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Encyclopedia > Sarajevo Canton
Sarajevo Canton
Kanton Sarajevo
Vrhbosanska županija
Сарајевски кантон
Official flag of Sarajevo Canton
Flag
Coat of arms of Sarajevo Canton
Coat of arms
Location of the Sarajevo Canton
Coordinates: 43°51′N, 18°15′E
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina
Main city Sarajevo
Municipalities Centar, Hadžići, Ilidža, Ilijaš, Novi Grad, Novo Sarajevo, Stari Grad, Trnovo, Vogošća
Established 1461 and 1463
Government
 - Head of canton Denis Zvizdić
Area
 - Canton 1,276.9 km²  (493 sq mi)
Population
 - Canton 701,118 (2,002)

The Sarajevo Canton is a canton of the Federation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The capital is Sarajevo. Image File history File links Sarajevskizastava. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... made from Image:BosniaGradSarajevo1. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... In Bosnia and Herzegovina the smallest administrative unit is the municipality or (Opcina). ... Centar (translated Center) is a municipality of central Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Hadžići is a town and a municipality located south west of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Mayor Amer Ćenanović Area  - Total 143. ... IlijaÅ¡ is marked with number 4 on this map of the Sarajevo Canton. ... Novi Grad (translated New Town) is the westernmost of the four municipalities that make up the city of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Novo Sarajevo is marked with number 6 on this map of the Sarajevo Canton. ... Stari Grad Municipality is the oldest and most historically significant part of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Trnovo is marked with number 8 on this map of the Sarajevo Canton. ... Vogošća City Shield Vogošća is marked with number 9 on this map of the Sarajevo Canton. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... Events January 5 - Poet Francois Villon is banned from Paris Births January 17 - Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (died 1525) February 24 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (died 1494) October 20 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (died 1512) Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Italian patron of the arts (died 1503... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Cantons are provincial units used in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different surface areas  here is a list of areas between 1 million km² and 10 million km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Cantons are provincial units used in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Cantons are provincial units used in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ...


The Canton is basically the metro area of the city it is named after that is inside the Federation. It contains 98% of Sarajevo's population, but a much smaller percentage of the official land area. The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ...

Contents

History

The history of Sarajevo Canton dates back to Neolithic times, when the Butmir culture made its mountains and hills their home. In ancient times, the Canton was occupied by the Illyrians. The local tribe, the Daesitates, controlled most of the area. They were a warlike bunch and the last Illyrian tribe to resist Roman rule, which finally came in AD 9. Under Roman rule, many roads were constructed in the region, as well as a city on top of modern day Ilidža. During the middle ages, the area of Sarajevo Canton was a key part of the Bosnian Kingdom. The city of Vrhbosna existed somewhere in the region and was one of the most important cities at the time. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Butmir is a neighborhood of Ilidža in the Sarajevo Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Illyria (disambiguation) Illyrians has come to refer to a broad, ill-defined group of peoples who inhabited the western Balkans (Illyria, roughly from northern Epirus to southern Pannonia) and even perhaps parts of Southern Italy in classical times into the Common era, and spoke Illyrian languages. ... Dionysius Exiguus invented Anno Domini years to date Easter. ... For other uses, see 9 (disambiguation). ... Mayor Amer Ćenanović Area  - Total 143. ...


True development of the region came after the Ottoman conquest when local Muslim noble Isa-Beg Isaković established the roots of the modern city of Sarajevo, between 1461 and 1463. The region grew along with the city, which quickly, after Istanbul, became the most important in the Balkans. Later rule by Austria-Hungary modernized and westernized the region. Under Yugoslavia, the Yugoslavian government further developed the area, which more than tripled in size. Much of this progress was offset however by the Yugoslav Wars in the early 1990s. Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Isa-Beg Isaković was the first Ottoman governor of the Province of Bosnia. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... Events January 5 - Poet Francois Villon is banned from Paris Births January 17 - Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (died 1525) February 24 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (died 1494) October 20 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (died 1512) Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Italian patron of the arts (died 1503... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian and languages of other nationalities. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


The canton was a result of this warfare, created by the Bosniak-Croat Washington Accords in 1994, and its boundaries defined by the Dayton Accords in 1995. 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, i. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


For a more detailed look at the history of Sarajevo Canton, see History of Sarajevo This article is about the history of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Government

Like all Cantons of Bosnia, the head of Sarajevo Canton is called the Premier. The current premier is Samir Silajdžić. Like many other heads of executive branches of government in the world, the Premier has a cabinet which helps him go about his duties. The Sarajevo Canton also has Ministries, Services, and Agencies to help in the running of the region. Cantons are provincial units used in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


The Canton is split into 9 municipalities. They are all based on the major settlements in their region, except for Sarajevo, which is so large it consists of four separate municipalities and has its own separate city government. There are usually no real city governments in Bosnia as some would imagine, but major cities are in municipalities of the same name (i.e. Ilidža is part of Ilidža Municipality) whose governments are the de facto city government as their jurisdiction covers the city and all major suburbs. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ...

  • Agencies of Sarajevo Canton
    • Agency for the Development of the Canton
    • Agency for Good Reserves
    • Agency for Information and Statistics of the Canton
    • Agency for the Planning of Canton Growth
    • Professional Fire-extinguishing Brigade

Geography

The Sarajevo Canton has a typical Bosnian geography. It is located close to the geometric center of the country, and contains numerous mountains, including Bjelašnica, Igman, Jahorina, Trebević, and Treskavica. The cities of the Canton are built predominantly on the hills at the foot of these mountains, and the fields in between them. The most significant of these is the Sarajevo field, a small depression upon which the bulk of the city is built upon. The Miljacka river passes through the Canton. Vrelo Bosne, the source of the Bosna River, is found in Sarajevo Canton. Bjelašnica is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Igman is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Jahorina is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Trebević is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Treskavica is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Miljacka is a river in Bosnia and Herzegovina that passes through Sarajevo. ... Vrelo Bosne is a spring in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The source of the Bosna river on the outskirts of Sarajevo. ...


Economy

The economy of Sarajevo Canton is slowly growing better, although it has been severely weakened by the Siege of Sarajevo and is still drastically weaker than it used to be. The employment rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 45.5% officially; however, grey economy may reduce actual unemployment to between 25 and 30%, while in sarajevo the official unemployment rate is around 20% of the labour force. Combatants ARBiH (1992-95) NATO Air Force (1995) JNA (1992) VRS (1992-95) Commanders Jovan Divjak Mustafa Hajrulahović Vahid Karavelić Nedžad Ajnadžić Stanislav Galić (1992-94) Dragomir Milošević (1994-95) Strength 40,000 badly-armed soldiers (1992) 30,000-50,000 heavily-armed troops (1992) The Siege...


Major industries in the region include tourism, food processing, and manufacturing. Several major Bosnian companies are based in the Canton, and the area holds the country footholds of numerous foreign corporations, such as Coca Cola. č “Tourist” redirects here. ... Manufacturing, a branch of industry, is the application of tools and a processing medium to the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale. ... Coca-Cola is a cola (a type of carbonated soft drink) sold in stores, restaurants and vending machines in more than 200 countries. ...


Demographics

The Sarajevo Canton contains Sarajevo and its metro areas. Since the city is the largest in Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is also one of the most populated Cantons of Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to government statistics from 2002, the overall population of Sarajevo Canton is 701,118. Cantons are provincial units used in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


The population density of Sarajevo Canton is some 314 people per km² (816/sq mi). 17.3% of the Canton's population are youth up to 14 years of age, 69.4% are between 15 and 64 years of age, and some 13.3% are over 65 years of age. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


Ethnically speaking, 79.6% of the Canton are Bosniaks, 11.2% are Serbs and another 6.7% are Croats. The most ethnically dominant municipality is Stari Grad, whose residents are over 98% Bosniak. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Stari Grad Municipality is the oldest and most historically significant part of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Of the nine municipalities, the biggest population belongs to Novi Grad, with some 296,588 residents. The smallest population was in Trnovo, which has a mere 839 residents. Novi Grad (translated New Town) is the westernmost of the four municipalities that make up the city of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Trnovo is marked with number 8 on this map of the Sarajevo Canton. ...


Municipalities

Map showing the municipalities within Sarajevo Canton

Sarajevo Canton consists of 9 municipalities: File links The following pages link to this file: Sarajevo Canton Categories: GFDL images ... File links The following pages link to this file: Sarajevo Canton Categories: GFDL images ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ...

  1. Centar *
  2. Hadžići
  3. Ilidža
  4. Ilijaš
  5. Novi Grad *
  6. Novo Sarajevo *
  7. Stari Grad *
  8. Trnovo
  9. Vogošća

* Municipalities 1, 5, 6, and 7 are considered part of the city of Sarajevo. Centar (translated Center) is a municipality of central Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Hadžići Municipality is located south west of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Mayor Amer Ćenanović Area  - Total 143. ... IlijaÅ¡ Municipality is located north east of the city Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Novi Grad (translated New Town) is the westernmost of the four municipalities that make up the city of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Novo Sarajevo is marked with number 6 on this map of the Sarajevo Canton. ... Stari Grad Municipality is the oldest and most historically significant part of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Trnovo is marked with number 8 on this map of the Sarajevo Canton. ... Vogošća is the secondary suburb of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located about 6 kilometers north of the city center and covering some 72km². Vogošća greatly prospered during the 1980s, as part of Sarajevo’s great boom in the latter half of the 20th century. ...


Major Cities

Mayor Amer Ćenanović Area  - Total 143. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Vogošća is the secondary suburb of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located about 6 kilometers north of the city center and covering some 72km². Vogošća greatly prospered during the 1980s, as part of Sarajevo’s great boom in the latter half of the 20th century. ...

External links

  • Official Web Site
  • Tourism Association of Sarajevo Canton
  • Tourism Association of the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • B&H Tourism - Official Site
 
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Coordinates: 43°51′N, 18°15′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
OSCE in BiH > Mission General > Field Presence (522 words)
Sarajevo Canton (Canton 9) with around 400,000 inhabitants is the most populous canton in the country.
Bosnia Podrinje Canton (Bosansko-podrinjski kanton Gorazde or Canton 5), with an estimated 42,000 inhabitants, is the smallest canton of 573 sq.
The canton consists of three municipalities: two are covered by the FO Foca (Foca/FBiH and Gorazde) and the third (Pale/FBiH, also known as Pale-Praca) is covered by FO Pale.
UNHCR - Rebuilding a Multi-Ethnic Sarajevo (0 words)
The Sarajevo Canton, which comprises nine municipalities, is one of the few areas in Bosnia in which a significant, albeit drastically reduced, proportion of minorities continue to live among the majority Bosniac population.
Sarajevo is the logical place for large-scale minority returns to begin, the success of which will serve as a model and portend the success of minority returns in general and Bosnia's ability to defy the goals of ethnic cleansing.
Federation Sarajevo is 1,277 km2 less than the pre-war Sarajevo; that is, it encompasses 61 percent of the territory and 71 percent of the population of the original City of Sarajevo.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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