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Encyclopedia > Sari

A sari / saree is the traditional female garment in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka.[1] A sari is a very long strip of unstitched cloth, ranging from four to nine metres in length, which can be draped in various styles. The most common style is for the sari to be wrapped around the waist, with one end then draped over the shoulder baring the midriff.[1] The sari is usually worn over a petticoat (pavada/pavadai in the south, and shaya in eastern India), with a blouse known as a choli or ravika forming the upper garment. The choli has short sleeves and a low neck and is usually cropped, and as such is particularly well-suited for wear in the sultry South Asian summers. Cholis may be "backless" or of a halter neck style. These are usually more dressy with a lot of embellishments such as mirrors or embroidery and may be worn on special occasions.Women in the armed forces, when wearing a sari uniform, don a half-sleeve shirt tucked in at the waist. Sari /Sārī/ is the provincial capital of Mazandaran, located in the north of Iran, between the northern slopes of the Alborz Mountains and southern coast of Caspian (Mazandaran) Sea. ... It has been suggested that Textile be merged into this article or section. ... Waistline The waist is the part of the abdomen between the ribcage and hips. ... Madame de Pompadour in an elaborately embroidered gown with matching petticoat, 1760s A petticoat or underskirt is an article of clothing for women; specifically an undergarment to be worn under a skirt, dress or sari. ... A blouse A blouse most commonly refers to a womans shirt, although the term is also used for some mens military uniform shirts. ... It has been suggested that Ravika be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Styles of draping

This painting by Raja Ravi Varma depicts many (but not all) traditional styles of draping the sari
This painting by Raja Ravi Varma depicts many (but not all) traditional styles of draping the sari

The most common style of draping a sari is wrapped around the waist and the bust then one end is draped over the shoulder. However, the sari can be draped in several different styles, though some styles do require a sari of a particular length or form. Image File history File links Ravi_Varma-Instruments. ... Image File history File links Ravi_Varma-Instruments. ... Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906) was an Indian painter who achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. ...


Some of the styles are:

  • North India : Also described below as the "Modern Style", it is the most common way of wearing a sari (shown in the images below) is 1 circle around the waist, pleats, half a cirlce more, with the loose end or "Pallu" going over the left shoulder. The North Indian Style refers to the drape common to Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Uttrakhand States.

Variations of the North Indian Style: Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ...

  • 1.In the north the Pallu may also be then draped again over the right shoulder or over the head and over the right shoulder. although this is done more as a sign of respect for elders.

Interestingly this same drape (over the head) is considered disrespectful in the South. The drape over head is thought to be a muslim influence brought about by intermingling cultures which was more pervasive due to invasions in the North.

  • 2 Over the shoulder and under the right arm (as shown in the picture with the yellow sari below)
  • Nivi – styles originally worn in Tamil Nadu; besides the modern nivi, there is also the kaccha nivi, where the pleats are passed through the legs and tucked into the waist at the back. This allows free movement while covering the legs.
  • Gujarati – this style differs from the nivi only in the manner that the loose end is handled: in this style, the loose end is draped over the right shoulder rather than the left, and is also draped back-to-front rather than the other way around.
  • Maharashtrian/Kache – This drape (front and back) is very similar to that of the male Maharashtrian dhoti. The center of the sari (held lengthwise) is placed at the center back, the ends are brought forward and tied securely, then the two ends are wrapped around the legs. When worn as a sari, an extra-long cloth is used and the ends are then passed up over the shoulders and the upper body. They are primarily worn by Brahmin women of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
  • Dravidian – sari drapes worn in Tamil Nadu; many feature a pinkosu, or pleated rosette, at the waist.
  • Madisaara style – This drape is typical of Brahmin ladies from Tamil Nadu and Kerala
  • Kodagu style – This drape is confined to ladies hailing from the Kodagu district of Karnataka. In this style, the pleats are created in the rear, instead of the front. The loose end of the sari is draped back-to-front over the right shoulder, and is pinned to the rest of the sari.
  • Gond – sari styles found in many parts of Central India. The cloth is first draped over the left shoulder, then arranged to cover the body.
  • the two-piece sari, or mundum neryathum, worn in Kerala. Usually made of unbleached cotton and decorated with gold or colored stripes and/or borders.
  • tribal styles – often secured by tying them firmly across the chest, covering the breasts.

Part of the list above is quoted from Chantal Boulanger,French cultural anthropologist , who categorizes sari drapes into a few families:[2] Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... The Gujarati people, or Gujaratis, (Gujarati: ગુજરાતી લોકો GujarātÄ« loko, or ગુજરાતીઓ GujarātÄ«o), is an umbrella term used to describe traditionally Gujarati speaking peoples who can trace their ancestry to the Gujarat region in India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , English: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Similar to sarongs, dhotis are commonly worn with western-style oxford shirts by the men of South India. ... A Brahmin (anglicised from the Sanskrit adjective belonging to Brahma) also known as Brahman belonging to ; Vipra, Dvija twice-born, is considered to be the Priest class (varna) in the ancient universal Varna System and a caste found all over the world, especially India and Nepal in Indian caste system... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , English: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... The Dravidian Race is the name sometimes still given to the peoples of southern and central India and northern Sri Lanka who speak Dravidian languages, the best known of which are Tamil (தமிழ்), Telugu (తెలుగు), Kannada and Malayalam. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Location of the Kodagu district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... Location of the Kodagu district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Gondi refers to a people and their language in Central India. ... Keralite woman in mundum neryathum Mundum neriyathum is the traditional clothing of women in Kerala, South India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... A pregnant womans breasts. ... Anthropology (from Greek: ἀνθρωπος, anthropos, human being; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the study of humanity. ...

The nivi drape starts with one end of the sari tucked into the waistband of the petticoat. The cloth is wrapped around the lower body once, then hand-gathered into even pleats just below the navel. The pleats are also tucked into the waistband of the petticoat.[3] They create a graceful, decorative effect which poets have likened to the petals of a flower.[3]
After one more turn around the waist, the loose end is draped over the shoulder.[3] The loose end is called the pallu or pallav. It is draped diagonally in front of the torso. It is worn across the right hip to over the left shoulder, partly baring the midriff.[3] The navel can be revealed or concealed by the wearer by adjusting the pallu, depending on the social setting in which the sari is being worn. The long end of the pallu hanging from the back of the shoulder is often intricately decorated. Some nivi styles are worn with the pallu draped from the back towards the front.

The Nivi saree was popularised through the paintings of Raja Ravi Verma.[4] by modifying the south indian saree called mundum neriyathum. In one of his painting the Indian subcontinent was shown as a mother wearing a flowing nivi saree.[4] Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906) was an Indian painter who achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. ... South India is a geographic and linguistic-cultural region of India. ... Mundum neriyathum is the traditional clothing of women in Kerala, South India. ...


Outside India

Sri Lanka

Sri Lankan women wear saris in many styles. However, two ways of draping the sari are popular and tend to dominate; the Indian style (classic nivi drape) and the Kandyan style (or 'osaria' in Sinhalese). The Kandyan style is generally more popular in the hill country region of Kandy from which the style gets its name. Though local preferences play a role, most women decide on style depending on personal preference or what is perceived to be most flattering for their figure.


The traditional Kandyan (Osaria) style consists of a full blouse which covers the midriff completely, and is partially tucked in at the front as is seen in this 19th century portrait. However, modern intermingling of styles has led to most wearers baring the midriff. The final tail of the sari is neatly pleated rather than free-flowing. This is rather similar to the pleated rosette used in the 'Dravidian' style noted earlier in the article.


The sari as cloth

Saris are woven with one plain end (the end that is concealed inside the wrap), two long decorative borders running the length of the sari, and a one to three foot section at the other end which continues and elaborates the length-wise decoration. This end is called the pallu; it is the part thrown over the shoulder in the Nivi style of draping.


In past times, saris were woven of silk or cotton. The rich could afford finely-woven, diaphanous silk saris that, according to folklore, could be passed through a finger-ring. The poor wore coarsely woven cotton saris. All saris were handwoven and represented a considerable investment of time or money. The current version of this article or section is written in an informal style and with a personally invested tone. ... Cotton ready for harvest. ... A finger ring is a metal band worn as an ornament around a finger; it is the most common current meaning of the word ring. ...


Simple hand-woven villagers' saris are often decorated with checks or stripes woven into the cloth. Inexpensive saris were also decorated with block printing using carved wooden blocks and vegetable dyes, or tie-dyeing, known in India as bhandani work. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Woodblock printing. ... Categories: Stub ...


More expensive saris had elaborate geometric, floral, or figurative ornament created on the loom, as part of the fabric. Sometimes warp and weft threads were tie-dyed and then woven, creating ikat patterns. Sometimes threads of different colors were woven into the base fabric in patterns; an ornamented border, an elaborate pallu, and often, small repeated accents in the cloth itself. These accents are called buttis or bhutties (spellings vary). For fancy saris, these patterns could be woven with gold or silver thread, which is called zari work. Ikat weaving from the Island of Sumba, Indonesia Ikat is a style of weaving that uses a tie-dye process on either the warp or weft before the threads are woven to create a pattern or design. ... Fernando Zari(Roma(Roma),28 Novembre 1940)) è Vicepresidente, membro del comitato esecutivo della PKB Privatbank. ...


Sometimes the saris were further decorated, after weaving, with various sorts of embroidery. Resham work is embroidery done with colored silk thread. Zardozi embroidery uses gold and silver thread and sometimes pearls and precious stones. Cheap modern versions of zardozi use synthetic metallic thread and imitation stones, such as fake pearls and Swarovski crystals. Zardozi work is an type of embroidery in India. ... A selection of gemstone pebbles made by tumbling rough rock with abrasive grit, in a rotating drum. ... Swarovski is the luxury brand name for the range of precision-cut crystal glass products produced by companies owned by Swarovski AG of Feldmeilen, near Zürich, Switzerland. ...


In modern times, saris are increasingly woven on mechanical looms and made of artificial fibers, such as polyester, nylon, or rayon, which do not require starching or ironing. They are printed by machine, or woven in simple patterns made with floats across the back of the sari. This can create an elaborate appearance on the front, while looking ugly on the back. The punchra work is imitated with inexpensive machine-made tassel trim. SEM picture of a bend in a high surface area polyester fiber with a seven-lobed cross section Polyester is a category of polymers, or, more specifically condensation polymers, which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. ... Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers first produced on February 28, 1935 by Wallace Carothers at DuPont. ... Rayon is a manufactured regenerated cellulosic fiber. ... An iron Ironing or smoothing is the work of using a heated tool to remove wrinkles from washed clothes. ...


Hand-woven, hand-decorated saris are naturally much more expensive than the machine imitations. While the over-all market for handweaving has plummeted (leading to much distress among Indian handweavers), hand-woven saris are still popular for weddings and other grand social occasions. Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn made of fiber called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ...


Types of saris

The sari has been internationalised by flight attendants' uniform like this one modelled by an Indian Airlines mannequin
The sari has been internationalised by flight attendants' uniform like this one modelled by an Indian Airlines mannequin

While an international image of the 'modern style' sari may have been popularised by airline stewardesses, each region in the Indian subcontinent has developed, over the centuries, its own unique sari style. Following are the well known varieties, distinct on the basis of fabric, weaving style or motif: Image File history File links Indian_hostess. ...


Indian saris

Northern

Chikan embroidery on a cotton kurta. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... Banarasi sarees are considered one of the finest sarees in India. ... Benares (also known as Banaras, Kashi, Kasi and Varanasi (वाराणसी)) is a Hindu holy city on the banks of the river Ganga or Ganges in the modern north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Jamdani is a kind of fine cloth made in Bangladesh. ... Shalu, is a special type of saree from Banaras (Varanasi), India. ...

Eastern styles

A Kantha is a type of sari popular in West Bengal, India. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Ikat weaving from the Island of Sumba, Indonesia Ikat is a style of weaving that uses a tie-dye process on either the warp or weft before the threads are woven to create a pattern or design. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ...

Western styles

Paithani is a name derived from a place called Paithan in Maharashtra state, where this particular sari was a peculiarity. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , English: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Bandhani work is a type of dyeing practiced mainly in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat, India. ... , Gujarat (Gujarati: , IPA:  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Kota doria are one of many types of sarees. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... A Hindu womans dress is the full Maratha sari of nine yard. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , English: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ...

Central styles

Illustration of a sari-clad, barefoot woman, c. 1847
Illustration of a sari-clad, barefoot woman, c. 1847

Chanderi is a town of historical importance in Ashoknagar District of Madhya Pradesh state in India. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Download high resolution version (395x760, 39 KB)Sari. ... Download high resolution version (395x760, 39 KB)Sari. ... Walking barefoot Going barefoot is the practice of not wearing shoes, socks, or other foot covering. ...

Southern styles

Bhoodhan Pochampally is a village in Nalgonda District. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... Venkatagiri is a census town in Nellore district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... Gadwal is a city and a municipality in Mahbubnagar district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... This article is about a city in India. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... Narayanpet is a small town in Andhra Pradesh,Mahabubnagar District , India. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... Mangalagiri is a town in India. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... Dharmavaram is a town near Anantapur, India, at around 27 km. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... The Balaramapuram sarees are exclusively made in the small town of Balarammapuram in the outskrits of Trivandrum, Kerala. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... , Coimbatore   (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Chettinad is a region of southern Tamil Nadu state, India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Ilkal saree (Kannada: ) is a traditional form of saree which is a common feminine wear in India. ...

Bangladeshi saris

Jamdani is a kind of fine cloth made in Bangladesh. ... A Dhakai is a type of sari (item of clothing worn in India) made with cotton. ... Rajshahi Silk is the name given to the silk products produced in Rajshahi, Bangladesh. ... Tangail is a district (zila) in central region of Bangladesh. ...

Nepalese saris

Nepalese women wear saris of many styles. Various saris are named according to the community and types of saris as well. Haku patasi worn by Jyapu community of Nepal is one of the most representative of Nepalese saris. It consists of a black sari with red margin.


Origins and history

A Kerala woman wearing a setu saree
A Kerala woman wearing a setu saree

The word 'sari' evolved from the Prakrit 'sattika' as mentioned in earliest buddhist jain literature.[5] Image File history File links Kerala-girl-left. ... Image File history File links Kerala-girl-left. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... South Indian mother shown wearing the Mundum Neryathum in the traditional style Mundum neriyathum is the traditional clothing of women in Kerala, South India. ...


The history of Indian clothing trace the sari back to the Indus valley civilization, which flourished in 2800-1800 BCE.[1] The earliest known depiction of the saree in the Indiain subcontinent is the statue of an Indus valley priest wearing a drape.[1] The // (c. ...


Ancient Tamil poetry, such as the Silappadhikaram and the Kadambari by Banabhatta, describes women in exquisite drapery or saree.[6] In ancient Indian tradition and the Natya Shastra (an ancient Indian treatise describing ancient dance and costumes), the navel of the Supreme Being is considered to be the source of life and creativity, hence the midriff is to be left bare by the saree.[7] Cilappatikaram (The Ankle Bracelet - initial c pronounced like the first syllable of chat) also spelled as Cilappadhikaram or Silappadhigaram, is one of the five great epics of ancient Tamil Literature. ... Banabhatta, also known as Bana, was a Sanskrit scholar of 7th century India. ... The Natya Shastra or Nātyaśāstra is the principal work of dramatic theory in the Sanskrit drama of classical India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Some costume historians believe that the men's dhoti, which is the oldest Indian draped garment, is the forerunner of the sari. They say that until the 14th century, the dhoti was worn by both men and women.[8]


Sculptures from the Gandhara, Mathura and Gupta schools (1st-6th century CE) show goddesses and dancers wearing what appears to be a dhoti wrap, in the "fishtail" version which covers the legs loosely and then flows into a long, decorative drape in front of the legs [1]. No bodices are shown.[9] Gandhāra (Sanskrit: गन्धार, Persian; Gandara, Waihind) (Urdu: گندھارا) is the name of an ancient Indian Mahajanapada, currently in northern Pakistan (the North-West Frontier Province and parts of northern Punjab and Kashmir) and eastern Afghanistan. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Gupta is a surname of Indian origin. ...

A North Indian girl wearing a sari
A North Indian girl wearing a sari

Other sources say that everyday costume consisted of a dhoti or lungi (sarong), combined with a breast band and a veil or wrap that could be used to cover the upper body or head. The two-piece Kerala mundum neryathum (mundu, a dhoti or sarong, neryath, a shawl, in Malayalam) is a survival of ancient Indian clothing styles, the one-piece sari is a modern innovation, created by combining the two pieces of the mundum neryathum.[10] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 220 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (431 × 1173 pixel, file size: 86 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sari worn in a North Indian style. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 220 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (431 × 1173 pixel, file size: 86 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sari worn in a North Indian style. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Keralite woman in mundum neryathum Mundum neriyathum is the traditional clothing of women in Kerala, South India. ... Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ...


It is generally accepted that wrapped sari-like garments, shawls, and veils have been worn by Indian women for a long time, and that they have been worn in their current form for hundreds of years.


One point of particular controversy is the history of the choli, or sari blouse, and the petticoat. Some researchers state that these were unknown before the British arrived in India, and that they were introduced to satisfy Victorian ideas of modesty. Previously, women only wore one draped cloth and casually exposed the upper body and breasts. Other historians point to much textual and artistic evidence for various forms of breastband and upper-body shawl. It has been suggested that Ravika be merged into this article or section. ...


In South India, it is indeed documented that women from many communities wore only the sari and exposed the upper part of the body till the 20th century.[8] Poetic references from works like Shilappadikaram indicate that during the sangam period in ancient South India, a single piece of clothing served as both lower garment and head covering, leaving the bosom and midriff completely uncovered.[6] In Kerala there are many references to women being bare-breasted.[8] including many pictures by Raja Ravi Varma. Even today, women in some rural areas do not wear cholis. In the privacy of homes, even city women sometimes find it convenient to drape the sari as a cover-all, without the choli. Cilappatikaram (The Ankle Bracelet) also spelled as Cilappadhikaram or Silappadhigaram, is one of the five great epics of ancient Tamil Literature. ... now. ... Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906) was an Indian painter who achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. ...


Gallery

See also

Similar to sarongs, dhotis are commonly worn with western-style oxford shirts by the men of South India. ... A boy in a village of Narail, Bangladesh wearing a lungi with single knot. ... It has been suggested that Ravika be merged into this article or section. ... Indian dress varies widely throughout India. ... Salwar kameez, from Max Tilkes Oriental Costume, 1922 Salwar kameez (also spelled shalwar kameez and shalwar qamiz) is a traditional dress worn by both women and men in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. ... Women from Jaipur wearing Salwar kameez and dupatta Dupatta (Hindi: दुपट्टा, Urdu: دوپٹا) is a long scarf that is essential to many South Asian womens suits. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Alkazi, Roshan (1983) "Ancient Indian costume", Art Heritage; Ghurye (1951) "Indian costume", Popular book depot (Bombay); Boulanger, Chantal; (1997)
  2. ^ Boulanger, Chantal; (1997) Saris: An Illustrated Guide to the Indian Art of Draping, Shakti Press International, New York.
  3. ^ a b c d Dongerkerry, Kamala, S. (1959) The Indian sari. New Delhi.
  4. ^ a b Miller, Daniel & Banerjee, Mukulika; (2004) "The Sari", Lustre press / Roli books.
  5. ^ Mohapatra, R. P. (1992) "Fashion styles of ancient India", B. R. Publishing corporation, ISBN 81-7018-723-0
  6. ^ a b Parthasarathy, R. (1993) The Tale of an Anklet: An Epic of South India – The Cilappatikaram of Ilanko Atikal, Translations from the Asian Classics, Columbia Univ. Press, New York, 1993.
  7. ^ Bharata (1967). The Natyashastra [Dramaturgy], 2 vols., 2nd. ed. Trans. by Manomohan Ghosh. Calcutta: Manisha Granthalaya; Beck, Brenda. (1976) The Symbolic Merger of Body, Space, and Cosmos in Hindu Tamil Nadu. Contributions to Indian Sociology 10(2): 213-43.
  8. ^ a b c Ghurye (1951) "Indian costume", Popular book depot (Bombay); Alkazi, Roshan (1983) "Ancient Indian costume", Art Heritage
  9. ^ Alkazi, Roshan (1983) "Ancient Indian costume", Art Heritage
  10. ^ Miller, Daniel & Banerjee, Mukulika; (2004) "The Sari", Lustre press / Roli books; Boulanger, C (1997) Saris: An Illustrated Guide to the Indian Art of Draping, Shakti Press International, New York. ISBN 0-9661496-1-0 ; Ghurye (1951) "Indian costume", Popular book depot (Bombay);

References and bibliography

  • Alkazi, Roshan (1983) "Ancient Indian costume", Art Heritage
  • Ambrose, Kay (1950) Classical Dances and Costumes of India. A. & C. Black, London.
  • Beck, Brenda. (1976) The Symbolic Merger of Body, Space, and Cosmos in Hindu Tamil Nadu. Contributions to Indian Sociology 10(2): 213-43.
  • Bharata (1967). The Natyashastra [Dramaturgy], 2 vols., 2nd. ed. Trans. by Manomohan Ghosh. Calcutta: Manisha Granthalaya.
  • Boulanger, Chantal; (1997) Saris: An Illustrated Guide to the Indian Art of Draping, Shakti Press International, New York.
  • Craddock, Norma. (1994). Anthills, Split Mothers, and Sacrifice: Conceptions of Female Power in the Mariyamman Tradition. Dissertation, U. of California, Berkeley.
  • Dongerkerry, Kamala, S. (1959) The Indian sari. New Delhi.
  • Ghurye (1951) "Indian costume", Popular book depot (Bombay); (Includes rare photographs of 19th century Namboothiri and nair women in ancient saree with bare upper torso).
  • Miller, Daniel & Banerjee, Mukulika; (2004) "The Sari", Lustre press / Roli books
  • Mohapatra, R. P. (1992) "Fashion styles of ancient India", B. R. Publishing corporation, ISBN 81-7018-723-0
  • Parthasarathy, R. (1993) The Tale of an Anklet: An Epic of South India – The Cilappatikaram of Ilanko Atikal, Translations from the Asian Classics, Columbia Univ. Press, New York, 1993.

External links

Indian Saree, Suits and Bridalwear in London. Asian Fashion in UK

  • Sari care
  • How to take care of a sari

  Results from FactBites:
 
:: LONG ISLAND&NEW YORK DIVORCE ATTORNEY, CHILD CUSTODY LAWYER, FAMILY LAW FIRM - NEW YORK STATE DIVORCE -SARI ... (357 words)
Sari M. Friedman, a Long Island New York divorce and custody attorney who can help you with your divorce and custody matter.
Sari M. Friedman is a North Shore attorney, mother of two, with more than twenty years of experience in the law.
Sari has written and published many articles on matrimonial and family law issues.
Sari - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2275 words)
The sari is usually worn over a petticoat (called lehenga/ghagra in northern India and pavada/pavadai in the south) and a low-cut, short-sleeved, midriff-baring blouse known in north India as a choli.
the two-piece sari, or mundum neryathum, worn in Kerala.
Saris are woven with one plain end (the end that is concealed inside the wrap), two long decorative borders running the length of the sari, and a one to three foot section at the other end which continues and elaborates the length-wise decoration.
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