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Encyclopedia > Santa Cruz County, California
Santa Cruz County, California
Seal of Santa Cruz County, California
Map
Map of California highlighting Santa Cruz County
Location in the state of California
Statistics
Formed 1850
Seat Santa Cruz
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,573 km² (607 mi²)
1,153 km² (445 mi²)
419 km² (162 mi²), 26.67%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

255,602
222/km² 
Website: www.co.santa-cruz.ca.us

Santa Cruz County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, just south of the San Francisco Bay Area, it forms the northern coast of the Monterey Bay. (Monterey County forms the southern coast). As of 2000 its population is 255,602. The county seat is Santa Cruz. Dili Protests 1991 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Map_of_California_highlighting_Santa_Cruz_County. ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Santa Cruz is the county seat of Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... The 22nd United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ... View of the Pacific Ocean from Oregon. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean, on the coast of California, south of San Francisco. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Santa Cruz is the county seat of Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ...

Contents


History

Santa Cruz County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


In the original act, the county was given the name of "Branciforte" after the Spanish pueblo founded there in 1797. Less than two months later, the name was changed to "Santa Cruz". Mission Santa Cruz, established in 1791 and completed in 1794, was destroyed by an earthquake in 1857, but a smaller-scale replica was erected in 1931. Santa Cruz means "holy cross" in Spanish. Branciforte was a secular pueblo established by the Spanish in 1797 on the eastern bluff overlooking the San Lorenzo River. ... Pueblos are traditional Native American communities of the Southwest United States of America. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Mission Santa Cruz was founded on September 25, 1791 by Father Fermin Lasuen, the twelfth mission in the California mission chain. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... An earthquake is a phenomenon that results from and is powered by the sudden release of stored energy that radiates seismic waves. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ...


The county is home to two of the wineries (Ridge Vineyards and David Bruce Winery) selected to compete in the historic Paris Wine Tasting of 1976. Ridge Vineyards in a winery located at an elevation of 2,3000 feet on Monte Bello Ridge in the Santa Cruz Mountains south of San Francisco, California. ... David Bruce Winery is located at about 2,200 feet elevation in the Santa Cruz Mountains above Silicon Valley in Northern California. ... French wines were generally believed by most people to be the very best wines in the world until 1976. ...


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,573 km² (607 mi²). 1,153 km² (445 mi²) of it is land and 419 km² (162 mi²) of it (26.67%) is water. Of California's counties, only San Francisco is physically smaller. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


The county is a strip about ten miles wide between the coast and the crest of the Santa Cruz Mountains at the northern end of the Monterey Bay. It can be divided roughly into four regions: the rugged "north coast"; the urban City of Santa Cruz, Capitola, and Aptos; mountainous Bonny Doon, San Lorenzo River Valley, and Soquel; and fertile "south county", including Watsonville. Agriculture is concentrated in the coastal lowlands of the county's northern and southern ends. Most of the coastline is flanked by cliffs. The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, are a mountain range in central California. ... Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean, on the coast of California, south of San Francisco. ... Santa Cruz is the county seat of Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... Capitola is a city located in Santa Cruz County, California on the coast of Monterey Bay. ... Aptos is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... Bonny Doon, California is a small town on Ben Lomond Mountain, north of Santa Cruz, California. ... The San Lorenzo Valley is a region of Santa Cruz County, California, colloquially known as the SLV. It contains the towns Ben Lomond, CA, Felton, and Boulder Creek, though which run Highway 9 and the San Lorenzo River, down through the Santa Cruz Mountains into the city of Santa Cruz. ... Watsonville is a city located in Santa Cruz County, California. ...


Adjacent counties

Official website: http://www. ... Location of Santa Clara County within California. ... San Benito County is a county located in the California Coast Range Mountains south of San Jose. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ...

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 255,602 people, 91,139 households, and 57,144 families residing in the county. The population density was 222/km² (574/mi²). There were 98,873 housing units at an average density of 86/km² (222/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.09% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 0.96% Native American, 3.44% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 15.02% from other races, and 4.37% from two or more races. 26.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 91,139 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.00% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.30% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25. A marriage is a committed relationship between or among individuals, recognized by civil authority and/or bound by the religious beliefs of the participants. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 30.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $53,998, and the median income for a family was $61,941. Males had a median income of $46,291 versus $33,514 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,396. About 6.70% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Environmental features

Santa Cruz County is home to the following endangered species: The endangered Sea Otter An endangered species is a population of organisms (usually a taxonomic species), which is either (a) so few in number or (b) threatened by changing environmental or predation parameters that it is at risk of becoming extinct. ...

Trinomial name Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum Russell & Anderson, 1956 The Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander is an endangered subspecies of the Long-toed Salamander, which is found only close to a few isolated ponds in Santa Cruz County and Monterey County, California. ... The Santa Cruz Tarweed is an endangered plant endemic to certain coastal terraces in Northern California. ... Trinomial name Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia Cope, 1875 The San Francisco garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia) is a slender multi-colored colubrid snake. ...

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year GOP Dems
2004 24.9% 30,354 73.0% 89,102
2000 27.3% 29,627 61.5% 66,618
1996 26.9% 27,766 56.5% 58,250
1992 21.9% 24,916 58.1% 66,183
1988 36.8% 37,728 61.5% 63,133
1984 45.2% 41,652 53.3% 49,091
1980 43.5% 37,347 37.7% 32,346
1976 43.1% 31,872 51.1% 37,772
1972 49.9% 34,799 46.4% 32,336
1968 50.8% 25,365 41.0% 20,492
1964 41.3% 18,836 58.5% 26,714
1960 59.6% 24,858 39.9% 16,659
  • Santa Cruz County Republican Party
  • Santa Cruz County Democrat Party

This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Presidential election results map. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The election was held on November 8, 1988. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...

Transportation

Santa Cruz County is served by the Santa Cruz Metropolitan Transit District bus system, SCMTD/Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority collaborated bus service to San Jose, California and Monterey Salinas Transit to the Watsonville station. Greyhound Lines bus service is another option for visiting Surf City. The Santa Cruz Metropolitan Transit District provides bus service throughout Santa Cruz County, California. ... It has been suggested that Santa Clara Valley Transit Authority be merged into this article or section. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... Greyhound Lines is the largest intercity common carrier of passengers by bus in North America, serving 2200 destinations in the United States. ...


The county has one public use general aviation airport as shown in the list of Santa Cruz airports. The nearest airports for commercial travel include San Jose International Airport, Monterey Peninsula Airport, San Francisco International Airport, and Oakland International Airport. General aviation (abbr. ... Santa Cruz, California, once had several active public airports, of which all but one have closed. ... Norman Y. Mineta San José International Airport (IATA: SJC, ICAO: KSJC) is a medium-sized airport in San Jose, California. ... Monterey Peninsula Airport (IATA:MRY, ICAO:KMRY) is a small, regional airport in Monterey, California. ... FAA diagram of SFO SFO redirects here. ... Oakland International Airport (IATA: OAK, ICAO: KOAK), also known as Metropolitan Oakland International Airport, is an airport located 4 miles (6 km) south of downtown Oakland in Alameda County, California. ...


Recreation

See: List of Birds of Santa Cruz County, California This seasonal checklist was developed from records compiled by the Santa Cruz Bird Club, updated most recently September 30, 2002. ...


Cities and towns

Amesti is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Aptos is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... Aptos Hills-Larkin Valley is a census_designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Ben Lomond is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Bonny Doon, California is a small town on Ben Lomond Mountain, north of Santa Cruz, California. ... Boulder Creek is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Capitola is a city located in Santa Cruz County, California on the coast of Monterey Bay. ... Corralitos is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Day Valley is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Felton is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Freedom is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Interlaken is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Live Oak is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz, California between the towns of Santa Cruz and Capitola. ... Mount Hermon is an uncorporated community in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Opal Cliffs is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Rio del Mar is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Santa Cruz is the county seat of Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... Scotts Valley is an elite suburb community of Santa Cruz located in central, Santa Cruz County, California. ... Soquel (pronounced Sow*Kell) is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Twin Lakes is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Watsonville is a city located in Santa Cruz County, California. ...

See also

List of school districts in Santa Cruz County, California Bonny Doon Elementary School Board Happy Valley Elementary School Board Live Oak Elementary School Board Mountain Elementary School Board Pacific Elementary School Board Pajaro Valley Joint Unified School Board San Lorenzo Valley Unified School Board Santa Cruz City Schools School Board...

Santa Cruz County winemaking and wineries

Winemaking -- both the growing of the grapes and their vinting -- is an important part of the economic and cultural life of Santa Cruz County. Grow and harvest grapes. ...


The Santa Cruz vineyard of the David Bruce Winery (with vineyards in both Santa Cruz and Sonoma counties) was selected for competition in the historic Paris Wine Tasting of 1976, which revolutionized the world of wine (Tabor, p.167-169). David Bruce Winery is located at about 2,200 feet elevation in the Santa Cruz Mountains above Silicon Valley in Northern California. ... Sonoma County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, north of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... French wines were generally believed by most people to be the very best wines in the world until 1976. ... Santa Cruz County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, just south of the San Francisco Bay Area, it forms the northern coast of the Monterey Bay. ...


Sources

  • Taber, George M. Judgment of Paris: California vs. France and the historic 1976 Paris Tasting that Revolutionized Wine. NY: Scribner, 2005.

External links

Santa Cruz County, California
Incorporated places

Santa Cruz (County seat) • CapitolaScotts ValleyWatsonville

Census-designated places
AmestiAptos • Aptos Hills-Larkin Valley • Ben LomondBonny DoonBoulder CreekCorralitosDay ValleyFeltonFreedomInterlakenLive OakMount HermonOpal CliffsRio del MarSoquelTwin Lakes An incorporated place, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, is a type of governmental unit incorporated under state law as a city, town (except the New England states, New York, and Wisconsin), borough (except in Alaska and New York), or village and having legally prescribed limits, powers, and... Santa Cruz is the county seat of Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Capitola is a city located in Santa Cruz County, California on the coast of Monterey Bay. ... Scotts Valley is an elite suburb community of Santa Cruz located in central, Santa Cruz County, California. ... Watsonville is a city located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Amesti is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Aptos is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... Aptos Hills-Larkin Valley is a census_designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Ben Lomond is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Bonny Doon, California is a small town on Ben Lomond Mountain, north of Santa Cruz, California. ... Boulder Creek is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Corralitos is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Day Valley is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Felton is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Freedom is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Interlaken is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Live Oak is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz, California between the towns of Santa Cruz and Capitola. ... Mount Hermon is an uncorporated community in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Opal Cliffs is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Rio del Mar is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Soquel (pronounced Sow*Kell) is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Twin Lakes is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, California. ...

Flag of California State of California

California Topics | Geography | Economy | Government | History | Californians Image File history File links Flag_of_California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Greetings from California, vintage large-letter postcard. ... A field of California golden poppies circa 1910. ... This is a partial list of well-known people from California. ...

Capital Sacramento
Regions Antelope Valley | Big Sur | Central Valley | Central Coast | Channel Islands | Coachella Valley | Conejo Valley | Death Valley | Eastern California | Emerald Triangle | Gold Country | Greater Los Angeles | Imperial Valley | Inland Empire | Mojave | North Coast | Northern California | North San Diego County | Owens Valley | Pomona Valley | The Peninsula | Redwood Empire | Sacramento Valley | San Fernando Valley | San Francisco Bay Area | San Gabriel Valley | Santa Clara Valley | Santa Clarita Valley | San Joaquin Valley | Shasta Cascade | Sierra Nevada | Silicon Valley | Southern California | Wine Country | Yosemite
Metropolitan areas Bakersfield | Chico | Fresno | Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale | Modesto | Napa | Oakland-Fremont-Hayward | Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura | Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario | Sacramento-Roseville | Salinas | San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos | San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City | San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara | San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles | Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine | Santa Barbara-Santa Maria | Santa Cruz-Watsonville | Santa Rosa-Petaluma | Stockton | Vallejo-Fairfield | Visalia-Porterville | Yuba City
Note: Cities with over 400,000 in population are in bold
Counties Alameda | Alpine | Amador | Butte | Calaveras | Colusa | Contra Costa | Del Norte | El Dorado | Fresno | Glenn | Humboldt | Imperial | Inyo | Kern | Kings | Lake | Lassen | Los Angeles | Madera | Marin | Mariposa | Mendocino | Merced | Modoc | Mono | Monterey | Napa | Nevada | Orange | Placer | Plumas | Riverside | Sacramento | San Benito | San Bernardino | San Diego | San Francisco | San Joaquin | San Luis Obispo | San Mateo | Santa Barbara | Santa Clara | Santa Cruz | Shasta | Sierra | Siskiyou | Solano | Sonoma | Stanislaus | Sutter | Tehama | Trinity | Tulare | Tuolumne | Ventura | Yolo | Yuba
Note: Counties with over 1 million in population are in bold

  Results from FactBites:
 
Santa Cruz County, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (882 words)
Santa Cruz County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, just south of the San Francisco Bay Area, it forms the northern coast of the Monterey Bay.
The county is a strip about ten miles wide between the coast and the crest of the Santa Cruz Mountains at the northern end of the Monterey Bay.
The Santa Cruz vineyard of the David Bruce Winery (with vineyards in both Santa Cruz and Sonoma counties) was selected for competition in the historic Paris Wine Tasting of 1976, which revolutionized the world of wine (Tabor, p.167-169).
Santa Cruz, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2197 words)
Santa Cruz was colonized in the mid-1700s by the Spanish, who established both a mission (Mission Santa Cruz) and a secular settlement named Branciforte.
Santa Cruz is also notable for the extensive damage it suffered during the October 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, which leveled the mostly unreinforced-brick downtown, killing five people.
Santa Cruz is home to the University of California, Santa Cruz, which was built starting in the 1960s as an 'alternative' campus with a residential college system based on the British system, (see University of Cambridge or University of Oxford).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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