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Encyclopedia > Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
Coat of arms of Santiago de Compostela
Coat of Arms
Location

Location of Santiago de Compostela
Coordinates : 42°52′57″N 008°32′28″W / 42.8825, -8.54111Coordinates: 42°52′57″N 008°32′28″W / 42.8825, -8.54111
Time zone : CET (GMT +1)
- summer : CEST (GMT +2)
General information
Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician)
Spanish name Santiago de Compostela
Postal code 15700
Website santiagodecompostela.org
Administration
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Galicia
Province A Coruña
Comarca Santiago
Mayor Xosé Antonio Sánchez (PSOE)
Geography
Land Area 223 km²
Altitude 260 m AMSL
Population
Population 92.919 (2007)
Density 416,68 hab./km² (2007)

Santiago de Compostela (also Saint James of Compostela) is the capital of the autonomous community of Galicia. Located in the northwest region of Spain in the Province of A Coruña, it was the "European City of Culture" for the year 2000. The city's cathedral is the destination of the important medieval pilgrimage route, the Way of St James (in Spanish the Camino de Santiago). Image File history File links Sin_bandera. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 340 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (651 × 1146 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Situacion_Santiago_de_Compostela. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... GMT redirects here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... A Coruña (also: La Coruña in Spanish, La Corogne in French and La Croyne and Corunna in English) is the most North-western Atlantic facing province of Spain, and one of the four provinces which constitute the autonomous community of Galicia. ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... Map showing the extention of this Galician Region Santiago is a local region in the Galician Province of A Coruña. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A Coruña (also: La Coruña in Spanish, La Corogne in French and La Croyne and Corunna in English) is the most North-western Atlantic facing province of Spain, and one of the four provinces which constitute the autonomous community of Galicia. ... The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ... The Obradoiro façade of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela: an all-but-Gothic composition generated entirely of classical details Santiago de Compostela Cathedral is situated in Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... St James the Moor Slayer. ...

Contents

The city

Hostal dos Reis Católicos
Hostal dos Reis Católicos
St. James' shell
St. James' shell
Train station in Santiago de Compostela
Train station in Santiago de Compostela

The cathedral borderis the main Plaza of the old and well-preserved city. Across the square is the Palacio de Raxoi (Raxoi's Palace), the town hall and seat of the Galician Xunta, and on the right from the cathedral steps is the Hostal dos Reis Católicos, founded in 1492 by the Catholic Monarchs, Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon, as a pilgrim's hospice (now a parador). The Obradoiro façade of the cathedraol, the best known, is depicted on the Spanish euro coins of 1 cent, 2 cents, and 5 cents (€0.01, €0.02, and €0.05). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 330 KB) Hostal de los Reyes Catolicos, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 330 KB) Hostal de los Reyes Catolicos, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (640x1024, 202 KB) Spain, Leon - shell as a marker of St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (640x1024, 202 KB) Spain, Leon - shell as a marker of St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 170 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Santiago de Compostela Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 170 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Santiago de Compostela Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... The Obradoiro façade of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela: an all-but-Gothic composition generated entirely of classical details Santiago de Compostela Cathedral is situated in Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain. ... This article needs an orthographic and grammatical revision. ... Also film, 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... Ferdinand on the left with Isabella on the right Coffins of the Catholic Monarchs at the Granada Cathedral The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: los Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... The Aigua Blava Parador overlooking Aigua Blava Bay in the Costa Brava Paradores de Turismo de España are a chain of Spanish luxury hotels. ... Spanish euro coins feature three different designs for each of the three series of coins. ...


Santiago also has a fine University. The main campus can be seen best from an alcove in the large municipal park in the centre of the city. The University ensures youthful night life. Within the old town there are many narrow winding streets full of historic buildings. The new town all around it has less character though some of the older parts of the new town have some big apartments in them. The University of Santiago de Compostela (Galician: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spanish: Universidad de Santiago de Compostela) is a public university located in the city of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain. ...


Santiago gives its name to one of the four military orders of Spain: Santiago, Calatrava, Alcantara and Montesa.


The prevailing wind from the Atlantic and the surrounding mountains combine to give Santiago some of Europe's highest rainfall: about 1,900 mm (75 inches) annually.


The etymology of the name Compostela

The popular etymology of the name "Compostela" holds that it comes from Latin campus stellae, i.e. "field of stars", making Santiago de Compostela "St. James in the Field of Stars". This name would come from the belief that the bones of St. James were taken from the Middle East, to Spain. These bones were then buried where a shepherd had spotted a star and a church was eventually built over the bones and later replaced with the Cathedral de Santiago de Compostela.


Another etymology is Compositum, i.e. "The well founded", or Composita Tella, meaning "burial ground".


Yet another etymology derives it from "San Jacome Apostol".


History

Santiago de Compostela was founded by Suebi people at the end of the 4th century or the beginning of the 5th century. Suebi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ...


History of the Way of St. James Pilgrimage

Way of St. James.

The legend that St James found his way to the Iberian peninsula, and had preached there is one of a number of early traditions concerning the missionary activities and final resting places of the apostles of Jesus. Although the 1884 Bull of Pope Leo XIII Omnipotens Deus accepted the authenticity of the relics at Compostela, the Vatican remains uncommitted as to whether the relics are those of Saint James the Great, while continuing to promote the more general benefits of pilgrimage to the site. The Way of St. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 563 pixelsFull resolution (2955 × 2080 pixel, file size: 659 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Pope Leo XIII (March 2, 1810—July 20, 1903), born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci, was the 256th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, reigning from 1878 to 1903, succeeding Pope Pius IX. Reigning until the age of 93, he was the oldest pope, and had the third longest pontificate... Saint James the Great (d. ...


According to a tradition that cannot be traced before the 12th century, the relics were said to have been discovered in 835 by Theodomir, bishop of Iria Flavia in the far northwest of the principality of Asturias. Theodomir was guided to the spot by a star, the legend affirmed, drawing upon a familiar myth-element, hence "Compostela" was given an etymology as a corruption of Campus Stellae, "Plain of Stars." (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Iria Flavia or simply Iria in Galicia, northwestern Spain, was a Celtiberian port, the main seat of the Caporos, on the road between Braga and Astorga, which the Romans rebuilt as via XVIII or Via Nova [1]. The Romans refounded it as Iria Flavia (Flavian Iria) to compliment Vespasian. ... Etymologies redirects here. ...


The establishment of the shrine

As suggested already, it is probably impossible to know whose bones were actually found, and precisely when and how. Perhaps it does not matter. What the history of the pilgrimage requires, but what the meager sources fail to reveal, is how the local Galician cult associated with the saint was transformed into an international cult drawing pilgrims from distant parts of the world. This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ...


The 1000 year old pilgrimage to the shrine of St James in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is known in English as the Way of St. James and in Spanish as the Camino de Santiago. Over 100,000 pilgrims travel to the city each year from points all over Europe, and other parts of the world. Saint James the Great (d. ... The Way of St. ...


Pre-Christian legends

As the lowest-lying land on that stretch of coast, the city's site took on added significance. Legends supposed of Celtic origin made it the place where the souls of the dead gathered to follow the Sun across the sea. Those unworthy of going to the Land of the Dead haunted Galicia as the Santa Compaña. Celtic mythology is the mythology of Celtic polytheism, apparently the religion of the Iron Age Celts. ... For other uses, see Soul (disambiguation). ... The Santa Compaña (Holy Company) is probably one of the most deep-rooted mythical beliefs in rural Galicia (see Galician mythology), and also in Asturias, where it is called Güestia. ...


Demography

Demographic evolution of Santiago de Compostela between 1900 and 2006
1900 1930 1950 1981 2004 2006
24,120 38,270 55,553 82,404 92,298 93,458

Map of countries by population Population growth showing projections for later this century Demography is the statistical study of human populations. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Main sights

Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Obradoiro façade of the grand Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela: an all-but-Gothic composition generated entirely of classical details.
State Party Flag of Spain Spain
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, vi
Reference Santiago de Compostela (Old Town), UNESCO Ref. #347
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 1985  (9th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

The Obradoiro façade of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela: an all-but-Gothic composition generated entirely of classical details Santiago de Compostela Cathedral is situated in Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain. ... The University of Santiago de Compostela (Galician: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spanish: Universidad de Santiago de Compostela) is a public university located in the city of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Download high resolution version (600x800, 117 KB)This is an Original work by Wikipedia editor. I took this picture of the obradoiro façade in Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain in autumn of 2003. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Mashhad (Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Litoral  - District or A.R. Setúbal Mayor Vítor Proença  - Party CDU Area 1,060. ...

See also

Archdiocese of Santiago de Compostela. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Santiago de Compostela
  • Photographs of Santiago de Compostela
  • Concello de Santiago de Compostela
  • Santiago-Today.com A site about Santiago de Compostela and the pilgrimage to this town
  • Walking the Camino de Santiago, A Guide
  • A 20 page mini guide about the buildings and attractions of the city
  • Webcam of Santiago cathedral square, where the pilgrims arrive at all times of the day.
  • Video of Santiago de Compostela on YouTube

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hoteles Santiago De Compostela - Encuentre un Hotel en Santiago De Compostela | Venere.com (778 words)
El hotel T. Santiago es una completa y acogedora propiedad situada en la zona residencial El Pajonal de Santiago de Compostela, a unos metros del centro histórico y de la zona comercial.
Situado frente el Palacio Congresos de Galicia, a un paso de la confluencia de la autopista de A Coruña-Vigo y al pie de la carretera de Santiago a Oviedo.
El hotel Husa Universal disfruta de una posición estratégica en el centro de Santiago de Compostela, cerca a la ciudad vieja, la zona comercial y a pocos metros de la Catedral, la obra maestra de la arquitectura románica.
History of Santiago De Compostela (745 words)
Santiago de Compostela, oddly enough for a European city, came into existence because of a cemetery, and its glory, monuments and streets are all indebted to to one deceased personage: the Apostle Santiago (St James).
It is often said that Galicia is the country of the dead, and its capital, Santiago, is the personification of the adage.
In the 16th and especially the 17th centuries, Santiago de Compostela experienced a resurgence in monastic communities while at the same time suffering a considerable decrease in the number of pilgrims.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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