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Encyclopedia > Santa Fe Institute

The Santa Fe Institute (or SFI) is a non-profit research institute dedicated to the study of complex systems in Santa Fe, New Mexico founded by George Cowan, David Pines, Stirling Colgate, Murray Gell-Mann, Nick Metropolis, Herb Anderson, Peter A. Carruthers, and Richard Slansky in 1984 to study complex systems. All but Pines and Gell-Mann were scientists with Los Alamos National Laboratory. Complex systems have a number of properties, some of which are listed below. ... Nickname: The City Different Location in the State of New Mexico Coordinates: Country United States State New Mexico County Santa Fe Founded 1607 Mayor David Coss Area    - City 96. ... A Carnegie Mellon University alumni who worked on the U.S. Top Secret Manhattan Project at Los Alamos during World War II. ... Stirling Colgate was Americas premier diagnostician of thermonuclear weapons at the Livermore National Laboratory in California. ... Murray Gell-Mann (born September 15, 1929 in Manhattan, New York City, USA) is an American physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles. ... Nicholas Constantine Metropolis (June 11, 1915 – October 17, 1999) was a Greek-American mathematician, physicist, and computer scientist. ... Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995. ...


SFI's original mission was to disseminate the notion of a separate interdisciplinary research area, complexity theory (referred to at SFI as "complexity science"), but it has recently announced that its original mission to develop and disseminate a general theory of complexity has been realized (noting that numerous complexity institutes and departments have sprung up around the world — cf. CCS, CSCS at the University of Michigan, the CSE at UC Davis and the NECSI), and that it was working on updating its mission for the coming fifty years. Interdisciplinary work is that which integrates concepts across different disciplines. ... Complex adaptive systems are special cases of complex systems. ... The University of Michigan is a coeducational public research university in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The University of California, Davis, commonly known as UC Davis[1], is a public, coeducational university located in Davis, California, which is about fifteen miles west of Sacramento in Californias Central Valley. ... The New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI) is an independent educational and research institution dedicated to advancing the study of complex systems. NECSI was established by faculty of various New England academic institutions, to encourage communication and collaboration on these topics. ...


SFI's complexity research led to efforts to create artificial life modelling real organisms and ecosystems in the 1980s and 1990s. Artificial life, also known as alife or a-life, is the study of life through the use of human-made analogs of living systems. ...

Contents

Scientists associated with the Santa Fe Institute

Per Bak (December 8, 1948 in Denmark † October 16, 2002 in Copenhagen) was a danish theoretical physicist attributed with the development of the concept of self-organized criticality. ... J. Doyne Farmer is an American physicist and one of the founding fathers of chaos theory. ... Murray Gell-Mann (born September 15, 1929 in Manhattan, New York City, USA) is an American physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles. ... Dr. John Henry Holland (February 2, 1929) is known as the father of genetic algorithms. ... Stuart Alan Kauffman (born September 28, 1939), originally trained as a physician, is a theoretical biologist and complex systems researcher, who studies the origin of life. ... David Krakauer is an American clarinetist. ... Computer scientist Christopher Langton was one of the founders of the field of artificial life. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Robert McCredie Bob May, Baron May of Oxford OM AC Kt (born 8 January 1936 in Australia) is a cross-bench member of the British House of Lords and President of the Royal Society. ... Melanie Mitchell is a scientist who has worked at the Santa Fe Institute and Los Alamos National Laboratory. ... Duncan J. Watts is an associate professor of sociology at Columbia University, head of the CDG Collective Dynamics Group and author of the book Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age (Norton, 2003). ... Douglas R. White is an American social anthropologist, sociologist, and social network researcher at the University of California, Irvine. ...

Publications

The publications of the Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity all carry an imprint inspired by a Mimbres pottery design. The Mogollon (pronounced mo-goi-YONE) were an American Indian culture lived in the American Southwest from approximately AD 700 until sometime between AD 1300 and AD 1400. ...


See also

Complex adaptive systems are special cases of complex systems. ... Systems thinking is an approach to analysis that is based on the belief that the component parts of a system will act differently when isolated from its environment or other parts of the system, and argues against Descartess reductionist view. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Santa Fe Institute - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (226 words)
The Santa Fe Institute (or SFI) is a non-profit research institute dedicated to the study of complex systems in Santa Fe, New Mexico founded by George Cowan, David Pines, Stirling Colgate, Murray Gell-Mann, Nick Metropolis, Herb Anderson, Peter A. Carruthers, and Richard Slansky in 1984 to study complex systems.
The publications of the Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity all carry an imprint inspired by a Mimbres pottery design.
Bandung Fe Institute Research Institute for Social Complexity Studies in Indonesia
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