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Encyclopedia > Sargasso Sea
An image of the distribution and size of eel larvae shows the approximate location of the Sargasso Sea.
An image of the distribution and size of eel larvae shows the approximate location of the Sargasso Sea.

The Sargasso Sea is an elongated region in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by ocean currents. On the west it is bounded by the Gulf Stream; on the north, by the North Atlantic Current; on the east, by the Canary Current; and on the south, by the North Atlantic Equatorial Current. It is roughly 700 statute miles wide and 2,000 statute miles long (1,100 km wide and 3,200 km long). It stretches from roughly 70 degrees west to 40 degrees west, and from 25 degrees north to 35 degrees north. Bermuda is near the western fringes of the sea. The Sargasso Sea is the only sea without shores. The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... eel migration (image by Uwe Kils) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... eel migration (image by Uwe Kils) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... Ocean currents (1911) Ocean currents (1943) An ocean current is any more or less continuous, directed movement of ocean water that flows in one of the Earths oceans. ... For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ... Schematic of the worlds ocean currents. ... The Canary Current branches south from the North Atlantic Current and flows toward the South West about as far as Senegal where it turns West. ... The North Equatorial Current is a significant Pacific and Atlantic Ocean current that flows east-to-west between the equator and 10° north. ... A mile is any of several units of distance, or, in physics terminology, of length. ... “km” redirects here. ...


The very salty Sargasso Sea is often regarded as being lifeless, though it is home to some seaweed of the genus Sargassum. This seaweed floats en masse on the surface there. The Sargasso Sea also plays a major role in the migration of the European eel and the American eel. The larvae of both species hatch there and go to Europe and/or the East Coast of North America. Later in life, they try to return to the Sargasso Sea to lay eggs. It is also believed that after hatching, young Loggerhead Sea Turtles use currents such as the Gulf Stream to travel to the Sargasso Sea where they use the Sargassum as cover from predation until they are mature. Ascophyllum nodosum exposed to the sun in Nova Scotia, Canada Dead Mans Fingers (Codium fragile) off Massachusetts coast For the band, see; Seaweed (band) For the rock musician, see; Seaweed (musician) Seaweeds are any of a large number of marine benthic algae. ... Species Sargassum bacciferum, aka. ... Many types of fish undertake migrations on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annual, and with distances ranging from a few meters to thousands of kilometers. ... Binomial name Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Eel, Anguilla anguilla, is a snakelike fish. ... Binomial name Anguilla rostrata Le Sueur, 1821 The American eel (Anguilla rostrata) is a fish found on the Eastern coast of the United States. ... Leptocephalus larva A leptocephalus is the flat and transparent larva of the eel. ... In most birds and reptiles, an egg (Latin ovum) is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta) is a sea turtle and the only member of the genus Caretta. ... For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ...


Portuguese sailors were among the first to discover this region in the 15th century, although it may have been known to earlier mariners, as a poem by the late 4th century AD author Rufus Festus Avienus describes a portion of the Atlantic as being covered with seaweed. Christopher Columbus and his men also noted the Sargasso Sea, and brought reports of the masses of seaweed on the surface. Avienus was a Latin writer of the 4th century. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ...


Due to its proximity to Bermuda (and being in the Bermuda Triangle), the sea is credited with some of the infamous disappearances there. That stigma is further enforced by the sometimes total lack of wind over the sea, and the possibility for modern engines to become entangled in the sargassum, stranding most vessels. Thus, it is sometimes called the "graveyard of ships." NASA image of the western Atlantic, showing the popular borders of the Bermuda Triangle. ... Species Sargassum bacciferum, aka. ...


The Sargasso Sea was the subject of a recent metagenomics effort called the Global Ocean Sampling (GOS) survey, by J. Craig Venter and others, to evaluate the diversity of microbial life there. The results have indicated that, unlike previously thought, the area has a wide variety of prokaryotic life. Metagenomics (also Environmental Genomics or Community Genomics) is the study of genomes recovered from environmental samples as opposed to from clonal cultures. ... The Sorcerer II Global Ocean Sampling Expedition (GOS) is an Ocean exploration Genome project with the goal of assessing the genetic diversity in marine microbial communities and to understand their role in natures fundamental processes. ... Dr. Venter (right) with Michael Janich on his visit in Hong Kong in December 2004 John Craig Venter (born October 14, 1946, Salt Lake City) is an American biologist and businessman. ... Prokaryotes are unicellular (in rare cases, multicellular) organisms without a nucleus. ...


See also

NASA image of the western Atlantic, showing the popular borders of the Bermuda Triangle. ... The Sorcerer II Global Ocean Sampling Expedition (GOS) is an Ocean exploration Genome project with the goal of assessing the genetic diversity in marine microbial communities and to understand their role in natures fundamental processes. ... Leptocephalus larva of an ocean eel The eel is a long, thin bony fish of the order Anguilliformes. ...

External links

The Sargasso Sea is a favored region for scientific observation, exploration and research. The Sargasso Sea Ocean Observatory (S2O2) was formed in 2001 to coordinate these various efforts.


Coordinates: 28°20′08″N, 66°10′30″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Sargasso Sea (1068 words)
The Sargasso sea is part of the North Atlantic Ocean, lying roughly between the West Indies and the Azores.
For centuries the Sargasso Sea was dreaded by the seafaring because of its deadly calms.
The Sargasso Sea must remain an enigma of this globe, for the forces that have created it have created a masterpiece of visible nonconformity, which may only be the tip of the iceberg for invisible disharmony in its elements.
Sargasso Sea (520 words)
The Sargasso Sea is located around the Bermuda Islands between Florida and the Azores in the southwestern North Atlantic and partly belongs to the area of the Bermuda Triangle (see: ”Story” Atlantic Ocean).
The Gulf Stream and the North Equatorial Current encircles the Sargasso Sea, causing the oval-shaped sea to flow in a slow, clockwise drift.
The Labrador Sea is characterized by two different biological mysteries: the seaweed sargassum natans, and the eels, returning every year to this part of the Atlantic Ocean.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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