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Encyclopedia > Santa Cruz Province (Argentina)
Santa Cruz


Coat of Arms Image File history File links Flag_of_Santa_Cruz_province_in_Argentina. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Capital Río Gallegos
Area 243,943 km²
Population 196,958 (2001)
Density 0.81/km²
Governor Dr. Daniel Peralta
Demonym Santacruceño
ISO 3166-2 AR-Z

Santa Cruz is a province of Argentina, located in the south of the country, in the Patagonia. It borders the province Chubut to the north, and Chile to the west and south. To the east is the Atlantic Ocean. Río Gallegos is a city in Argentina and is the capital of the Santa Cruz Province. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... ISO 3166-2:AR is an ISO standard which defines geocodes: it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Argentina. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (520x1004, 13 KB) Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina A map highlighting Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... Patagonia, as most commonly defined (in orange). ... Chubut is a province in the southern part of Argentina, that lies between the 42nd Parallel South (forming the border with the Río Negro Province) and 46th Parallel South (bordering Santa Cruz Province), the Andes range separating Argentina from Chile, and the Atlantic ocean. ...

Contents

History

The Tehuelches inhabited these lands before the arrivals of the Spanish colonisation. In 1520 Ferdinand Magellan arrived to what is currently known as San Julián Bay. 15 years later Martín de Alcazaba explored the area near the Chico River, which he named Gallegos River. Because of the attacks of British pirates, and after the visit of Francis Drake in 1578, the Spaniards sent Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa to fortify the Strait of Magellan and prevent access to Spanish posts in the Pacific. Patagonian camp, 1838 Tehuelches is the collective name of the native tribes of Patagonia. ... Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Americas of Christopher Columbus in 1492. ... Year 1520 (MDXX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Ferdinand Magellan, see Ferdinand Magellan Railcar. ... Gallegos River (Spanish:Río Gallegos) is a river in the Argentine province of Santa Cruz, on whose estuary lays Río Gallegos city, capital of the province. ... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sir Francis Drake, Vice Admiral, (c. ... Events January 31 - Battle of Gemblours - Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite image, the entire Strait is visible A map of the Strait of Magellan The Strait of Magellan is a navigable sea route immediately south of mainland Chile, South America and north of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the largest of the Earths oceanic subdivisions. ...


In the middle of the 18th century, the Jesuits settled in the area, establishing a few missions. When the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata was created in 1776, the region was set under the rule of Buenos Aires. Antonio de Biedma founded the Nueva Colonia in 1780 near present Puerto Deseado, later shut down by Viceroy Vertíz. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Created in 1776, the Viceroyalty of La Plata (in Spanish, Virreinato del Río de la Plata) was the last and most shortlived viceroyalty created by Spain. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Puerto Deseado, originally called Port Desire, is a fishing port in Patagonia in the Santa Cruz Province of Argentina on the estuary of the Río Deseado, located at 47°22′S 63°49′W. It was named Port Desire by the privateer Thomas Cavendish in 1586 after the name...


Between 1825 and 1836 there were a series of explorations of the regions, including that of Charles Darwin in 1834. In 1860 commander Luis Piedrabuena established a base at the Pavón Island on the estuary of Puerto Deseado. Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...


In 1878 the Government of Patagonia was created, with capital in Viedma, but six years later it was split into smaller entities, with the territory declared National Government of Santa Cruz, whose capital was the city of Santa Cruz. In 1901 the capital was moved to its current location at the city of Río Gallegos. 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Patagonia, as most commonly defined (in orange). ... Viedma is the capital city of the Argentine province of Río Negro and the Adolfo Alsina Department of that province. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Río Gallegos is a city in Argentina and is the capital of the Santa Cruz Province. ...


At the beginning of 20th century, a large European immigration began to arrive to the almost uninhabited zone; Spanish, Germans, British and Slavs were the most numerous among them. They came mainly to escape the growing conflicts of World War I, and were attracted by the wool industry of the area. The end of the war meant a sharp reduction in the amount of exports, bringing a serious economic crisis to Santa Cruz. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


The idea of anarchism, brought by the Spanish immigrants, grew among the workers who started a strike. The strike was severely and harshly repressed by the government, culminating in the events of the Patagonia Trágica ("Tragic Patagonia"), the execution of tens of strikers. Anarchism is a political philosophy or group of doctrines and attitudes centered on rejection of any form of (compulsory) government (cf. ...


In 1944 the Military zone of Comodoro Rivadavia was created, which encompassed the northern part of the National Government of Santa Cruz and the southern part of Chubut Province. This jurisdiction lasted until the abolition of the measures in 1955. The Government of Santa Cruz acquired province status in 1957. 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Chubut is a province in the southern part of Argentina, that lies between the 42nd Parallel South (forming the border with the Río Negro Province) and 46th Parallel South (bordering Santa Cruz Province), the Andes range separating Argentina from Chile, and the Atlantic ocean. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ...


Geography and climate

To the west, the Andes at these latitudes are lower than at the centre and north of Argentina, but still have yearly snow peaks. There is the immense ice sheet that feeds the numerous glaciers. Planes view of the Andes, Peru. ... An ice sheet is a mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km² (19,305 mile²). The only current ice sheets are Antarctic and Greenland; during the last ice age at Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) the Laurentide ice sheet covered much of Canada... Los Glaciares (Spanish for the glaciers) is a national park in the Santa Cruz, in the Argentine Patagonia. ...


From the centre to the Atlantic coast on the east, plateaus of descending height dominate the landscape. The beaches of the Atlantic coast are a mixture of long beaches with cliffs. In Gran Bajo de San Julián, the Laguna del Carbón is 105 meters below the sea level, and is the lowest point in the Western and Southern Hemispheres. The Atlantic Ocean forms a component of the all-encompassing World Ocean and is directly linked to the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Southern Ocean. ... Laguna del Carbón (Spanish for Coals lagoon) is a 105 metres (315 ft) below sea level depression located at coordinates in the Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. ...


The average temperatures are 13°C during the summer, and 3° in winter with temperatures of down to -25°. Even though precipitations on the ice-sheet area at the west are common, rain is scarce in the entire province, with an average of 200 mm per year. Strong winds blow all year around.


The cold weather-arid steppe is crossed by a few rivers that produce fertile valleys; Deseado River, Santa Cruz River, Gallegos River, Coyle River, Chico River and Pinturas River. A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - , Ukrainian: - , Kazakh: - ), pronounced in English as , is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses... Deseado River (Spanish: Río Deseado) is a river in the Argentine province of Santa Cruz. ... Santa Cruz River (Spanish:Río Santa Cruz) is a river from the Argentine province of Santa Cruz. ... Gallegos River (Spanish:Río Gallegos) is a river in the Argentine province of Santa Cruz, on whose estuary lays Río Gallegos city, capital of the province. ... The Pinturas River is a river in Patagonia Argentina, running through the Pinturas River Canyon, near the Cueva de las Manos archeological site. ...


The lakes of Buenos Aires Lake (2,240 km², 881 km² in Argentina), Cardiel Lake (460 km²), Viedma Lake (1082 km²), Argentino Lake (1560 km²), Pueyrredón Lake, Belgrano Lake and San Martín Lake (1.013 km²) are all on the west, product of thaw of the glaciers, but due to the low temperatures, their shores are not used for agriculture. The Buenos Aires or General Carrera is a lake located in Patagonia and shared by Argentina, where is known as Lago Buenos Aires, and Chile, where its called Lago General Carrera. ... Lake Viedma from space, October 1994 Lake Viedma, approximately 50 miles (80 kilometers) long in extreme southwestern Argentina, is a major elongated trough lake formed from melting glacial ice (lake is located at ). The lake is fed primarily by the Viedma Glacier at the western end of the lake. ... Lake Argentino (in Spanish, Lago Argentino) is a freshwater lake located in the Patagonian province of Santa Cruz, Argentina, at 50°2′S 72°4′W. It is the biggest lake in Argentina, with a surface area of 1,466 km² (maximum width: 20 km). ... The Pueyrredón/Cochrane Lake is a glacier fed lake located on the eastern edge of the southern Andes, straddling the border between Argentina and Chile. ... The lake known as OHiggins in Chile and San Martín in Argentina, is located around coordinates in the Patagonia, between the Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region and the Santa Cruz Province. ...


Economy

The main province's product is linked to the hydrocarbons with an annual production of 4.5 million m3 of petroleum and 3 million m3 of gas, mainly in the Pico Truncado, Cañadón seco and Cerro Redondo extracting facilities. Oil refineries are key to obtaining hydrocarbons; crude oil is processed through several stages to form desirable hydrocarbons, used in fuel and other commercial products. ... The cubic metre (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The coal production at Río Turbio is of around one million m3 per year. Mining includes gold (Cerro Vanguardia), clay, gypsum, salt and others. Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Standard atomic weight 196. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of clay. ... It has been suggested that Selenite be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Salt (disambiguation). ...


The second most important activity is that associated with sheep. With 7 million heads, Santa Cruz is the main producer of wool and meat, most of which is designated for export. Livestock includes cattle, and in lesser numbers pigs and horses. Species See text. ... cow and ox, see Cow (disambiguation) and Ox (disambiguation). ...


Sea fishing, and its later industrialisation at the fishing ports of Puerto Deseado, Puerto San Julián, Puerto Santa Cruz and Río Gallegos produces prawn, squid, hake and dozens of others. Most of the production is frozen and exported. Superfamilies Penaeoidea Aristeidae Benthesicymidae Penaeidae Sicyoniidae Solenoceridae Sergestoidea Luciferidae Sergestidae Prawns are shrimp-like crustaceans, belonging to the sub-order Dendrobranchiata [1]. Prawns are distinguished from the superficially similar shrimp by the gill structure which is branching in prawns (hence the name, dendro=tree; branchia=gill), but is lamellar in... Suborders †Plesioteuthididae (incertae sedis) Myopsina Oegopsina Squid are a large, diverse group of marine cephalopods. ... The term hake refers to fish in either of: families Gadidae (subfamily Phycinae) families Merlucciidae (both subfamilies Merlucciinae and Steindachneriinae). ...


There is little agriculture due to the arid nature of the soil. There is a small timber industry fed by both forests and planted trees, of which the wood of the lenga is the most exploited. Binomial name Nothofagus lenga (Forster) Oersted The Lenga Beech or lenga (Nothofagus pumilio) is a deciduous tree or shrub native to the centre area of the Andes range, in the temperate forests of Chile and Argentina down to Tierra del Fuego. ...


Tourism

Santa Cruz's most visited destination is the Los Glaciares National Park and a number of glaciers of which the Perito Moreno Glacier is the most famous. Nearby El Calafate has an airport that connects the area with Buenos Aires and Trelew. Los Glaciares (Spanish for the glaciers) is a national park in the Santa Cruz, in the Argentine Patagonia. ... Patagonia, Argentina - Perito Moreno Glacier The Perito Moreno Glacier ( ) is a glacier located in the Los Glaciares National Park in the south west of Santa Cruz province, Argentina. ... El Calafate is a little village in Patagonia, Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Welsh Peoples Museum, Trelew Avenida Road in Fontana National Bank at night Trelew is a city in the province of Chubut, in the Argentine Patagonia, with a population of about 102,000 as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. The city has a small commercial center, several neighborhoods, and some...


Some 200 kilometres north of El Calafate is the village of El Chaltén at the feet of the Cerro Torre and Mount Fitz Roy. Still not very developed, El Chaltén serves as a hub for various trekking routes including walks on the Viedma Glacier. View to El Chaltén from the trail towards the Fitz Roy mountain. ... Cerro Torre is one of the most spectacular mountains of the Southern Patagonian Ice Field in South America. ... Cerro Chaltén, also known as Cerro Fitz Roy, is a mountain located in the Los Glaciares National Park of Patagonia. ...


600 kilometres further north of El Chaltén, by the dirt road Route 40, the Cueva de las Manos near the town of Perito Moreno allows the few tourists who venture to this point to see the prehistoric wall paintings in the caves near the Pinturas River. Canyon at the Pinturas River, view from the caves Cueva de las Manos (Spanish for Cave of the Hands) is a cave located in the province of Santa Cruz, Argentina, 163 km south from the town of Perito Moreno, within the borders of the Francisco P. Moreno National Park, which... The Pinturas River is a river in Patagonia Argentina, running through the Pinturas River Canyon, near the Cueva de las Manos archeological site. ...


The Perito Moreno National Park and its lakes, north of Los Glaciares, are rarely visited. Besides trekking, other sports practiced on the west side of the province are sport fishing, rafting and climbing.


On east, the National Route 3 follows the Atlantic coastline, by which several buses connect the coastal cities, and take passengers both south to Tierra del Fuego and north to Chubut Province and Buenos Aires. The most visited places are the cities of Río Gallegos, the Bosques Petrificados National Monument petrified forest, and the depression of Laguna del Carbón near Puerto San Julián. Ruta Nacional 3 (National Route 3) is one of the most imporatnt highways in Argentina, streching from the eastern side of the country in Buenos Aires at its northern end, down to 11 km past Ushuaia at the south, breaking only in the pass from the continent to the Tierra... The Atlantic Ocean forms a component of the all-encompassing World Ocean and is directly linked to the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Southern Ocean. ... Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands (Sp. ... Chubut is a province in the southern part of Argentina, that lies between the 42nd Parallel South (forming the border with the Río Negro Province) and 46th Parallel South (bordering Santa Cruz Province), the Andes range separating Argentina from Chile, and the Atlantic ocean. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Río Gallegos is a city in Argentina and is the capital of the Santa Cruz Province. ... Laguna del Carbón (Spanish for Coals lagoon) is a 105 metres (315 ft) below sea level depression located at coordinates in the Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. ... Puerto San Julián, also known historically as Port St Julian, is a natural harbour in Patagonia in the Santa Cruz Province of Argentina located at 49°20′S 67°45′W, near the entrance to the Strait of Magellan. ...


Political division

The province is divided into the following 7 departments: Departments (Spanish: departamentos) form the second level of administrative division in the provinces of Argentina. ...


Department (Capital)

  1. Corpen Aike (Puerto Santa Cruz)
  2. Deseado Department(Puerto Deseado)
  3. Güer Aike (Río Gallegos)
  4. Lago Argentino (El Calafate)
  5. Lago Buenos Aires (Perito Moreno)
  6. Magallanes (Puerto San Julián)
  7. Río Chico (Gobernador Gregores)

External links

Coordinates: 48°49′26″S, 69°48′54″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Santa Cruz Province (Argentina) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1058 words)
Santa Cruz is a province of Argentina, located in the south of the country, in the Patagonia.
It borders the province Chubut to the north, and Chile to the west and south.
Santa Cruz's most visited destination is the Los Glaciares National Park and a number of glaciers of which the Perito Moreno Glacier is the most famous.
Santa Cruz (1565 words)
Santa Cruz is the southernmost mainland province in Argentina.
The Río Santa Cruz incised a 170 m deep, broad valley in the rising Patagonian steppes.
On the journey up the Río Santa Cruz, Darwin was perplexed about the presence of large boulders that clearly must have come from the Andes lying on flat ground at a great distance from their source.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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