FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Sarah Payne

Sarah Payne (13 October 1991 - 1 July 2000), was the victim of a notable murder in England. October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ...

Contents

Disappearance

She disappeared on 1 July 2000 from a cornfield near the home of her grandparents in East Preston, near Littlehampton, West Sussex, southern England, where she had been playing with her brothers and sister. A nationwide search was under way within 48 hours and Sarah's parents made numerous TV appeals for her safe return. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... Braun HF 1, Germany, 1958 OT-1471 Belweder, Poland, 1957 Television is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound over a distance. ...


Murder

On 17 July, a farm labourer found a girl's body in a field near Pulborough, some 15 miles from the village of Kingston Gorse (near Littlehampton) where Sarah had disappeared. The following day, forensic experts were able to confirm that the body was Sarah's and Sussex Police began a murder investigation. July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... Pulborough is a village/small town in West Sussex, England, of some 5000 inhabitants, located almost centrally within the county, and overlooking the floodplain of the River Arun, some five miles to the north of the South Downs. ... Littlehampton is a town and civil parish in the Arun district of West Sussex on the south coast of England. ... Forensics or forensic science is the application of science to questions which are of interest to the legal system. ... Sussex Police is the police force covering East Sussex, West Sussex and Brighton and Hove in southern England. ...


The trial

The Payne family's belief that Sarah had been killed by a child sex offender was proved correct on 12 December 2001 when Roy Whiting was convicted of her murder. After the jury found Whiting guilty of abduction and murder, the judge revealed that Whiting had been convicted of abducting and molesting a nine-year-old girl in 1995. He had been sentenced to four years in prison but was freed after just over two years. Whiting was sentenced to life imprisonment and the trial judge recommended that he should never be released. Sussex Police later admitted that they had been convinced Whiting would re-offend after the 1995 offence (their belief was backed up by a psychiatrist's report at the time) but, short of keeping Whiting under 24-hour watch, they were powerless to stop him. This and many other cases of killings committed by serial sex offenders has led to continued calls from the public for serious sex offenders to be locked away indefinitely until they are no longer judged to be a risk, and for the worst offenders to be locked away and never released unless they lived to a great age or had changed physically and were incapable of attacking children. December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2001. ... Roy Whiting Roy Whiting was born in Horsham, West Sussex, on 26 January 1959. ... Kidnapper redirects here. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Life imprisonment is a particular kind of sentence of imprisonment. ... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ... It has been suggested that Sex offender registry be merged into this article or section. ...


Sarah's Law

Sarah's Law is a campaign spearheaded by the News of the World newspaper which began in July 2000 in response to the murder of Sarah Payne. Sarah's parents backed up the campaign as they were sure that a child sex offender had been responsible for their daughter's death. The News of the World also claimed that everyone living in British residential areas had a paedophile living within a mile of them. The News of the World is a British tabloid newspaper published every Sunday. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


The aim of the campaign was for the government to allow controlled access to the Sex Offenders Register so parents with young children could know if a child sex offender was living in their area. Sarah's mother has always insisted that such a law would have saved Sarah's life. In about the last ten years or so, many jurisdictions, especially in the United States, have passed laws requiring sex offenders, especially child sex offenders, upon conviction or subsequent release from prison, to register with the police where they live. ...


In December 2002, Stuart Campbell was convicted of murdering his niece Danielle Jones - whose body was never found - and it was revealed that he had served a prison sentence for holding a young girl against her will and had been placed on the Sex Offenders Register. Stuart Campbell (born 1959) was a builder who was convicted in December 2002 for the kidnap and murder of his niece Danielle Jones, 15. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Sarah Payne's mother said that Sarah's Law would have saved Danielle, but the government has refused to allow any public access to the Sex Offenders Register.


International Parallels

Sarah's Law is similar to Megan's Law which operates in the USA in honour of murder victim Megan Kanka, who was raped and murdered by her neighbour Jesse Timmendequas in 1994. After the killer's trial, it was revealed that he was a convicted child rapist. Megan's Law even shows photographs and addresses of sex offenders. Sarah's Law would just inform parents if there was a paedophile living in their area. Megans Law is the term used to denote a number of state laws in the United States that require law enforcement authorities to identify what are generally called sex offenders to the public at large through various media, including in some cases the Internet. ... Megan Nicole Kanka Megan Nicole Kanka (December 7, 1986 - July 29, 1994) was a young girl who was raped and murdered by her neighbor Jesse Timmendequas in Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey. ... Jesse Timmendequas (born April 15, 1961) was, on May 30, 1997, convicted of murdering his neighbor, seven-year-old Megan Kanka, in 1994. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ...


Debate over Effectiveness

There has been considerable debate over the effectiveness of Megan's Law and therefore, by implication, Sarah's Law. Issues raised have included: Megans Law is the term used to denote a number of state laws in the United States that require law enforcement authorities to identify what are generally called sex offenders to the public at large through various media, including in some cases the Internet. ...

  • The risk of "vigilante" actions. This has been demonstrated in the USA where those on the sex offenders register have been the victims of violence. There have also been cases of mistaken identity, where people have been attacked despite not being a sex offender.
  • The increased stereotyping of those on the sex offenders register. This may lead to a reduction in the ability of offenders to find work and accommodation, thus leading to their being ostracised and therefore being more likely to reoffend.
  • The lack of "finesse" of American definitions of "sex offender". In the USA, this has led those being convicted of urinating in a public place (which is classified as "indecent exposure") as sex offenders, and thus being placed on a register with those convicted of more serious offences.
  • The increased risk of sex offenders avoiding registration with offender management services. In the USA, this figure stands at around 80%, compared with 97% in the UK. it has been suggested that the risk of harm mentioned above deters offenders from registering.
  • The nature of offending is seriously mis-represented by "Sarah's Law". Research [1] suggests that reoffending rates over a six year period run at around 8.5%. Thus, it may be suggested that reoffending is not the problem that is suggested by some commentators.
  • Relationships of offenders to victims. In terms of rape, 83% of attackers are known to their victims [2] and 54% are partners or former partners. These statistics suggest that "stranger danger" has been exaggerated.
  • Political correctness: A full and complete list of adults who pose a serious threat to children would also include drunk drivers and parents who don't force children to put a seat belt on (and many other groups) but it would not be politically correct to imply that 'ordinary' people could pose an equal or greater risk to children than sex offenders.

It may be suggested that the introduction of Sarah's Law is highly unlikely as it could breach the Data Protection Act and the Human Rights Act on the right to a private life.Indeed, it has been suggested that the "campaign" for Sarah's Law is little more than a publicity exercise for the tabloid press. It has been suggested that Sex offender registry be merged into this article or section. ... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ... The Data Protection Act (DPA) is a British Act of Parliament that provides a legal basis and allowing for the privacy and protection of data of individuals in the UK. The act places restrictions on organisations which collect or hold data which can identify a living person. ... A Human Rights Act is a piece of legislation that sets out individual rights and freedoms under law. ... Newspaper sizes in August 2005. ...


Flowers on the grave incident

In March 2006, the News of the World reported that a bunch of flowers had been left on Sarah Payne's grave and had been signed Sorry, R.W - the initials of Sarah's killer Roy Whiting. The Prison Service said that none of its staff had left the flowers on Whiting's behalf; it is believed that a hoaxer left the flowers.


Subsequent Events

Sarah Payne's parents separated in the summer of 2003, just before the birth of their fifth child and third daughter - Ellie, who was born in November 2003 - and her father Michael was later given a community service order for domestic violence against her mother Sara. Sara Payne wrote a book - Sara Payne: A Mother's Story - about how her family had struggled through the trauma of Sarah's death and it was published in May 2004. It was suggested by some that Sara Payne, who was having financial difficulties, was profiteering from her daughter's death. Both Sara and Michael are hoping to live together again in the future, and Sara has continued campaigning for Sarah's Law.


In July 2001, it was reported that Sarah's parents had received £11,000 compensation from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority. Mr and Mrs Payne said that they were appalled by the offer and described it as a "sick joke". The Victims of Crime Trust condemned the payout as "derisory".


Other details

On April 15, 2006, a computer worm (called MSIL/Lupar) was created and "Dedicated to Sarah Payne, Kirsty Little, and all other victims" April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sarah Payne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1130 words)
Sarah Payne (born 13 October 1991, died 1 July 2000), is one of the most famous murder victims in modern Britain.
Sarah's Law is a campaign spearheaded by the News of the World newspaper which began in July 2000 in response to the murder of Sarah Payne.
Sarah's Law is similar to Megan's Law which operates in the USA in honour of murder victim Megan Kanka, who was raped and murdered by her neighbour Jesse Timmendequas in 1994.
Observer | Sarah Payne's killer in plea for early release (1899 words)
Sarah can rest in peace now,' she quietly told the media scrum shortly after Roy Whiting was convicted of abducting and murdering her eight-year-old daughter.
Sarah had been playing hide and seek with her brothers and sister when, after falling, she decided to make the short trip through a cornfield to her grandparents' home.
Sarah's naked body was found 16 days later in a shallow grave by the A29, a 20-minute drive from the cornfield where she was snatched.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m