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Encyclopedia > Saturn 1B

The Saturn IB was an uprated version of the Saturn I, which featured a much more powerful second stage, the S-IVB. Unlike the earlier Saturn I, the IB had enough throw weight to launch the Apollo Command/Service Module or Lunar Module into Earth orbit, which made it invaluable for testing the Apollo spacecraft while the larger Saturn V needed to send them to the moon was still being developed. The Saturn IB was later used for manned Skylab flights, and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. The final production run (such as Skylab launch vehicles) did not have alternating black and white tanks on the first stage that were hallmarks of the earlier runs.
The Saturn I was Americas first large clustered rocket. ... The S-IVB (sometimes S4b) was built by the Douglas Aircraft Company and served as the third stage on the Saturn V and second stage on the Saturn IB. It had one J-2 engine. ... The Command/Service Module (CSM) was a spacecraft built for NASA by North American Aviation. ... The LEM flight instrumentation panel and front windows. ... For the moon designated Saturn V, see Rhea. ... Skylab was the first space station the United States launched into orbit. ... The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was the first joint flight of the US and Soviet space programs. ...

Saturn IB
The Saturn IB rocket for the AS-202 mission.
The Saturn IB rocket for the AS-202 mission.
Fact sheet
Function Manned LEO launch vehicle
Manufacturer Chrysler (S-IB)
Douglas (S-IVB)
Country of origin USA
Size
Height 68 m (224 ft)
Diameter 6.6 m (21.7 ft)
Mass 589,770 kg (1,300,220 lb)
Stages 2
Capacity
Payload to LEO 15,300 kg (33,700 lb)
Launch History
Status Retired
Launch sites LC-37 & LC-34, Cape Canaveral
LC-39, Kennedy Space Center
Total launches 9
Successes 9
Failures 0
Maiden flight February 26, 1966
Last flight July 15, 1975
Notable payloads Manned Apollo CSM
First Stage - S-IB
Engines 8 * H-1
Thrust 6.7 MN (1,500,000 lbf)
Burn time ~150 seconds
Fuel RP-1/LOX
Second Stage - S-IVB
Engines 1 Rocketdyne J-2
Thrust 890 kN (200,000 lbf)
Burn time ~475 seconds
Fuel LH2/LOX

Contents

Download high resolution version (750x963, 159 KB)AS-202 on the launch pad http://www. ... AS-202 (or SA-202) was a sub-orbital test flight of the Saturn IB and Command and Service Module. ... A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit in which objects such as satellites are below intermediate circular orbit (ICO) and far below geostationary orbit, but typically around 350 - 1400 km above the Earths surface. ... Rockets (including missiles) can be launched from the following: for a launch into an orbital spaceflight and beyond: a launch pad, including a floating platform (see San Marco platform, Sea Launch) for the launch into a suborbital flight also: a missile silo a mobile launcher vehicle a submarine air launch... For other uses, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... Diagram of the S-IB first stage of the Saturn IB rocket. ... The Douglas Aircraft Company was founded by Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. ... The S-IVB (sometimes S4b) was built by the Douglas Aircraft Company and served as the third stage on the Saturn V and second stage on the Saturn IB. It had one J-2 engine. ... The metre (or meter, see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. It was assigned to the United States in 1889 and is periodically recertified and traceable to the primary international standard, The Kilogram, held at the Bureau International des Poids et... The pound (abbreviations: lb or, sometimes in the United States, #) is a unit of mass in a number of different systems, including various systems of units of mass that formed part of English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... In cargo transport, the payload is the valuable contents of the vehicle. ... A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit in which objects such as satellites are below intermediate circular orbit (ICO) and far below geostationary orbit, but typically around 350 - 1400 km above the Earths surface. ... The launch of GOES-N atop a Delta IV, from LC-37B Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 37 (LC-37) is a launch complex at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... A Saturn I at Pad 34, ready for mission SA-3 Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 34 (LC-34) is a launch site at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... The Bumper V-2 was the first missile launched at Cape Canaveral on July 24, 1950. ... The aerial view of Launch Complex 39. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is the NASA space vehicle launch facility (spaceport) at Cape Canaveral on Merritt Island in Florida, United States. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Description Role: Earth and Lunar Orbit Crew: 3; CDR, CM pilot, LM pilot Dimensions Height: 36. ... Diagram of the S-IB first stage of the Saturn IB rocket. ... A cluster of 8 H-1 rocket engines lifted the Saturn I from the launch pad. ... Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newtons Second and Third Law. ... The newton (symbol: N) is the SI unit of force. ... The pound-force is a non-SI unit of force or weight (properly abbreviated lbf or lbf). The pound-force is equal to a mass of one pound multiplied by the standard acceleration due to gravity on Earth (which is defined as exactly 9. ... RP-1 (refined petroleum) is a highly refined form of kerosene similar to jet fuel, used in the United States as a rocket fuel. ... Lox can stand for any of several things: Lox (salmon) - a type of salmon produce LOx (oxidizer) - liquid oxygen used as oxidizer in aerospace The Lox - was a Yonkers, NY-based rap trio This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The S-IVB (sometimes S4b) was built by the Douglas Aircraft Company and served as the third stage on the Saturn V and second stage on the Saturn IB. It had one J-2 engine. ... F-1 rocket engine Rocketdyne is a liquid rocket engine design and production company in the United States. ... J-2 Rocket Engine Specifications. ... LH2 is an acronym used in the aerospace industry, which stands for liquid hydrogen. ... Lox can stand for any of several things: Lox (salmon) - a type of salmon produce LOx (oxidizer) - liquid oxygen used as oxidizer in aerospace The Lox - was a Yonkers, NY-based rap trio This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ...

Data

Parameter S-IB - 1st Stage S-IVB - 2nd Stage Instrument Unit Apollo Spacecraft
Height (m) 25.5 17.8 1.00 24
Diameter (m) 6.6 6.6 6.6 3.9
Gross mass (kg) 458,107 119,920 1,980 20,788
Empty mass (kg) 45,267 13,311 225 14,098
Engines Eight - H-1 One - J-2 - One SPS
Thrust (kN) 7,582 1,020 - 97.86
Isp (s) 288 421 - 314
Isp (kN·s/kg) 2.82 4.13 - 3.08
Burn duration (s) 150 470 - 635
Propellant LOX/RP-1 LOX/LH2 - N2O4/UDMH

Launch events

Launch Event Time (s) Altitude (km) Range (km)
Ignition Command -3.02 . .
First Motion -0.19 . .
Liftoff 0.00 . .
Initiate Pitch Maneuver 10.0 . .
Initiate Roll Maneuver 10.0 . .
End Roll Maneuver 38.0 . .
Mach One 62.18 7.63 .
Max Q 75.5 12.16 .
Freeze Tilt 134.40 . .
Inboard Engine Cutoff 140.65 . .
Outboard Engine Cutoff 144.32 . .
Ullage Rockets Ignition 145.37 . .
S-IB / S-IVB Separation 145.59 . .
S-IVB Ignition 146.97 . .
Ullage Rocket Burnout 148.33 . .
Ullage Rocket Jettison 156.58 . .
Jettison LES 163.28 . .
Start Pitch Over 613.95 . .
S-IVB Cutoff 616.76 . .
Orbit Insertion 626.76 . .
Start S/C Sep Sequence 663.11 . .
Spacecraft Separation 728.31 . .

S-IB stage

Diagram of the S-IB first stage of the Saturn IB rocket.
Diagram of the S-IB first stage of the Saturn IB rocket.

The S-IB stage is an eight engine booster for Earth orbital missions. It is composed of nine propellant containers, eight fins, a thrust structure assembly, eight H-1 rocket engines, and many other components. The propellant containers consist of eight Redstone tanks (Four holding LOX and four holding RP-1.) clustered around a Jupiter rocket tank, which contains LOX. The four outboard engines can gimbal, meaning they can be steered to properly guide the rocket. This requires a few more engine components. Saturn IB 1st stage Downloaded from NASA Website: http://history. ... Saturn IB 1st stage Downloaded from NASA Website: http://history. ... A cluster of 8 H-1 rocket engines lifted the Saturn I from the launch pad. ... A cold (un-ignited) rocket engine test at NASA A rocket engine is a reaction engine that can be used for spacecraft propulsion as well as terrestrial uses, such as missiles. ... First launched in 1953, the American Redstone rocket was a direct descendant of the German V-2. ... Lox can stand for any of several things: Lox (salmon) - a type of salmon produce LOx (oxidizer) - liquid oxygen used as oxidizer in aerospace The Lox - was a Yonkers, NY-based rap trio This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... RP-1 (refined petroleum) is a highly refined form of kerosene similar to jet fuel, used in the United States as a rocket fuel. ... Jupiter IRBM mobile missile The Jupiter Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile, first tested in 1957, was the United States second Intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM). ... Lox can stand for any of several things: Lox (salmon) - a type of salmon produce LOx (oxidizer) - liquid oxygen used as oxidizer in aerospace The Lox - was a Yonkers, NY-based rap trio This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


Specifications:


Height: 83.6 ft (25.5 m)
Diameter: 21.7 ft (6.6 m)
Number of fins: 8
Finspan: 18 ft (5.5 m)
Engines: 8 H-1
Thrust: 1,600,000 lbf (7.1 MN)
Fuel: RP-1 (Refined kerosene) 41,000 US gal (155 m³)
Oxidizer: Liquid oxygen (LOX) 66,000 US gal (250 m³)
Burn time: 2.5 min
Burnout altitude: 42 miles (68 km) A cluster of 8 H-1 rocket engines lifted the Saturn I from the launch pad. ... RP-1 (refined petroleum) is a highly refined form of kerosene similar to jet fuel, used in the United States as a rocket fuel. ... Kerosene or paraffin oil (British English, not to be confused with the waxy solid also called paraffin wax or just paraffin) is a colorless flammable hydrocarbon liquid. ... General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) very pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ... Lox can stand for any of several things: Lox (salmon) - a type of salmon produce LOx (oxidizer) - liquid oxygen used as oxidizer in aerospace The Lox - was a Yonkers, NY-based rap trio This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


S-IVB stage

Main article: S-IVB (rocket stage)
Diagram of the S-IVB second stage of the Saturn IB.
Diagram of the S-IVB second stage of the Saturn IB.

The S-IVB stage is identical to the Saturn V rocket third stage except for the interstage adapter. It is powered by a single J-2 engine, which can gimbal. This stage has a "common bulkhead," meaning that one propellant tank is directly connected to the other, as if conjoined twins. This saves about ten tons of weight. The S-IVB was built by the Douglas Aircraft Company and served as the third stage on the Saturn V and second stage on the Saturn IB. It had one J-2 engine. ... Saturn IB second stage the SIV-B Downloaded from NASA Website: http://history. ... Saturn IB second stage the SIV-B Downloaded from NASA Website: http://history. ... This article is about the rocket. ... J-2 Rocket Engine Specifications. ...


Height: 58.4 ft (17.8 m)
Diameter: 21.7 ft (6.6 m)
Number of fins: 0
Engines: 1 J-2
Thrust: 200,000 lbf (890 kN)
Fuel: Liquid hydrogen (LH2) 64,000 US gal (242 m³)
Oxidizer: Liquid oxygen (LOX) 20,000 US gal (76 m³)
Burn time: approx. 7 min
Burnout altitude (for Saturn IB): orbit General Name, Symbol, Number hydrogen, H, 1 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 1, 1, s Appearance colorless Atomic mass 1. ... LH2 is an acronym used in the aerospace industry, which stands for liquid hydrogen. ... General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) very pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ... Lox can stand for any of several things: Lox (salmon) - a type of salmon produce LOx (oxidizer) - liquid oxygen used as oxidizer in aerospace The Lox - was a Yonkers, NY-based rap trio This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


All Saturn IB launches

All Saturn IB Launches from AS-201 through ASTP.
All Saturn IB Launches from AS-201 through ASTP.

Download high resolution version (1024x506, 120 KB)This is a picture of All Saturn IB Launches - I created this photo using Paint Shop Pro. ... Download high resolution version (1024x506, 120 KB)This is a picture of All Saturn IB Launches - I created this photo using Paint Shop Pro. ...

Saturn IB vehicles and launches

Serial Number Mission Launch Date Notes
AS-201 AS-201 February 26, 1966 1st test flight. Sub-orbital Command/Service Module test.
AS-203 AS-203 July 5, 1966 2nd test flight. Test of SIV-B stage. Tracked 4 orbits.
AS-202 AS-202 August 25, 1966 3rd test flight. 2nd Sub-orbital Command/Service Module test.
AS-204 Apollo 5 January 22, 1968 Earth orbit test of Lunar Module. Launched on Apollo 1 rocket. 36 orbits.
AS-205 Apollo 7 October 11, 1968 Earth orbit test. Crew: Schirra, Eisle, Cunningham. 163 orbits. Last launch from Launch Complex 34
AS-206 Skylab 2 May 25, 1973 First Skylab crew: Conrad, Kerwin, Weitz. 404 orbits. First launch from Launch Pad 39B using a Saturn V umbilical tower and a "milkstool" assembly to allow the rocket to be serviced.
AS-207 Skylab 3 July 28, 1973 Second Skylab crew: Bean, Garriott, Lousma. 838 orbits.
AS-208 Skylab 4 November 16, 1973 Third and final Skylab crew: Carr, Gibson, Pogue. 1,214 orbits
AS-209 Skylab Rescue 1973, 1974 Skylab Rescue Mission. Not flown. Currently on display at Kennedy Space Center, with Apollo FVV spacecraft mockup. First stage engines and Apollo FVV service module replaced with fabricated duplicates in 1993-1994 due to severe corrosion.
AS-210 ASTP July 15, 1975 Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, Crew: Stafford, Slayton, Brand. 136 orbits. Last Saturn IB flight.
AS-211 Unused. First stage on display with the S-IVB Battleship Test Stage stacked in a launch ready condition at the Alabama Welcome Center on I-65 in Ardmore, AL. Second stage, the S-IVB, is on display as a Skylab mockup at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, AL.
AS-212 Unused. Second stage, S-IVB, converted to Skylab space station.
AS-213 Only 1st stage built. Unused
AS-214 Only 1st stage built. Unused

AS-201 (or SA-201) was the first flight of the Saturn IB launch vehicle. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... AS-203 (or SA-203) was an unmanned flight Saturn IB launch vehicle. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... AS-202 (or SA-202) was a sub-orbital test flight of the Saturn IB and Command and Service Module. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Apollo 5 was the first unmanned flight of the Apollo Lunar Module, which would later carry astronauts to the lunar surface. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Apollo One is the official name given to the Apollo/Saturn 204 (AS-204) spacecraft, destroyed by fire during a training exercise on January 27, 1967, at Pad 34 (Launch Complex 34 at Cape Canaveral - then known as Cape Kennedy) atop a Saturn IB rocket. ... Apollo 7 was the first manned mission in the Apollo program to be launched. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Skylab 2 or SL-2 was the first human spaceflight mission to Skylab, the first U.S. orbital space station. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Launch Complex Plan - 1963 Launch Complex 39A Launch Complex 39B with Discovery shuttle Launch Complex 39 actually refers to LC39A and LC39B at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida, USA, which are currently launch pads for the space shuttle. ... For the moon designated Saturn V, see Rhea. ... Skylab 3 or SL-3 was the second manned mission to Skylab. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Skylab 4 or SL-4 was the fourth Skylab mission and placed the third crew on board. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... During the second crewed Skylab mission a rescue flight was assembled as a backup contingency. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Corrosion is deterioration of essential properties in a material due to reactions with its surroundings. ... The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was the first joint flight of the US and Soviet space programs. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Interstate 65 is an interstate highway in the United States. ... The S-IVB was built by the Douglas Aircraft Company and served as the third stage on the Saturn V and second stage on the Saturn IB. It had one J-2 engine. ... Some of the rockets in the U.S. Space & Rocket Center. ... Huntsville is the county seat of Madison County, Alabama. ... The S-IVB was built by the Douglas Aircraft Company and served as the third stage on the Saturn V and second stage on the Saturn IB. It had one J-2 engine. ... Skylab was the first space station the United States launched into orbit. ...

External links


Saturn Family of Launch Vehicles
v  d  e
Early Proposals: Juno V | Saturn A-1 | Saturn A-2 | Saturn B-1
"C" series: Saturn C-1 | Saturn C-2 | Saturn C-3 | Saturn C-4 | Saturn C-5 | Saturn C-5N | Saturn C-8
Saturn 1 series: Saturn I | Saturn IB | Saturn IB-CE | Saturn IB-A | Saturn IB-B | Saturn IB-C | Saturn IB-D | Saturn INT-05 | Saturn INT-11 | Saturn INT-12 | Saturn INT-13 | Saturn INT-14 | Saturn INT-15 | Saturn INT-16 | Saturn INT-27 | Saturn LCB
Saturn II series: Saturn II | Saturn INT-17 | Saturn INT-18 | Saturn INT-19
Saturn V series: Saturn V | Saturn MLV | Saturn V ELV | Saturn INT-20 | Saturn INT-21 | Saturn INT-23 | Saturn INT-24 | Saturn INT-25 | Saturn-Shuttle | Saturn V-3 | Saturn V-A | Saturn V-B | Saturn V-C | Saturn V-D | Saturn V-Centaur | Jarvis

 
 

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