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Encyclopedia > Santa Cruz Mountains
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Santa Cruz Mountains
Skyline Blvd runs through the Santa Cruz Mountains, here near Palo Alto.
Country United States
State California
Part of Pacific Coast Ranges
Highest point Loma Prieta Peak
- coordinates 37°6′N 121°50′W / 37.1, -121.833
 - elevation 3,786 ft (1,154 m)

The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, are a mountain range in central California, United States. They form a ridge along the San Francisco Peninsula, south of San Francisco, separating the Pacific Ocean from San Francisco Bay and the Santa Clara Valley, and continuing south, bordering Monterey Bay and ending at the Salinas Valley. The range passes through San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, San Benito and Monterey counties, with San Francisco at the northern end and Salinas as the southern end. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Download high resolution version (1270x494, 142 KB)A section of Skyline Blvd in the Santa Cruz Mountains of Northern California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Pacific Coast Ranges are the series of mountain ranges that stretch along west coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico. ... Loma Prieta is a Northern California mountain with elevation 3791 feet and located at approximately 37. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... The Pacific Coast Ranges are the series of mountain ranges that stretch along west coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Founded 1776 Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... The Santa Clara Valley is a valley just south of the San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... A view of Monterey Bay Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean, on the coast of California, south of San Francisco. ... The Salinas Valley in the Central Coast region of California lies along the Salinas River between the Gabilan Mountains and the Santa Lucia Range. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Founded 1776 Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... Official website: http://www. ... Santa Clara County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Santa Cruz County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, just south of the San Francisco Bay Area, it forms the northern coast of the Monterey Bay. ... San Benito County is a county located in the Coast Range Mountains of the U.S. state of California, south of San Jose. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Nickname: Americas Salad Bowl Location of Salinas, California Country United States State California County Monterey Government  - Mayor Dennis Donohue Area  - City 19 sq mi (49. ...

A ranch in the foothills, north of Sand Hill Road, west of Interstate 280.
A ranch in the foothills, north of Sand Hill Road, west of Interstate 280.

The highest point in the range is Loma Prieta Peak 1,153 m (3,786 ft), near which is the epicenter of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Other major peaks include Mount Umunhum 1,063 m (3,486 ft), Mount Bielawski 985 m (3,231 ft), El Sombroso 914 m (2,999 ft), Eagle Rock 758 m (2,488 ft), Black Mountain 853 m (2,800 ft), and Sierra Morena 737 m (2,417 ft). The San Andreas Fault runs along or near the ridge line throughout the range. The east side of the mountains drops abruptly towards this fault line especially near Woodside and Saratoga. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 2423 KB) A ranch in the foothills west of Interstate 280 between Los Altos Hills and Woodside. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 2423 KB) A ranch in the foothills west of Interstate 280 between Los Altos Hills and Woodside. ... The Sand Hill Road freeway exit. ... A view of the scenic portion of Interstate 280 Interstate 280 (abbreviated I-280) is a 57-mile-long interstate highway in the San Francisco Bay Area metropolitan area of Northern California. ... Loma Prieta is a Northern California mountain with elevation 3791 feet and located at approximately 37. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between 1 km and 10 km (103 and 104 m). ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... The Loma Prieta earthquake was a major earthquake affecting the greater San Francisco Bay Area of California. ... Mount Umunhum (Ohlone, possibly meaning hummingbird resting place) is the fourth highest peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains of California (after Loma Prieta Peak, Crystal Peak, and Mt. ... Orders of magnitude (length) 1 E-13 m 1 E-12 m 1 E-11 m 1 E-10 m 1 E-9 m 1 E-8 m 1 E-7 m 1 E-6 m 1 E-5 m 1 E-4 m 1 E-3 m 1 E... Black Mountain is a mountain in Santa Clara County, California, south of Los Altos, California and west of Cupertino, California. ... View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California, 35°07N, 119°39W The San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 kilometres) through western and southern California in the United States. ... Woodside is the name of several places or entities in the English-speaking world: // Woodside, South Australia is a town Woodside, Victoria is another town Woodside Petroleum is an Australian company Woodside is a neighborhood in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia Woodside, New Zealand is a locality near Greytown in the Wairarapa... Several places and events that have shared the name Saratoga. ...


For much of the length of the range on the San Francisco Peninsula, California State Route 35 runs along its ridge, and is known as "Skyline Boulevard". The major routes across the mountains are (from north to south) CA-92 from Half Moon Bay to San Mateo, CA-84 from San Gregorio to Redwood City, CA-9 from Santa Cruz to Saratoga, CA-17 from Santa Cruz to Los Gatos, CA-152 from Watsonville to Gilroy, CA-129 from Watsonville to San Juan Bautista, and US Highway 101 from Salinas to Gilroy. JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-17 ?? SR-9 ?? SR-92 ?? I-280 ?? SR-1 Legend Prev Next < Route 33 Route 36 > California State Highways Current - Unconstructed - Deleted - Scenic California State Route 35, generally known as Skyline Boulevard, is a 2-lane road running along the western ridge of Silicon Valley in California. ... This narrow State Scenic Highway cuts through the backcountry of `Silicon Valley` and provides views of San Francisco Bay. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-238 / SR-185 ALA 8. ... |utc_offset ]] = -8 Half Moon Bay redirects here. ... San Mateo is a city in San Mateo County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE Segment 1 SR-1 SM 0. ... San Gregorio is a town of about 150 people south of San Francisco; south of Half Moon Bay. ... Redwood City is a suburb located on the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. ... JUNCTION MILE POST SR-17   SR-35   SR-1   Legend < Route 4 Route 12 > The California State Highways SR-9 California State Highway 9 is mainly a rural and mountainous route that travels 35 mi. ... |latitude = 36°5819 N |longitude = 122°135 W For other uses, see Santa Cruz. ... Saratoga (IPA: ) is a city in Santa Clara County, California, USA. It is located on the west side of the Santa Clara Valley, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE I-880 SCL 13. ... |latitude = 36°5819 N |longitude = 122°135 W For other uses, see Santa Cruz. ... Los Gatos is an incorporated town in Santa Clara County, California, United States. ... California State Highway 152, or CA-152 near the latitudinal middle of California between Watsonville, junction California State Highway 1 and California State Highway 99 near Chowchilla. ... Watsonville is a city in Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... Gilroy (IPA: ) is the southmost city in Santa Clara County, California, USA. According to the United States 2000 Census, the city population was 41,464. ... State Route 129 is a California state highway south of San Jose, USA. The highway connects State Route 1 in Watsonville east to U.S. Highway 101. ... Watsonville is a city in Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... San Juan Bautista is a city located in San Benito County, California. ... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ...


The Santa Cruz Mountains have been a legally defined American Viticultural Area since 1981. Santa Cruz Mountain Wineries have emerged as premier producers of top wines, recognized in the historic Judgement of Paris on May 26, 1976.[1] An American Viticultural Area (AVA) is a delimited grape-growing region distinguishable by geographic features, with boundaries defined by the United States governments Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). ... Santa Cruz Mountain wineries are the producers of wine from the region bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountain range, from Half Moon Bay in the north, to Mount Madonna in the south. ... The Judgment of Paris, Peter Paul Rubens, ca 1636 (National Gallery, London) For the wine-tasting event known as The Judgment of Paris, see Paris Wine Tasting of 1976 The Judgement of Paris is a story from Greek mythology, in which the legendary roots of the Trojan War can be...

Contents

Ecology

Bobcat in wintertime, at Almaden-Quicksilver Park
Bobcat in wintertime, at Almaden-Quicksilver Park

The Santa Cruz Mountains are a region of large biological diversity, encompassing cool, moist coastal ecosystems as well as warm, dry chaparral. In valleys and moist ocean-facing slopes some of the southernmost coast redwoods grow, along with Douglas fir, coast live oak, Pacific madrone, wax myrtle, and California bay laurel. There do exist several small and isolated stands of old growth forest, most notably at Big Basin, Henry Cowell Redwoods and Portola Redwoods State Parks. At higher elevations and on sunny south slopes a more drought-resistant chaparral vegetation dominates: manzanita, California scrub oak, chamise, and chaparral pea. Spring wildflowers are also widespread throughout the range. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 714 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1414 × 1187 pixel, file size: 787 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken in winter 2006 by myself. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 714 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1414 × 1187 pixel, file size: 787 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken in winter 2006 by myself. ... Binomial name (Schreber, 1777) The Bobcat (Lynx rufus) is a North American mammal of the cat family, Felidae. ... Almaden Quicksilver County Park is a 4,147 acres (17 km²) park that includes the grounds of former mercury (quicksilver) mines adjacent to south San Jose, California, USA. The parks elevation varies greatly--the most used entrances (on the east side of the park) are less than 600 feet... Binomial name Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. ... Species See text Douglas-fir is the common name applied to coniferous trees of the genus Pseudotsuga in the family Pinaceae. ... Binomial name Quercus agrifolia The Coast live oak, Quercus agrifolia, also called the California live oak, is an evergeen oak, highly variable and often shrubby, found in the coastal regions of southwestern North America from Mendocino County, California south to northern Baja California in Mexico. ... ... Species About 35 species, including: Myrica adenophora Myrica californica- California Bayberry Myrica cerifera- Wax-myrtle Myrica esculenta Myrica faya- Faya Bayberry Myrica gale- Sweet Gale or Bog-myrtle Myrica hartwegii- Sierra Bayberry Myrica heterophylla Myrica holdrigeana Myrica inodora- Scentless Bayberry Myrica nana Myrica parvifolia Myrica pensylvanica- Candleberry Myrica pubescens Myrica... Binomial name Umbellularia californica (Hook. ... Old growth forest, also called primary forest, ancient forest, virgin forest, primeval forest or ancient woodland (in the UK), is an area of forest that has attained great age and exhibits unique biological features. ... Chaparral is a shrubland plant community found primarily in California, USA, that is shaped by a Mediterranean climate (mild, wet winters and hot dry summers) and wildfire. ... Species See text See Manzanita (album) for the Mia Doi Todd album. ... Chamise--Fire-loving Plant Chamise is the most common shrub in the chaparral neighborhood. ... Binomial name Pickeringia montana Nutt ex Torr Gray The legume Pickeringia montana is known by the common name chaparral pea. ...


The area welcomes a tremendous number of species of birds. (see: bird list). California Mule Deer are common, as are gray squirrels, chipmunks and raccoons. Foxes, coyotes, bobcats, and mountain lions also inhabit the region but are rarely seen. Rattlesnakes are also habitants, mostly in the high, dry chaparral. who cares though]] island species, have also lost the ability to fly. ... This seasonal checklist was developed from records compiled by the Santa Cruz Bird Club, updated most recently September 30, 2002. ... Trinomial name Odocoileus hemionus californicus California Mule Deer, Odocoileus hemionus californicus, is a subspecies of Mule Deer whose range covers much of the state of California. ...


Climate

The Santa Cruz Mountains have a Mediterranean type climate typical of most of California, with the majority of the annual precipitation falling between November and April. According to the National Weather Service, this totals more than 127 cm (50 inches) annually. Heavy summer fogs frequently cover the western ocean-facing slopes and valleys, resulting in drizzle and "fog drip" caused by condensation on the redwoods, pines, and other trees, which sustains the moisture-loving redwood forests. Due to a rain shadow effect, precipitation on the eastern side of the range is significantly less, about 28 cm (15 in) a year. Snow falls a few times a year on the highest ridges, and more rarely the higher valleys receive light dustings. Normal winter temperatures range from the upper thirties °F (~3-4° C) to the middle fifties °F (~13-14° C), with valley frosts common but rarely widespread or deep. Summer temperatures regularly reach highs in the eighties °F (~28-29° C) with nighttime usually in the upper forties to lower fifties °F (~9-12° C). Thermal inversions can occur any time of the year where cool air sinks and gets trapped in the valleys. The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ... For the television series see Rain Shadow. ...


Recreation

The Santa Cruz Mountains are home to an unusual abundance of parks and protected open spaces, notable among them is California's oldest state park: Big Basin Redwoods State Park. Other state parks include Castle Rock State Park, Portola Redwoods State Park, Butano State Park, The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park and Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park. Additional land is protected by the Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District, the Peninsula Open Space Trust (POST), the Sempervirens Fund and local county parks districts. Hiking, horseback riding, mountain biking, rock climbing, and backpacking are popular activities. There are two long-distance trails in the range: the Skyline-to-the-Sea Trail, which winds 58 km (38 miles) from Castle Rock State Park through Big Basin to the Pacific Ocean, and the Bay Area Ridge Trail, which, while still disjointed, here roughly parallels Skyline Boulevard along the spine of the range. There also exist several backcountry campsites in many of the state parks that enable long distance multi-day outings. Castle Rock State Park has open rock faces suitable for rock climbing and bouldering. Big Basin Redwoods State Park is a California state park, located in Santa Cruz County. ... Manzanita branches in the park Castle Rock State Park, located along the crest of the Santa Cruz Mountains, embraces 3,600 acres (15 km²) of coast redwood, Douglas fir, and madrone forest, most of which has been left in its wild, natural state. ... Portola Redwoods State Park is a California state park, located in San Mateo County. ... Butano State Park is a California state park located in San Mateo County near San Gorgonio. ... Redwood trees in the Forest of Nisene Marks. ... Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park is a property of the State of Californias State Parks Department. ... The Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District (MPROSD or MROSD) is a special-purpose district that manages 50,000 acres (200 km²) of open space in 25 preserves in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The Bay Area Ridge Trail is a proposed 500-mile long, multi-use trail encircling the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


Cultural History

In the 1960s, the Santa Cruz Mountains developed a strong counterculture atmosphere. [2] This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Jerry Garcia's family owned a house in the small town of Lompico where, at the age of four, Garcia had his right middle finger chopped off by his brother. Local legend has it that Garcia's finger is still somewhere in Lompico. [citation needed] Lompico also served as a residence for Janis Joplin and her group, Big Brother and the Holding Company. Joplin often spoke of the Santa Cruz Mountain's redwood forest as being divine inspiration for her music. [citation needed] Jerome John Jerry the Bulldog Garcia (August 1, 1942 – August 9, 1995) was an American musician, songwriter, and artist best known for being the lead guitarist and vocalist of the psychedelic rock band the Grateful Dead. ... Janis Lyn Joplin (January 19, 1943 – 4 October 1970) was an American blues-influenced rock singer and occasional songwriter with a distinctive voice. ... Big Brother and the Holding Company is an American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the psychedelic music scene that also produced the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane. ... The Coastal redwood is the tallest tree species on Earth. ...


Author and psychedelic advocate Ken Kesey owned a house in La Honda, which served as a home base for his Merry Pranksters. He frequently entertained friends there with LSD parties he called "Acid Tests". These parties were noted in some of Allen Ginsberg's poems and are also described in Tom Wolfe's The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, as well as Hells Angels: The Strange and Terribe Saga by Hunter S. Thompson.[citation needed] For psychedelics, see psychedelic drug. ... Kenneth Elton Kesey (September 17, 1935 – November 10, 2001) was an American author, best known for his novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, and as a counter-cultural figure who, some consider, was a link between the beat generation of the 1950s and the hippies of the 1960s. ... La Honda is a small California town located in the Santa Cruz Mountains between Silicon Valley and the Pacific coast. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lysergic acid diethylamide, commonly called LSD, LSD-25, or acid. ... Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American poet. ... Thomas Kennerly Wolfe (born March 2, 1931 in Richmond, Virginia), known as Tom Wolfe, is a best-selling American author and journalist. ... The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test is a literary journalism novel written by Tom Wolfe early in his career in 1968. ... Hunter Stockton Thompson (July 18, 1937 – February 20, 2005) was an American journalist and author. ...


In 1965, science fiction author Robert A. Heinlein constructed a compound in Bonny Doon, and lived there until shortly before his death in 1988.[3] Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... Bonny Doon, California is a small town on Ben Lomond Mountain, north of Santa Cruz, California. ...


References

  1. ^ Taber, George M. (2005). Judgement of Paris: California vs. France and the Historic 1976 Paris Tasting That Revolutionized Wine. Scribner. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/710/000023641/, including quoted passage from San Francisco Chronicle columnist Herb Caen.

Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... Herbert Eugene Caen (April 3, 1916 – February 1, 1997) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist working in San Francisco. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
SummitPost - Santa Cruz Mountains -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering (705 words)
The Santa Cruz Mountain Range occupies most of the San Francisco Peninsula and stretches south, separating the cities of San Jose and Santa Cruz.
A vast array of flora exists in the Santa Cruz Mounatins, with misty redwood forests dominating the northern part of the range, to dense chaparral-covered hillsides in the south.
The Santa Cruz Mountains are also very seismically active, due to the fact that the San Andreas fault runs through the entirety of the range.
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Santa Cruz, a parish in the district of Armamar, Portugal
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