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Encyclopedia > Sasak

The Sasak live mainly on the island of Lombok, numbering around 2.7 million (85% of Lombok's population). They are related to the Balinese in language and race. Satellite photograph of Lombok, showing its volcano. ... See: Bali, an Indonesian island Balinese language Balinese (people) Balinese (cat), a cat breed This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Language

The Sasak language belongs to the Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa subgroup, in the Western Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family.


History

Little is known about the Sasaks except that Lombok was placed under direct rule of the Majapahit prime Minister, patih Gajah Mada. The Sasaks converted to Islam between the late 16th century to early 17th century under the influence of Sunan Giri and the Muslim Makassarese, frequently mixing basic Islamic beliefs alongside with Hindu-Buddhist beliefs, thus creating the Wektu Telu religion. Lombok was conquered by the Gelgel Balinese kingdom in the early 18th century, thus bringing a large population of Balinese to Lombok. The Balinese population of Lombok today is about 300,000, 10-15% of Lombok's population. The Balinese have also strongly inflenced the Wektu Telu religion of Lombok. The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ... Gajah Mada (?-1364) was Majapahits patih (prime minister) and army leader. ... Islam (Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Satellite photograph of Lombok, showing its volcano. ...


Religion

Most of the Sasaks today are adherents of the Wektu Lima version of Islam. Wektu Lima or Five Times signifies the five daily prayers which Muslims are required to do. Islam (Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ...


The term Wektu Lima is used to distinguish them from the Sasaks who are practioners of Wektu Telu or Three Times who only pray three times a day - which contradicts the teachings of Islam regarding this matter which clearly says that the daily prayers are five.


Large numbers of people adhering to the Wektu Telu faith can be still found throughout the island, especially in the village of Bayan, where the religion originated from. Large Wektu Telu communities can be still found in Mataram, Pujung, Sengkol, Rambitan, Sade, Tetebatu, Bumbung, Sembalun, Senaru, Loyok and Pasugulan. A small minority of Sasaks (estimated population; 8000) called the Bodha, mainly found in the village of Bentek and other remote areas of Lombok. They are totally untouched by Islamic influence and worship animistic gods alongside with some Hindu and Buddhist influences seen in their rituals and religious terms they used. The Bodha, also known as Boda, are the non-Muslim Animist Sasaks living on the slopes of Gunung Rinjani. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Abrasi Pantai Sasak Mencemaskan -- Jumat, 22 September 2000 (250 words)
Sepanjang 150 meter kawasan pesisir Pantai Sasak, Kabupaten Pasaman, Sumatera Barat, sejak empat tahun terakhir telah hilang dilanda abrasi.
Setiap bulannya, Sasak tercatat mampu menghasilkan sekitar 400 ton ikan segar sekaligus memasok daerah-daerah lain di Sumbar.
Ia berharap Pemda setempat segera dapat mengatasi kondisi tersebut, di antaranya dengan membangun krib-krib penghalang gelombang di sepanjang pantai Sasak yang masih tersisa.
Sasak (907 words)
The Sasak language (Base Sasak) is primarily spoken on the island of Lombok in Nusa Tenggara Barat, Indonesia, immediately east of Bali.
Sasak is generally classified as a member of the Austronesian language family, and subgrouped in Western Malayo-Polynesian with Balinese (spoken on Bali and western Lombok by about 2.6 million people) and Sumbawan (on the western half of Sumbawa island and spoken by about 160,000 people, according to Wurm and Hattori (eds)).
Sasak was the subject of a course in Linguistic Field Methods, taught by Peter Austin and Herman Suheri in Semester 2, 1997.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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