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Encyclopedia > Sarati

Sarati is an artificial script which was created by J. R. R. Tolkien. In his mythology, the Sarati alphabet was invented by Rúmil of Tirion in Valinor. When Fëanor created the later Tengwar script, more ubiquitous both in Middle-earth and in real life, he modeled it after the Sarati. Unlike the Tengwar and Tolkien's other Elvish alphabet, the Cirth, the Sarati is written from top to bottom, then left to right. An artificial or constructed script (also conscript or neography) is a term for new writing systems specifically devised by specific known individuals, rather than having naturally evolved as part of a culture like a natural script. ... J. R. R. Tolkien in 1972, in his study at Merton Street (from by H. Carpenter) Professor John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (January 3, 1892 – September 2, 1973) is the author of The Hobbit and its sequel The Lord of the Rings. ... In J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional universe of Middle-earth, Rúmil was a Loremaster of the Ñoldor living in the city of Tirion. ... In J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional universe of Middle-earth, Tirion upon Túna was the city of the Ñoldor in Valinor. ... A fan-created map of Aman and Valinor. ... Fëanor is a fictional character from J. R. R. Tolkiens Middle-earth universe, and central to Tolkiens mythology as told in The Silmarillion. ... First article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (in English) The Tengwar are an artificial script which was invented by J. R. R. Tolkien. ... A map of the Northwestern part of Middle-earth at the end of the Third Age, courtesy of the Encyclopedia of Arda. ... This chart showing the runes shared by the Angerthas Daeron and Angerthas Moria is presented in Appendix E of The Return of the King. ...

As in the later Tengwar, each full character represents a consonant, while vowels are represented with diacritics called tehtar. In the Sarati, vowel signs are written to the left or right of the consonants. According to Tolkien, consonants were considered more salient than vowels, and vowels were considered merely modifiers. When writing Quenya, the sign for "a" is usually omitted, as it is the most common vowel in Quenya. This would technically make the Sarati an abugida with an inherent vowel of "a". A diacritic mark or accent mark is an additional mark added to a basic letter. ... parts of I Sit Beside the Fire by J. R. R. Tolkien (in English) Tengwar is an artificial script which was invented by J. R. R. Tolkien. ... An abugida or alphasyllabary is a writing system composed of signs (graphemes) denoting consonants with an inherent following vowel, which are consistently modified to indicate other vowels (or, in some cases, the lack of a vowel). ...

External links

  • Amanye Tenceli -- The Sarati
  • Sarati on Elbisch (German)
  • Sarati at Omniglot


  • Sarati mode for Quenya
  • Sarati mode for Hebrew



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