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Encyclopedia > Santiago Carrillo
Communist Party of Spain

Spanish Civil War
Popular Front
PCE symbol The Communist Party of Spain (Partido Comunista de España or PCE) is the third largest political party of Spain. ... Image File history File links PCElogo. ... The Spanish Civil War (July 18th 1936–April 1st 1939) was a conflict in which the incumbent Second Spanish Republic and political left-wing groups fought against a right-wing nationalist insurrection led by General Francisco Franco, who eventually succeeded in ousting the Republican government and establishing a personal dictatorship. ... The Popular Front (Spanish Popular Front) was an electoral coalition and pact signed in January 1936 by various left-wing political organisations, instigated by Manuel Azaña for the purpose of contesting that years election. ...

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Dolores Ibárruri
Enrique Líster
Santiago Carrillo
Julio Anguita
Francisco Frutos
Dolores Ibárruri Gómez, also known as La Pasionaria (the passion flower) (November 12, 1895–December 9, 1989) was a Spanish political leader. ... General Enrique Líster at the Battle of the Ebro, 1938. ... Julio Anguita González (born 1941). ... Francisco Frutos (born 1939) is a Spanish politician and a member of the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC, catalan section of the Communist Party of Spain, PCE) since 1963, is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) since 1998 and member of the Cortes as member...

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This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Eurocommunism was an attempt in the 1970s by various European communist parties to widen their appeal by embracing public sector middle-class workers, new social movements such as feminism and gay liberation, rejecting support of the Soviet Union, and expressing more clearly their fidelity to democratic institutions. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Santiago Carrillo Solares (born January 18, 1915), Spanish politician, was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) from 1960 to 1982. January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The term General Secretary (alternatively First Secretary) denotes a leader of various unions, parties or associations. ... PCE symbol The Communist Party of Spain (Partido Comunista de España or PCE) is the third largest political party of Spain. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Born in Gijón, Asturias province, Carrillo is the son of the prominent Socialist leader Wenceslao Carrillo and was already as a 13-year old a member of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). He took part in the unification of Socialist and Communist youth leagues in 1934, forming Juventudes Socialistas Unificadas. He became a member of the PCE in 1936. During the Spanish Civil War he led the Communist forces in Madrid and showed an intense pro-Soviet approach. Asturias Capital Gijón Area  - total  - % of Asturias Ranked 22nd 181. ... Capital Oviedo Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10 604 km²  2,1% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 13th  1 076 635  2,4%  101,53/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Español  â€“ Spanish  español  español,  español Statute of Autonomy January 11, 1982 Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero in a meeting in San Sebastián The Spanish Socialist Workers Party, commonly abbreviated by its Spanish initials, PSOE (Partido Socialista Obrero Español), is a major party in Spain and the second oldest, exceeded only by the Partido Carlista, founded in 1833. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Categories: Stub ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Spanish Civil War (July 18th 1936–April 1st 1939) was a conflict in which the incumbent Second Spanish Republic and political left-wing groups fought against a right-wing nationalist insurrection led by General Francisco Franco, who eventually succeeded in ousting the Republican government and establishing a personal dictatorship. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Madrid is the capital and largest city in Spain, as well as in the province and the autonomous community of the same name. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ...


In November 17, 1937 Carrillo was elected Councilor for Public Order in the Defense Council of Madrid, as part of a provisional government. During his term, officers from the rebel Franco's army (captured during the siege of Madrid) who supposedly were being transferred to Valencia as war prisoners where executed instead. This actions took place in Paracuellos del Jarama and Torrejón de Ardoz, where the dead were buried in common graves[1]. It´s disputed whether Carrillo ordered these executions or even had any knowledge of them. 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jarama is a river in central Spain. ... Town belonging to the urban area of Madrid In Spain. ...


After the military collapse of the Republican Government, he fled to Paris and tried to organise the party. Carrillo spent 38 years in exile, most of the time in France, but also in the USSR and other countries. History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain -Visigoths -Al-Andalus -Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History Flag of the... , The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city, with the skyscrapers of La Défense business district 5 kilometres behind. ...


He became the General Secretary of the PCE in 1960, replacing Dolores Ibárruri (Pasionaria), who was given the post of party president. Carrillo enforced the party's position among the working class and intellectual groups, and averted several attempts of removal instigated by the Marxist-Leninist, Stalinist and pro-democracy factions. In 1968, when Soviets invaded Czechoslovakia, Carrillo began to distance the party from Moscow. 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Dolores Ibárruri Gómez, also known as La Pasionaria (the passion flower) (November 12, 1895–December 9, 1989) was a Spanish political leader. ... The term working class is used to denote a social class. ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system named after Joseph Stalin, who implemented it in the Soviet Union. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ...


He returned secretly to Spain in 1976 after the death of long-time dictator Francisco Franco and was arrested by the police, but was released within days. Together with Communist comrades Georges Marchais of France and Enrico Berlinguer of Italy, he launched the Eurocommunist movement in a meeting held in Madrid in March 2, 1977. More wary and open-minded than many party comrades, Carrillo's activities were instrumental in the successful outcome of the political transition to democracy in Spain. 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... Francisco Franco Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (pron. ... Georges Marchais (June 7, 1920 - November 16, 1997) was the head of the French Communist Party, and a candidate in the French presidential elections of 1981. ... Enrico Berlinguer Enrico Berlinguer (May 25, 1922 - June 11, 1984), was an Italian politician and was national secretary of the Italian Communist Party (Partito Comunista Italiano or PCI) from 1972 to 1984. ... Eurocommunism was an attempt in the 1970s by various European communist parties to widen their appeal by embracing public sector middle-class workers, new social movements such as feminism and gay liberation, rejecting support of the Soviet Union, and expressing more clearly their fidelity to democratic institutions. ... Madrid is the capital and largest city in Spain, as well as in the province and the autonomous community of the same name. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


Carrillo was elected to the Congreso de los Diputados (Congress of Deputies), the lower house of the Spanish Parliament (Cortes), in the first democratic elections in 1977, shortly after the legalization of the PCE (April 9, 1977) by the government of Adolfo Suárez. Carrillo was reelected again in 1979 and 1982, but was forced to leave his post as party leader on November 6, 1982 due to the poor party perfomance in the ballots. The new General Secretary, the much younger Gerardo Iglesias, a member of the "renovators" wing, was at odds with him from the start. The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... The Cortes Generales (English: General Courts) is the Spanish legislature. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Adolfo Suárez González, Duke of Suárez (born September 25, 1932) was Spains first democratically elected prime minister after the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ...


On April 15, 1985 Carrillo and his followers were expelled from the PCE and the next year, in 1986, they formed his own political group, called the Workers Party of Spain-Communist Unity (PTE-UC). This tiny, leftist party was unable to attract voters, so in October 27, 1991 Carrillo pledged to disband it. Subsequently, the PTE-UC merged into the ruling PSOE, but Carrillo declined to be given the PSOE membership considering his many years as Communist militant. April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Workers Party of Spain-Communist Unity (in Spanish: Partido de los Trabajadores de España-Unidad Comunista) was a political party in Spain. ... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On October 20, 2005 Carrillo was granted an honorary doctorate by the Autonomous University of Madrid. The action of the University was strongly criticized by right-wing commentators. Violent demontrations took place at the ceremony by extremist groups, generating repulse of the public opinion. [2]


List of works

  • "Adónde va el Partido Socialista? (Prieto contra los socialistas del interior)" (1959)
  • "Después de Franco, ¿qué?" (1965)
  • "Problems of Socialism Today" (1970)
  • "Eurocomunismo y Estado" (1977)
  • "El año de la Constitución" (1978)
  • "Memoria de la transición: la vida política española y el PCE" (1983)
  • "Problemas de la transición: las condiciones de la revolución socialista" (1985)
  • "El año de la peluca" (1987)
  • "Problemas del Partido: el centralismo democrático" (1988)
  • "Memorias" (1993)
  • "La gran transición: ¿cómo reconstruir la izquierda?" (1995)
  • "Un joven del 36" (1996)
  • "Juez y parte: 15 retratos españoles" (1998)
  • "La Segunda República: recuerdos y reflexiones" (1999)
  • "¿Ha muerto el comunismo?: ayer y hoy de un movimiento clave para entender la convulsa historia del siglo XX" (2000)
  • "La memoria en retazos: recuerdos de nuestra historia más reciente" (2004)

1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Santiago Carrillo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (692 words)
Santiago Carrillo Solares (born January 18, 1915), Spanish politician, was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) from 1960 to 1982.He is now considered to be one of the worst War Criminals in European history.
Carrillo was elected to the Congreso de los Diputados (Congress of Deputies), the lower house of the Spanish Parliament (Cortes), in the first democratic elections in 1977, shortly after the legalization of the PCE (April 9, 1977) by the government of Adolfo Suárez.
Carrillo was reelected again in 1979 and 1982, but was forced to leave his post as party leader on November 6, 1982 due to the poor party perfomance in the ballots.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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