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Sarmatian The cataphract was a type of heavy cavalryman used primarily in eastern and southeastern Europe, in Anatolia and Iran from late antiquity up through the High Middle Ages. The term is Greek, with a basic meaning of covered or protected, and a specific military meaning of armored. Nations deploying cataphracts... Cataphract

Sarmatians, Sarmatae or Sauromatae (the second form is mostly used by the earlier For other uses, see Greece may be: Ancient Greece Greece, country in southeast Europe, also known as Hellas or Ellas Greece (CDP), New York Greece (town), New York This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an... Greek writers, the other by the later Greeks and the Roman or Romans has several meanings, primarily related to the Roman citizens, but also applicable to typography, math, and a commune. Contents // 1 Roman 1.1 See also 2 Geometry 3 Typography 4 Christianity 5 Geography Roman The noun Roman means a citizen of For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation... Romans) were a people whom Herodotus was an ancient historian who lived in the 5th century BC (484 BC - c. 425 BC). He is famous for the descriptions he wrote of different places and people he met on his travels and his many books about the Persian invasion in Greece. Contents // 1 Overview 2 Opinions... Herodotus (4.21-117) in the (6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events Demotic becomes the dominant script of ancient Egypt Persians invade Greece twice (Persian Wars) Battle... 5th century BC put on the eastern boundary of Scythia was an area in Eurasia inhabited in ancient times by an Iranian people known as the Scythians. The location and extent of Scythia varied over time from the Altai region where Mongolia, China, Russia, and Kazakhstan come together to the lower Danube river area and Bulgaria. Saka are Asian... Scythia beyond the Tanais ( This article is about the river in Western Russia. For other rivers with the same name, see There are at several rivers named Don: Don River, Russia Don River, Toronto River Don, England River Don, Aberdeenshire This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... Don). They were Iran ( Persian ( Parsi پارسی ) Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and parts of Uzbekistan Region: Middle east Total speakers: 61.7 million Ranking: 29 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Indo-Iranian   Iranian    Western     Southwestern   ... Iranian people akin to the Scythians ( Saka is also the name of a town in Hiroshima, Japan; for information on this town, see Saka, Hiroshima. The Sakas or Saka race was a group of Iranian people who lived in present day Uzbekistan around 3000 BC. These Sakas followed other Aryans into present day Iran, and returned... Saka).


One writer averred that they were not pure Scythians, but, being descended from young Scythian men and This article is about the Amazon women of Greek mythology. For other uses, see Amazons (disambiguation). In Greek mythology, the Amazons were either an ancient legendary nation of female warriors or a contemporary land of women at the outer edges of the world. The legends appear to have a nugget... Amazons, spoke an impure dialect and allowed their women to take part in war and to enjoy much freedom. Later writers call some of them the "woman-ruled Sarmatae". Hippocrates: a conventionalized image in a Roman portrait bust (19th century engraving) Hippocrates of Cos (c. 460 BC–380 BC) was an Ancient Greek physician, commonly regarded as one of the most outstanding figures in medicine of all time; he has been called the father of medicine. He was... Hippocrates (De Aere, etc., 24) classes them as Scythian. From this we may infer that they spoke an Iranian language cognate with Scythian.


This article is about the historian Tacitus. For the Emperor Tacitus, see Marcus Claudius Tacitus. Gaius Cornelius Tacitus Publius or Gaius Cornelius Tacitus (c. 55–c. 117), Roman orator, lawyer, and senator, is considered one of antiquitys greatest historians. His major works—the Annals and the Histories... Tacitus disparaged the Sarmatians ( The Germania (Latin title: De Origine et situ Germanorum), written by Gaius Cornelius Tacitus around 98, is an ethnographic work on the diverse set of Germanic tribes outside the Roman Empire. Contents // 1 Purpose and uses 2 Sources of the book 3 References 4 Further reading 5 See also 6... Germania, ch. 46) whom he placed in For other uses, see Woodland (disambiguation). Biologically, a woodland is differentiated from a forest. In these terms, a forest has a largely-closed canopy -- in other words, the branches and foliage of trees interlock overhead to provide extensive and nearly continuous shade. A woodland, however, has a largely-open canopy... woodlands, not The steppe of Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, steppe (from Slavic step) is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally reckoned as being dominated by tall grasses, while short grasses are said... steppes, and thought had a "degraded aspect"; his picture of Sarmatians as "living on horseback and in wagons" sounds more likely.


Later, Pausanias was Greek traveller and geographer of the 2nd century A.D., who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. He is famous for his Description of Greece, a lengthy work that describes ancient Greece from firsthand observations, and is a crucial link between classical literature... Pausanias, viewing A votive deposit or votive offering is an object left in a sacred place for ritual purposes. Such items are a feature of modern and ancient societies and are generally made in order to gain favour with supernatural forces. This is attested by historical Roman and Greek sources although similar... votive offerings near the Athenian Acropolis in the (1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century - other centuries) Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events Roman Empire governed by the Five Good Emperors (96–180) – Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius. The kingdom of Aksum emerges. Significant persons Cai... 2nd century AD (Description of Greece 1.21.5-6), found among them

a Sauromatic breastplate. On seeing this a man will say that no less than Greeks are foreigners skilled in the arts: for the Sauromatae have no iron, neither mined by themselves nor yet imported. They have, in fact, no dealings at all with the foreigners around them. To meet this deficiency they have contrived inventions. In place of iron they use bone for their spear-blades, and Dogwood Cornus florida in flower early May in Pittsburgh, PA Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Cornales Family: Cornaceae Genus: Cornus Subgenus Cornus Benthamidia Swida Dogwoods are one to three genera (depending on botanical interpretation) of deciduous shrubs and trees in the family Cornaceae. (Sub)genus Cornus... cornel-wood for their bows and arrows, with bone points for the arrows. They throw a lasso round any enemy they meet, and then turning round their horses upset the enemy caught in the lasso.
Their breastplates they make in the following fashion. Each man keeps many mares, since the land is not divided into private allotments, nor does it bear any thing except wild trees, as the people are nomads. These mares they not only use for war, but also sacrifice them to the local gods and eat them for food. Their hoofs they collect, clean, split, and make from them as it were python scales. Whoever has never seen a python must at least have seen a pine-cone still green. He will not be mistaken if he liken the product from the hoof to the segments that are seen on the pine-cone. These pieces they bore and stitch together with the sinews of horses and oxen, and then use them as breastplates that are as handsome and strong as those of the Greeks. For they can withstand blows of missiles and those struck in close combat.

The greater part of the barbarian names occurring in the inscriptions of redirect Olbia,_Ukraine ... Olbia, Tanais, the Greek name for the River Don in antiquity, was also the name of the city on the river situated in the Don river delta that reaches into the northeasternmost part of the Sea of Azov, which the Greeks called Lake Maeotis. The site of ancient Tanais is about... Tanais and Panticapaeum was an ancient Greek colony founded about 2600 years ago on the Cimmerian Bosporus, at the site of present-day Kerch city in the Crimea (Ukraine). The word Panticapaeum could be translated as Fish Road. Panticapaeum became the capital of the Bosporan Kingdom, which arose in the 5th century... Panticapaeum are supposed to be Sarmatian, and as they have been well explained from the The Iranian languages are a part of the Indo European language family. The Iranian language group is part of the larger Indo-Iranian language subfamily and accounts for some of the oldest-recorded Indo-European languages. Indo-Iranian languages originated around modern Afghanistan, and split into the Iranian, Indo-Aryan... Iranian language now spoken by the Ossetians of the The Caucasus is a region in A map showing Southwest Asia - The term Middle East is more often used to refer to both Southwest Asia and some North African countries Southwest Asia, or West Asia, is the southwestern part of Asia. Geographers that were annoyed with the ambiguity of the... Caucasus (the Ossetic language), these are supposed to be the modern representatives of the Sarmatae and can be shown to have a direct connection with the The Alans or Alani were an Iranian nomadic group among the Sarmatian people, warlike nomadic pastoralists of mixed backgrounds, who spoke an Iranian language and shared, in a broad sense, a common culture. Contents // 1 Early Alans 2 The western Alans and Vandals 3 Alans and Slavs 4 The eastern... Alans, one of their tribes.


By the (4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The first two Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome over dominance in western Mediterranean Rome... 3rd century BC the Sarmatae appear to have supplanted the Scyths proper in the plains of what is now south Ukraine (Україна, Ukrayina in The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Ukrainian (українська мова / Ukraïnska Mova) Spoken in: Ukraine, Poland, Slovakia Region... Ukraine, where they remained dominant until the This article is about the Germanic tribes. For the late 20th century youth subculture, see This article is about the contemporary goth subculture. For the Germanic peoples, see the Goths. Goth is a modern subculture that gained visibility during the early 1980s within the gothic rock scene, a sub-genre... Gothic and Many historians consider the Huns (meaning person in Mongolian language) the first The term Mongolian can refer to: a person, place or item from Mongolia a member of the Mongolian people, known as the Mongols the Mongolian language or the Mongolian alphabet Also, the pejorative terms mongoloid and mongolism were... Hunnish invasions. Their chief divisions were the Rhoxolani were Sarmatian tribes that migrated in the 3rd and 4th century BC from the territories north of Azov Sea toward the Danube, in what is now the Baragan steppes in Romania. They were defeated in the Crimea by Diophantus, general of Mithradates, circa 100 BC, and by the Romans... Rhoxolani; the Iazyges, an Iranian people and a tribe of Sarmatians first heard of on the Maeotis, where they were among the allies of Mithridates the Great. Moving westward across Scythia, and hence called Metanastae, they were on the lower Danube by the time of Ovid, and about AD 50 occupied the... Iazyges, with whom the Romans had to deal on the For other uses of Danube, see Danube may refer to: The Danube River Danube, New York Danube, Minnesota The Danube class starship from the Star Trek universe A station on the Paris Métro The Blue Danube, a famous waltz composed by Johann Strauss the younger in 1867 Blue Danube... Danube and The Tisza (in Hungarian, Ukrainian: Tysa/Тиса, Russian: Tisa/Тиса, Romanian, Slovak and Serbian: Tisa, German: Theiß, Latin: Tissus, Tisia or Pathissus) is a river, tributary of the Danube and one of the major rivers of Central Europe, passing through Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine... Theiss; the Taiphali; and the The Alans or Alani were an Iranian nomadic group among the Sarmatian people, warlike nomadic pastoralists of mixed backgrounds, who spoke an Iranian language and shared, in a broad sense, a common culture. Contents // 1 Early Alans 2 The western Alans and Vandals 3 Alans and Slavs 4 The eastern... Alani. Among others, Sarmatian tribes also included Serbs Total population: 11 million (est.) Population: Serbia and Montenegro  6,674,470 Bosnia and Herzegovina  1,479,930 Croatia  201,631 (2001) (580,000 in 1991) Slovenia  38,964 (2002) FYROM  35,939 (2002) Albania  10,000 Romania  22,725 (2002) Hungary... Serbs and Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a south Slavic people mostly living in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina (where theyre one of the constitutive nations). Autochthonous Croat minorities exist in Vojvodina (northern Serbia) and in the Austrian province of Burgenland as well as bordering areas of western Hungary and Slovakia. There... Croats, which latter moved to the west and mixed with The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. They speak Slavic languages and reside chiefly in the east of that continent, but are also found in Asia. Contents // 1 Ethno-cultural subdivisions 2 The Slavic homeland debates 3 Naming and etymologies 4 Early... Slavs. See also Sarmat tribes of Ural (http://www.lost-civilizations.net/sarmat-tribes-ural.html).


Sarmatians were still a force the Romans had to reckon with in the late (3rd century - 4th century - 5th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events Definitive declaration of biblical canon: Council... 4th century AD. Ammianus Marcellinus, thought by some to be the last Roman historian of worth, was born about A.D. 325‑330 likely at Antioch (the likelihood hingeing on whether he was the recipient of a surviving letter to a Marcellinus from a fellow citizen of Antioch). The date of his... Ammianus Marcellinus (29.6.13-14) describes a severe defeat which Sarmatian raiders inflicted upon Roman forces in the province of Valeria in Position of the Roman province of Pannonia Pannonia is an ancient country bounded north and east by the Danube, conterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia. Pannonia was located in the territory of present-day countries: Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia... Pannonia in late 374, when they almost annihilated both a legion recruited from In ancient geography, Moesia was a district inhabited by a Thracian people. It was bounded on the south by the mountain ranges of Haemus and Scardus (Scordus, Scodrus), on the west by the Drinus, on the north by the Danube and on the east by the Euxine. It thus corresponded... Moesia and one from Pannonia, which had been sent to intercept a party of Sarmatians who had been pursuing a senior Roman officer named Aequitius deep into Roman territory; the two legions failed to coordinate, and their quarrelling allowed the Sarmatians to catch them unprepared and deal a stunning blow.


The term Sarmatia is applied by later writers to as much as was known of what is Central and Eastern This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the... Europe, including all that which the older authorities call Scythia, the latter name being transferred to regions farther east. This article is about the geographer and astronomer Ptolemy. For Alexander the Greats general, see Ptolemy I of Egypt. For others named Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus, see Ptolemy (disambiguation). Claudius Ptolemaeus, given contemporary German styling, in a 16th century engraved book frontispiece Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: Κλαύδ... Ptolemy's Geography gave maps of European and Asiatic Sarmatia.

Contents

The idea of "Sarmatians"

In the (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant people 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events Beginning of the Little Ice Age... 16th century Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów Download high resolution version (364x601, 115 KB)Coat of arms Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth This work is copyrighted. The individual who uploaded this work and first used it in an article, and subsequent persons who place it into articles assert that this qualifies as fair use... Polish Szlachta ( The three-letter acronym IPA can stand for any of the following: International Phonetic Alphabet. See also: Phonetics Isopropyl alcohol International Phonetic Association India Pale Ale International Police Association Independent Pilots Association Institute of Public Affairs (Australia) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... gentry were wearing long coats trimmed with fur, sables if they could get them, and thigh-high boots, the "Sarmatian" costume they liked to be painted in, proclaiming their connections with a nobility on horseback, equals among themselves and invincible to foreigners. (according to Photo of Simon Schama by Robert Birnbaum Simon Schama (born 1945) is University Professor in history and art history at Columbia University. His many works on history and art include Landscape and Memory, Dead Certainties, Rembrandts Eyes, and his history of the French Revolution, Citizens. He is best known... Simon Schama, Landscape and Memory 1995, p. 38).


See also: Sarmatism was the prevalent mentality and ideology of szlachta in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 16th century to 19th century. The name came from alleged ancestors of the szlachta (Sarmatians). This belief became an important part of szlachtas culture and penetrated into all aspects of life. Sarmatian concept enshrined... Sarmatism.


Recent research

In a recent excavation of Samartian sites by Dr. Jeannine Davis-Kimball, a tomb was found in which female warriors were buried, thus lending some credence to the myths about the Amazons. Following the excavation in 2003 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E), e.g. 2003. (A common year is a year with 365 days — in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4... 2003 by Dr. Davis-Kimball, she and Dr. Joachim Burger compared the genetic evidence from the site with the nomadic A Kazakh and his camel The Kazakhs (Qazaq, Quazaq), (in Kazakh: Казак; in Russian: Казах; English term is the transliteration from Russian) are a Turkic people of the northern parts of Central Asia famous in the past for the fierce love of... Kazakhs in Mongolia and have found a striking genetic link. This finding was verified later by the University of Cambridge Motto (Latin) Hinc lucem et pocula sacra Literal translation: From here, light and sacred draughts. Non-literal: From the university we receive enlightenment and knowledge. Established 1209 Chancellor HRH The Duke of Edinburgh Vice-Chancellor Professor Alison Richard Location Cambridge, United Kingdom Students 16,000 total (4... University of Cambridge. [1] (http://www.thirteen.org/pressroom/release.php?get=1272).


Recent paper on the study of glass beads found in Sarmation graves suggest wide cultural and trade links [2] (http://www.nbz.or.jp/eng/pdffiles/hallandyablonsky1998.pdf)


Trivia

"Sarmatian Knights" were prominently featured in the 2004 film A movie poster for King Arthur. King Arthur is a 2004 film, dubbed as The True Story That Inspired The Legend. The makers of this film claim that they are presenting a historically accurate version of the Arthurian legends, from supposedly new archaelogical findings. While this is subject to debate... King Arthur


References

  • Brzezinski, R., et al, The Sarmatians 600 BC-AD 450 (in series Men-At-Arms 373) ISBN 184176485X
  • Davis-Kimball, Jeannine. 2002. Warrior Women: An Archaeologist's Search for History's Hidden Heroines. Warner Books, New York. 1st Trade printing, 2003. ISBN 0-446-67983-6 (pbk).
  • Tadeusz Sulimirski (1898-1983) was the Polish/British historian and archaeologist, researcher the ancient tribes of Sarmatians. He studied in Lvov University, where he received the rank of doctor for his work in prehistory and anthropology. As a docent he was a lecturer of prehistory in Lvov Iniversity in years... Tadeusz Sulimirski, The Sarmatians (vol. 73 in series "Ancient People and Places") Praeger Publishers, 1970

This article incorporates text from the The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. (Proprietary interest is typically represented by a copyright or patent.) Such works and inventions are considered part of... public domain The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. The edition is still often regarded as the greatest edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, with many articles being up to 10 times the length of... 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.


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Sarmatians - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3131 words)
Herodotus (4.21) in the 5th century BC placed the Sarmatians of which he knew on the eastern boundary of Scythia beyond the Tanais (Don) on a treeless steppe.
Moreover, the Sarmatians exacted tribute from the Cotini and Osi, and iron from the Cotini (ch.
The Sarmatians remained dominant until the Gothic ascendance in the Black Sea area and then disappeared at the Hunnish destruction of the Gothic empire and subsequent invasion of central Europe.
Sarmatians - definition of Sarmatians in Encyclopedia (734 words)
Sarmatians, Sarmatae or Sauromatae (the second form is mostly used by the earlier Greek writers, the other by the later Greeks and the Romans) were a people whom Herodotus (4.21-117) in the 5th century BC put on the eastern boundary of Scythia beyond the Tanais (Don).
Sarmatians were still a force the Romans had to reckon with in the late 4th century AD.
In the 16th century Polish gentry were wearing long coats trimmed with fur, sables if they could get them, and thigh-high boots, the "Sarmatian" costume they liked to be painted in, proclaiming their connections with a nobility on horseback, equals among themselves and invincible to foreigners.
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