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The Santa Fe Expedition was a commercial and military expedition to claim parts of Northern New Mexico for Texas in 1841. The expedition was unofficially initiated by then President of Texas Mirabeau B. Lamar in an attempt to gain control over the lucrative Santa Fe trail and further develop the trade links between Texas and New Mexico. Lamar had already started courting the New Mexicans, sending out a commissioner in 1840 and it was widely thought that they might be favourable to the idea of joining the Republic of Texas. Official language(s) None, English and Spanish de facto Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area - Total - Width - Length - % water - Latitude - Longitude Ranked 5th 315,194 kmÂ² 550 km 595 km 0. ... Official language(s) None. ... Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar (August 16, 1798 â December 19, 1859) was the second president of the Republic of Texas. ...
The expedition set out from Kenney's Fort near Austin on June 19'th, 1841. Although officially a trading expedition the assorted Texas merchants and businessmen were accompanied by a military escort of some 320 men. The military escort was led by Hugh McCleod and included a company of artillery. June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... take you to calendar). ...
The journey to New Mexico during the summer was blighted by poor organisation, sporadic Indian attacks and a lack of supplies and fresh water. After losing their Mexican guide the lack of preparation especially told as the group struggled to find its way with no one knowing exactly how far away Santa Fe even was. McCleod was eventually forced to split his force and sent out an advanced guard to go ahead and find a route.
The expedition finally arrived in New Mexico in Mid September 1841. Having expected to be welcomed on their arrival the expedition was surprised to be met by a Mexican army sent out by the Governor of New Mexico Manuel Armijo. The Texans were heavily outnumbered and were in no state to fight such a large force after their arduous journey and were persuaded by one of their number, Capt. William G. Lewis, to surrender. Lewis is widely considered a traitor but the options facing the Texans were stark and standing and fighting would almost certainly have led to their annihilation. Having been taken captive the remaining Texan force was then marched the 2000 miles to Mexico City where they were held until diplomatic efforts secured their release the following year.
Lamar was widely held responsible for the disaster and the expedition tarnished his entire presidency.
The expedition forms the backdrop to Larry McMurtry’s novel Dead Man’s Walk which is part of the Lonesome Dove series. The Lonesome Dove Series is a series of four books written by Larry McMurtry. ...
Texas and part of Mexico & the United States : showing the route of the first Santa Fé expedition / drawn & engd. by W. Kemble., published 1850, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
Categories: Articles to be expanded | History of New Mexico | History of Texas
SantaFe is also the highest state capital at 7,000 feet in elevation, and one of a handful of cities in the United States that is over 1,000 people in population and over 6,500 feet in elevation.
SantaFe is the oldest capitol city, but it is not the oldest town in New Mexico, the oldest settlement founded by the Spanish is Mesilla down near Las Cruces, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas with a reported date of 1538.
The Texas-Santa FeExpedition in 1841 saw a Texas Army invade SantaFe from the area of Amarillo and be defeated at a battle near Anton Chico, New Mexico.
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