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Encyclopedia > Sarong

A sarong or sarung is a large sheet of fabric, often wrapped around the waist and worn as a skirt by men and women throughout much of south Asia and southeast Asia, parts of Africa, and on many Pacific islands. The fabric is often brightly coloured or printed with intricate patterns, often depicting animals or plants, checkered or geometric patterns, or resembling the results of tie dying. Sarongs are also used as wall hangings and other forms of clothing, such as shawls, baby carriers, complete dresses or upper body clothing. Sunday textile market on the sidewalks of Karachi, Pakistan. ... A skirt is a traditionally feminine tube- or cone-shaped garment which is worn from the waist and covers the legs. ... This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The Pacific Ocean has an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands; the exact number is unknown. ... Printing is an industrial process for reproducing copies of texts and images, typically with ink on paper using a printing press. ... A pattern is a form, template, or model (or, more abstractly, a set of rules) which can be used to make or to generate things or parts of a thing, especially if the things that are generated have enough in common for the underlying pattern to be inferred or discerned... Animalia redirects here. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... Categories: Stub ... Girls wearing formal attire for dancing, an example of one of the many modern forms of clothing. ...


The dyeing technique of batik is associated with sarong production. A batik painting depicting two Indian women. ...


In strict usage, sarong [Malay, "sheath"] denotes the lower garment worn by the Malay people, both men and women. The word originates from the Indian word Saree. This consists of length of fabric about a yard wide and two-and-a-half yards long. In the center of this sheet, across the narrower width, a panel of contrasting color or pattern about one foot wide is woven or dyed into the fabric, which is known as the kepala or "head" of the sarong. This sheet is stitched at the narrower edges to form a tube. One steps into this tube, brings the upper edge above the level of the navel (the hem should be level with the ankles), positions the kepala at the center of the back, and folds in the excess fabric from both sides to the front center, where they overlap and secures the sarong by rolling the upper hem down over itself. Malay men wear sarongs woven in a check pattern; women wear sarongs dyed in the batik method, with, for example, flower motifs, and in brighter colors. The sarong is common wear for women, in formal settings with a kebaya blouse. Malay men wear sarongs in public only when attending Friday prayers at the mosque, but sarongs remain very common casual wear at home for men and women of all races and religions in Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Sari has two meanings: name of an Indian garment worn by women. ...

Contents

Regional variations

Sarongs are widespread in the South Indian state of Kerala, where they are called mundu, as well as in Tamil Nadu, where they are called Sarem, and are usually worn at home. Unlike the brightly coloured Southeast Asian sarongs, the Keralan variety is more often plain white and is worn for ceremonial or religious purposes. Mundu are generally worn only by men in this region. The more formal, all-white Dhoti, is worn for formal and religious occasions. There are also dresses based on mundu which can be worn by women, however they more commonly wear sari. It is also very common in rural Sri Lanka. Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The mundu is a garment worn around the waist in Kerala related to the Dhoti as well as the Lungi. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Similar to sarongs, dhotis are commonly worn with western-style oxford shirts by the men of South India. ... A traditional north Indian style sari. ...


In North America, the fabric of the sarong is generally quite light, often rayon, and may feature decorative fringing on two sides. They may also have ties, which are long thin strips of fabric used to assist the wearer in holding the sarong to his body so it does not fall off while moving around. In North America, sarongs are often used by women as a cover-up over swimwear. Rayon is a manufactured regenerated cellulosic fiber. ... Womans bathing suit, 1920s, USA A swimsuit (also swimmers), bathing suit (also bathers) or swimming costume (sometimes shortened to cozzie) is an item of clothing designed to be worn for swimming. ...


Securing as a garment

Numerous tying methods exist to hold a sarong to the wearer's body. In some cases, these techniques customarily differ according to the gender of wearer. If a sarong has ties, they may be used to hold it in place. If no ties exist, a pin may be used, the fabric may be tightly tucked under itself in layers, the corners of the main sheet may be around the body and knotted, or a belt may be used to hold the sarong in place. A belt is a flexible band, typically made of leather or heavy cloth, and worn around the waist. ...


Similar garments

The basic garment known in English most often as a "sarong", sewn or unsewn, has analogs in many regions, where it shows variations in style and is known by different names.


In Africa: A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...

Bangladeshi boy in traditional lungi loincloth
Bangladeshi boy in traditional lungi loincloth

On the Indian subcontinent:  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... A simplified illustration of a kanga. ... Cotton ready for harvest. ... A simplified illustration of a kanga. ... Image File history File linksMetadata LungiBoy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata LungiBoy. ... A boy in a village of Narail, Bangladesh wearing a lungi with single knot. ... Satellite image of the Indian subcontinent Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ...

  • In South Asia it is called a lungi. It is most often sewn into a large cylindrical shape, so there is no slit when the lungi is tied.
  • In India similar articles of clothing are the dhoti (or dhuti in West Bengali, veshti in Tamil, pancha in Telugu, and panche in Kannada).
  • In the Maldives, and Indian state of Kerala, it is known as a mundu or neriyathu.
  • In Punjab it is a called maylee when worn by a man, and a gamcha when worn by a woman.
  • In Sinhalese, it is known as the Sarama

In Southeast Asia: This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. ... A boy in a village of Narail, Bangladesh wearing a lungi with single knot. ... Similar to sarongs, dhotis are commonly worn with western-style oxford shirts by the men of South India. ... Bengali or Bangla (বাংলা, IPA: ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent, evolved from Prakrit, Pāli and Sanskrit. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Telugu (తెలుగు) is a Dravidian language primarily spoken in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The mundu is a garment worn around the waist in Kerala related to the Dhoti as well as the Lungi. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 Punjab (Persian: ‎, meaning Land of the five Rivers) (c. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...

Polynesian Hiva Oa dancers dressed in pāreu around 1909
Polynesian Hiva Oa dancers dressed in pāreu around 1909

In the Pacific Islands: The sampot is the national garment of Cambodia. ... Baju Melayu is the national costume of Malaysia worn by Malaysian men. ... Longyi is a sheet of cloth. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (892x599, 99 KB) Summary == Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pareo ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (892x599, 99 KB) Summary == Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pareo ... Hiva `Oa is the second largest island in the Marquesas Islands, and the largest island of the southern group. ... The Pacific Ocean contains an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands; the exact number has not been precisely determined. ...

  • In Fiji it is known as a sulu.
  • In Hawaii it is referred to by the Anglicized Tahitian name, pareo.
  • In Papua New Guinea the Tok-Pisin term is lap-lap. Worn by men and women.
  • In Rotuma, it is known as a "hạ' fạli"
  • In Samoa it is known as a lavalava (also lava-lava).
  • In Tahiti it is known as a pāreu.
  • In Tonga it is known as tupenu.

This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Young girl from cold Rimatara (Tuhaʻa pae) in 1887 The pāreu or pareo (see below) is the Tahitian word for wraparound skirt. ... Lap-lap is a waistcloth or loincloth worn in Papua New Guinea and the South Pacific. ... Rotuma is a Fijian Dependency, consisting of the island of Rotuma and the nearby islets of Hatana, Hofliua, Solkope, Solnohu and Uea. ... A lava-lava is a kind of clothing worn by Polynesians, especially Samoans. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Young girl from cold Rimatara (Tuhaʻa pae) in 1887 The pāreu or pareo (see below) is the Tahitian word for wraparound skirt. ... Children dressed in their best for a church festival. ...

The sarong in motion pictures

The American public is most familiar with the sarong for the dozens of motion pictures set in the South Seas, most of them romantic dramas made in the 1930's and 1940's. Dorothy Lamour is by far the actress most linked with the garment, starring in multiple films of this genre, starting with The Hurricane in 1937. In fact, Lamour was nicknamed "The Sarong Girl" by the press and even wore a sarong on occasion in more traditional films. Among the other actresses to don the sarong for film roles are Maria Montez, Gilda Gray, Myrna Loy, Gene Tierney, Frances Farmer and Movita. Male stars who wore the manly sarongs on film include Jon Hall, Ray Milland, Tyrone Power, Robert Preston and Sabu Dastagir. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Dorothy Lamour (December 10, 1914 – September 22, 1996) was an American motion picture actress, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, died in Hollywood, California. ... The Hurricane is a 1937 film directed by John Ford about a tropical cyclone in the Pacific Ocean. ... Maria Montez was the stage name of María África Gracia Antonia Vidal de Santos Silas (June 6, 1912, Barahona, Dominican Republic - September 7, 1951, Paris, France). ... Gilda Gray (October 24, 1901 - December 22, 1959) was a Polish-American actress/dancer who became famous in the US for making the dance called the shimmy famous in the 1920s in movies and theater productions in the 1920s in the US. Gilda Gray was born Marianna Winchalaska (or... Myrna Loy (August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American motion picture actress. ... Gene Tierney (November 19, 1920 – November 6, 1991) was an American actress. ... Frances Elena Farmer (September 19, 1913 – August 1, 1970) was an American film actress. ... Maria Movita Castaneda (born December 4, 1917, Nogales, Arizona, United States) is a Mexican-American actress who was the second wife of the American actor Marlon Brando. ... Jon maddog Hall is the Executive Director of Linux International [1], a non-profit association of computer vendors who wish to support and promote the Linux operating system. ... Ray Milland (January 3, 1905 – March 10, 1986) was a successful Welsh actor and director who worked primarily in the United States. ... Tyrone Power in Charles Laughtons production of John Browns Body, photo by Carl Van Vechten, March 3, 1953 Tyrone Edmund Power, Jr. ... Robert Preston (1918 - 1987) was an American actor. ... Sabu in The Jungle Book Sabu Dastagir (January 27, 1924 – December 2, 1963) was a motion picture actor known by his first name, Sabu. ...


See also

Formal Highland regalia, kilt and Prince Charlie jacket for Black tie. ... A simplified illustration of a kanga. ...

External links

  • Tying an unsewn sarong front pleats method, panel images, schematic
  • Tying an unsewn sarong for women 3 methods, some panel images
  • Tying a tubular Indonesian sarong for men one fold method, panel images
  • Tying a tubular Indonesian sarong for men two fold method, panel images
  • Alternative method for tying an unsewn sarong moderate quality illustrations

 
 

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