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Encyclopedia > Sassafras
Sassafras
Sassafras albidum, Wanaque, New Jersey
Sassafras albidum,
Wanaque, New Jersey
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Sassafras
Species

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras tzumu Sassafras may refer to: Sassafras, a tree species. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x800, 253 KB) Photograph of Sassafras I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Wanaque is a borough located in Passaic County, New Jersey. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families Atherospermataceae Calycanthaceae Gomortegaceae Hernandiaceae Lauraceae Monimiaceae Siparunaceae The Laurales are an order of flowering plants. ... Genera Many; see text The Lauraceae or Laurel family comprises a group of flowering plants included in the order Laurales. ... Binomial name L. Sassafras albidum (Sassafras, White Sassafras, Red Sassafras, or Silky Sassafras) is a species of Sassafras that grows throughout eastern North America. ...

Sassafras is a genus of two species of deciduous trees in the family Lauraceae, native to eastern North America and eastern Asia. Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off) and is typically used in reference to trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Genera Many; see text The Lauraceae or Laurel family comprises a group of flowering plants included in the order Laurales. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Sassafras trees grow from 15-35 m (50-120 feet) tall and 70-150 cm (2.5-6 feet) in diameter, with many slender branches, and smooth, orange-brown bark. The branching is sympodial. The bark of the mature trunk is thick, red-brown, and deeply furrowed. The wood is light, soft, weak, and brittle. All parts of the plants are very fragrant. The species are unusual in having three distinct leaf patterns on the same plant; unlobed oval, bilobed (mitten-shaped), and trilobed (three pronged). They have smooth margins and grow 7-20 cm long by 5-10 cm broad. The young leaves and twigs are quite mucilaginous, and produce a scent similar to lemons when crushed. The tiny, yellow flowers are five-petaled and bloom in the spring; they are dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees. The fruit are blue-black, egg-shaped, 1 cm long, produced on long, red-stalked cups, and mature in late summer. Orchids with sympodial growth have a specialized lateral growth pattern in which the terminal bud dies. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mucilage is a thick gluey substance, often produced by plants. ... Binomial name (L.) Burm. ... Look up flower in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Close-up of an Echinopsis spachiana flower, showing both carpels and stamen, making it a complete flower. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ...


The name "Sassafras", applied by the botanist Nicolas Monardes in the sixteenth century, is said to be a corruption of the Spanish word for saxifrage. It was also called "pauame" by Native Americans. Nicolas Monardes. ... Species many, see text Saxifraga is a plant genus with about 440 known species of perennials, making it the largest genus of the family Saxifragaceae. ...

Contents

Species

Sassafras albidum range map
Sassafras albidum range map
  • Sassafras albidum (Nuttall) Nees - Sassafras, White Sassafras, Red Sassafras or Silky Sassafras. Eastern North America, from southernmost Ontario, Canada through the eastern United States south to central Florida, and west to southern Iowa and eastern Texas.
  • Sassafras tzumu (Hemsl.) Hemsl. - Chinese Sassafras or Tzumu. Central and southwestern China. It differs from S. albidum in the leaves being more frequently three-lobed, the lobes having a tapered acuminate apex (not rounded to weakly acute).
  • Sassafras randaiense (Hayata) Rehd. - Taiwan Sassafras. Taiwan, regarded synonym of Yushunia randaiensis (Hayata) Kamikoti.

Image File history File links Albidum. ... Image File history File links Albidum. ... Binomial name L. Sassafras albidum (Sassafras, White Sassafras, Red Sassafras, or Silky Sassafras) is a species of Sassafras that grows throughout eastern North America. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Binomial name (Hayata) Rehder Sassafras randaiense is a species of plant in the Lauraceae family. ...

Uses

Essential oil distilled from the root-bark or the fruit was used as a fragrance in perfumes and soaps, food (sassafras tea and candy flavoring) and for aromatherapy. An essential oil is a concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aromatic compounds from plants. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Odor receptors on the antennae of a Luna moth An odor is the object of perception of the sense of olfaction. ... Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, objects, and living spaces a pleasant smell. ... This article is about the computer protocol. ... It has been suggested that Aromatherapy Candles be merged into this article or section. ...


The essential oil was also used as a pain killer as well as an antiseptic in dentistry. The smell of sassafras oil is said to make an excellent repellent for mosquitoes and other insects, which makes it a nice yard plant. The root or root bark is also used to make tea, although commercial "sassafras teas" are now artificially flavored (see FDA ban below). A yellow dye is obtained from the wood. The shoots were used to make root beer (formerly an alcoholic beverage, but now a soft drink), which owed its characteristic odor to the sassafras extract, since replaced by other natural and/or artificial flavorings. The leaves are used for thickening sauces and soups, and when dried and ground are known as filé powder, a spice used in Cajun, Creole, and other Louisiana cooking, such as the dish filé gumbo. The pith is used in the U.S. to soothe eye inflammation and ease catarrh. Acids can be extracted from bark for manufacturing perfumes. For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... A glass of root beer with foam Root beer is a mainly American beverage that comes in two forms: alcoholic and soft drink. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A soft drink is a drink that contains no alcohol. ... OnlineOnline OnlineOnline Onlin Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online Online... Cajun cuisine originates from the French-speaking Acadian or Cajun immigrants deported by the English from Acadia in Canada to the Acadiana region of Louisiana, USA. It is what could be called a rustic cuisine — locally available ingredients predominate, and preparation is simple. ... Dishes typical of Creole food Louisiana Creole cuisine is a style of cooking originating in Louisiana (centered on the Greater New Orleans area) that blends French, Spanish, French Caribbean, African, and American influences. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... A bowl of shrimp gumbo Gumbo is a spicy, hearty stew or soup, found typically in the states on the Gulf of Mexico in the United States, and very common in the southern part of Louisiana and the Lowcountry around Charleston, South Carolina. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Catarrh is a discharge or mucus blockage caused by the swelling of the mucous membranes. ...


Safrole, which is the main component (75-80%) of sassafras essential oil, is now recognized by the United States Department of Agriculture as a potential carcinogen. Safrole is also commonly used by clandestine laboratories to synthesize various hallucinogenic drugs such as MDA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine), MDMA (Ecstasy), and MDEA (Eve). For this reason, its sale is monitored by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.[1] In some deep rural regions it was a popular additive to moonshine, and may still be. Safrole Safrole (chemical formula: C10H10O2, IUPAC name: 5-(2-propenyl)-1,3-benzodioxole), also called shikimol, is a colorless or slightly yellow oily liquid. ... The United States Department of Agriculture (also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA) is a United States Federal Executive Department (or Cabinet Department). ... The hazard symbol for carcinogenic chemicals in the Globally Harmonized System. ... Hallucinogenic drug - drugs that can alter sensory perceptions. ... 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA or Tenamfetamine), is a psychedelic hallucinogenic drug and empathogen/entactogen of the phenethylamine family. ... ecstasy and religious ecstasy MDMA, most commonly known today by the street name ecstasy, is a synthetic entactogen of the phenethylamine family whose primary effect is to stimulate the brain to rapidly secrete large amounts of serotonin, causing a general sense of openness, empathy, energy, euphoria, and well-being. ... MDEA (also MDE), which stands for 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine, is a psychedelic hallucinogenic drug and empathogen-entactogen of the phenethylamine family. ... The DEAs enforcement activities may take agents anywhere from distant countries to suburban U.S. homes. ... Look up Moonshine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Safrole and sassafras not certified as safrole-free have been banned in the United States as food additives or flavoring agents by the FDA since 1976 due to safrole's designation as a carcinogen[2]. hi “FDA” redirects here. ...


References

  1. ^ "Safrole And Sassafras Oil Are Being Used In The Illicit Manufacture Of MDMA", U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration, 05/01/03. Retrieved on 2007-09-07. 
  2. ^ "US FDA/CFSAN: Listing of Food Additive Status", FDA, July 2006. Retrieved on 2007-04-25. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See Also

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Sassafras - Herb Profile and Information (994 words)
---Description---The name 'Sassafras,' applied by the Spanish botanist Monardes in the sixteenth century, is said to be a corruption of the Spanish word for saxifrage.
Mixed with milk and sugar, Sassafras Tea, under the name of 'Saloop,' could, until a few years ago, be bought at London streetcorners in the early mornings.
Oil of Sassafras is chiefly used for flavouring purposes, particularly to conceal the flavour of opium when given to children.
Sassafras - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (508 words)
Sassafras is a genus of two species of deciduous trees in the family Lauraceae, native to eastern North America and eastern Asia.
The name "Sassafras", applied by the Spanish botanist [[Monardes]] in the sixteenth century, is said to be a corruption of the Spanish word for saxifrage.
Sassafras essential oil is also the preferred source of safrole for MDMA production by clandestine laboratories, thus its sale is monitored by the DEA.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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