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Encyclopedia > Santiago Ramón y Cajal
Santiago Ramon y Cajal
Santiago Ramon y Cajal

Santiago Ramón y Cajal (May 1, 1852October 17/18, 1934) was a famous Spanish histologist and father of neuroscience. Santiago Ramón y Cajal The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in Leap years). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Histology is the microscopic study of tissues—their formation, structure and function. ... Neuroscience is a field of study which deals with the structure, function, development, genetics, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology and pathology of the nervous system. ...


He was born in Petilla de Aragón, a Navarrese enclave in Aragon, Spain and attended the medical school of Zaragoza, from which he graduated in 1873. He also became a Doctor of Medicine in Madrid in 1883. Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) is an autonomous community and province of Spain. ... Zaragoza (frequently Saragossa in English; Latin Caesaraugusta) is the capital city of the autonomous region and former kingdom of Aragón in Spain, and is located on the river Ebro, and its tributaries the Huerva and Gállego, near the centre of the region, in a great valley with a variety of... Coat of arms Plaza de España (Spain square) Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25′ N 3°45′ W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was 3,093,000 (Madrilenes, madrileños) as of 2003 estimates. ...


He was the director of the Zaragoza Museum (1879). He became a university professor at Valencia (1881), at Barcelona (1886), and at Madrid (1892). He was Director of the National Institute of Hygiene (1899). He founded the Laboratorio de Investigaciones Biológicas (1902) which later became the Cajal Institute (1922). Valencia from space, June 1996 The Hemispheric at the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències by Santiago Calatrava, Valencia, Spain. ... Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, an autonomous region in northeastern Spain (41°23′ N 2°11′ E). ... Coat of arms Plaza de España (Spain square) Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25′ N 3°45′ W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was 3,093,000 (Madrilenes, madrileños) as of 2003 estimates. ... The Cajal Institute is the largest neuroscience research center in Spain. ...


Among his many distinctions and memberships of societies, he was also made an honorary Doctor of Medicine of the Universities of Cambridge and Würzburg, and Doctor of Philosophy of the Clark University. The city of Cambridge is an old English university town and the regional centre of the county of Cambridgeshire. ... Würzburg is a city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Clark University, in Worcester, Massachusetts in the United States, is a private teaching and research institution founded in 1887. ...


He published over 100 scientific works and articles in French, Spanish and German. His most famous works are "Rules and advices on scientific investigation," "Histology," "Degeneration and regeneration of the nervous system," "Manual of normal histology and micrographic technique," "Elements of histology, etc.," "Manual of general pathological anatomy," "New ideas on the fine anatomy of the nerve centres," "Textbook on the nervous system of man and the vertebrates," and "The retina of vertebrates."

Spanish stamps (2003) showing both Spanish laureates: Ochoa and Ramón y Cajal

His most famous studies were on the structure of the cortex of the brain. He discovered that the nervous system is made up of billions of separate nerve cells (neurons) and that nerve cells are polarized. He described the terminal branching of neurons, devised a way to stain nerve tissues, and made many other discoveries in the structure of the nervous system. For this work he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1906, which he shared with Camillo Golgi. File links The following pages link to this file: Severo Ochoa de Albornoz Santiago Ramón y Cajal ... File links The following pages link to this file: Severo Ochoa de Albornoz Santiago Ramón y Cajal ... The outermost layer of the brain, the cortex is rich in neurons and is the site of most sophisticated neural processing (See also: cerebral cortex). ... In the anatomy of animals, the brain, or encephalon, is the supervisory center of the nervous system. ... The nervous system of an animal coordinates the activity of the muscles, monitors the organs, constructs and processes input from the senses, and initiates actions. ... Neurons (also called nerve cells) are the primary cells of the nervous system. ... This article treats polarization in electrodynamics. ... Neurons (also called nerve cells) are the primary cells of the nervous system. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... Camillo Golgi Camillo Golgi ( July 7, 1843 - January 21, 1926) was an Italian physician. ...


He married Silveria Fañanás García in 1879 with whom he had four daughters and three sons. He died in Madrid in 1934.


 
 

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