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Encyclopedia > Sapindaceae
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Soapberry family

Litchi chinensis leaves and fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Juss.
genera

See text Lychees (Litchi chinensis). ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families See text The Sapindales is an order of flowering plants included among the rosid subgroup of dicotyledons. ... Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (April 12, 1748 _ September 17, 1836) was a French botanist. ...

Sapindaceae, also known as the soapberry family, is a family of plants in the order Sapindales. There are about 140-150 genera with 1400-2000 species. Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Families See text The Sapindales is an order of flowering plants included among the rosid subgroup of dicotyledons. ...


They are trees, shrubs, herbs and lianas occurring in temperate to tropical regions throughout the world. Many are lactiferous, i.e. they contain milky sap, and many contain mildly toxic saponins (alkaloids with soap-like qualities) in either the foliage and/or the seeds. The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth A tree can be defined as a large, perennial, woody plant. ... A willow shrub A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... A herb (pronounced urb in American English and hurb in most varieties of Commonwealth English) is a plant grown for culinary, medicinal, or in some cases even spiritual value. ... A liana is a kind of plant. ... For a list of biologically injurious substances, including toxins and other materials, as well as their effects, see poison. ... Saponins are glycosides of steroids, steroid alkaloids (steroids with a nitrogen function) or triterpenes found in plants, especially in the plant skins where they form a waxy protective coating. ... An alkaloid is a nitrogenous organic molecule that has a pharmacological effect on humans and other animals. ... This article is about a common cleaning mixture. ...


The leaves are spirally alternate or (in Acer, Aesculus, and a few other genera) opposite; petiolate, usually without stipules, and mostly compound, either ternate, pinnate or bipinnate, but mostly simple palmate in Acer, and compound palmate in Aesculus and Billia. In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ...


The small flowers are unisexual or functionally unisexual. In this case, the female flowers have non-functional stamens. The flowers are aggregated in cymes (rarely solitary), usually bracteate; often with female flowers at the base of the cyme and male at the apex. There are five sepals (sometimes four), separate or joined. The petals number five (sometimes four, or apetalous), usually free but sometimes fused at the base. The stamens usually number eight, arranged in two rings of four stamens, but the number can be from four to ten or more. The filaments are often hairy. Wildflowers A flower is the reproductive organ of those plants classified as angiosperms (flowering plants; Division Magnoliophyta). ...


The fruit are fleshy or dry, dehiscent or not; the embryo oily or starchy, with no endosperm. These may be capsules, nuts, berries, drupes, schizocarps or a samara. The seeds have a seedcoat. The embryos are bent or coiled. Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ... A seed is the ripened ovule of gymnosperm or angiosperm plants. ...


The largely temperate genera formerly separated in the families Aceraceae (Acer, Dipteronia) and Hippocastanaceae (Aesculus, Billia) are now included within the Sapindaceae. Their earlier separation was based mainly on their having opposite leaves, not a phylogenetically significant character and not supported by genetic analysis carried out by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, which showed them to lie fully within the genetic circumscription of the Sapindaceae. Genera   Acer L. -- Maple   Dipteronia Oliver. ... Species Aesculus arguta: Texas Buckeye Aesculus californica: California Buckeye Aesculus chinensis: Chinese Horse-chestnut Aesculus flava (): Yellow Buckeye Aesculus glabra: Ohio Buckeye Aesculus hippocastanum: Common Horse-chestnut Aesculus indica: Indian Horse-chestnut Aesculus neglecta: Dwarf Buckeye Aesculus parviflora: Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus pavia: Red Buckeye Aesculus sylvatica: Painted Buckeye Aesculus turbinata... The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group is an international group of systematic botanists who have come together to try to establish a consensus view of the taxonomy of flowering plants in the light of the rapid rise of molecular systematics. ...


Sapindaceae includes many species of economically valuable tropical fruit, including the Lychee, the Guarana, the Longan, the Rambutan, the Mamoncillo and the Akee. Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ... Binomial name Litchi chinensis Sonn. ... Binomial name Paullinia cupana Kunth Guarana or Guaraná (pronounced gwa-ra-naa), Paullinia cupana (syn. ... Longans (龍眼, in Pinyin lóngyǎn, in Cantonese long-ngan, meaning dragon eyes) (Nephelium longanum Cambess) are fruits often used in East Asian soups, snacks, desserts, and sweet-and-sour foods. ... Binomial name Nephelium lappaceum L. Rambutan cut open. ... Binomial name Melicoccus bijugatus P.Browne The Mamoncillo Melicoccus bijugatus, also known as the Quenepa, Chenet, Genip, Spanish Lime, or Kinnip, is a fruit-bearing tree in the soapberry family Sapindaceae, native to a wide area of the American tropics including Central America, Colombia and the Caribbean. ... Binomial name Blighia sapida Koenig The Akee (Blighia sapida) is a member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry family), native to tropical west Africa. ...


Selected economically important genera

Species with pages written Acer campestre - Field Maple Acer grandidentatum - Bigtooth Maple Acer griseum - Paperbark Maple Acer macrophyllum - Bigleaf Maple Acer micranthum - Komine Maple Acer negundo - Manitoba Maple Acer nigrum - Black Maple Acer palmatum - Japanese Maple Acer pensylvanicum - Striped Maple Acer platanoides - Norway Maple Acer pseudoplatanus - Sycamore Maple Acer rubrum... Species Aesculus arguta: Texas Buckeye Aesculus californica: California Buckeye Aesculus chinensis: Chinese Horse-chestnut Aesculus flava (): Yellow Buckeye Aesculus glabra: Ohio Buckeye Aesculus hippocastanum: Common Horse-chestnut Aesculus indica: Indian Horse-chestnut Aesculus neglecta: Dwarf Buckeye Aesculus parviflora: Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus pavia: Red Buckeye Aesculus sylvatica: Painted Buckeye Aesculus turbinata... Binomial name Blighia sapida Koenig The Akee (Blighia sapida) is a member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry family), native to tropical west Africa. ... Longans (龍眼, in Pinyin lóngyǎn, in Cantonese long-ngan, meaning dragon eyes) (Nephelium longanum Cambess) are fruits often used in East Asian soups, snacks, desserts, and sweet-and-sour foods. ... Binomial name Koelreuteria paniculata The goldenrain tree (Koelreuteria paniculata), also called golden rain tree, Pride of India, varnish tree or China tree, is a flowering tree of East Asia. ... Binomial name Litchi chinensis Sonn. ... Binomial name Melicoccus bijugatus P.Browne The Mamoncillo Melicoccus bijugatus, also known as the Quenepa, Chenet, Genip, Spanish Lime, or Kinnip, is a fruit-bearing tree in the soapberry family Sapindaceae, native to a wide area of the American tropics including Central America, Colombia and the Caribbean. ... Binomial name Nephelium lappaceum L. Rambutan cut open. ... Binomial name Paullinia cupana Kunth Guarana or Guaraná (pronounced gwa-ra-naa), Paullinia cupana (syn. ... Species See text Sapindus is a genus of about 5-12 species of shrubs and small trees in the Sapindaceae, native to warm temperate to tropical regions in both the Old World and the New World. ... Binomial name Ungnadia speciosa Endl. ...

Genera

Note: several of the genera in this list (e.g. Negundo) are treated as synonyms of others by most botanists Binominal name Acer negundo Manitoba Maple (Acer negundo), also known as Ash-leaved Maple or (confusingly) Boxelder, is a species of maple, which occurs throughout most of North America. ...

  • Acer
  • Aesculus
  • Alectryon
  • Allophylus
  • Allosanthus
  • Amesiodendron
  • Aporrhiza
  • Arfeuillea
  • Arytera
  • Atalaya
  • Athyana
  • Averrhoidium
  • Beguea
  • Billia
  • Bizonula
  • Blighia
  • Blighiopsis
  • Blomia
  • Bridgesia
  • Camptolepis
  • Cardiospermum
  • Castanospora
  • Chonopetalum
  • Chouxia
  • Chytranthus
  • Conchopetalum
  • Cossinia
  • Cubilia
  • Cupania
  • Cupaniopsis
  • Deinbollia
  • Delavaya
  • Diatenopteryx
  • Dictyoneura
  • Dilodendron
  • Dimocarpus
  • Diploglottis
  • Diplokelepa
  • Diplopeltis
  • Dipteronia
  • Distichostemon
  • Dodonaea
  • Doratoxylon
  • Elattostachys
  • Eriocoelum
  • Erythrophysa
  • Euchorium
  • Euphorianthus
  • Eurycorymbus
  • Exothea
  • Filicium
  • Ganophyllum
  • Glenniea
  • Gloeocarpus
  • Gongrodiscus
  • Gongrospermum
  • Guindilia
  • Guioa
  • Handeliodendron
  • Haplocoelum
  • Harpullia
  • Hippobromus
  • Hornea
  • Houssayanthus
  • Hypelate
  • Hypseloderma
  • Jagera
  • Koelreuteria
  • Laccodiscus
  • Lecaniodiscus
  • Lepiderema
  • Lepidopetalum
  • Lepisanthes
  • Litchi
  • Llagunoa
  • Lophostigma
  • Loxodiscus
  • Lychnodiscus
  • Macphersonia
  • Magonia
  • Majidea
  • Matayba
  • Melicoccus
  • Mischocarpus
  • Molinaea
  • Negundo
  • Neotina
  • Nephelium
  • Otonephelium
  • Pancovia
  • Pappea
  • Paranephelium
  • Paullinia
  • Pavieasia
  • Pentascyphus
  • Phyllotrichum
  • Placodiscus
  • Plagioscyphus
  • Podonephelium
  • Pometia
  • Porocystis
  • Pseudima
  • Pseudopancovia
  • Pseudopteris
  • Radlkofera
  • Rhysotoechia
  • Sapindus
  • Sarcopteryx
  • Sarcotoechia
  • Schleichera
  • Scyphonychium
  • Serjania
  • Sinoradlkofera
  • Sisyrolepis
  • Smelophyllum
  • Stadmania
  • Stocksia
  • Storthocalyx
  • Synima
  • Talisia
  • Thinouia
  • Thouinia
  • Thouinidium
  • Tina
  • Tinopsis
  • Toechima
  • Toulicia
  • Trigonachras
  • Tripterodendron
  • Tristira
  • Tristiropsis
  • Tsingya
  • Ungnadia
  • Urvillea
  • Vouarana
  • Xanthoceras
  • Xeropspermum
  • Zanha
  • Zollingeria

 
 

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