FACTOID # 3: South Carolina has the highest rate of violent crimes and aggravated assaults per capita among US states.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Sarah Bernhardt
Sarah Bernhardt

Sarah Bernhardt (portrait by Nadar)
Birth name Henriette Rosine Bernard
Born October 23, 1844
Flag of France Paris, France
Died March 26, 1923 (aged 78)

Sarah Bernhardt (October 23, 1844March 26, 1923) was a French stage actress. She made her fame on the stages of Europe in the 1870s, and was soon in demand in Europe and the United States. She developed a reputation as a serious dramatic actress, earning the nickname "The Divine Sarah". Sarah Bernhardt, portrait by Nadar (d. ... Nadar (self-portrait). ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (86th in leap years). ... {{year nav|1939 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (86th in leap years). ... {{year nav|1939 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is very long. ... // The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Early life

She was born in Paris as Henriette Rosine Bernard, the eldest surviving illegitimate daughter of Judith van Hard, a Dutch-born Jewish courtesan known as "Youle." Her father was reportedly Edouard Bernard, a French lawyer, and she was educated in French Catholic convents. City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... A courtesan in mid-16th century usage was a high-class prostitute or mistress, especially one associated with rich, powerful, or upper-class men who provided luxuries and status in exchange for her services. ...


To support herself, she combined the career of an actress with that of a courtesan - at the time, the two were considered scandalous to some degree, but courtesans were widely accepted in many social circles, and looked on as equals in cases where they were highly intellectual and when the art of being a courtesan was merely a sideline for another more respectable career. She was sponsored into the Conservatoire de Musique et Déclamation by the Duc de Morny in 1859 for theatrical training. A courtesan in mid-16th century usage was a high-class prostitute or mistress, especially one associated with rich, powerful, or upper-class men who provided luxuries and status in exchange for her services. ... Charles Auguste Louis Joseph, duc de Morny ( October 21, 1811 - March 10, 1865), French statesman, was the natural son of Hortense de Beauharnais (wife of Louis Bonaparte, and queen of Holland) and Charles Joseph, comte de Flahaut, and therefore halfbrother of Napoleon III. He was born in Paris, and his... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ...

Sarah Bernhardt photographed by Nadar
Sarah Bernhardt photographed by Nadar

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nadar could mean: Nadar, the pseudonym of Gaspard-Félix Tournachon Nadar, a prominent Tamil caste of India and in the Tamil diaspora The Prix Nadar is awarded annually for a book of photographs edited in France. ...

Stage career

Her stage career started in 1862, when she was a student at the Comedie Francaise, a prestigious French academy for acting. She made her fame on the stages of Europe in the 1870s, and was soon in demand all over Europe and in the United States in New York. She soon developed a reputation as a serious dramatic actress, earning the title, "The Divine Sarah"; arguably, she may have been the most famous actress of the 19th century[citation needed]. She coached many young women in the art of acting, including actress and courtesan Liane de Pougy. 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is very long. ... // The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Liane de Pougy [1] (2 July 1869 - 26 December 1950), was a Folies Bergères dancer renowned as one of Pariss most beautiful and notorious courtesans. ...


Visual arts and recordings

Although primarily a stage actress, Bernhardt made several cylinders and discs of famous dialogue from various productions. One of the earliest was a reading from Phèdre by Jean Racine, at Thomas Edison's home on a visit to New York City in the 1880s. Multi-talented, she was involved with the visual arts as well as acting, painting and sculpting herself, as well as modelling for Antonio de La Gandara. She was also to publish a series of books and plays throughout her life. Jean Racine. ... Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman who developed many devices which greatly influenced life around the world. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC, City That Never Sleeps, The Concrete Jungle, The City So Nice They Named It Twice Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1676 Government  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area... // Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... Many times, the term art is used to refer to the visual arts. ... Antonio de La Gandara (December 16, 1861 - June 30, 1917) was a painter, pastellist and draughtsman. ...


Bernhardt has lingering effects on grand opera into the present. Tosca and Salome, for example, contain two of opera's most sensational heroines, and were both based on plays written for Bernhardt. Original poster Tosca is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa, based on Victorien Sardous drama, La Tosca. ... Coin of Salome (daughter of Herodias), queen of Chalcis and Armenia Minor. ...


Social life, marriages and relationships

She had an affair with a Belgian nobleman, Charles-Joseph-Eugene-Henri, Prince de Ligne, with whom she had her only child, the writer Maurice Bernhardt, in 1864 (he married a Polish princess, Maria Jablonowska, 1863-1914). Later lovers included several artists, most notably Gustave Doré and Georges Clarin, and actors Mounet-Sully and Lou Tellegen. Alphonse Mucha based several of his iconic Art Nouveau works on her. 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Doré photographed by Felix Nadar. ... Lou Tellegen, (26 November 1881-29 October 1934) actor, was probably born in St. ... Alfons Mucha (July 24, 1860 - July 14, 1939) was a Czech painter and decorative artist. ...


She later married Greek-born actor Aristides Damala (aka Jacques Damala) in London in 1882, but the marriage, which legally endured until Damala's death in 1889 at age 34, quickly collapsed, largely due to the young actor's dependence on morphine. During the latter years of this marriage she was involved in an affair with Edward VII of the United Kingdom. [2] Aristides Damalas (Greek: Aριστεíδης Δαμαλάς, alternative spellings Aristidis or Aristide), known in France by the stage name Jacques Damala, (15 January 1855 – 18 June 1889), was a Greek military officer-turned-actor, who is mostly remembered as being husband to Sarah Bernhardt for a number of years. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. ...

Sketch of Sarah Bernhardt
Sketch of Sarah Bernhardt

Sarah Bernhardt. ... Sarah Bernhardt. ...

Silent film career

Bernhardt was also one of the pioneer silent movie actresses, debuting as Hamlet in Le Duel d'Hamlet in 1900. (Technically, this was not a silent film, as it had accompanying cylinders with dubbed dialogue.) She went on to star in eight motion pictures and two biographical films in all. The latter included Sarah Bernhardt à Belle-Isle (1912), a film about her daily life at home. This article is about the comedy film. ... Hamlet is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, and is one of his best-known and most-quoted plays. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Sarah Bernhardt was made a member of France's Legion of Honor in 1914. Chiang Kai-sheks Légion dhonneur. ...


Later career

In 1915, ten years after a serious injury, her right leg was amputated, confining her to a wheelchair for several months. Bernhardt refused a $10,000 offer by the P.T. Barnum circus to display her amputed leg as a medical curiosity.[1] Nonetheless, she continued her career, in spite of the need to use a wooden prosthetic limb. She carried out a successful tour of America in 1915, and on returning to France she played in her own productions almost continuously until her death. Her later successes included Daniel (1920), La Gloire (1921), and Regine Armand (1922). Her physical condition confined her practically to immobility on the stage, but the charm of her voice, which had altered little with age, ensured her triumphs. [3] She died in the arms of her son Maurice. She is buried in Le Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France. 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Amputation is the removal of a body extremity by trauma or surgery. ... A wheelchair is a wheeled mobility device in which the user sits. ... Phineas Taylor Barnum (July 5, 1810 – April 7, 1891), American showman who is best remembered for his entertaining hoaxes and for founding the circus that eventually became Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus. ... A United States soldier demonstrates Foosball with two prosthetic limbs In medicine, a prosthesis is an artificial extension that replaces a missing part of the body. ... Père Lachaise - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ...


Sarah Bernhardt has a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1751 Vine Street. A band plays on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ...


The actress La Berma, a fictional character in Marcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time, was inspired by Bernhardt. Alice, a fictional character from the work of Lewis Carroll. ... “Proust” redirects here. ... In Search of Lost Time (fr. ...


Books

  • Dans les Nuages, Impressions d'une Chaise Charpentier (1878)
  • L'Aveu, drame en un acte en prose (1888)
  • Adrienne Lecouvreur, drame en six actes (1907)
  • Ma Double Vie (1907; as My Double Life, 1908)
  • Un Coeur d'Homme, pièce en quatre actes (1911)
  • Petite Idole (1920; as The Idol of Paris, 1921)
  • L'Art du Théâtre: la voix, le geste, la prononciation, etc. (1923; as The art of the Theatre, 1924)

Selected roles

Sarah Bernhardt - 1899As Hamlet
Sarah Bernhardt - 1899
As Hamlet
  • 1862: Racine's Iphigénie in the title rôle, her debut.
  • 1862: Eugène Scribe's Valérie
  • 1862: Molière's Les Femmes Savantes
  • 1864: Labiche & Deslandes, Un Mari qui Lance sa Femme
  • 1866: T & H Cognard's La Biche aux Bois
  • 1866: Racine's Phèdre (as Aricie)
  • 1866: Pierre de Marivaux's Le Jeu de l'Amour et du Hasard (as Silvia)
  • 1867: Molière's Les Femmes Savantes (as Armande)
  • 1867: George Sand's Le Marquis de Villemer
  • 1867: Georges Sand's "François le Champi" (as Mariette)
  • 1868: Dumas père Kean (as Anna Damby)
  • 1869: Coppée's La Passant, as a male troubador (Zanetto); her first major stage success
  • 1870: George Sand's L'Autre
  • 1871: Theuriet's Jeanne-Marie
  • 1871: Coppée's Fais ce que Dois
  • 1871: Foussier and Edmond La Baronne
  • 1872: Bouilhet's Mademoiselle Aïssé
  • 1872: Hugo's Ruy Blas (as Doña Maira de Neubourg, Queen of Spain)
  • 1872: Dumas père Mademoiselle de Belle-Isle (as Gabrielle)
  • 1872: Racine's Britannicus (as Junie)
  • 1872: Beaumarchais's Le Mariage de Figaro
  • 1872: Sandeau's Mademoiselle de la Seiglière
  • 1873: Feuillet's Dalila (as Princess Falconieri)
  • 1873: Ferrier's Chez l'Avocat
  • 1873: Racine's Andromaque
  • 1873: Racine's Phèdre (as Aricie)
  • 1873: Feuillet's Le Sphinx
  • 1874: Voltaire's Zaire
  • 1874: Racine's Phèdre (as Phèdre)
  • 1875: Bornier's La Fille de Roland
    • Dumas fils' L'Étrangère (as Mrs. Clarkson)
    • Parodi's Rome Vaincue
  • 1877: Hugo's Hernani (as Doña Sol)
  • 1879: Racine's Phèdre (as Phèdre)
  • 1880: Émile Augier's L'Aventurière
  • 1880: Legouvé & Scribe's Adrienne Lecouvreur
  • 1880: Meilhac & Halévy's Froufrou
  • 1880: Dumas fils' La Dame aux Camélias (as Maguerite)
  • 1882: Sardou's Fédora
    • Sardou's Théodora (as Theodora, Empress of Byzantium)
  • 1887 : La Toscade Victorien Sardou
    • Dumas fils' La Princesse Georges
  • 1890: Sardou's Cléopâtre, as Cleopatra
  • 1893: Lemaître's Les Rois
  • 1894: Sardou's Gismonda
  • 1895: Molière's Amphytrion
  • 1895: Magda(translation of Sudermann's Heimat)
  • 1896: La Dame aux Camélias
  • 1896: Musset's Lorenzaccio (as Lorenzino de' Medici)
  • 1897: Sardou's Spiritisme
  • 1897: Rostand's La Samaritaine
  • 1898: Catulle Mendès Medée
  • 1898: La Dame aux Camélias (as Marguerite Gautier)
    • Barbier's Jeanne d'Arc (as Joan of Arc)
    • Morand & Sylvestre's Izéïl (as Izéïl)
    • Shakespeare's King Lear (as Cordelia)
  • 1899: Shakespeare's Hamlet (as Hamlet)
    • Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra (as Cleopatra)
    • Shakespeare's Macbeth (as Lady Macbeth) (in French)
    • Richepin's Pierrot Assassin (as Pierrot)
  • 1900: Rostand's L'Aiglon as L'Aiglon
  • 1903: Sardou's La Sorcière
  • 1904: Maeterlinck's Pelléas et Mélisande (as Pelléas)
  • 1906: Ibsen's The Lady From the Sea
  • 1906: Mendès' La Vierge d'Avila (as Saint Theresa)
  • 1911: Moreau's Queen Elizabeth (as Queen Elizabeth)
  • 1913: Bernard's Jeanne Doré (as Jeanne Doré)

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 471 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 764 pixel, file size: 72 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 471 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 764 pixel, file size: 72 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Augustin Eugène Scribe (December 24, 1791 - February 20, 1861), was a French dramatist and librettist. ... Molière, engraved on the frontispiece to his Works. ... Eugène Marin Labiche (May 5, 1815-1888), was a French dramatist. ... Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux (February 4, 1688 - February 12, 1763), French novelist and dramatist, was born at Paris. ... Molière, engraved on the frontispiece to his Works. ... George Sand in 1864 (picture by Nadar). ... Alexandre Dumas, père, born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie (July 24, 1802 – December 5, 1870) was a French writer, best known for his numerous historical novels of high adventure which have made him one of the most widely read French authors in the world. ... François Coppée François Edouard Joachim Coppée (January 12, 1842 - May 23, 1908), was a French poet and novelist. ... Claude Adhemar André Theuriet (October 8, 1833 - April 23, 1907), French poet and novelist, was born at Marly-le-Roi (Seine et Oise), and was educated at Bar-le-Duc in his mothers province of Lorraine. ... Louis Hyacinthe Bouilhet (27 May 1822 - 18 July 1869) was a French poet and dramatist. ... Victor-Marie Hugo (pronounced in French) (26 February 1802 — 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, playwright, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights campaigner, and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France. ... Beaumarchais Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (January 24, 1732 - May 18, 1799) was, among other accomplishments, a writer and librettist. ... Leonard Sylvain Julien (Jules) Sandeau (February 19, 1811 – April 24, 1883), was a French novelist. ... Octave Feuillet (August 11, 1821 - December 29, 1890), French novelist and dramatist, was born at Saint-Lô, Manche. ... Paul Ferrier (March 29, 1843 - 1928), French dramatist, was born at Montpellier. ... François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), better known by the pen name Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, essayist, deist and philosopher known for his wit, philosophical writings, and defense of civil liberties, including freedom of religion and the right to a fair trial. ... Henri, vicomte de Bornier (25 December 1825 - January 1901) was a French poet and dramatist, born in Lunel (Hérault). ... Alexandre Dumas, fils (July 27, 1824 – November 27, 1895) was the son of Alexandre Dumas, père, who followed in his fathers footsteps becoming a celebrated author and playwright. ... Guillaume Victor Émile Augier (September 17, 1820 – October 25, 1889), was a French dramatist. ... Henri Meilhac (February 21, 1831 - 1897), French dramatist, was born in Paris. ... Ludovic Halévy (January 1, 1834 - May 8, 1908), French author, was born in Paris. ... Victorien Sardou (September 5, 1831 - November 8, 1908) was a French dramatist. ... Victorien Sardou (September 5, 1831 - November 8, 1908) was a French dramatist. ... François Elie Jules Lemaître (April 27, 1853 - August 4, 1914), was a French critic and dramatist. ... Hermann Sudermann (September 30, 1857- November 21, 1928), German dramatist and novelist, was born at Matziken in East Prussia, close to the Russian frontier, of a Mennonite family long settled near Elbing. ... The Lady of the Camellias (French: La Dame aux Camélias) is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, fils, first published in 1848. ... Tomb of Alfred de Musset in Le Père Lachaise cemetery. ... Statue dedicated to Edmond Rostand in Cambo-les-Bains Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand (April 1, 1868 - December 2, 1918), French poet and dramatist. ... Catulle Mendès Catulle Mendès (22 May 1841 - 8 February 1909) was a French poet and man of letters. ... Henri Auguste Barbier (April 29, 1805 — February 13, 1882) was a dramatist and poet. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Title page of the first quarto edition, published in 1608 King Lear is generally regarded as one of William Shakespeares greatest tragedies. ... Hamlet is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, and is one of his best-known and most-quoted plays. ... Antony and Cleopatra is a historical tragedy by William Shakespeare, originally printed in the First Folio of 1623. ... Scene from Macbeth, depicting the witches conjuring of an apparition in Act IV, Scene I. Painting by William Rimmer Macbeth is among the most famous of William Shakespeares plays, as well as his shortest tragedy. ... LAiglon was the nickname of Napoleons son, Napoleon II of France. ... Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck, Belgian author Count Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck (August 29, 1862 - May 6, 1949) was a Belgian poet, playwright, and essayist. ... Pelléas et Mélisande is a famous Symbolist play by Maurice Maeterlinck about the forbidden, doomed love of the title characters. ... Photo of Henrik Ibsen in his older days Henrik Johan Ibsen (March 20, 1828 – May 23, 1906) was a major Norwegian playwright who was largely responsible for the rise of the modern realistic drama. ... Tristan Bernard (September 7, 1866 - December 7, 1947) was a French playwright, novelist, journalist and lawyer. ...

Films

Sarah Bernhardt in June, 1877, during a visit to Boston, Massachusetts
Sarah Bernhardt in June, 1877, during a visit to Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1900: Le Duel d'Hamlet (Hamlet, as Hamlet)
  • 1908: La Tosca (Tosca, as Tosca)
  • 1911: La Dame aux Camélias (Camille, as Camille)
  • 1912: Adrienne Lecouvreur (An Actress's Romance; as Adrienne Lecouvreur)
  • 1912: Elisabeth Reine d'Angleterre (Queen Elizabeth; a major success)
  • 1912: Sarah Bernhardt à Belle-Isle (Sarah Bernhardt at Home, as herself)
  • 1915: Mères Françaises (Mothers of France, as a Red Cross nurse)
  • 1915: Ceux de Chez Nous (biographical, home movies)
  • 1916: Jeanne Doré (as Jeanne Doré)
  • 1921: Daniel (5-minute death scene from the play of the same name.)
  • 1923: La Voyante (The Fortuneteller, completed with a stand-in performing Bernhardt's character.)

Sarah Bernhardt - Project Gutenberg eText 19955 - http://www. ... Sarah Bernhardt - Project Gutenberg eText 19955 - http://www. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, Athens of America, The Hub (of the Universe)1 Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area    - City  89. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Stross, R: "Edison the Inventor, Edison the Showman", The New York Times, Sunday March 11 2007[1]

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Sarah Bernhardt

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sarah Bernhardt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (899 words)
Sarah Bernhardt (October 23, 1844 – March 26, 1923) was a French stage actress.
She was born in Paris as Henriette Rosine Bernard, the eldest surviving illegitimate daughter of Judith van Hard, a Dutch-born Jewish courtesan known as "Youle." Her father was reportedly Edouard Bernard, a French lawyer, and she was educated in French Catholic convents.
Sarah Bernhardt was made a member of France's Legion of Honor in 1914.
Sarah Bernhardt - definition of Sarah Bernhardt in Encyclopedia (796 words)
Sarah Bernhardt (October 22, 1844 - March 26, 1923) was a French stage actress.
She was born in Paris as Henriette Rosine Bernard, the eldest surviving illegitimate daughter of Judith van Hard, a Dutch Jewish courtesan known as "Youle." Her father was reportedly Edouard Bernard, a French lawyer, and she was educated in French Catholic convents.
She married Greek-born actor Aristides Damala (aka Jacques Damala) in London in 1882, but the marriage, which legally endured until Damala's death in 1889 at age 34, was quickly collapsed, largely due to the young actor's dependence on morphine.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m