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Encyclopedia > Sargent Shriver
Sargent Shrive
Sargent Shriver and George McGovern on Aug. 14, 1972 cover of Time Magazine
Born November 9, 1915 (age 91)
Westminster, Maryland, USA
Occupation Politician
Spouse Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Parents Robert Sargent Shriver and Hilda Shriver
Children
Maria Shriver
Timothy Perry Shriver
Mark Kennedy Shriver
Robert Sargent Shriver III
Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver

Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr. (born November 9, 1915) is an American Democratic politician and activist. He is best known as an in-law of the Kennedy family, the driving force behind the creation of the Peace Corps, and the Democratic Party's 1972 vice presidential candidate. Image File history File links Shriver-time. ... George McGovern on May 8, 1972 cover of Time Magazine George Stanley McGovern, Ph. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maryland. ... Location in Maryland. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Zurab Tsereteli with Eunice Kennedy Shriver (right) Eunice Mary Kennedy Shriver (born July 10, 1921 in Brookline, Massachusetts), USA, is a member of the Kennedy family. ... Maria Owings Shriver-Schwarzenegger (pronounced: ) (born November 6, 1955[1] in Chicago, Illinois at 5:12pm-CST) is an American journalist and the wife of California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and the niece of the late President John F. Kennedy. ... Timothy Perry Shriver Timothy Perry Shriver, Ph. ... Mark Kennedy Shriver (born February 17, 1964) is a United States Democratic Party politician who served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates for two consecutive terms, from 1995 to 2003. ... Robert Sargent Shriver III (born April 28, 1954), nicknamed Bobby Shriver, is a graduate of Yale College, where he became a member of Scroll and Key, and is a Yale Law School graduate and former part-owner of Baltimore Orioles. ... Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver (born July 20, 1965) is an activist for the mentally retarded. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ... John, Robert, and Edward Kennedy The Kennedy family is a prominent family in American politics and government descending from the marriage of Joseph P. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. ... Peace Corps volunteers usually serve for two years. ...


Shriver's ebullient personality and creative energy made him one of the most effective leaders of John F. Kennedy's New Frontier and Lyndon Johnson's Great Society in the 1960s. He inspired, directed, or founded numerous social programs and organizations, including Head Start, VISTA, Job Corps, Community Action, Upward Bound, Foster Grandparents, Special Olympics, the National Center on Poverty Law, Legal Services, and, as mentioned, the Peace Corps. Shriver also ran the War on Poverty during Johnson's tenure as president. JFK redirects here. ... The term New Frontier was used by John F. Kennedy in his acceptance speech in 1960 to the Democratic National Convention at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum as the Democratic nominee and was used as a label for his administrations domestic and foreign programs. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... The Great Society was a set of domestic programs proposed or enacted in the United States on the initiative of President Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969). ... Head Start is a program of the United States Department of Health and Human Services that focuses on assisting children from low-income families. ... VISTA or Volunteers in Service to America created by Lyndon Johnsons Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, was the domestic version of the Peace Corps. ... Logo of Job Corps Job Corps is a no-cost education and vocational training program administered by the Office of the Secretary of the United States Department of Labor. ... Upward Bound is a program of the United States Department of Education, the goal of which is to give high school students who are in categories that make them less likely to attend college (such as low income, parents who didnt attend college, and living in rural areas) the... Special Olympics is an international organization created to help people with intellectual disabilities develop self-confidence and social skills through sports training and competition. ... Peace Corps volunteers usually serve for two years. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Shriver served as U.S. ambassador to France from 1968 to 1970, becoming a quasi-celebrity among the French for bringing what Time magazine called "a rare and welcome panache" to the normally staid world of international diplomacy. List of United States ambassadors to France : Benjamin Franklin, Arthur Lee, Silas Deane (substitued by John Adams in 1778) 1776-1779 Benjamin Franklin 1779-1785 Thomas Jefferson 1785-1789 Gouverneur Morris 1792-1794 James Monroe 1794-1796 Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 1796-1797 Robert R. Livingston 1801-1804 John Armstrong 1804... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...

Contents

Early years

Shriver was born in Westminster, Maryland, spent his high school years at Georgetown Preparatory School, the prestigious all-boys Jesuit school in North Bethesda, Maryland. After graduating from Canterbury School in New Milford, Connecticut, which he attended on a full scholarship, Shriver spent the summer in Germany as part of the Experiment in International Living, returning in the fall of 1934 to begin college at Yale University. He received his bachelor's degree in 1938 from Yale University, where he was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and Scroll and Key, a prestigious secret society. He also served as Chairman of the Yale Daily News. Shriver went on to attend Yale Law School, where he earned the L.L.B. in 1941. Location in Maryland. ... K-8 private Episcopal School in Greensboro, North Carolina. ... “Yale” redirects here. ... A bachelors degree (Artium Baccalaureus, A.B. or B.A.) is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... Delta Kappa Epsilon (ΔΚΕ; also pronounced D K E or Deke) is the oldest secret college mens fraternity of New England origin. ... The Scroll and Key Society is a secret society that was established by John Addison Porter and others at Yale University in 1842. ... A secret society is an organization that conceals its activities from outsiders. ... A front page of the Yale Daily News. ... The Sterling Law Building Sculptural ornamentation on the Sterling Law Building Yale Law School, or YLS, is the law school of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries. ...


An early opponent of American involvement in World War II, Shriver was a founding member of America First, an organization that tried to keep America out of the war. Still, Shriver volunteered for the U.S. Navy, claiming he had a duty to serve his country even if he disagreed with its policies. He spent five years in active duty and became a full lieutenant. Shriver ultimately came to believe in the justness of American involvement in the war and retracted his early opposition. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... America First was a series of 20th Century isolation movements that opposed United States involvement in international affairs. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ...


Shriver's involvement with the Kennedy family began when family patriarch Joseph Kennedy, Sr. hired him to manage the Merchandise Mart — part of Kennedy's vast business empire — in Chicago, Illinois. Joe Kennedy Joseph Joe Patrick Kennedy, Sr. ... The Chicago Merchandise Mart North side of the Merchandise Mart Behind the Merchandise Mart A display inside the Merchandise Mart The Merchandise Mart is one of the largest commercial buildings in the world, located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, City of the Big Shoulders, The 312, The City that Works Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ...


After a seven-year courtship, Shriver married Eunice Kennedy, a sister of John F. Kennedy, on May 23, 1953. They had five children: Zurab Tsereteli with Eunice Kennedy Shriver (right) Eunice Mary Kennedy Shriver (born July 10, 1921) is a member of the Kennedy family. ... JFK redirects here. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...

Name Birth Death Notes
Robert Sargent Shriver III April 28, 1954 Yale Law School graduate and former part-owner of Baltimore Orioles
Maria Owings Shriver November 6, 1955 TV anchorwoman and wife of California's Republican Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger
Timothy Perry Shriver August 29, 1959 Chairman of Special Olympics
Mark Kennedy Shriver February 17, 1964 Democratic politician who served as a member of the House of Delegates in the Maryland legislature for eight years. In 2002 made an unsuccessful bid for U.S. Congress
Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver July 20, 1965 Activist for the mentally retarded and chairman of Best Buddies International, a friendship program for people with intellectual disabilities.

Their daughter Maria ultimately became a famous television news journalist and married actor and current California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. Robert Sargent Shriver III (born April 28, 1954), nicknamed Bobby Shriver, is a graduate of Yale College, where he became a member of Scroll and Key, and is a Yale Law School graduate and former part-owner of Baltimore Orioles. ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sterling Law Building Sculptural ornamentation on the Sterling Law Building Yale Law School, or YLS, is the law school of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4,5,8,20,22,33,42 Name Baltimore Orioles (1954–present) St. ... Maria Owings Shriver Schwarzenegger (born November 6, 1955), better known as Maria Shriver, is an American television journalist and the First Lady of California. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A news anchor (US,Can. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born on July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor and an American politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of California. ... Timothy Perry Shriver Timothy Perry Shriver, Ph. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Special Olympics is an international organization created to help people with intellectual disabilities develop self-confidence and social skills through sports training and competition. ... Mark Kennedy Shriver (born February 17, 1964) is a United States Democratic Party politician who served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates for two consecutive terms, from 1995 to 2003. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The House of Delegates is the name given to the lower house of the legislature in three U.S. states – Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Congress in Joint Session. ... Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver (born July 20, 1965) is an activist for the mentally retarded. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Mental retardation (abbreviated as MR), is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal intellectual capacity as an adult. ... Developmental disability is a term used to describe severe, life-long disabilities attributable to mental and/or physical impairments, manifested before the age of 22. ... Maria Owings Shriver-Schwarzenegger (pronounced: ) (born November 6, 1955[1] in Chicago, Illinois at 5:12pm-CST) is an American journalist and the wife of California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and the niece of the late President John F. Kennedy. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born on July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor and an American politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of California. ...


Running for office

In 1970, Shriver flirted with the possibility of running for Governor of Illinois or, more seriously, Maryland. He later admitted that his nascent campaign in Maryland was badly managed, and he soon decided to leave politics to practice law. Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33...


Shriver returned to the political world in 1972, when George McGovern chose him as his Vice Presidential running mate after McGovern's first pick — Thomas Eagleton — turned out to have had a history of mental health problems. The McGovern-Shriver ticket was badly beaten by the Republican candidates Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew. George McGovern on May 8, 1972 cover of Time Magazine George Stanley McGovern, Ph. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of succession... Thomas Eagleton and George McGovern on July 24, 1972 cover of Time magazine after his nomination for vice president on the Democratic ticket Thomas Eagleton on August 7, 1972 cover of Time Magazine after his withdrawal for vice president on the Democratic ticket. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Spiro Theodore Agnew (November 9, 1918 – September 17, 1996) was the 39th Vice President of the United States serving under President Richard M. Nixon, and the 55th governor of the state of Maryland. ...


Shriver sought the Democratic nomination for President in 1976. He was an energetic campaigner, but he could not escape the shadow of the Kennedy family and be seen as his own man. After a series of disappointing primary performances, he dropped out of the race.


Timeline

According to Shriver's biography:

  • 1947-48: Conducted, with his [future] wife Eunice Kennedy Shriver, the National Conference on Prevention and Control of Juvenile Delinquency in Washington
  • 1955-60: Served as president of the Chicago Board of Education
  • 1960: Worked as a political and organization coordinator in the Wisconsin and West Virginia primaries for Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy
  • 1961-66: Served as the organizer and first Director of the Peace Corps, where he developed volunteer activities in more than 50 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America
  • 1964-68: Served as the first Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity under U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1964-68 Created VISTA, Head Start, Community Action, Foster Grandparents, Job Corps, Legal Services, Indian and Migrant Opportunities and Neighborhood Health Services
  • 1965-68: Served as Special Assistant to President Johnson
  • 1970: Served as Chairman of Congressional Leadership for the Future, traveling to 29 U.S. states to gain support for 89 Democratic candidates for the House and Senate
  • 1970: Named a Partner in the law firm of Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver and Jacobson, specializing in international law and foreign affairs
  • 1972: Nominated by the Democratic Party as a candidate for Vice President with Senator George McGovern in the presidential effort against incumbents Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew
  • 1975: Embarked on a nationwide Lecture tour "Co-Existence and Common Existence" of the USSR at the invitation of the Soviet government
  • 1978: Inaugurated the Kennedy Institute of Ethics "Trialogue" to foster discussions between leaders of Christian, Jewish and Muslim Religions
  • 1981: Appointed to the Rockefeller University Council, an organization devoted exclusively to research and graduate education in the biomedical and related sciences
  • 1984: Elected President of Special Olympics by the Board of Directors; as President, he directed the operation and international development of sports programs around the world
  • 1990: Appointed Chairman of the Board of Special Olympics
  • 1993: Received the Franklin D. Roosevelt Freedom From Want Award
  • 1994: Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor, from President Clinton on August 8

List of United States ambassadors to France : Benjamin Franklin, Arthur Lee, Silas Deane (substitued by John Adams in 1778) 1776-1779 Benjamin Franklin 1779-1785 Thomas Jefferson 1785-1789 Gouverneur Morris 1792-1794 James Monroe 1794-1796 Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 1796-1797 Robert R. Livingston 1801-1804 John Armstrong 1804... Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP is an international law firm with offices in New York, Washington, DC, London, Paris and Frankfurt. ...

Miscellaneous

  • Shriver now suffers from Alzheimer's disease. Maria has published a children's book, What's Happening to Grandpa?, to help explain Alzheimer's to children. The book also gives kids suggestions on how to help and to show love to an elderly person with the disease.
  • Shriver is a devout Catholic who was known as one of the most observant members of the Kennedy family.
  • Shriver is a descendant of David Shriver, who signed the Maryland Constitution and Bill of Rights at Maryland's Constitutional Convention of 1776.

With the death of Thomas Eagleton on March 4, 2007, Shriver became the earliest living vice presidential nominee of either major party. Since the death of Gerald Ford on Dec. 26, 2006, he is the oldest living person to have run on either major party ticket. Alzheimers disease (AD) or senile dementia of Alzheimers type is a neurodegenerative disease which results in a loss of mental functions due to the deterioration of brain tissue. ... Maria Owings Shriver-Schwarzenegger (pronounced: ) (born November 6, 1955[1] in Chicago, Illinois at 5:12pm-CST) is an American journalist and the wife of California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and the niece of the late President John F. Kennedy. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33...


References

  • Clinton, Bill (2004). My Life. New York: Knopf. ISBN 0-375-41457-6. 
  • Stossel, Scott (2004). Sarge: The Life and Times of Sargent Shriver. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books. ISBN 1-58834-127-5. 

William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...

External links

Preceded by
Edmund Muskie (previous race),
Thomas Eagleton (previous candidate)*
Democratic Party Vice Presidential candidate
1972 (lost)
Succeeded by
Walter Mondale
(a) Eagleton was the original Vice Presidential nominee in 1972 but withdrew from the race and was replaced by Shriver. Muskie was the Vice Presidential nominee in 1968.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Viewpoint: Sargent Shriver and the politics of life (1315 words)
Shriver, physically hale, intellectually alert, an attender of daily Mass and a carrier of a rosary with well-worn wooden beads, he can look back on four decades of public service and a record of successful innovation unmatched by any contemporary leader in or out of government.
Special Olympics, which Shriver and his wife of nearly 50 years have nurtured since 1968, and which their son Timothy, a Catholic University of America Ph.D., now runs, revolutionized and humanized the care of mentally disabled children and adults.
That Shriver has had a happy home life, and seen each of his five children embrace other-centered, not self-centered, lives, is one reason he was able to say once to a Peace Corps reunion audience: “The politics of death is bureaucracy, routine, rules, status quo.
Robert Sargent Shriver Biography (543 words)
A son of Maryland and a longtime advocate for the poor and the powerless, Robert Sargent Shriver Jr.
Shriver was born in Westminster, Maryland, and spent his early childhood in the Baltimore area.
The Shriver Center at UMBC, named in honor of Eunice Kennedy Shriver and Sargent Shriver, was created in December 1993, with the mission of mobilizing the talents and resources of higher education to confront and solve the problems facing urban America today.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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