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Encyclopedia > Sapa Inca
Sapa Incas
Hurin dynasty
   Manco Capac c. 1200 CE
   Sinchi Roca c. 1230
   Lloque Yupanqui c. 1260
   Mayta Capac c. 1290
   Capac Yupanqui c. 1320
Hanan dynasty
   Inca Roca c. 1350
   Yahuar Huacac c. 1380
   Viracocha c. 1410
   Pachacuti 1438-71
   Tupac Inca Yupanqui 1471-1493
   Huayna Capac 1493-1527
   Ninan Cuyochi 1527
   Huascar 1527-32
   Atahualpa 1532-33

The ruler of the Inca Empire (quechua: Inka Qhapaq) used the title of Sapa (the only one) and Apu (divinity). Categories: Historical stubs | Inca emperors ... Sinchi Roca (a. ... Lloque Yupanqui (Quechua Lloqe Yupanki Inka left-handed accountant Inca) was the third Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1260) and a member of the Hurin dynasty. ... Mayta Capac (Quechua Mayta Qhapaq Inka) was the fourth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1290) and a member of the Hurin dynasty. ... Capac Yupanqui (Quechua Qhapaq Yupanki Inka, splendid accountant Inca) was the fifth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1320) and the last of the Hurin dynasty. ... Inca Roca (Quechua Inka Roqa, magnanimous Inca) was the sixth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1350) and the first of the Hanan (upper) dynasty. ... Yahuar Huacac (Quechua Yawar Waqaq Inka, blood-crying Inca) was the seventh Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1380) and the second of the Hanan dynasty. ... Viracocha (Quechua Wiraqocha, the name of a god) was the eighth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around 1410) and the third of the Hanan dynasty. ... Pachacuti as drawn by Guaman Poma Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (or Pachacutec; Quechua Pachakutiq, literally world-turner, i. ... Drawing of Tupac Inca Yupanqui by Guaman Poma (1615 CE) Tupac Inca Yupanqui (a. ... Huayna Capac (Quechua Wayna Qhapaq splendid youth) was the eleventh Sapa Inca (1493 - 1527) of the Inca Empire, and sixth of the Hanan dynasty. ... Ninan Cuyochi, born 149?, died 1527, the oldest son of Sapa Inca Huayna Capac and first in line to inherit the Inca Empire, but he however died shortly before his father by smallpox, inflicting a civil war. ... Alternate meaning: Huáscar (warship) Huascar, in full Inti Cusi Huallpa Huáscar (“Sun of Joy”) (died 1532). ... Lifetime portrait of Atahuallpa, the 13th and last sovereign Inca emperor Atahuallpa or Atawallpa (c. ... Capital Cusco 1197-1533 Vilcabamba 1533-1572 Language(s) Quechua, Aymara, Jaqi family, Mochic and scores of smaller languages. ... Quechua (Runa Simi; Kichwa in Ecuador) is a Native American language of South America. ...


The leadership system at all levels within the Inca Empire were structured by moieties entitled the hanan (upper) and the hurin (lower), in keeping with the ideal of duality. The leaders of the two moieties ruled together and were ranked equally, although the hanan leader had greater prestige and therefore dominance. At the time of the Spanish conquest of Peru the supreme leader of the empire of the hanan moiety was called the Sapa Inca. This concept of duality was lost to the Spanish, whose post-conquest chroniclers only recorded the names of the Sapa Inca, the empire's hanan ruler at the time, and his "queens", and left off the hurin. Capital Cusco 1197-1533 Vilcabamba 1533-1572 Language(s) Quechua, Aymara, Jaqi family, Mochic and scores of smaller languages. ... Look up moiety in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Taoists Taijitu The concept of Yin Yang originates in ancient Chinese philosophy, most likely from the observations of day turning into night and night into day. ... There lies Peru with its riches; Here, Panama and its poverty. ...


The Sapa Inca of the first dynasty of the Kingdom of Cuzco were, in order, Manco Capac, Sinchi Roca, Lloque Yupanqui, Mayta Capac, and Capac Yupanqui. Little is known of these early rulers, but as a rough guide, in later years capac meant warlord and sinchi meant leader. The beginning of the dynasty is generally taken as about 1200 CE. Nickname: Location in Peru Coordinates: Country Peru Region Cusco Province Cusco Founded 1100 A.D. 1st Government  - Type Democracy  - Mayor Carlos Valencia Miranda Elevation 3,310 m (10,859. ... Categories: Historical stubs | Inca emperors ... Sinchi Roca (a. ... Lloque Yupanqui (Quechua Lloqe Yupanki Inka left-handed accountant Inca) was the third Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1260) and a member of the Hurin dynasty. ... Mayta Capac (Quechua Mayta Qhapaq Inka) was the fourth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1290) and a member of the Hurin dynasty. ... Capac Yupanqui (Quechua Qhapaq Yupanki Inka, splendid accountant Inca) was the fifth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1320) and the last of the Hurin dynasty. ...


The Sapa Inca of the second dynasty of the Kingdom of Cuzco were, in order, Inca Roca, Yahuar Huacac, Viracocha, and Pachacuti. The second dynasty marked the transition in dominance from the hurin to hanan family. Inca Roca (Quechua Inka Roqa, magnanimous Inca) was the sixth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1350) and the first of the Hanan (upper) dynasty. ... Yahuar Huacac (Quechua Yawar Waqaq Inka, blood-crying Inca) was the seventh Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around CE 1380) and the second of the Hanan dynasty. ... Viracocha (Quechua Wiraqocha, the name of a god) was the eighth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco (beginning around 1410) and the third of the Hanan dynasty. ... Pachacuti as drawn by Guaman Poma Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (or Pachacutec; Quechua Pachakutiq, literally world-turner, i. ...


The first Sapa Inca of the Tawantin Suyu, or Inca empire, was Pachacuti (1438-1471). He was followed by Tupac Inca Yupanqui (1471-1493), Huayna Capac (1493-1527), Ninan Cuyochi (?-1527), Huascar (1527-1532), and, finally, Atahualpa (1532-1533). Pachacuti as drawn by Guaman Poma Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (or Pachacutec; Quechua Pachakutiq, literally world-turner, i. ... Drawing of Tupac Inca Yupanqui by Guaman Poma (1615 CE) Tupac Inca Yupanqui (a. ... Huayna Capac (Quechua Wayna Qhapaq splendid youth) was the eleventh Sapa Inca (1493 - 1527) of the Inca Empire, and sixth of the Hanan dynasty. ... Ninan Cuyochi, born 149?, died 1527, the oldest son of Sapa Inca Huayna Capac and first in line to inherit the Inca Empire, but he however died shortly before his father by smallpox, inflicting a civil war. ... Alternate meaning: Huáscar (warship) Huascar, in full Inti Cusi Huallpa Huáscar (“Sun of Joy”) (died 1532). ... Lifetime portrait of Atahuallpa, the 13th and last sovereign Inca emperor Atahuallpa or Atawallpa (c. ...


Pachacuti reorganized the empire into four suyus (provinces), each governed by an Apo with several layers of administration below him. He also adopted the Chimú custom of split inheritance. Under this system one potential heir would receive the political inheritance while property and water rights would be split between the other potential heirs. This sated the other potential heirs materially and encouraged the new Inca to conquer new territory to acquire property. The Chimú were the residents of Chimor with its capital at the city of Chan Chan in the Moche valley of Peru. ...


Ninan Cuyochi, who was a Sapa Inca for only a few days, is sometimes left off the list of Sapa Incas because news of his death from smallpox arrived in Cuzco shortly after he was declared Sapa Inca. He had been with Huayna Capac when he died of smallpox. The death of Ninan, the presumed heir, led to a war of succession between Huascar and Atahualpa, a weakness that the Spanish exploited when they conquered the Incas. Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. ...


After the Spanish conquest, there were several more Sapa Incas before the Inca leadership system dissolved completely. They were Tupac Huallpa (1533), Manco Inca Yupanqui (1533-1545), Sayri Tupaq (1545-1560), Titu Cusi (1560-1571), and, most famously, Tupac Amarú. There lies Peru with its riches; Here, Panama and its poverty. ... Tupac Huallpa (? - October 1533) was a puppet Inca Emperor of the conquistadors during the Spanish conquest of Peru, led by Francisco Pizarro. ... Manco Inca Yupanqui (b. ... Sayri Tupac was a son of Manco Inca Yupanqui, and became the Inca Ruler of Vilcabamba in 1545. ... Don Diego de Castro Titu Cusi Yupanqui (1529 - 1571) was a son of Manco Inca Yupanqui, and became the Inca Ruler of Vilcabamba in 1558. ... This article refers to the Inca Túpac Amaru who died in 1572, see Túpac Amaru II for the man whose Christian name was José Gabriel Condorcanqui. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
BIGpedia - Inca Empire - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (3345 words)
The Inca leadership encouraged the worship of their gods, the foremost of which was Inti, the sun god.
The foreign name Inca Empire is derived from the word Inca, which means "Emperor." Today the word Inca still refers to the emperor, but can also refer to the people or the civilization, and is used as an adjective when referring to the beliefs of the people or the artifacts they left behind.
For instance, the Chimú used money in their commerce, while the Inca empire as a whole had an economy based on exchange and taxation of luxury goods and labour (it is said that Inca tax collectors would take the head lice of the lame and old as a symbolic tribute).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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