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Encyclopedia > Santorini
Santorini
Σαντορίνη
View across collapsed caldera
View across collapsed caldera
Geography
Coordinates: 36°25.2′N 25°25.9′E / 36.42, 25.4317
Island Chain: Cyclades
Area:[1] 73 km² (28 sq.mi.)
Government
Flag of Greece Greece
Periphery: South Aegean
Prefecture: Cyclades
Capital: Fira
Statistics
Population: 13,402 (as of 2001)
Density: 184 /km² (475 /sq.mi.)
Postal Code: 847 00, 847 02
Area Code: 22860
License Code: EM
Website
www.thira.gr

Santorini (Greek Σαντορίνη, pronounced [ˌsa(n)do̞ˈrini]) is a small, circular archipelago of volcanic islands located in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km south-east from Greece's mainland. It is also known as Thera (or Thira, Greek Θήρα [ˈθira]), forming the southernmost member of the Cyclades group of islands, with an area of approximately 73 km² (28 mi²) and a 2001 census population of 13,670. It is comprised of the Municipality of Thíra (pop. 12,440) and the Community of Oía (Οία, pop. 1,230, which includes 268 inhabitants resident on the offshore island of Therasia, lying to the west). They have a total land area of 90.623 km², which also includes the uninhabited islands of Nea Kameni, Palaia Kameni, Aspronisi, and Christiani (all part of the Municipality of Thira). Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (3752 × 2508 pixel, file size: 2. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Categories: Greece geography stubs ... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are a Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... Fira is the modern capital of the Greek aegean island Santorini. ... The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are a Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Communities and municipalities of Greece are one of several levels of government within the organizational structure of that country. ... Santorini Oia Coast by day Oia (Οία) (pronounced Ia) is a community on the island of Thera, Santorini, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Therasia, also known as Thirasia (Greek: Θηρασία), is a small Greek island west of Santorini in the Cyclades. ... The Santorini caldera, with Nea Kameni in the center Nea Kameni is a small uninhabited Greek island of volcanic origin located in the Bay of Santorini It was first formed in 16th century through volcanic eruptions, and was enlarged the same way. ...


Santorini is essentially what remains of an enormous volcanic explosion, destroying the earliest settlements on what was formerly a single island, and leading to the creation of the current geological caldera. Its spectacular physical beauty, along with a dynamic nightlife, have made the island one of Europe's tourist hot spots. Satellite image of Santorini. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


A giant central lagoon, more or less rectangular, and measuring about 12 km by 7 km (8 mi by 4 mi), is surrounded by 300 m (984 ft) high steep cliffs on three sides. The island slopes downward from the cliffs to the surrounding Aegean Sea. On the fourth side, the lagoon is separated from the sea by another much smaller island called Therasia; the lagoon merges with the sea in two places, in the northwest and southwest. The water in the centre of the lagoon is nearly 400 m (1300 ft) deep, thus making it a safe harbour for all kinds of shipping. The island's harbours all lie in the lagoon and there are no ports on the outer perimeter of the island; the capital, Fira, clings to the top of the cliff looking down on the lagoon. The volcanic rocks present from the prior eruptions feature olivine and have a notably small presence of hornblende.[2] Therasia, also known as Thirasia (Greek: Θηρασία), is a small Greek island west of Santorini in the Cyclades. ... Fira is the modern capital of the Greek aegean island Santorini. ... The mineral olivine (also called chrysolite and, when gem-quality, peridot) is a magnesium iron silicate with the formula (Mg,Fe)2SiO4. ... Amphibole (Hornblende) Hornblende is a complex inosilicate series of minerals. ...


It is the most active volcanic centre in the South Aegean Volcanic Arc, though what remains today is chiefly a water-filled caldera. The name Santorini was given it by the Latin empire in the thirteenth century, and is a reference to Saint Irene. Before then it was named Kallistē ("the most beautiful one"), Strongylē ("the circular one"), or Thera. Satellite image of Santorini. ... Arms of the Latin Empire of Constantinople The Latin Empire with its vassals and the Greek successor states after the partition of the Byzantine Empire, c. ... Saint Irene (Holy Peace) was the sister of Saint Agape (Holy Love) and Saint Chionia (Snow-White), three young girls of Thessalonica. ...


The island is the site of one of the largest volcanic eruptions the planet has ever seen: the Minoan eruption (sometimes called the Thera eruption), which occurred some 3,600 years ago at the height of the Minoan civilization. The eruption left a large caldera surrounded by volcanic ash deposits hundreds of feet deep and may have led indirectly to the collapse of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete, 110 km (70 miles) to the south, through the creation of a gigantic tsunami. Another popular theory holds that the Thera eruption is the source of the legend of Atlantis. This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Satellite image of Thera The Bronze Age Minoan eruption of Thera (or Santorini) is considered to be one of the largest volcanic eruptions on Earth during the period of written human history. ... Satellite image of Thera The devastating volcanic eruption of Thera in the Bronze Age (dated to ca. ... The Minoan civilization was a bronze age civilization which arose on the island of Crete. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ... Ash plume from Mt Cleveland, a stratovolcano Diamond Head, a well-known backdrop to Waikiki in Hawaii, is an ash cone that solidified into tuff Volcanic ash consists of very fine rock and mineral particles less than 2 mm in diameter that are ejected from a volcanic vent. ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Atlantis (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Minoan Akrotiri

Linear A script etched on a vase found in Akrotiri

Excavations starting in 1967 at the site called Akrotiri ("Upper Thira") under the late Professor Spyridon Marinatos have made Thera the best-known "Minoan" site outside of Crete, the homeland of the culture. The island was not known as Thera at this time. Only the southern tip of a large town has been uncovered, yet it has revealed complexes of multi-level buildings, streets, and squares with remains of walls standing as high as eight meters, all entombed in the solidified ash of the famous eruption of Thera. The site was not a palace-complex such as are found in Crete, but its excellent masonry and fine wall-paintings show that this was certainly no conglomeration of merchants' warehousing either. A loom-workshop suggests organized textile weaving for export. This Bronze Age civilization thrived between 3000 to 2000 BC, and reached its peak in the period 2000 to 1580 BC.[3] Download high resolution version (1024x768, 79 KB)Linear A on a vase from Acrotiri in Santorini. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 79 KB)Linear A on a vase from Acrotiri in Santorini. ... Linear A incised on tablets found in Akrotiri, Santorini. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... See also Akrotiri (disambiguation). ... Spyridon Nikolaou Marinatos (November 4, 1901 - October 1, 1974) was one of the premier Greek archaeologists of the 20th century, whose most notable discovery was the site of the Minoan port city on the island of Thera destroyed and preserved by the massive volcanic eruption, ca 1650-1600 BCE, spawning... The Minoan civilization was a bronze age civilization which arose on the island of Crete. ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...

Satellite image of Santorini. Clockwise from center: Nea Kameni; Palea Kameni; Aspronisi; Therasia; Thera
Satellite image of Santorini. Clockwise from center: Nea Kameni; Palea Kameni; Aspronisi; Therasia; Thera

Some of the houses in Akrotiri are major structures, some amongst them three stories high. Its streets, squares, and walls were preserved in the layers of ejecta, sometimes as tall as eight meters, and indicating this was a major town. In many houses stone staircases are still intact, and they contain huge ceramic storage jars (pithoi), mills, and pottery. Noted archaeological remains found in Akrotiri are wall paintings or frescoes, which have kept their original colour well, as they were preserved under many meters of volcanic ash. The town also had a highly developed drainage system and, judging from the fine artwork, its citizens were clearly sophisticated and relatively wealthy people. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 70 KB)Santorini island, Greece - Landsat photo Source: NASA, public domain https://zulu. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 70 KB)Santorini island, Greece - Landsat photo Source: NASA, public domain https://zulu. ... Pithoi at Knossos. ... A XIV Century fresco featuring Saint Sebastian Note: Fresco is the NATO reporting name of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17. ...


Pipes with running water and water closets found at Akrotiri are the oldest such utilities discovered. The pipes run in twin systems, indicating that the Therans used both hot and cold water supplies; the origin of the hot water probably was geothermic, given the volcano's proximity. The dual pipe system suggesting hot and cold running water, the advanced architecture, and the apparent layout of the Akrotiri find resemble Plato's description of the legendary lost city of Atlantis, further indicating the Minoans as the culture which primarily inspired the Atlantis legend. Flush toilet A flush toilet or water closet is a toilet that disposes of the waste products by using water to sweep them away down a drainpipe. ... The Nesjavellir Geothermal Power Plant in Iceland Geothermal power (from the Greek words geo, meaning earth, and thermal, meaning heat) is energy generated by heat stored beneath the Earths surface or the collection of absorbed heat in the atmosphere and oceans. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Atlantis (disambiguation). ...

The "saffron-gatherers"
The "saffron-gatherers"
Landscape of spring time - Fresco from the Bronze Age, Akrotiri
Landscape of spring time - Fresco from the Bronze Age, Akrotiri

Fragmentary wall-paintings at Akrotiri lack the insistent religious or mythological content familiar in Classical Greek decor. Instead, the Minoan frescoes depict "Saffron-Gatherers", who offer their crocus-stamens to a seated lady, perhaps a goddess; in another house are two antelopes, painted with a kind of confident, flowing, decorative, calligraphic line, the famous fresco of a fisherman with his double strings of fish strung by their gills, and the flotilla of pleasure boats, accompanied by leaping dolphins, where ladies take their ease in the shade of light canopies, among other frescoes. Image File history File links Saffron_gatherersSantorini-3. ... Image File history File links Saffron_gatherersSantorini-3. ... Image File history File links Akrotiri_spring_02. ... Image File history File links Akrotiri_spring_02. ... For other uses, see Fresco (disambiguation). ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... For other uses, see Saffron (disambiguation). ... Species See text. ... For the 1934 film, see The Goddess (1934 film). ... This article deals with the African herbivorous mammal. ... A Long Island fisherman cleans his nets A fisherman is someone who gathers fish, shellfish, or other animals from a body of water. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... A boat, like a ship, is a buoyant vessel designed for the purpose of transporting people and possibly goods across water. ... This article is about the dolphin mammal. ...


The well preserved ruins of the ancient town often are compared to the spectacular ruins at Pompeii in Italy. Unfortunately for would-be visitors the canopy covering the ruins collapsed in September 2005, killing one tourist and injuring seven more. The site remains closed while a new canopy is built. For other uses, see Pompeii (disambiguation). ...


The oldest signs of human settlement are Late Neolithic (4th millennium BC or earlier), but ca. 20001650 BC Akrotiri developed into one of the Aegean's major Bronze Age ports, with recovered objects that had come, not just from Crete, but also from Anatolia, Cyprus, Syria, and Egypt as well as from the Dodecanese and the Greek mainland. The 4th millennium BC saw major changes in human culture. ... EGGS! ... Centuries: 18th century BC - 17th century BC - 15th century BC Decades: 1690s BC 1680s BC 1670s BC 1660s BC - 1650s BC - 1640s BC 1630s BC 1620s BC 1610s BC 1600s BC Events and trends Egypt: Start of Seventeenth Dynasty. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... This article is about two nested areas of Turkey, a plateau region within a peninsula. ... The Dodecanese (Greek Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa, Turkish Onikiada, both meaning twelve islands; Italian Dodecaneso) are a group of 12 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the Aegean Sea, off the southwest coast of Turkey. ...


Dating

The Minoan eruption provides a fixed point for the chronology of the second millennium BC in the Aegean, because evidence of the eruption occurs throughout the region and the site itself contains material culture from outside. The eruption occurred during the "Late Minoan IA" period at Crete and the "Late Cycladic I" period in the surrounding islands.


The exact date of the eruption, however, is unknown. Radiocarbon dating indicates that the eruption occurred about 1645—1600 BC.[4] These dates, however, conflict with the usual date range from archaeological evidence, which is between about 1550 and 1500 BC.[5] For more discussion, see the article on the Minoan eruption. Radiocarbon dating is a radiometric dating method that uses the naturally occurring isotope carbon-14 (14C) to determine the age of carbonaceous materials up to about 60,000 years. ... (Redirected from 1550 BC) Centuries: 17th century BC - 16th century BC - 15th century BC Decades: 1600s BC 1590s BC 1580s BC 1570s BC 1560s BC - 1550s BC - 1540s BC 1530s BC 1520s BC 1510s BC 1500s BC Events and Trends The city of Mycenae, located in the northeast Peloponnesus, came... (Redirected from 1500 BC) Centuries: 17th century BC - 16th century BC - 15th century BC Decades: 1550s BC 1540s BC 1530s BC 1520s BC 1510s BC - 1500s BC - 1490s BC 1480s BC 1470s BC 1460s BC 1450s BC Events and Trends Stonehenge built in Wiltshire, England The element Mercury has been... Satellite image of Thera The Bronze Age Minoan eruption of Thera (or Santorini) is considered to be one of the largest volcanic eruptions on Earth during the period of written human history. ...


Ancient and Medieval Santorini

The island is famous for its sunsets

Santorini remained unoccupied throughout the rest of the Bronze Age, during which time the Greeks took over Crete. At Knossos, in a LMIIIA context (14th century BC), seven Linear B texts while calling upon "all the gods" make sure to grant primacy to an elsewhere-unattested entity called qe-ra-si-ja and, once, qe-ra-si-jo. If the endings -ia[s] and -ios represent an ethnikonic suffix, then this means "The One From Qeras[os]". If aspirated, *Qhera- would have become "Thera-" in later Greek. "Therasia" and its ethnikon "Therasios" are both attested in later Greek; and, since -sos was itself a genitive suffix in the Aegean Sprachbund, *Qeras[os] could also shrink to *Qera. (An alternate view takes qe-ra-si-ja and qe-ra-si-jo as proof of androgyny, and applies this name by similar arguments to the legendary seer, Tiresias, but these views are not mutually exclusive of one another.) If qe-ra-si-ja was an ethnikon first, then in following him/her/it the Cretans also feared whence it came.[6] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 393 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (420 × 640 pixel, file size: 147 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Santorini, 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 393 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (420 × 640 pixel, file size: 147 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Santorini, 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... A portion of Arthur Evans reconstruction of the Minoan palace at Knossos. ... // Overview Events 1344 BCE – 1322 BCE -- Beginning of Hittite empire Rise of the Urnfield culture Significant persons Akhenaten, Pharaoh of Egypt Tutankhamun, Pharaoh of Egypt Suppiliulima, king of the Hittites Moses Inventions, discoveries, introductions Template:DecadesAndYearsBCE Category: ‪14th century BCE‬ ... This article is about the ancient syllabary. ... A Sprachbund (German for language bond, also known as a linguistic area, convergence area, diffusion area) is a group of languages that have become similar in some way because of geographical proximity. ... In Greek mythology, Tiresias was a blind prophet, the son of the shepherd Everes and the nymph Chariclo. ...


Over the centuries after the general catastrophes of 1200 BC,[vague] Phoenicians founded a site on Thera. Herodotus reports that the Phoenicians called the island Callista and lived on it for eight generations.[7] Then, in the 9th century BC, Dorians founded the main Hellenic city - on Mesa Vouno, 396 m above sea level. This group later claimed that they had named the city and the island after their leader, Theras. Phoenicia was an ancient civilization in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coastal plain of what is now Lebanon and Syria. ... (10th century BC - 9th century BC - 8th century BC - other centuries) (900s BC - 890s BC - 880s BC - 870s BC - 860s BC - 850s BC - 840s BC - 830s BC - 820s BC - 810s BC - 800s BC - other decades) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Kingdom of Kush (900 BC... This article or section should include material from Dorian invasion The Dorians were one of the ancient Hellenic (Greek) races. ...


The Dorians have left a number of inscriptions incised in stone, in the vicinity of the temple of Apollo, attesting to pederastic relations between the authors and their eromenoi. These inscriptions, found by Friedrich Hiller von Gaertringen, have been thought by some archaeologists to be of a ritual, celebratory nature, due to their large size, careful construction and - in some cases - execution by craftsmen other than the authors. Other historians, such as Dover and Henri-Irénée Marrou, have considered them to be pornographic in nature.[8] For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation). ... Pederastic courtship scene Athenian black-figure amphora, 5th c. ... In the pederastic tradition of Classical Athens, the eromenos (Greek ἐρόμενος, pl. ... Henri-Irénée Marrou (1904-1977) was a leading French historian of the mid- twentieth century. ...


According to Herodotus (4.149-165), following a drought of seven years, Thera sent out colonists who founded a number of cities in northern Africa, including Cyrene. Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Greek: Hēródotos Halikarnāsseús) was a Greek historian who lived in the 5th century BC (c. ... Cyrene (Greek Κυρήνη, Kurene) was an ancient Greek colony in present-day Libya, the oldest and most important of the five Greek cities in the region. ...


In the 5th century BC, Dorian Thera did not join the Delian League with Athens; and during the Peloponnesian War, Thera sided with Dorian Sparta, against Athens. The Athenians took the island during the war, but lost it again after the Battle of Aegospotami. The 5th century BC started the first day of 500 BC and ended the last day of 401 BC. // The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ... Delian League (Athenian Empire), right before the Peloponnesian War in 431 BC. Corcyra was not part of the League The Delian League was an association of Greek city-states in the 5th century BC. It was led by Athens. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Athenian War redirects here. ... Combatants Sparta Athens Commanders Lysander 6 generals Strength Unknown 170 ships Casualties Minimal 160 Ships, Thousands of sailors The naval Battle of Aegospotami took place in 404 BC and was the last major battle of the Peloponnesian War. ...


As with other Greek territories, Thera then was ruled by the Romans; and it passed to the eastern side of the Empire when it divided - which now is known as the Byzantine Empire. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Byzantine redirects here. ...


During the Crusades, the Franks settled it, while in the 13th century AD, the Venetians annexed the isle to the Duchy of Naxos and renamed it "Santorini", that is "Saint Irene". Santorini came under Ottoman rule in 1579. This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... The Venetian Duchy of the Archipelago (also called Egeon Pelagos) was a maritime state created in the Aegean Sea in the aftermath the Fourth Crusade. ... Saint Irene (Holy Peace) was the sister of Saint Agape (Holy Love) and Saint Chionia (Snow-White), three young girls of Thessalonica. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... Events January 6 - The Union of Atrecht united the southern Netherlands under the Duke of Parma, governor in the name of king Philip II of Spain. ...


Modern Santorini

Oia at night
Oia at night
Santorini's famous Red Beach
Houses built on the edge of the caldera
Houses built on the edge of the caldera

Santorini was united with Greece in 1912. Its major settlements include Fira (Phira), Oia, Emporio, Kamari, Imerovigli, Pyrgos, and Therasia. Akrotiri is a major archaeological site, with ruins from the Minoan era. Santorini's primary industry is tourism, particularly in the summer months. The island's pumice quarries have been closed since 1986, in order to preserve the caldera. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 68 KB)Oia at night. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 68 KB)Oia at night. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x3072, 2365 KB) Summary David Kartsonis, I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x3072, 2365 KB) Summary David Kartsonis, I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Fira is the modern capital of the Greek aegean island Santorini. ... Santorini Oia Coast by day Oia (Οία) (pronounced Ia) is a community on the island of Thera, Santorini, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... The Emporio Slogan showing a light red X on the Steam logo with the words No Steam on its right. ... For other places that have the same name, click Pyrgos (disambiguation) Pyrgos is an archaeological site of the Minoan civilization near Myrtos in the municipality of Ierapetra on the south coast of Crete. ... Therasia, also known as Thirasia (Greek: Θηρασία), is a small Greek island west of Santorini in the Cyclades. ... See also Akrotiri (disambiguation). ... Tourist redirects here. ... Specimen of highly porous pumice from Teide volcano on Tenerife, Canary Islands. ...


Santorini has no rivers, and water is scarce. Until the early 1990s locals filled water cisterns from the rain that fell on roofs and courts, from small springs, and with imported assistance from other areas of Greece. In recent years a desalination plant has provided running, yet non-potable, water to most houses. Shevchenko BN350 desalination unit situated on the shore of the Caspian Sea. ...


The island remains the home of a small, but flourishing, wine industry, based on the indigenous grape variety, Assyrtiko. Vines of the Assyrtiko variety are extremely old and prove resistant to phylloxera, attributed by local winemakers to the well-drained volcanic soil and its chemistry, and the soil needed no replacement during the great phylloxera epidemic of the early 20th century. In their adaptation to their habitat, such vines are planted far apart, as their principal source of moisture is dew, and they often are trained in the shape of low-spiralling baskets, with the grapes hanging inside to protect them from the winds. Also unique to the island is the red, sweet, and extremely strong Vinsanto. White wines from the island are extremely dry with a strong, citrus scent, and the ashy volcanic soil gives the white wines a slightly sulphurous flavour much like Vinsanto. It is not easy to be a winegrower in Santorini, because the hot and dry climatological conditions give the soil a low productivity. The yield per acre is only 10 to 20% of the yields that are common in France and California. For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fruits of the genus Vitis. ... Assyrtiko or Asyrtiko is the indigenous white wine grape of the island of Santorini, Greece. ... Grape Phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, family Phylloxeridae, superfamily Aphidoidea) is a serious pest of commercial grapevines worldwide, originally native to eastern North America. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


In 1707 an undersea volcano breached the sea surface, forming the current centre of activity at Nea Kameni, and eruptions centred on it continue — the twentieth century saw three such, the last in 1950. At some time in the future, it will almost certainly erupt violently once again. Santorini also was struck by a devastating earthquake in 1956. Although the volcano is at rest at the present time, at the current active crater (there are several former craters on Nea Kameni), steam and sulphur are given off.


Volcanic eruption

Main article: Minoan eruption

Satellite image of Thera The Bronze Age Minoan eruption of Thera (or Santorini) is considered to be one of the largest volcanic eruptions on Earth during the period of written human history. ...

The physical eruption

The devastating volcanic eruption of Thera has become the most famous single event in the Aegean before the fall of Troy. This may have been one of the biggest volcanic eruptions on Earth in the last few thousand years. For other uses of Troy or Ilion, see Troy (disambiguation) and Ilion (disambiguation). ...


The violent eruption was centered on a small island just north of the existing island of Nea Kameni in the centre of the caldera; the caldera itself was formed several hundred thousand years ago by collapse of the centre of a circular island caused by the emptying of the magma chamber during an eruption. It has been filled several times by ignimbrite since then, and the process repeated itself, most recently 21,000 years ago. The northern part of the caldera was refilled by the volcano and then collapsed again during the Minoan eruption. Before the Minoan eruption, the caldera formed a nearly continuous ring with the only entrance between the tiny island of Aspronisi and Thera; the eruption destroyed the sections of the ring between Aspronisi and Therasia, and between Therasia and Thera, creating two new channels. Ignimbrite is a volcanic pyroclastic rock, often of dacitic or rhyolitic composition. ...

Volcanic craters at Santorini today
Volcanic craters at Santorini today

On Santorini, there is to be found a deposit of white tephra thrown from the eruption, lying up to 60 metres thick overlying the soil marking the ground level before the eruption and, forming a layer divided into three fairly distinct bands indicating different phases of the eruption. New archaeological discoveries by a team of international scientists, in 2006, have revealed that the Santorini event was much more massive than previously thought; it expelled 61 km³ of magma and rock into Earth's atmosphere, compared to previous estimates of only 39 cubic kilometres in 1991.[9][10] Only the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption of 1815 (and possibly the eruption at Lake Taupo of 181 AD) released more material into the atmosphere during the past 5,000 years—at an estimated 100 cubic kilometres. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 177 KB) Beskrivelse Nea Kameni, Santorini Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Santorini Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 177 KB) Beskrivelse Nea Kameni, Santorini Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Santorini Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Tephra refers to air-fall material produced by a volcanic eruption regardless of composition or fragment size. ... Mount Tambora (or Tomboro) is an active stratovolcano on Sumbawa island, Indonesia. ... Lake Taupo is a lake situated in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Events Antonine Wall is overrun. ...


Speculation on an Exodus Connection

The town of Oia

A 2006 documentary created by filmmaker Simcha Jacobovici suggests that the eruption of the Santorini Island volcano (c. 1623 B.C., +/-25) caused all the biblical plagues described against Egypt, redating the eruption to c. 1500 B.C.. The Hyksos, some of them Mycenaean Greek "Hebrews", fled Egypt (which they had in fact ruled for some time) after the eruption. Jacobovici (and fellow producer James Cameron) make a dramatic, but rather thinly-supported presentation that the Hyksos were none other than the Israelites, who also may have been known as Habiru. The pharaoh with whom they identify the Pharaoh of the Exodus is Ahmose I. Rather than crossing the Red Sea, Jacobovici argued a marshy area in northern Egypt known as the "Reed Sea" would have been alternately drained and flooded by Tsunamis caused by the caldera collapse, and could have been crossed during the exodus. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 166 KB)Oia on the calder with flower carpet. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 166 KB)Oia on the calder with flower carpet. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Simcha Jacobovici (IPA pronunciation: ) is an award winning and controversial documentary director and producer whose work deals primarily with controversies in Jewish history. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... (Redirected from 1500 B.C.) Centuries: 17th century BC - 16th century BC - 15th century BC Decades: 1550s BC 1540s BC 1530s BC 1520s BC 1510s BC - 1500s BC - 1490s BC 1480s BC 1470s BC 1460s BC 1450s BC Events and Trends Stonehenge built in Wiltshire, England The element Mercury has... An image representing the Egyptian pharaoh Ahmose I defeating the Hyksos in battle. ... Mycenaean Greece, the last phase of the Bronze Age in ancient Greece, is the historical setting of the epics of Homer and much other Greek mythology. ... An image representing the Egyptian pharaoh Ahmose I defeating the Hyksos in battle. ... Habiru (Ha biru) or Apiru or pr. ... In the Bible, the name of the Pharaoh of the Exodus is not given. ... Nebpehtire[4] The Lord of Strength is Re Nomen Ahmose[3] The Moon is Born Horus name Aakheperu[5] Great of Developments[6] Nebty name Tutmesut[5] Perfect of Birth[6] Golden Horus Tjestawy[5] He who Knots Together the Two Lands[6] Consort(s) Ahmose-Nefertari Gods Wife... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ...


Speculation on an Atlantis connection

Mansions and hotels on the steep cliffs
Mansions and hotels on the steep cliffs

It is easy to see why this location was added to the list of possible locations for the fabled city of Atlantis. As with most myths, connections to real places are usually dubious and many scientists often are skeptical. However some archaeological, seismological, and vulcanological evidence [11] [12] [13] (popularized on The History Channel show Lost Worlds episode "Atlantis" [14]) regarding Crete, Santorini, and the description of Atlantis from Plato has been presented linking the Atlantis myth to Santorini. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 449 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (461 × 615 pixel, file size: 54 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by myself, Santorini, 2005-10-07 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 449 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (461 × 615 pixel, file size: 54 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by myself, Santorini, 2005-10-07 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... For other uses, see Atlantis (disambiguation). ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Seismology (from the Greek seismos(σεισμός) = earthquake and λόγος,logos = knowledge ) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the Earth. ... Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma and related geological phenomena. ... For the Canadian equivalent of this channel, see History Television. ... For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ...


Gallery

Panoramic view of the Santorini caldera, taken from Imerovigli
Panoramic view of the Santorini caldera, taken from Imerovigli
Panoramic view of Santorini's principal city, Fira
Panoramic view of Santorini's principal city, Fira

See also

Santorini (Thira) National Airport is an airport in Santorini/Thira, Greece (IATA: JTR, ICAO: LGSR). ... The White Towns of Andalusia are a series of towns and villages in the northern part of the provinces of Cadiz and Malaga in southern Spain, mostly within the Grazalema National Park. ...

Notes

  • Forsyth, Phyllis Y.: Thera in the Bronze Age, Peter Lang Pub Inc, New York 1997. ISBN 0-8204-4889-3
  • Thera (Santorin) - Catholic Encyclopedia article
  • Global Volcanism Program: Santorini
  • History Channel's "Lost Worlds: Atlantis" archeology series. Features scientists Dr. J. Alexander MacGuuvry (archeologist), Dr. Colin F. MacDonald (archaeologist), Professor Floyd McCoy (vulcanologist), professor Clairy Palyvou (architect), and Dr. Gerassimos Papadopoulos (seismologist)

References

  1. ^ Basic Characteristics. Ministry of the Interior. www.ypes.gr. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  2. ^ Michaēl Phytikas, The South Aegean Active Volcanic Arc: Present Knowledge and Future Perspectives
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Akrotiri, The Modern Antiquarian (2007)
  4. ^ Manning, Sturt W; Ramsey, CB, Kutschera, W, Higham, T, Kromer, B, Steier, P, and Wild, EM (2006). "[http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/sci;312/5773/565 Chronology for the Aegean Late Bronze Age 1700-1400 B.C.]". Science 312 (5773): 565–569. American Association for the Advancement of Science. doi:10.1126/science.1125682. PMID 16645092. 
  5. ^ Warren PM (2006). in Czerny E., Hein I., Hunger H., Melman D., Schwab A. (editors): Timelines: Studies in Honour of Manfred Bietak (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 149). Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium: Peeters, 2: 305-321. ISBN 90-429-1730-X. 
  6. ^ Minoan Qe-Ra-Si-Ja. The Religious Impact of the Thera Volcano on Minoan Crete
  7. ^ Herodotus iv. 147
  8. ^ Theran graffiti in translation
  9. ^ URI Department of Communications and Marketing
  10. ^ "Atlantis" Eruption Twice as Big as Previously Believed, Study Suggests
  11. ^ Santorini Eruption (~1630 BC) and the legend of Atlantis. Retrieved on 2008-03-09.
  12. ^ Vergano, Dan (2006-08-27). Ye gods! Ancient volcano could have blasted Atlantis myth. USA Today. Retrieved on 2008-03-09.
  13. ^ Lilley, Harvey (20 April 2007). The wave that destroyed Atlantis. BBC Timewatch. Retrieved on 2008-03-09.
  14. ^ Lost Worlds: CGI: Atlantis. History.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-09.

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External links

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  • Santorini travel guide from Wikitravel
  • The Eruption of Thera: Date and Implications
  • Was the Bronze Age Volcanic Eruption of Thira (Santorini) a Megacatastrophe? A Geological/Archeological Detective Story, Grant Heiken, Independent consultant, author, geologist (retired) Los Alamos National Laboratory; lecture presented at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, sponsored by Center for Global Studies and Center for Advanced Study
  • Hellenic Ministry of Culture: Akrotiri of Thera: fully illustrated capsule of the finds
  • Santorini Eruption much larger than previously thought
  • Professor Doumas of U of Athens Discusses the Archaeological Significance of Thera - Video Interview
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Andros, or Andro (Greek: Άνδρος), an island of the Greek archipelago, the most northerly of the Cyclades, approximately 10 km (6 miles) south east of Euboea, and about 3 km (about 2 miles) north of Tinos. ... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are an Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... The island of Delos, Carl Anton Joseph Rottmann, 1847 The island of Delos (Greek: Δήλος, Dhilos), isolated in the centre of the roughly circular ring of islands called the Cyclades, near Mykonos, had a position as a holy sanctuary for a millennium before Olympian Greek mythology made it the birthplace of... Despotiko is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Donoussa was an ancient village in the prefecture of Achaea Donoussa (Greek: Δονούσα) or Donousa, also Denousa or Denoussa, Donoussa in the ancient times, Stenosa or Spinosa. ... Pholegandros, or Folegandros, is a small Greek island of the Aegean Sea, which, together with Sikinos, Ios, Anafi and Santorini, forms the southern part of the Cyclades. ... Gyaros (Greek: Γυάρος) is a arid and unpopulated Greek island of the northern Cyclades near in the islands Andros and Tinos, with an area of 23 square kilometres. ... Ios (Greek: Ίος) is an island in the Cyclades group in the Aegean Sea. ... Irakleia (Ηράκλεια) is an island and a community in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Lagousa (also Kardiotissa or Kariotissa) is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Kea, also known as Gia (Κέα / Τζια in Greek), Tzia and Keos (Ancient: Κέως), is an island of the Cyclades archipelago, in the Aegean sea, in Greece. ... Keros is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Kimolos is an island in the Aegean Sea, at the south-west part of Cyclades at a distance of 1,6 km north-east of Milos, has 769 inhabitants (2001 Greek Census) and includes administratively the uninhabited islands Polyaigos (literally translated Many-Goats), Agios Georgios and Agios Efstathios. ... Map of Kythnos island. ... Makronisos (Μακρόνησος, in Greek, lit. ... Milos (formerly Melos and before Athenian massacre and recolonization in 416 BC, Malos — Greek, Μήλος — not related to the Modern Greek word μήλο – milo = apple, which has the same spelling excluding the trailing sigma) is a volcanic island in the Aegean Sea. ... For other uses, see Mykonos (disambiguation). ... Naxos (Greek: Νάξος; Italian: Nicsia; Turkish: NakÅŸa) is a Greek island, the largest island (428 km²) in the Cyclades island group in the Aegean. ... Paros (Greek: νήσος Πάρος; Venetian: isola di Paro) is an island of Greece in the central Aegean Sea, in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are an Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... Schoinoussa is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Serifopoula is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Seriphos (or Serifos) is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, located in the western Cyclades, south of Kythnos and northwest of Siphnos. ... Sifnos (Greek: Σίφνος) is an island in the Cyclades complex in Greece. ... Sikinos is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Syros (Greek: Σύρος), or Siros or Syra is a Greek island in the Cyclades, in the Aegean Sea. ... Therasia, also known as Thirasia (Greek: Θηρασία), is a small Greek island west of Santorini in the Cyclades. ... Tinos (Greek: Τήνος; Italian: Tine) is a Greek island situated in the Aegean Sea. ... Vous (Translation: Ox) is a small island 2 kilometres off the coast of Serifos in The Cyclades, Greece. ... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are a Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... Amorgos (Greek: Αμοργός) is the easternmost island of the Greek Cyclades island group, and the one that lies closest to the neighboring Dodecanese island group. ... Andros, or Andro (Greek: Άνδρος), an island of the Greek archipelago, the most northerly of the Cyclades, approximately 10 km (6 miles) south east of Euboea, and about 3 km (about 2 miles) north of Tinos. ... Ano Syros (Άνω Σύρος) is a municipality on the island of Syros, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Drymalia (Δρυμαλία) is a municipality on the island of Naxos, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Ermoupoli (Greek: Ερμούπολη - Ermoúpoli), also known as Syros is a town in eastern Greece. ... Exomvourgo (Εξώμβουργο) is a municipality on the island of Tinos, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Ios (Greek: Ίος) is an island in the Cyclades group in the Aegean Sea. ... Kea, also known as Gia (Κέα / Τζια in Greek), Tzia and Keos (Ancient: Κέως), is an island of the Cyclades archipelago, in the Aegean sea, in Greece. ... Korthio (Κόρθιο) is a municipality on the island of Andros, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Map of Kythnos island. ... Milos (formerly Melos and before Athenian massacre and recolonization in 416 BC, Malos — Greek, Μήλος — not related to the Modern Greek word μήλο – milo = apple, which has the same spelling excluding the trailing sigma) is a volcanic island in the Aegean Sea. ... For other uses, see Mykonos (disambiguation). ... Naxos City (Greek: Νάξος; Italian: Nasso; Turkish: NakÅŸa) is the capital of the Greek island, Naxos. ... Paros (Greek: νήσος Πάρος; Venetian: isola di Paro) is an island of Greece in the central Aegean Sea, in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ... Paestum is the classical Roman name of a major Graeco-Roman city in the Campania region of Italy. ... Seriphos (or Serifos) is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, located in the western Cyclades, south of Kythnos and northwest of Siphnos. ... Sifnos (Greek: Σίφνος) is an island in the Cyclades complex in Greece. ... Tinos (Greek: Τήνος; Italian: Tine) is a Greek island situated in the Aegean Sea. ... Ydrousa (Υδρούσα) is a municipality on the island of Andros, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Anafi is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Antiparos (Greek:Αντιπαρος, anc. ... Donoussa was an ancient village in the prefecture of Achaea Donoussa (Greek: Δονούσα) or Donousa, also Denousa or Denoussa, Donoussa in the ancient times, Stenosa or Spinosa. ... Pholegandros, or Folegandros, is a small Greek island of the Aegean Sea, which, together with Sikinos, Ios, Anafi and Santorini, forms the southern part of the Cyclades. ... Irakleia (Ηράκλεια) is an island and a community in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Kimolos is an island in the Aegean Sea, at the south-west part of Cyclades at a distance of 1,6 km north-east of Milos, has 769 inhabitants (2001 Greek Census) and includes administratively the uninhabited islands Polyaigos (literally translated Many-Goats), Agios Georgios and Agios Efstathios. ... Koufonisi (Greek: ) is an island in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Santorini Oia Coast by day Oia (Οία) (pronounced Ia) is a community on the island of Thera, Santorini, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Panormos (Πάνορμος) is a community on the island of Tinos, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Schoinoussa is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Sikinos is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Aegean_with_legends. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Aegean civilization is a general term for the Bronze Age civilizations of Greece and the Aegean. ... Aegean Sea Islands: map showing island groups. ... The term Aegean dispute refers to a set of interrelated controversial issues between Greece and Turkey over sovereignty and related rights in the area of the Aegean Sea. ... This is a list of Aegean Islands. ... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are a Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... Amorgos (Greek: Αμοργός) is the easternmost island of the Greek Cyclades island group, and the one that lies closest to the neighboring Dodecanese island group. ... Anafi is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Andros, or Andro (Greek: Άνδρος), an island of the Greek archipelago, the most northerly of the Cyclades, approximately 10 km (6 miles) south east of Euboea, and about 3 km (about 2 miles) north of Tinos. ... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are an Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... Antiparos (Greek:Αντιπαρος, anc. ... The island of Delos, Carl Anton Joseph Rottmann, 1847 The island of Delos (Greek: Δήλος, Dhilos), isolated in the centre of the roughly circular ring of islands called the Cyclades, near Mykonos, had a position as a holy sanctuary for a millennium before Olympian Greek mythology made it the birthplace of... Despotiko is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Donoussa was an ancient village in the prefecture of Achaea Donoussa (Greek: Δονούσα) or Donousa, also Denousa or Denoussa, Donoussa in the ancient times, Stenosa or Spinosa. ... Pholegandros, or Folegandros, is a small Greek island of the Aegean Sea, which, together with Sikinos, Ios, Anafi and Santorini, forms the southern part of the Cyclades. ... Gyaros (Greek: Γυάρος) is a arid and unpopulated Greek island of the northern Cyclades near in the islands Andros and Tinos, with an area of 23 square kilometres. ... Ios (Greek: Ίος) is an island in the Cyclades group in the Aegean Sea. ... Irakleia (Ηράκλεια) is an island and a community in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Kea, also known as Gia (Κέα / Τζια in Greek), Tzia and Keos (Ancient: Κέως), is an island of the Cyclades archipelago, in the Aegean sea, in Greece. ... Keros is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Kimolos is an island in the Aegean Sea, at the south-west part of Cyclades at a distance of 1,6 km north-east of Milos, has 769 inhabitants (2001 Greek Census) and includes administratively the uninhabited islands Polyaigos (literally translated Many-Goats), Agios Georgios and Agios Efstathios. ... Koufonisi (Greek: ) is an island in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Map of Kythnos island. ... Milos (formerly Melos and before Athenian massacre and recolonization in 416 BC, Malos — Greek, Μήλος — not related to the Modern Greek word μήλο – milo = apple, which has the same spelling excluding the trailing sigma) is a volcanic island in the Aegean Sea. ... For other uses, see Mykonos (disambiguation). ... Naxos (Greek: Νάξος; Italian: Nicsia; Turkish: NakÅŸa) is a Greek island, the largest island (428 km²) in the Cyclades island group in the Aegean. ... Paros (Greek: νήσος Πάρος; Venetian: isola di Paro) is an island of Greece in the central Aegean Sea, in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are an Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... Schoinoussa is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Serifopoula is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Seriphos (or Serifos) is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, located in the western Cyclades, south of Kythnos and northwest of Siphnos. ... Sifnos (Greek: Σίφνος) is an island in the Cyclades complex in Greece. ... Sikinos is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Syros (Greek: Σύρος), or Siros or Syra is a Greek island in the Cyclades, in the Aegean Sea. ... Therasia, also known as Thirasia (Greek: Θηρασία), is a small Greek island west of Santorini in the Cyclades. ... Tinos (Greek: Τήνος; Italian: Tine) is a Greek island situated in the Aegean Sea. ... Vous (Translation: Ox) is a small island 2 kilometres off the coast of Serifos in The Cyclades, Greece. ... The Dodecanese (Greek Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa, Turkish Onikiada, both meaning twelve islands; Italian Dodecaneso) are a group of 12 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the Aegean Sea, off the southwest coast of Turkey. ... Agathonisi (Αγαθονήσι) is a small island located at the northernmost point of the Dodecanese prefecture in Greece. ... A map of Arki showing the location of its main town The main town of Arki and its port Arki (Greek name: Αρκοι) is a group of several small islands situated in the eastern Aegean Sea, Greece close to the Turkish Aegean Coast which is part of the dodecanese archipelago. ... Armathia (Greek: Αρμάθια) is a Greek island belonging to the Dodecanese group in the eastern Aegean sea. ... Astipalea Astipalea (or Astypalea or Astypalaia, Αστυπάλαια) is a Greek island with 1. ... Çatalada, aka Çatal Ada, (formerly known as Volo) ( ) is a Turkish island located in the Aegean Sea, 3 miles off the town Turgutreis, west of Bodrum peninsula in southwestern Turkey. ... Gyali (Greek Γυαλί, also spelled Yiali or Yali) is a volcanic Greek island in the Dodecanese, located halfway between Kos and Nisyros. ... Halki can refer to several different things: An island in the Aegean Sea belonging to Turkey; see Halki (Island). ... Imia/Kardak Imia () are the Greek names, respectively, of a set of two small uninhabited islets in the Aegean Sea, situated between the Greek island chain of the Dodecanese and the southwestern mainland coast of Turkey. ... Pothia Kalymnos, Greek: Κάλυμνος; (Turkish: Kilimli; Italian: Càlino) is a Greek island in the south-eastern Aegean Sea. ... The island seen from West Kara Ada, (literally Black island in turkish language), is a small Turkish island in the Bay of Bodrum in the Aegean Sea. ... Karpathos (Greek: , Turkish: , Italian: , Latin: ; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is the second largest of the Greek Dodecanese islands, in the southeastern Aegean Sea. ... Kasos is a Greek island in the Dodecanese. ... Location map Kastelorizo, current official name in Greek is Μεγίστη/Megisti; (Turkish: Meis , Italian: Castelrosso), is a small Greek island located in the Eastern Mediterranean. ... The northeast part of Kekova seen from Kaleköy (ancient Simena). ... Port and city view of Kos town on the island Kos. ... Küçük TavÅŸan Adası ([[literally small island of rabbit) are a pair of adjacent Turkish islands located in the Aegean Sea north of Gölköy, in Bodrum. ... Leros (Greek: Λέρος; Italian: Lèro) is a Greek island in the Dodecanese, in the southern Aegean Sea. ... Lipsi, viewed from the harbour Leipsoi (Greek: Λειψοί, also: Lipsi) is an island south of Samos and to the north of Leros in Greece. ... Nisyros (Greek: Νίσυρος; also transliterated Nissiros; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a volcanic Greek island located in the Aegean Sea. ... Skala viewed from the Monastery of Agios Ioannis Theologos, one of the UN World Heritage Sites. ... Pharmakonisi, or Farmakonisi (Gr. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Pserimos is a small island in the Dodecanese chain, lying between Kalymnos and Kos in front of the coast of Turkey. ... Rho (Greek: Ρω; Turkish: Kara Ada) is a small Greek island in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea near Kastelorizo and less than 800 m from the Turkish coast. ... This article is about the Greek island of Rhodes. ... Saria Island is an island in Greece. ... Salih Ada is a Turkish island in the Aegean Sea, located north of Bodrum. ... Symi (Greek: Σύμη, also transliterated Syme or Simi; Ottoman Turkish Sömbeki) is a small but historic Greek island and municipality. ... View over Livadhia, the port and main village on Tilos Tílos (Greek: Τήλος; ancient form: Telos, Turkish: Ä°lyaki; Italian: Piscopi) is a small Greek island located in the Aegean Sea. ... Categories: Greece geography stubs ... Agios Efstratios (or Άγιος Ευστράτιος in Greek, or Saint Eustratius, is a very quiet, isolated, unvegetated, small isle between the greater islands of Limnos and Lesbos in the northern Aegean Sea. ... Location map of Ammouliani Ammouliani (Greek: Αμμουλιανή) - also known as Amoliani - is an island located in the Chalcidice prefecture, Greece, 120 km from Thessaloniki. ... Ayvalık Islands are the group of islands around Ayvalık district of Turkey in Balıkesir Province in the Northeastern Aegean Sea. ... Chios (IPA: )[2] (Greek: , alternative transliterations Khios and Hios) is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the Aegean Sea seven kilometres (five miles) off the Turkish coast. ... Chryse was a small island in the Aegean Sea mentioned by Sophocles and Pausanias. ... View from a fish restaurant in Cunda Island Cunda or Alibey Island (Greek Hekatonisa or Μοσχονήσι/Moshonisi) is a small island in the northwestern Aegean Sea off the coast of Ayvalık, part of Balıkesir Province of Turkey. ... Fener Ada (literally Lighthouse island) is part of the Foça Islands group. ... Fourni Korseon (Greek: Φούρνοι Κορσέων) more commonly Fourni, are a complex of small Greek islands that lie between Icaria, Samos and Patmos. ... Icaria, also spelled Ikaria (Greek: ), locally Nikaria or Nicaria (Νικαριά), ancient name: Doliche (Δολίχη), is a Greek island 10 nautical miles (19 km) south-west of Samos. ... For the district, see Gökçeada (district). ... Incir Ada (literally Fig island) is a Turkish island and a part of the Foça Islands group. ... Aegean Sea. ... Lemnos (mod. ... Lesbos (Modern Greek: Lesvos (Λέσβος), Turkish: Midilli), is a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea. ... Metalik Ada (literally Metallic Island) is a Turkish island, and part of the Foca Islands group in the Aegean Sea. ... Coordinates 38°31′ N 26°13′ E Country Greece Periphery North Aegean Prefecture Chios Population 1,050 source (2001) Elevation 21 m Postal code 821 01 Area code 22710 Licence plate code ΧΙ Website oinousses. ... Psara (Greek: Ψαρά) is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea. ... Samos (Greek: Σάμος) is a Greek island in the Eastern Aegean sea, located between the island of Chios to the North and the archipelagic complex of the Dodecanese to the South and in particular the island of Patmos and off the coast of Turkey, on what was formerly known as Ionia. ... Coordinates 40°29′ N 25°31′ E Country Greece Periphery East Macedonia and Thrace Prefecture Evros Population 2,723 source (2001) Area 178. ... Tenedos, known as Bozcaada officially and by its Turkish inhabitants, (Greek: , Tenedhos), is a small island in the Aegean Sea, part of the Bozcaada district of Çanakkale province in Turkey. ... Thasos or Thassos (Greek: Θάσος, Ottoman Turkish: طاشوز Taşöz, Bulgarian: ) is an island in the northern Aegean Sea, close to the coast of Thrace and the plain of the river Nestos (during the Ottoman times Kara-Su). ... Thymaina is a small Greek island in the Samos prefecture, in the eastern Aegean Sea. ... The Saronic Islands are so named because they lie in the Saronic Gulf just off the Greek mainland. ... Aegina (Greek: Αίγινα (Egina)) is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf, 31 miles (50 km) from Athens. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dokos is a small Greek island of the Argo-Saronic Gulf, adjacent to Hydra, and separated from the Peloponnese by a narrow strait called on some maps the Hydra Gulf. ... For other uses, see Hydra. ... Poros (Greek: Πόρος) is a small Greek island-pair in the southern part of the Saronic Gulf, at a distance about 48 km (32 miles) south from Piraeus and separated from the Peloponnese by a 200-metre wide sea channel. ... Psyttaleias location in the Saronic Gulf. ... Salamis (Greek, Modern: Σαλαμίνα Salamína, Ancient/Katharevousa: Σαλαμίς Salamís) is the largest Greek island in the Saronic Gulf, about 1 nautical mile (2 km) off-coast from Piraeus. ... Spetses ( Modern Greek: Σπέτσες, Ancient/Katharevousa: Σπέτσαι, Spetsai) is an island of Greece, sometimes included as one of the Saronic Islands. ... This is a list of some of the 3000 islands of Greece: Chrysi Crete Dia Euboea Gavdos Koufonisi Ydra The Cyclades Amorgos Anafi Andros Antiparos Anydro Delos Donoussa Folegandros Gyaros Ios Irakleia Kea Keros Kimolos Kithnos Makronisos Milos Mykonos (Mikonos) Naxos Paros Pholegandros Santorini (also called Thira) Serifos Sifnos Sikinos... Adelfoi (Greek: Αδελφοί) is a Greek island in the Sporades. ... Alonissos, Alonisos or Alonnisos (Greek: Αλόννησος) is an island, a village and a municipality located in the eastern part of the Sporades and the southern part of the island. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Gioura (Greek: Γιούρα) is a Greek island and an abandoned settlement in the eastern part of the Sporades. ... Kyra Panagia is a Greek island in the Sporades. ... Peristera is a Greek island in the Sporades. ... Piperi (Greek: Πιπέρι meaning pepper) is a Greek island in the Sporades. ... Psathoura is a Greek island in the Sporades. ... Repio (Greek: Ρέπιο) is a Greek island and an abandoned settlement in the eastern part of the Sporades. ... Sarakino is a Greek island in the Sporades. ... Skantzoura (Greek: Σκάντζουρα) is a Greek island in the Sporades. ... Skiathos (Greek: Σκιάθος), Latin forms: Sciathos and Sciathus is a city and a small island in the Aegean Sea belonging to Greece. ... Skopelos (Greek: Σκόπελος) is a Greek island in the western Aegean sea. ... Skyropoula is a Greek island in the Sporades. ... Skyros (Greek: Σκύρος) is the southernmost island of the Sporades, a Greek archipelago in the Aegean Sea. ... Tsougria (Greek: Τσουγκριά), also Tsoungkria is a Greek island and an abandoned settlement in the western part of the Sporades. ... Valaxa is a Greek island in the Sporades. ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... For the Greek mythological figures see Euboea Euboea, or Negropont or Negroponte (Modern Greek: Εύβοια Évia, Ancient Greek Eúboia), is the second largest of the Greek Aegean Islands and the second largest Greek island overall in area and population (after Crete). ... Gavdos (Greek: Γαύδος) is the southernmost Greek island, located to the south of its much bigger neighbour, Crete, of which it is administratively a part, in the prefecture of Chania. ... Makronisos (Μακρόνησος, in Greek, lit. ...

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Santorini, Cyclades, Greek Islands (526 words)
Santorini, also known as Thira, is the southern most of the Cyclades islands and one of the most popular destinations in all of Greece, for good reason.
The most important advice I can give anyone traveling to Santorini is to arrive by boat before sunset and stay on the caldera side of the island for one of the most magnificent and awe-inspiring views on the planet.
Santorini is a crescent shape surrounding the fl volcanic islands lying in the bay.
Santorini - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2212 words)
The name Santorini was given to it by the Latin empire in the thirteenth century and is a reference to Saint Irene.
On Santorini, there is a deposit of white tephra thrown from the eruption; it is up to 60 metres thick overlying the soil marking the ground level before the eruption.
Santorini was also struck by a devastating earthquake in 1956.
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