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Encyclopedia > Sardar Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (October 31, 1875December 15, 1950), popularly referred to as Sardar Patel, was an Indian statesman, an important leader of the Indian National Congress and the deputy Prime Minister in the first cabinet of Independent India. Sardar Vallabhbhai patel File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Sardar Vallabhbhai patel File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining, as the final day of October. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Election symbol of the Congress Election symbol of the Congress The Indian National Congress (also known as the Congress Party) is the largest subscription-based organisation in the world. ...

Contents

Early life

Vallabhbhai Patel was born into a farmer family on October 31, 1875, in Nadiad, Gujarat, India. He was the fourth son of Jhaverbhai Patel and Ladba. Somabhai, Narsibhai and Vitthalbhai Patel were his elder brothers. Like his contemporaries in the Indian freedom movement, Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, he also went to London to be trained as a barrister. He returned to India to become one of the leading lawyers in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Inspired by Gandhi, he joined the freedom movement. Nadiad is a medium level city in the Indian state of Gujarat, with a population of about 0. ... Gujarat (ગુજરાત in Gujarati) is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra and is located in western India, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest and Rajasthan to the north. ... Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) (Devanagari: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी, Gujarati મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી), called Mahatma Gandhi, was the charismatic leader who brought the cause of Indias independence from British colonial rule to world attention. ... Jawaharlal Nehru (जवाहरलाल नेहरू, Javāharlāl Nehrū) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964), also called Pandit (Teacher) Nehru, was the leader of the socialist wing of the Indian National Congress during and after Indias struggle for independence from the British Empire. ... Ahmedabad or Ahmadābād or Amdavad (as spoken in Gujarati language), is the largest city in Gujarat and the sixth largest city in India. ...


Movement for Indian independence

Kheda struggle

Sardar Patel's first major participation was during the Kheda Struggle. The Kheda division of Gujarat was reeling under a severe drought and the peasants asked for relief from the high rate of taxes. When it was denied, Sardar Patel, Gandhi and others led the villagers in their refusal to pay the taxes. Ultimately the government granted tax relief for that year resulting in the first major success for Sardar in his public life. Kheda is a town in the Gujarat state of India. ...


Bardoli Satyagraha

Sardar's name is associated with the Satyagraha or non-cooperation movement in the town of Bardoli, Gujarat. His strong leadership in the Bardoli struggle gave him the name “ Sardar of Bardoli ” and later just Sardar. See Satyagraha (opera) for an account of the opera of that title by Philip Glass. ...


Power within Congress

Patel joined the Congress during Gandhi's non-cooperation movements of the twenties and by 1937 had been Congress President twice. He was popular within the party bureaucracy and the masses, but Jawaharlal Nehru, considered to be Patel's rival within the party and the leader of the socialists in Congress, was considered a far more charismatic and appealing mass leader. Despite their differences, they decided to work towards the common cause of unseating the British mainly due to Gandhi's intervention. Patel, who was loyal to Gandhi, did not go against the latter's wish to see the Cambridge-educated Nehru as the successor to his legacy. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) (Devanagari: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी, Gujarati મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી), called Mahatma Gandhi, was the charismatic leader who brought the cause of Indias independence from British colonial rule to world attention. ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jawaharlal Nehru (जवाहरलाल नेहरू, Javāharlāl Nehrū) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964), also called Pandit (Teacher) Nehru, was the leader of the socialist wing of the Indian National Congress during and after Indias struggle for independence from the British Empire. ... For information on mainstream political parties using the term Socialist, see Social democracy and Democratic socialism, For the governments of the USSR, the PRC, and others, see: Communist state, Other variants of Socialism include Marxism, Communism, and Libertarian Socialism. ... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world (after Oxford). ...


Independent India

Though Patel had the backing of most of the provincial Congress committees, he kept out of the race for Prime Ministership as per Gandhi's wishes and supported Nehru's candidacy. He was then given the post of Deputy PM and the powerful Home Ministry, but relations between him and Nehru continued to be strained, with both threatening to resign on several occasions. His most immediate concern was consolidation of the Indian princely states into the Union of India, which he accomplished bloodlessly except in the case of Hyderabad where he sent the army. His contribution to the unification of India made him known as the Iron Man of India. He died in 1950, leaving Nehru less opposition within the party. A princely state or native state was a feudal monarchy in British India ruled by a hereditary ruler, who was nominally sovereign. ... Hyderabad and Berar, 1903 Hyderābād was an autonomous princely state of south-central India from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam, and an Indian state from 1948 to 1956. ...


Integration of Princely States

Even during the transition period before Independence, assisted by bureaucrat V.P. Menon, Patel worked towards the integration of the numerous Indian states into the Indian union. Patel and Menon attempted to persuade the princes of the impossibilty of autonomy from the Indian republic, especially in the presence of growing opposition from their subjects. He also proposed favourable terms for the merger, including creation of privy purses for the descendants of the rulers. All but three of the states willingly merged into the Indian union leading to the comment that Patel “liquidated the princely states without liquidating the princes”. Only Jammu and Kashmir, Junagadh, and Hyderabad did not fall into his “basket”. Junagadh joined the union, following protests against the Nawab, who then fled to Pakistan. When the Nizam of Hyderabad refused to join the union, Patel sent the army and Hyderabad surrendered in a few days. Citing the international character of the Kashmir dispute, the Nehru took direct charge of Kashmiri affairs. Jammu and Kashmir (Hindi जम्मू और कश्मीर, Jammū ôr Kašmīr; Urdu جموں و کشمیر, Jammūn va Kašmīr; Kashmiri جۄم تٕ کٔشېر, जॅम तु कशीर, Jọm tụ Kạšīr) is a historic state in Asia which is currently split into regions administered by India, Pakistan, and to a lesser extent, China. ... Junagadh is a city, and also a district, in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... Nizam-ul-Mulk was the title of the ruler of Hyderabad state. ...


Honors

Ahmedabad or Ahmadābād or Amdavad (as spoken in Gujarati language), is the largest city in Gujarat and the sixth largest city in India. ... Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport is an airport in Ahmedabad, India. ... Sardar Patel University is a university in Gujarat state of India. ... Vallabh Vidyanagar, also Vallabh Vidhyanagar, is a town in Gujarat state of western India. ... Gujarat (ગુજરાત in Gujarati) is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra and is located in western India, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest and Rajasthan to the north. ... Bharat Ratna is Indias highest civilian award. ...

References

Gandhi, Rajmohan (1987). Patel, A Life. Navajivan publishing house, Ahmedabad.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel: Information from Answers.com (9143 words)
Patel passed his matriculation at the late age of 22; at this point, he was generally regarded by his elders as an unambitious man destined for a commonplace job.
Patel was particularly attracted to Gandhi's inclination to action — apart from a resolution condemning the arrest of political leader Annie Besant, Gandhi proposed that volunteers march peacefully demanding to meet her.
Patel was a key force behind the appointment of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar as the chairman of the drafting committee, and the inclusion of leaders from a diverse political spectrum in the process of writing the constitution.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel at AllExperts (1642 words)
Patel organized the peasants of Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against the oppressive policies imposed by the British Raj; in this role, he became one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat.
Patel took charge of the task to forge a united India from the 565 semi-autonomous princely states and British-era colonial provinces and possessions.
Patel engaged the British envoys Sir Stafford Cripps and Lord Pethick-Lawrence and obtained an assurance that the "grouping" clause would not be given practical force, Patel converted Nehru, Rajendra Prasad and Rajagopalachari to accept the plan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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