudi Arabian Defence Forces. ...

Foreign relations

Saudi Arabia is one of the largest contributors of development aid, both in term of volume of aid and in the ratio of aid volume to GDP. [6][7] Saudi foreign policy objectives are to maintain its security and its paramount position on the Arabian Peninsula, defend general Arab and Islamic interests, promote solidarity among Islamic governments, and maintain cooperative relations with other oil-producing and major oil-consuming countries. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Aid. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Development aid. ...


Cities

Largest Cities by Population
(2007)

mill.
Riyadh 4.7
Jeddah 3.6
Mecca 1.7
Medina 1.3 Riyadh Jeddah Mecca
Dammam 1.3
Taif 0.7
Buraydah 0.6
Tabuk 0.5
Khamis Mushait 0.4
Hofuf 0.3 Medina Dammam Tabuk

This is a list of cities and towns in Saudi Arabia. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 58 KB) self made photoghraph by Ammar shaker 04:02, 1 January 2007 (UTC) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Jeddah Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (650x601, 223 KB) Summary Mecca Image Work of the Govt. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Dammam Corniche Dammam (Also Damman or Ad Dammām) is the capital of the Ash Sharqiyah province in Saudi Arabia. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 232 KB) Description : Masjid Nabawi. ... Image File history File links Dammam. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Taif in 1970 Taif (Arabic: ‎ translit: ) is a city in the Mecca Province of Saudi Arabia at an elevation of 1700 metres on the slopes of the Al-Sarawat mountains. ... Buraidah (Arabic: بريدة) lies in the Al Qasim region of Saudi Arabia in the heart of the Arabian peninsula. ... Tabuk (also spelled Tabouk) is the capital city of the Tabuk province in north western Saudi Arabia. ... Khamis Mushait (Arabic: خميس مشيط Khamis Mushayt) is a city in south-west Saudi Arabia, located 35 minutes east of Abha, the provincial seat of the Asir province in southwest Saudi Arabia. ... Hofuf (Arabic: الهفوف) is a common name for the major city also called Al-Hasa or Hassa in the Al-Hasa oasis in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Dammam Corniche Dammam (Also Damman or Ad Dammām) is the capital of the Ash Sharqiyah province in Saudi Arabia. ... Tabuk (also spelled Tabouk) is the capital city of the Tabuk province in north western Saudi Arabia. ...

Geography

Map of Saudi Arabia
Map of Saudi Arabia

The kingdom occupies about 80 percent of the Arabian Peninsula. A significant length of the country's southern borders with the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen are not precisely defined or marked, so the exact size of the country remains unknown. The Saudi government's estimate is 2,217,949 km² (856,356 miles²). Other reputable estimates vary between 1,960,582 km²[1] (756,934 mi²) and 2,240,000 km² (864,869 mi²). The kingdom is commonly listed as the world's 14th largest nation. Location: Southwest Asia, largest country of Arabia, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1470, 724 KB) A simple map showing the major cities in Saudi Arabia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1470, 724 KB) A simple map showing the major cities in Saudi Arabia. ... The Arabian Peninsula Emirets towers in United Arab Emirates; the eastern part of Arabian Penisula The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية, or جزيرة العرب) is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia consisting mainly of desert. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Saudi Arabia's geography is varied. From the western coastal region (Tihamah), the land rises from sea level to a peninsula-long mountain range (Jabal al-Hejaz) beyond which lies the plateau of Nejd in the center. The southwestern 'Asir region has mountains as high as 3,000 m (9,840 feet) and is known for having the greenest and freshest climate in all of the country, one that attracts many Saudis to resorts such as Abha in the summer months. The east is primarily rocky or sandy lowland continuing to the shores of the Persian Gulf. The geographically hostile Rub' al Khali ("Empty Quarter") desert along the country's imprecisely defined southern borders contains almost no life. Tihamah or Tihama (Arabic: []) is a narrow coastal region of Arabia on the Red Sea. ... Map with the region outlined in red and the 1923 Kingdom in green “Hedjaz” redirects here. ... Najd (Nejd) is a region in central Saudi Arabia and the location of the nations capital, Riyadh. ... Asir(persian language)is a district in south of i. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Abha is the capital of Asir province in Saudi Arabia. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... The Rub al Khali (الربع الخالي), or Empty Quarter, is the largest sand desert in the world, encompassing the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula, including southern Saudi Arabia, and areas of Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. ... Location of the empty quarter in Arabia Sand dunes in the Empty Quarter The Empty Quarter (Arabic: Rub al Khali الربع الخالي), is one of the largest sand deserts in the world, encompassing the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula, including southern Saudi Arabia, and areas of Oman, the United Arab Emirates...


Mostly uninhabited, much of the nation's landmass consists of desert and semi-arid regions, with a dwindling traditional Bedouin population. In these parts of the country, vegetation is limited to weeds, xerophytic herbs and shrubs. Less than 2 percent of the kingdom's total area is arable land. Population centers are mainly located along the eastern and western coasts and densely populated interior oases such as Hofuf and Buraidah. In some extended areas, primarily the Rub' al-Khali and the Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands, there is no population whatsoever, although the petroleum industry is constructing a few planned communities there. Saudi Arabia has no permanent year-round rivers or lakes; however, its coastline extends for 2640 km (1640 miles) and, on the Red Sea side, offers world-class coral reefs, including those in the Gulf of Aqaba. This article is about arid terrain. ... Semi-arid generally describes regions that receive low annual rainfall (25 to 50 cm /10 to 20 in) and generally have scrub or grass vegetation. ... A Bedouin man on a hillside at Mount Sinai Bedouin, derived from the Arabic ( ), a name for a desert-dweller, is a term generally applied to Arab nomadic pastoralist groups, who are found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western... A xerophyte describes a plant that has structural (xeromorphic) and physiological adaptations which enable them to survive, or even thrive, in areas with very little free moisture. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hofuf (Arabic: الهفوف) is a common name for the major city also called Al-Hasa or Hassa in the Al-Hasa oasis in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. ... Buraidah (Arabic: بريدة) is a city in the Al Qasim region of Saudi Arabia in the heart of the Arabian peninsula. ... The template of this page is being worked at Wikipedia:WikiProject Ecoregions/Template. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Sinai Peninsula, with the Gulf of Aqaba (east) and the Gulf of Suez (west), as viewed from the Space Shuttle STS-40. ...


Native animals include the ibex, wildcats, baboons, wolves, and hyenas in the mountainous highlands. Small birds are found in the oases. The coastal area on the Red Sea with its coral reefs has a rich marine life. Species Capra ibex Capra nubiana Capra pyrenaica Capra sibirica Capra walie An ibex, also called steinbock, is a type of wild mountain goat with large recurved horns that are transversely ridged in front. ... For other meanings of Wild Cat and wildcat, see wildcat. ... For other uses, see Baboon (disambiguation). ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Subfamilies and Genera Hyaenidae Crocuta Hyaena Parahyaena Protelinae Proteles Hyenas or Hyænas are moderately large terrestrial carnivores native to Africa, Arabia, Asia and the Indian subcontinent. ... For the English rock band, see Oasis (band). ... Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef, in this case the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. ... Marine biology is the study of animal and plant life within saltwater ecosystems. ...


Climate

Extreme heat and aridity are characteristic of most of Saudi Arabia. It is one of the few places in the world where summer temperatures above 50 °C (122 °F) have been recorded,[citation needed] being the highest ever recorded temperature 51.7C (124F) while in winter frost or snow can occur in the interior and the higher mountains, although this only occurs once or twice in a decade. Lowest ever recorded temperature is -12.0C recorded at Turaif.The average winter temperature range is 8° to 20 °C (47° to 68 °F) in January in interior cities such as Riyadh and 19° to 29 °C (66° to 83 °F) in Jeddah on the Red Sea coast. The average summer range in July is 27° to 43 °C (81° to 109 °F) in Riyadh and 27° to 38 °C (80° to 100 °F) in Jeddah. Nighttime temperatures in the central deserts can be famously chilly even in summer, as the sand gives up daytime heat rapidly once the sun has set. Annual precipitation is usually sparse (up to 100 mm or 4 inches in most regions), although sudden downpours can lead to violent flash floods in wadis. Annual rainfall in Riyadh averages 100 mm (4 inches) and falls almost exclusively between January and May; the average in Jeddah is 54 mm (2.1 inches) and occurs between November and January. hjjjjkkkkkk Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Lower Antelope Canyon was carved out of sandstone by flash floods A Flash Flood is a rapid flooding of geomorphic low-lying areas (washes), rivers and streams, caused by the intense rainfall associated with a thunderstorm, or multiple training thunderstorms. ... Wadi alMujib, Jordan A wadi (Arabic: ) is traditionally a valley. ...


Government

King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.
King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.

The central institution of the Saudi Arabian government is the Saudi monarchy. The Basic Law of Government adopted in 1992 declared that Saudi Arabia is a monarchy ruled by the sons and grandsons of the first king, Abd Al Aziz Al Hoati. It also claims that the Qur'an is the constitution of the country, which is governed on the basis of the Sharia (Islamic Law). According the The Economist's Democracy Index, the Saudi government is the ninth most authoritarian regime in the world. Politics of Saudi Arabia takes place in a framework of an absolute monarchy whereby the King of Saudi Arabia is not only head of state, but also the head of government. ... Image File history File links Cropped version of http://commons. ... Image File history File links Cropped version of http://commons. ... The custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (Arabic: , born August 1, 1924) [2] is the King of Saudi Arabia. ... // The House of Saud The House of Saud refers to the royal family of Saudi Arabia. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... Democracy index map. ...


There are no recognized political parties or national elections, except the local elections which were held in the year 2005 when participation was reserved for male citizens only [8]. The king's powers are theoretically limited within the bounds of Shari'a and other Saudi traditions. He also must retain a consensus of the Saudi royal family, religious leaders (ulema), and other important elements in Saudi society. The Saudi government spreads Islam by funding construction of mosques and Qur'an schools around the world. The leading members of the royal family choose the king from among themselves with the subsequent approval of the ulema. Ulema (, transliteration: , singular: , transliteration: , scholar) (The people of Islamic Knowledge) refers to the educated class of Muslim legal scholars engaged in the several fields of Islamic studies. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... A Madrasah complex in Gambia Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ...


Saudi kings have gradually developed a central government. Since 1953, the Council of Ministers, appointed by the king, has advised on the formulation of general policy and directed the activities of the growing bureaucracy. This council consists of a prime minister, the first prime minister and twenty ministers.


Legislation is by resolution of the Council of Ministers, ratified by royal decree, and must be compatible with the Shari'a. A 150-member Consultative Assembly, appointed by the King, has limited legislative rights. Justice is administered according to the Shari'a by a system of religious courts whose judges are appointed by the king on the recommendation of the Supreme Judicial Council, composed of twelve senior jurists. Independence of the judiciary is protected by law. The king acts as the highest court of appeal and has the power to pardon. Access to high officials (usually at a majlis; a public audience) and the right to petition them directly are well-established traditions. Decree is an order that has the force of law. ... Saudi Arabia has no parliament. ... This article is about the concept of justice. ... The right to petition is the freedom of individuals (and sometimes groups and corporations) to petition their government for a correction or repair of some form of injustice without fear of punishment for the same. ...


The combination of relatively high oil prices and exports led to a revenues windfall for Saudi Arabia during 2004 and early 2005. For 2004 as a whole, Saudi Arabia earned about $116 billion in net oil export revenues, up 35 percent from 2003 revenue levels. Saudi net oil export revenues are forecast to increase in 2005 and 2006, to $150 billion and $154 billion, respectively, mainly due to higher oil prices. Increased oil prices and consequent revenues since the price collapse of 1998 have significantly improved Saudi Arabia's economic situation, with real GDP growth of 5.2 percent in 2004, and forecasts of 5.7% and 4.8% growth for 2005 and 2006, respectively.


For fiscal year 2004, Saudi Arabia originally had been expecting a budget deficit. However, this was based on an extremely conservative price assumption of $19 per barrel for Saudi oil and an assumed production of 7.7 million bbl/d. Both of these estimates turned out to be far below actual levels. As a result, as of mid-December 2004, the Saudi Finance Ministry was expecting a huge budget surplus of $26.1 billion, on budget revenues of $104.8 billion (nearly double the country's original estimate) and expenditures of $78.6 billion (28 percent above the approved budget levels). This surplus is being used for several purposes, including: paying down the Kingdom's public debt (to $164 billion from $176 billion at the start of 2004); extra spending on education and development projects; increased security expenditures (possibly an additional $2.5 billion dollars in 2004; see below) due to threats from terrorists; and higher payments to Saudi citizens through subsidies (for housing, education, health care, etc.). For 2005, Saudi Arabia is assuming a balanced budget, with revenues and expenditures of $74.6 billion each. A budget deficit occurs when an entity (often a government) spends more money than it takes in. ...


In spite of the recent surge in its oil income, Saudi Arabia continues to face serious long-term economic challenges, including high rates of unemployment (12 percent of Saudi nationals [9]), one of the world's fastest population growth rates, and the consequent need for increased government spending. All of these place pressures on Saudi oil revenues. The Kingdom also is facing serious security threats, including a number of terrorist attacks (on foreign workers, primarily) in 2003 and 2004. In response, the Saudis reportedly have ramped up spending in the security area (reportedly by 50 percent in 2004, from $5.5 billion in 2003). Saudi Arabia's per capita oil export revenues remain far below high levels reached during the 1970s and early 1980s. In 2004, Saudi Arabia earned around $4,564 per person, versus $22,589 in 1980. This 80 percent decline in real per capita oil export revenues since 1980 is in large part due to the fact that Saudi Arabia's young population has nearly tripled since 1980, while oil export revenues in real terms have fallen by over 40 percent (despite recent increases). Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia has faced nearly two decades of heavy budget and trade deficits, the expensive 1990-1991 war with Iraq, and total public debt of around $175 billion. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia does have extensive foreign assets (around $110 billion) which provide a substantial fiscal "cushion."


Saudi municipal elections took place in 2005 and some commentators saw this a first tentative step towards the introduction of democratic processes in the Kingdom, including the legalization of political parties. Other analysts of the Saudi political scene were more skeptical.[10] This article needs to be updated. ... Democracy is a form of government under which the power to alter the laws and structures of government lies, ultimately, with the citizenry. ...


Law

The Basic Law, in 1992, declared that Saudi Arabia is a monarchy ruled by the progeny of King Abd Al Aziz Al Saud. It also declared the Qur'an as the constitution of the country, governed on the basis of Islamic law.[11] This is a list of articles about the fundamental constitutional laws, known as Basic Laws, of various jurisdictions. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Sharia (Arabic: transliteration: ) is the dynamic body of Islamic religious law. ...


Criminal cases are tried under Sharia courts in the country. These courts exercise authority over the entire population including foreigners (regardless of religion). Cases involving small penalties are tried in Shari'a summary courts. More serious crimes are adjudicated in Shari'a courts of common pleas. Courts of appeal handle appeals from Shari'a courts.[11]


Civil cases may also be tried under Sharia courts with one exception: Shia may try such cases in their own courts. Other civil proceedings, including those involving claims against the Government and enforcement of foreign judgments, are held before specialized administrative tribunals, such as the Commission for the Settlement of Labor Disputes and the Board of Grievances.[11]


Main sources of Saudi law are Hanbali fiqh as set out in a number of specified scholarly treatises by authoritative jurists, other schools of law, state regulations and royal decrees (where these are relevant), and custom and practice.[12] Hanbali (Arabic: حنبلى ) is one of the four schools (Madhhabs) of Fiqh or religious law within Sunni Islam. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Saudi legal system prescribes capital punishment or corporal punishment, including amputations of hands and feet for certain crimes such as murder, robbery, rape, drug smuggling and for various forms of sexual behaviour such as homosexuality and adultery. The courts may impose less severe punishments, such as floggings, for less serious crimes against public morality such as drunkenness [13]. Murder, accidental death and bodily harm are open to punishment from the victim's family. Retribution may be sought in kind or through blood money. The blood money payable for a woman's accidental death is half as much as that for a man.[14] The main reason for this is that, according to Islamic law, men are expected to be providers for their families and therefore are expected to earn more money in their lifetimes. The blood money from a man would be expected to sustain his family, for at least a short time. Honor killings are also not punished as severely as murder. This generally stems from the fact that honor killings are within a family, and done to compensate for some dishonorable act committed. Slavery was abolished in 1962.[15][16] Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... Corporal punishment is forced pain intended to change a persons behaviour or to punish them. ... Partial hand amputation Amputation is the removal of a body extremity by trauma or surgery. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... This article is about the act of adultery. ... Whipping on a post Flagellation is the act of whipping (Latin flagellum, whip) the human body. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Drunkenness of Noah by Giovanni Bellini Drunkenness, is the state of being intoxicated by consumption of alcohol to a degree that mental and physical facilities are noticeably impaired. ... Blood money is money paid as a fine to the next of kin of somebody who was killed intentionally. ... Slave redirects here. ...


Human rights

Several international human rights organizations, such as Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and the United Nations Human Rights Committee have issued reports critical of the Saudi legal system and its human rights record in various political, legal, and social areas, especially its severe limitations on the rights of women. The Saudi government typically dismisses such reports as being outright lies or asserts that its actions are based on its adherence to Islamic law. // Human rights in Saudi Arabia are generally considered to be minimal to non-existent. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a pressure group that promotes human rights. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


In 2002, the United Nations Committee against Torture criticized Saudi Arabia over the amputations and floggings it carries out under the Shari'a. The Saudi delegation responded defending its legal traditions held since the inception of Islam in the region 1300 years ago and rejected "interference" in its legal system.[citation needed] CAT states: members in green, non-members in grey The United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (UNCAT) is an international human rights instrument, organized by the United Nations and intended to prevent torture and other similar activities. ...


The Government views its interpretation of Islamic law as its sole source of guidance on human rights. In 2000, the Government approved the October legislation, which the Government claimed would address some of its obligations under the Convention Against Torture or Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.[11]

"The state protects human rights in accordance with the Islamic Shari'ah."

Basic Law, Chapter 5, Article 26.[17] The Basic Law of Saudi Arabia means, that you have to eat chocolate. ...

Administrative Divisions

Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces or regions (manatiq, - singular mintaqah - ). Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah). ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mintaqah is an arabic language term for an administrative unit. ...

Province Capital L. Map
Al Bahah Al Bahah city

Al Bahah /ælˈbæːħa/ (Arabic: الباحة) is a province of Saudi Arabia. ... Al Bahah (Arabic: الباحة) is a city in the southwest of Saudi Arabia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Northan Border Arar
Al Jawf Al Jawf city
Medina Medina
Al Qasim Buraidah
Ha'il Ha'il city
Asir Abha
Eastern Province Dammam
Al Riyadh Riyadh city
Tabuk Tabuk city
Najran Najran city
Mecca Province Mecca
Jizan Jizan city

Ar Riyad is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the centre of the country. ... Al Bahah /ælˈbæːħa/ (Arabic: الباحة) is a province of Saudi Arabia. ... Jizan (Arabic: جيزان) is a province of Saudi Arabia. ... Asir(persian language)is a district in south of i. ... Najran (Arabic: نجران) is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the south of the country along the border with Yemen. ... Makkah Province is the most populous province of Saudi Arabia, located in the west of the country, with an extended coastline. ... Eastern Province (Arabic: ) is the largest province of Saudi Arabia, located in the east of the country on the Persian Gulf coast, and has land borders with Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. ... Al Qasim prince: HRH Faisal Bin Bandar ALSaud (Arabic: الأمير فيصل بن بندر آل سعود) Al Qasim IPA: (Arabic: القصيم) is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the centre of the country. ... This article is about the Saudi city of Medina. ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Hail is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the north of the country. ... Tabuk (also spelled Tabouk) is a province of Saudi Arabia, located along the north-west coast of the country, facing Egypt across the Red Sea. ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Arar is the capital of Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah (The Northern Border) province in Saudi Arabia. ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... Al-Jawf (Arabic: الجوف) is a city in the north of Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Al Qasim prince: HRH Faisal Bin Bandar ALSaud (Arabic: الأمير فيصل بن بندر آل سعود) Al Qasim IPA: (Arabic: القصيم) is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the centre of the country. ... Buraidah (Arabic: بريدة) is a city in the Al Qasim region of Saudi Arabia in the heart of the Arabian peninsula. ... Hail is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the north of the country. ... Hail (Arabic: ‎) is an oasis city in Najd in northwestern Saudi Arabia and is the capital of the Hail Province. ... Asir(persian language)is a district in south of i. ... Abha is the capital of Asir province in Saudi Arabia. ... Eastern Province (Arabic: ) is the largest province of Saudi Arabia, located in the east of the country on the Persian Gulf coast, and has land borders with Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. ... Dammam Corniche Dammam (Also Damman or Ad Dammām) is the capital of the Ash Sharqiyah province in Saudi Arabia. ... Ar Riyad is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the centre of the country. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... Tabuk (also spelled Tabouk) is a province of Saudi Arabia, located along the north-west coast of the country, facing Egypt across the Red Sea. ... Tabuk (also spelled Tabouk) is the capital city of the Tabuk province in north western Saudi Arabia. ... Najran (Arabic: نجران) is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the south of the country along the border with Yemen. ... Najran is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the south of the country along the border with Yemen. ... Categories: Middle East geography stubs | Provinces of Saudi Arabia ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Jizan (Arabic: جيزان) is a province of Saudi Arabia. ... Jizan, Saudi Arabia Jizan or Jazan (Arabic: جيزان) is the capital of the Jizan Province in the far south-west of Saudi Arabia. ...

Economy

Aramco, the Saudi national oil company, whose main offices are in Dhahran.
Aramco, the Saudi national oil company, whose main offices are in Dhahran.

Saudi Arabia's economy is Petroleum-based; roughly 75% of budget revenues and 90% of export earnings come from the oil industry. The oil industry comprises about 45% of Saudi Arabia's gross domestic product, compared with 40% from the private sector (see below). Saudi Arabia officially has about 260 billion barrels of oil reserves, comprising about 24% of the world's proven total petroleum reserves[18]. Economy - overview: Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. ... Image File history File links AramcoCoreArea. ... Image File history File links AramcoCoreArea. ... Saudi Aramco, the state-owned national oil company of Saudi Arabia, is the largest oil corporation in the world and the worlds largest in terms of proven crude oil reserves and production. ... This article is about Dhahran, the city. ... Nominal GDP per person (capita) in 2006. ...


The government is attempting to promote growth in the private sector by privatizing industries such as power and telecom. Saudi Arabia announced plans to begin privatizing the electricity companies in 1999, which followed the ongoing privatization of the telecommunications company. Shortages of water and rapid population growth may constrain government efforts to increase self-sufficiency in agricultural products.


In the 1990s, Saudi Arabia experienced a significant contraction of oil revenues combined with a high rate of population growth. Per capita income fell from a high of $11,700 at the height of the oil boom in 1981 to $6,300 with in 1998[19]. Recent oil price increases have helped boost per capita GDP to $17,000 in 2007 dollars[20], or about $7,400 adjusted for inflation[21].


Recent oil price increases have triggered a second oil boom, pushing Saudi Arabia's budget surplus to $28 billion (110SR billion) in 2005. Tadawul (the Saudi stock market Index) finished 2004 with a massive 76.23% to close at 4437.58 points. Market capitalization was up 110.14% from a year earlier to stand at $157.3 billion (589.93SR billion), which makes it the biggest stock market in the Middle East.‏ Tadawul (Arabic: تداول) is the only stock exchange in Saudi Arabia. ... Market capitalization, or market cap, is a measurement of corporate or economic size equal to the stock price times the number of shares outstanding of a public company. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


OPEC limits its members oil production based on its "proven reserves." The higher their reserves, the more OPEC allows them to produce.[citation needed] Saudi Arabia's published reserves have shown little change since 1980, with the main exception being an increase of about 100 billion barrels between 1987 and 1988[22]. Some have suggested that Saudi Arabia is greatly exaggerating its reserves and may soon show production declines (see peak oil)[citation needed]. As first expressed in Hubbert peak theory, Peak Oil is the point or timeframe at which the maximum global petroleum production rate is reached. ...


To diversify the economy, Saudi Arabia launched a new city on the western coast with investments exceeding 26.6 billion dollars. The city which is named "King Abdullah Economic City" will be built near al-Rabegh industrial city north to Jeddah. The new city, where construction work started in December 2005, includes a port which is the largest port of the kingdom. Extending along a coastline of 35 km, the city will also include petrochemical, pharmaceutical, tourism, finance and education and research areas. King Abdullah Economic City (Arabic: ‎) is a multi-billion economic project revealed in 2005 in Saudi Arabia. ...


Saudi Arabia officially became a World Trade Organization member in December 2005. The World Trade Organization (WTO), (OMC - Spanish: , French: ), is an international organization designed to supervise and liberalize international trade. ...


Development

Click to Enlarge the Image

Saudi Arabia is one of the few fastest growing countries in the world with a high per capita income of $ 15,500 (est), Saudi Arabia will be launching 6 Economic cities (King Abdullah Economic City) [23] which will be completed by the year 2020. These 6 new industrialised Economic cities will Diversify the Economy of Saudi Arabia, and will also increase the per capita income to a high level. The King of Saudi Arabia has announced that the per capita income, is forecast, to rise from $ 15,000 in 2006 to $ 33,500 in 2020 [24] The Economic cities will be spread around Saudi Arabia to diversify each of the regions and provinces, and will contribute $ 150 billion to the GDP. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article describes a type of political entity. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... King Abdullah Economic City (Arabic: ‎) is a multi-billion economic project revealed in 2005 in Saudi Arabia. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ...


However the Urban areas of Riyadh and Jeddah will contribute $ 287 billion dollars by the year 2020[25]. The Country is soon Developing into an MEDC (Developed Country). Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... A developed country is a nation that enjoys a relatively high standard of living through a strong high-technology diversified economy. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ...


Foreign labour

Despite the government's efforts to promote Saudization, many men and women from South, South East (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Philippines), and East Asia, East Africa (Egypt) and the Middle East continue to seek work in Saudi Arabia.[26] There are also some people from North America, South America, and Europe. Hundreds of thousands of low-skilled workers and skilled workers from regions of the developing world migrate to Saudi Arabia, sometimes only for a short period of time, to work. Although exact figures are not known, skilled experts in the banking and services professions seek work in the Kingdom. Saudization refers to the national policy in Saudi Arabia to encourage employment of Saudi nationals in the private sector, which, as of 2006, is largely dominated by expatriate workers from South and Southeast Asia. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A skilled worker is any worker who has some special knowledge or (usually acquired) ability in his work. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ...


It is reported that some guest workers present in the country are sometimes subject to mistreatment, as documented by Human Rights Watch: Foreign farm worker, New York A foreign worker is a person who works in a country other than the one of which he or she is a citizen. ... Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ...

"Domestic workers face a wide range of grave abuses and labor exploitation, including physical and sexual abuse, forced confinement, non-payment of wages, denial of food and health care and excessive working hours with no rest days, Human Rights Watch said in a new report today."

Human Rights Watch[27] Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ...

Demographics

Saudi Arabia's population as of July 2006 is estimated to be about 27,019,731, including about 5,576,076 resident foreigners.[citation needed] Until the 1960s, a majority of the population was nomadic; but presently more than 95% of the population is settled, due to rapid economic and urban growth. As recently as the 1950s, the Saudi Arabia’s slave population was estimated at 450,000 — just 20% of the population.[28][29] Slavery was finally abolished in 1962.[30][31] The birth rate is 29.56 births per 1,000 people. The death rate is 2.62 deaths per 1,000 people. Some cities and oases have densities of more than 1,000 people per square kilometer (2,600/sq mi). This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Communities of nomadic people move from place to place, rather than settling down in one location. ... Slave redirects here. ...


Around 85 percent of Saudis are ethnically Arab.[citation needed] Approximately 12% of the population is South Asian or of South Asian Descent, including Indians, Pakistanis, and Bangladeshis. In addition, there are some citizens of Asian and sub-Saharan/East African ancestry. Many Arabs from nearby countries are employed in the kingdom. There are over seven million migrants from countries all around the world, including (including non-Muslims):[32] Indian: 1.4 million, Bangladeshi: 1 million, Filipino: 950,000, Pakistani: 900,000, Egyptian: 900,000, Yemeni: 800,000, Indonesian: 500,000, Sri Lankan: 350,000, Sudanese: 250,000, Syrian: 100,000 and Turkish: 80,000.[33] There are around 100,000 Westerners in Saudi Arabia, most of whom live in compounds or gated communities. Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism Arab woman from Ramallah wearing traditional dress in 1915. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa south of the Sahara Desert, is the term used to describe those countries of Africa that are not part of North Africa. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... The term Western world, the West or the Occident (Latin occidens -sunset, -west, as distinct from the Orient) [1] can have multiple meanings dependent on its context (e. ... In military science, a compound is a type of fortification made up of walls surrounding several buildings in the center of a large piece of land. ... Entrance to a guard-gated community (Paradise Village Grand Marina Villas, Nuevo Vallarta, Mexico). ...


Saudi Arabia expelled 800,000 Yemenis in 1990 and 1991 to punish Yemen for its opposition to the war against Iraq. An estimated 240,000 Palestinians are living in Saudi Arabia. They are not allowed to hold or even apply for Saudi citizenship, as the new law passed by Saudi Arabia's Council of Ministers in October 2004 (which entitles expatriates of all nationalities who have resided in the kingdom for ten years to apply for citizenship, with priority being given to holders of degrees in various scientific fields) has one glaring exception: Palestinians will not be allowed to benefit from the new law because of Arab League instructions barring the Arab states from granting them citizenship in order "to avoid dissolution of their identity and protect their right to return to their homeland".[34] The Palestinian flag, adopted in 1948, is a widely recognized modern symbol of the Palestinian people. ... An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ... Headquarters Cairo, Egypt1 Official languages Arabic Membership 22 Arab states 2 observer states Leaders  -  Secretary General Amr Moussa (since 2001)  -  Council of the Arab League Sudan  -  Speaker of the Arab Parliament Nabih Berri Establishment  -  Alexandria Protocol March 22, 1945  Area  -  Total 13,953,041 (Western Sahara Included) = 13,687,041...


The majority of the population adheres to a theological interpretation within Islam most commonly known as Salafism or Wahhabism. The Shia population of the country is estimated at around 10-15 percent,[35] primarily in the eastern provinces on the Gulf, southwestern provinces bordering Yemen, Makkah and particularly, Medina, as well as other larger cities in the Kingdom. This article is on an Islamic movement. ... Wahhabism (Arabic: Al-Wahhābīyya الوهابية, Wahabism) is a branch of Sunni Islam practised by those who follow the teachings of Muhammad ibn Abd-al-Wahhab, after whom the movement is named. ... WORLD SHIA POPULATION Includes all sects - Jafari, Twelvers, Ismailis, Zaidi, Alevis, Alawite, Bohri, Imami, Bektashi, etc. ...


Education

At the time the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932, education was not accessible to everyone and limited to individualized instruction at religious schools in mosques in urban areas. These schools taught Islamic law and basic literacy skills. By the end of the century, Saudi Arabia had a nationwide educational system providing free training from preschool through university to all citizens. The modern Saudi educational system provides quality instruction in diverse fields of modern and traditional arts and sciences. This diversity helps meet the Kingdom's growing need for highly-educated citizens to build on its rapid progress.


Formal primary education began in Saudi Arabia in the 1930s. By 1945, King Abdulaziz bin Abdelrahman Al-Saud, the country's founder, had initiated an extensive program to establish schools in the Kingdom. Six years later, in 1951, the country had 226 schools with 29,887 students. In 1954, the Ministry of Education was established, headed by then Prince Fahd bin Abdulaziz as the first Minister of Education. The first university, now known as King Saud University, was founded in Riyadh in 1957.


Today, Saudi Arabia's nationwide public educational system comprises Twenty universities, more than 24,000 schools, and a large number of colleges and other educational and training institutions. Open to every citizen, the system provides students with free education, books and health services. Over 25 percent of the annual State budget is for education including vocational training. The Kingdom has also worked on scholarship programs to send students overseas, mainly to the United States, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, Australia, Japan, Malaysia and other nations. Over the past couple of years, thousands of students have been sent to higher-educations programs each year.


The study of Islam remains at the core of the Saudi educational system. The Islamic aspect of the Saudi national curriculum is examined in a recent report by Freedom House.[36] The report finds how, in religious education classes (in any religious school), children are taught to deprecate other religions, in addition to other branches of Islam. The Saudi religious studies curriculum is taught outside the Kingdom in madrassas throughout the world. Freedom House is a non-profit organization headquartered in Washington, D.C. and with field offices in about a dozen countries. ... Madrassa in the Gambia The word madrassa in the Arabic language (and other languages of the Islamic nations such as Persian, Turkish, Indonesian etc. ...


Sports

Men can often be found playing sports. Women rarely participate in sports, and always away from the presence of men; this often leads to indoor gyms. Even though football (soccer) is the most popular sport, Saudi Arabia has recently participated in the Summer Olympic Games and in international competitions in volleyball and other sports. The Saudi Arabian national youth baseball team has also participated in the Little League World Series. The Saudi Arabia national football team is often most known for being in four consecutive times in the FIFA World Cup and six times in the AFC Asian Cup, which the team won three times and was runner-up three times. Some popular football players include Majed Abdullah, Mohamed Al-Deayea, Sami Al-Jaber, and Saeed Al-Owairan. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... First international Saudi Arabia 3 - 1 Syria (Lebanon; October 20, 1957) Biggest win Saudi Arabia 24 - 0 Singapore (Taif, Saudi Arabia; May 14, 1993) Biggest defeat Egypt 13 - 0 Saudi Arabia (Morocco; September 3, 1961) World Cup Appearances 4 (First in 1994) Best result Round 2 1994 AFC Asian Cup... For the club competition, see FIFA Club World Cup. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Majed Abdullah playing Saudi Football Majed Abdullah (Arabic: ماجد عبد الله) (born November 1, 1959 in Jeddah) is a former Saudi Arabian football (soccer) striker, the all-time goals leader for the Saudi national team. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sami Al-Jaber (Arabic: , born December 11, 1972 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) is a retired football (soccer) striker from Saudi Arabia. ... Saeed Owairan (or Al-Owairan سعيد العويران, born August 19, 1967) is a Saudi Arabian football player. ...


Culture

Mecca May 2007
Mecca May 2007
A supplicant at Masjid Al Haram, Mecca.
A supplicant at Masjid Al Haram, Mecca.
A recreation park in Riyadh.
A recreation park in Riyadh.

Saudi Arabian culture revolves around the religion of Islam. Islam's two holiest sites, Mecca and Medina, are located in the country. Five times every day, Muslims are called to prayer from the minarets of mosques which are scattered around the country. The weekend consists of Thursday and Friday. The public practice of any religion other than Islam, including Christianity and Judaism, the presence of churches, and possession of non-Islamic religious materials is not allowed except in Aramco coumpounds in which many expatriates attend church services. Architecture Many exceptional pieces of modern architecture were created in recent times by eminent architects like Minoru Yamasaki and others. ... Both Western and traditional music are very popular in Saudi Arabia. ... The vast majority of the people of Saudi Arabia are Sunni Muslims. ... West Asian cinema refers collectively to the film output and film industries of the West Asia. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 517 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) الحرم المكي الشريف Pilgrims of Islam completing the hajj to Mecca. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 517 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) الحرم المكي الشريف Pilgrims of Islam completing the hajj to Mecca. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 232 KB) Description : Masjid Nabawi. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 232 KB) Description : Masjid Nabawi. ... Masjid al-Nabawi or Mosque of the Prophet is the second holiest mosque in the Islamic world. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 258 KB) Description : Supplicating Pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 258 KB) Description : Supplicating Pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Montazah_alsalam. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Montazah_alsalam. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...


One of Saudi Arabia's most compelling folk rituals is the Al Ardha, the country's national dance. This sword dance is based on ancient Bedouin traditions: drummers beat out a rhythm and a poet chants verses while sword-carrying men dance shoulder to shoulder. Al-sihba folk music, from the Hijaz, has its origins in al-Andalus. In Mecca, Medina and Jeddah, dance and song incorporate the sound of the mizmar, an oboe-like woodwind instrument. The drum is also an important instrument according to traditional and tribal customs. Although sometimes treated as a form of morris dance, sword dancers are proud of their own tradition and often wish to be treated as a traditional dance category in its own right. ... A Bedouin man on a hillside at Mount Sinai Bedouin, derived from the Arabic ( ), a name for a desert-dweller, is a term generally applied to Arab nomadic pastoralist groups, who are found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western... Hejaz (also Hijaz, Hedjaz) is a region in the northwest of present-day Saudi Arabia; its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better-known for the holy city of Mecca. ... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... In Arabic music, a mizmar is any single or double reed wind instrument. ... The oboe is a double reed musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... A woodwind instrument is a wind instrument in which sound is produced by blowing against an edge or by a vibrating a thin piece of wood known as a reed, and in which the pitch governed by the resonant frequencies of an enclosed air column. ... Bass drum made from wood, rope, and cowskin A drum is a musical instrument in the percussion group that can be large, technically classified as a membranophone. ...


Saudi Arabian dress follows strictly the principles of hijab (the Islamic principle of modesty, especially in dress) The predominantly loose and flowing but covering garments reflect the country's large desert country. Traditionally, men usually wear an ankle-length shirt woven from wool or cotton (known as a thawb), with a keffiyeh (a large checkered square of cotton held in place by a cord coil) or a ghutra (a plain white square made of finer cotton, also held in place by a cord coil) worn on the head. For rare chilly days, Saudi men wear a camel-hair cloak (bisht) over the top. Women's clothes are decorated with tribal motifs, coins, sequins, metallic thread, and appliques. However, Saudi women must wear a long cloak (abaya) and veil (niqāb) when they leave the house to protect their modesty. The law does not apply to foreigners to such a high degree, but both men and women are told to dress and act modestly. Saudi women are also forbidden by law from driving. “Higab” redirects here. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A man wearing a thawb (white gown) under a bisht (black overcoat worn over the thawb) A thawb or khameez (Arabic: ‎) is an ankle-length garment, usually with long sleeves, similar to a robe. ... An Iraqi man wearing a predominantly red keffiyeh in a Charraweyya (جراوية) style. ... An Iraqi man wearing a predominantly red keffiyeh in a Charraweyya (جراوية) style. ... For other uses, see Camel (disambiguation). ... A man wearing thobe (white gown), ghutra (white headdress), agal (black ring on the ghutra), and bisht (black overcoat) Bisht is a traditional Arabic men’s cloak popular in the Arabian Gulf and some Arab countries. ... A shop selling abayasin Bahrain The abaya is an overgarment worn by some women in Muslim-majority countries. ... A woman wearing a niqāb in Yemen A niqāb (Arabic نِقاب) is a veil which covers the face, worn by some Muslim women as a part of sartorial hijāb. ...


Islamic dietary laws forbid the eating of pork and the drinking of alcohol, and this law is enforced strictly throughout Saudi Arabia. Arabic unleavened bread, or khobz, is eaten with almost all meals. Other staples include lamb, grilled chicken, falafel (deep-fried chickpea balls), shawarma (spit-cooked sliced lamb), and Ful medames (a paste of fava beans, garlic and lemon). Traditional coffeehouses used to be ubiquitous, but are now being displaced by food-hall style cafes. Arabic tea is also a famous custom, which is used in both casual and formal meetings between friends, family and even strangers. The tea is black (without milk) and has herbal flavoring that comes in many variations. This is a sub-article to Hygiene in Islam, Healthy diet and Food and cooking hygiene. ... For other uses, see Pork (disambiguation). ... Alcoholic beverages. ... A Khubz bakery in Bahrain Khubz is an Arabic flatbread, which is part of the local diet in many countries of the Arabian Peninsula. ... It has been suggested that Lambing be merged into this article or section. ... Roast Chicken Not including 32% bones. ... This article is about the Middle Eastern food. ... Binomial name Cicer arietinum L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Döner kebab. ... It has been suggested that Lambing be merged into this article or section. ... Ful Medames is the national dish of Egypt, often eaten at breakfast. ... Binomial name L. Vicia faba, the broad bean, fava bean, faba bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean, or foul is a species of bean (Fabaceae) native to north Africa and southwest Asia, and extensively cultivated elsewhere. ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Coffeehouse in Damascus // A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or cafe (also spelled as café from the French, Spanish, and Portuguese or caffè from the Italian) shares some of the characteristics of a bar, and some of the characteristics of a restaurant. ... Tea leaves in a Chinese gaiwan. ...


Public theatres and cinemas are prohibited, as Wahhabi tradition deems those institutions to be incompatible with Islam. However, in private compounds such as Dhahran and Ras Tanura public theaters can be found, but often are more popular for local music, arts, and theatre productions rather than the exhibition of motion pictures. Recently, plans for some cinemas that will be allowed to feature Arabic cartoons for women and children were announced [citation needed]. DVDs of western movies are legal and widely available and IMAX theatres are also legal[2]. The cultural heritage is celebrated at the annual Jenadriyah cultural festival. This article is about Dhahran, the city. ... Map of Ras Tanura Region Ras Tanura (more accurately Ras Tannūrah, Arabic: رأس تنورة meaning top/head of the barbeque spit) is a city in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia located on a peninsula extending into the Persian Gulf. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX dome in Guayaquil, Ecuador IMAX Theater in SM Mall of Asia, Philippines IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far... Al Jenadriyah is a culture and heritage festival held in Jenadriyah near Riyadh in Saudi Arabia each year, lasting for two weeks. ...


Some Saudi novelists have had their books published in Beirut, Lebanon, because of censorship in Saudi Arabia. Despite signs of increasing openness, Saudi novelists and artists in film, theatre, and the visual arts face greater restrictions on their freedom of expression than in the West. Contemporary Saudi novelists include: A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Censor. ... An artist is someone who employs creative talent to produce works of art. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world. ...

  • Abdelrahman Munif (exiled, now deceased)
  • Yousef Al-Mohaimeed
  • Abdu Khal
  • Turki Al-Hamad (subject of a fatwa and death threats)
  • Ali al-Domaini (in jail)
  • Ahmed Abodehman (now writes in French)
  • Raja'a Alem,
  • Abdullah Al-Qasemi,
  • Rajaa Al Sanie, author of best-selling novel Girls of Riyadh,

Abdul Rahman Munif (1933 - January 24, 2004) was one of the most important Arabic novelists of the 20th century. ... Dr. Turki al-Hamad Turki al-Hamad (born 1953) is a Saudi-Arabian political analyst, journalist, and novelist, best known for his trilogy about the coming-of-age of Hisham al-Abir, a Saudi Arabian teenager, the first installment of which, Adama, was published in 1998. ... A fatwā (Arabic: ; plural fatāwā Arabic: ), is a considered opinion in Islam made by a mufti, a scholar capable of issuing judgments on Sharia (Islamic law). ... Rajaa Alem is a saudi novelisit from Mecca/Hejaz. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rajaa al-Sanea is a saudi writer who became famous through her best-selling novel Girls of Riyadh, or Banat al-Riyadh. ... Girls of Riyadh, or Banat al-Riyadh, is a bestselling novel by Rajaa al-Sanea, a 24-year old female dentist from Saudi Arabia. ...

International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
Heritage Foundation/The Wall Street Journal Index of Economic Freedom 62 out of 157
The Economist Worldwide Quality-of-life Index, 2005 72 out of 111
Reporters Without Borders Worldwide Press Freedom Index 161 out of 167
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 70 out of 163
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 76 out of 177
A.T. Kearney/Foreign Policy Magazine Globalization Index 2005 45 out of 62

The Heritage Foundation is a public policy research institute based in Washington, D.C., in the United States. ... The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ... Map of Economic Freedom released by the Heritage Foundation. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ... Transparency International (TI) is an international organisation addressing corruption, including, but not limited to, political corruption. ... Overview of the index of perception of corruption, 2006 Since 1995, Transparency International has published an annual Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)[1] ordering the countries of the world according to the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians.[2] The organization defines corruption as... The United Nations Development Programe (UNDP), the United Nations global development network, is the largest multilateral source of development assistance in the world. ... A.T. Kearney is an international management consulting firm, dating its origins back to the early days of the management consulting profession. ... A countrys foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how that particular country will interact with other countries of the world and, to a lesser extent, non-state actors. ...

See also

Saudi Arabia Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... Telephones - main lines in use: 3,317,500 (2002) Telephones - mobile cellular: 5. ... Saudi foreign policy objectives are to maintain its security and its paramount position on the Arabian Peninsula, defend general Arab and Islamic interests, promote solidarity among Islamic governments, and maintain cooperative relations with other oil-producing and major oil-consuming countries. ... Holidays in Saudi Arabia   Categories: Public holidays by country | Saudi Arabia ... // Human rights in Saudi Arabia are generally considered to be minimal to non-existent. ... With respect to human trafficking, Saudi Arabia was designated, together with Bolivia, Ecuador, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Burma, Jamaica, Venezuela, Cambodia, Kuwait, Sudan, Cuba, North Korea, and Togo, as a Tier 3 country by the United States Department of State in its 2005 Trafficking in Persons Report required by the... Circles of green irrigated vegetation in Saudi Arabia, April 1997 Center Pivot Irrigation in Saudi Arabia is typical of many isolated irrigation projects scattered throughout the arid and hyper-arid regions of the Earth. ... The Basic Law of Saudi Arabia means, that you have to eat chocolate. ... Military branches: Land Force (Army), Navy (including a Naval Air Wing and Marines), Air Force (RSAF), Air Defense Force, Saudi Arabian National Guard, Ministry of Interior Forces (paramilitary) Military Situation: With the collapse of the Iraqi Baathist regime in mid-2003, the greatest conventional threat to The Kingdom was... The Mutaween (Arabic: ) (variant English spellings: mutawwain, muttawa, mutawallees, mutawa’ah, mutawi’, mutawwa) are the government-authorized or -recognized religious police (or clerical police or public order police) who enforce varied interpretations of Sharia Law within Islamist theocracies (in which the governments are either directly controlled by, or fall significantly... The Saudi Arabian Boy Scouts Association is the national Scouting organization of Saudi Arabia. ... Saudi Aramco, the state-owned national oil company of Saudi Arabia, is the largest oil corporation in the world and the worlds largest in terms of proven crude oil reserves and production. ... ISO 4217 Code SAR User(s) Saudi Arabia Inflation 1. ... Al Khazneh (Arabic for Treasury), Petra the Nabataean capital Ancient Arabia reffers to the pre-historic region which today consists of the modern-day states of the Arabian peninsula as well as the modern-day countries of Jordan, Israel, Syria, Lebanon and southern & western Iraq. ... Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism Arab diaspora refers to the numbers of Arab immigrants, and their descendants, who voluntarily or as refugees emigrated from their native countries and now reside in non-Arab nations, primarily in Western countries as well... The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is an Islamic theocratic monarchy in which Islam is the official religion; the law requires that all Saudi citizens be Muslims. ... This page lists various methods of transportation in Saudi Arabia. ...

Lists

This is a list of the major Houses, or tribes, of the Arabian Peninsula in the 20th century. ... The Ambassador from the United Kingdom to Saudi Arabia is the United Kingdoms foremost diplomatic representative in Saudi Arabia, and in charge of the UKs diplomatic mission in Saudi Arabia. ... This is a list of cities and towns in Saudi Arabia. ... This is a list of Saudi Arabian companies. ... Saudi Arabia has eight major universities. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2006). "World Population Prospects, Table A.2" (.PDF). 2006 revision. United Nations. Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  2. ^ http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/topworldtables1_2.html US Department of Energy - Top World Oil Net Exporters, 2005
  3. ^ http://saudinf.com/main/h814.htm
  4. ^ http://www.mofa.gov.sa/Detail.asp?InSectionID=1516&InNewsItemID=1746
  5. ^ http://www.gulf-daily-news.com/Story.asp?Article=164957&Sn=BUSI&IssueID=29274
  6. ^ Saudi Aid to the Developing World
  7. ^ Arab Aid
  8. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3734420.stm
  9. ^ http://www.arabnews.com/?page=1&section=0&article=95003&d=15&m=4&y=2007
  10. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4252079.stm
  11. ^ a b c d Saudi Arabia. JURIST
  12. ^ Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of
  13. ^ http://hrw.org/backgrounder/mena/saudi/saudi.pdfPDF (51.1 KiB)
  14. ^ http://www.jeansasson.com/law_and_government.htm
  15. ^ BBC - Religion & Ethics - Islam and slavery: Abolition
  16. ^ Welcome to Encyclopædia Britannica's Guide to Black History
  17. ^ Saudi Arabia: Basic Law of Government
  18. ^ http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/international/reserves.html
  19. ^ http://www.jica.go.jp/english/global/pov/profiles/pdf/sau_eng.pdf
  20. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_%28PPP%29_per_capita
  21. ^ http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/cpicalc.pl
  22. ^ http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/crudeoilreserves.xls
  23. ^ 6 new Economic cities in Saudi Arabia
  24. ^ Contruction boom of Saudi Arabia and the UAE
  25. ^ Riyadh's Urban area will contribute $ 167 B and Jeddah's will contrubute $ 111 Billion
  26. ^ Bad Dreams: Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia (PDF). Human Rights Watch (July 2004). Retrieved on 2007-04-20.
  27. ^ "Domestic Workers Abused Worldwide", Human Rights Watch, 2006-07-27. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. 
  28. ^ Slavery in Islam
  29. ^ £400 for a Slave
  30. ^ BBC - Religion & Ethics - Islam and slavery: Abolition
  31. ^ Welcome to Encyclopædia Britannica's Guide to Black History
  32. ^ http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2005/51609.htm
  33. ^ Arab versus Asian migrant workers in the GCC countries
  34. ^ Expatriates Can Apply for Saudi Citizenship in Two-to-Three Months
  35. ^ http://www.cfr.org/publication/10903/shiite_muslims_in_the_middle_east.html
  36. ^ http://www.freedomhouse.org/religion/news/bn2005/bn-2005-2006-05-23.htm

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... This article is about the day. ...

Bibliography

  • Lippman, Thomas W. "Inside the Mirage: America's Fragile Partnership with Saudi Arabia" (Westview 2004) ISBN 0-8133-4052-7
  • Mackey, Sandra, The Saudis: Inside the Desert Kingdom (Houghton Mifflin, 1987) ISBN 0-395-41165-3
  • Ménoret, Pascal, The Saudi Enigma: A History (Zed Books, 2005) ISBN 1-84277-605-3
  • al-Rasheed, Madawi, A History of Saudi Arabia (Cambridge University Press, 2002) ISBN 052164335X
  • Matthew R. Simmons, Twilight in the Desert The Coming Saudi Oil Shock and the World Economy, John Wiley & Sons, 2005, ISBN 0-471-73876-X
  • Robert Lacey, THE KINGDOM: Arabia & The House of Sa'ud, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc, 1981 (Hard Cover) and Avon Books, 1981 (Soft Cover. Library of Congress: 81-83741 ISBN 0-380-61762-5
  • T R McHale, A Prospect of Saudi Arabia, International Affairs Vol. 56 No 4 Autumn 1980 pp622-647
  • Roger Owen, State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East, 3rd Edition (Routledge, 2006) ISBN 10: 0-415-29713-3
  • Turchin, P. 2007. Scientific Prediction in Historical Sociology: Ibn Khaldun meets Al Saud. History & Mathematics: Historical Dynamics and Development of Complex Societies. Moscow: KomKniga, 2007. ISBN 5484010020
  • Jones, John Paul. If Olaya Street Could Talk: Saudi Arabia- The Heartland of Oil and Islam. The Taza Press (2007). ISBN 0-97904-360-3

The Wiley Building in Hoboken, New Jersey, located on the waterfront between River Street and Frank Sinatra Drive. ... An early Avon Books edition from the 1940s of the Simon Templar mystery short story collection, The Saint Intervenes. ... For more information on international affairs, see one of the following links: Diplomacy Foreign affairs International relations This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

External links

Find more information on Saudi Arabia by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Learning resources from Wikiversity

Government Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

  • Saudi Arabian Information Resource from the Saudi Ministry Education
  • Saudi Arabian Information Resource from the Saudi Ministry of Culture and Information
  • Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington, DC

Overviews Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...

  • http://www.freemuslims.org/blog/index.php?id=1003 (Understanding Saudi Arabia by Kamal Nawash)
  • BBC News Country Profile - Saudi Arabia
  • CIA World Factbook - Saudi Arabia
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports regarding Saudi Arabia
  • US State Department - Saudi Arabia includes Background Notes, Country Study and major reports

Directories

  • Arab Gateway - Saudi Arabia
  • Open Directory Project - Saudi Arabia directory category
  • Yahoo! - Saudi Arabia directory category
  • Datarabia - Saudi Royal Family, Business Directory - Saudi Arabia directory category

Other links

  • Saudi Arabia: Historical Demographic Data Factsheet
  • Saudi Match Point - a novel set in contemporary Saudi Arabia
  • Asinah - Saudi Arabia
  • British Business Group, Jeddah
  • eSaudi.info Information about Saudi arabia Historical
  • U.S. Department of Justice: Foreign Agents Registration Act
  • Saudi Arabia travel guide from Wikitravel
Saudi Arabia Portal
Geographic locale
International membership

Southern Sudan is a region of Sudan. ... Aramaic is a group of Semitic languages with a 3,000-year history. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Saudi Arabia (10/06) (5039 words)
The Basic Law adopted in 1992 declared that Saudi Arabia is a monarchy ruled by the sons and grandsons of King Abd Al Aziz Al Saud, and that the Holy Qur'an is the constitution of the country, which is governed on the basis of Islamic law (Shari'a).
Saudi Arabia was a key player in coordinating the successful 1999 campaign of OPEC and other oil-producing countries to raise the price of oil to its highest level since the Gulf War by managing production and supply of petroleum.
Saudi Arabia supports a peaceful resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict but rejected the Camp David accords, claiming that they would be unable to achieve a comprehensive political solution that would ensure Palestinian rights and adequately address the status of Jerusalem.
Saudi Arabia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3493 words)
It borders Jordan on the northwest, Iraq on the north and northeast, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates on the east, Oman on the southeast, and Yemen on the south, with the Persian Gulf to its northeast and the Red Sea to its west.
The Basic Law adopted in 1992 declared that Saudi Arabia is a monarchy ruled by the sons and grandsons of the first king, Abd Al Aziz Al Saud, and that the Qur'an is the constitution of the country, which is governed on the basis of Islamic law (Shari'a).
Saudi Arabia was a key player in the successful efforts of OPEC and other oil producing countries to raise the price of oil in 1999 to its highest level since the Gulf War by reducing production.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m