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Encyclopedia > Sanskritization

Sanskritisation is the process by which castes placed lower in the caste hierarchy seek upward mobility by emulating the rituals and practices of the upper or dominant castes. It is a term coined by the late M.N.Srinivas, the eminent sociologist from India. He first propounded this theory in the thesis for his D.Phil degree at Oxford University. The thesis was later brought out as a book titled Religion and Society Among the Coorgs of South India. Published in 1952, the book was an ethnographical study of the Coorg Community of south Karnataka, India. A caste system is a rigid system of social stratification, which divides members of a society into different castes. ... A ritual is a formalised, predetermined set of symbolic actions generally performed in a particular environment at a regular, recurring interval. ... M N Srinivas is Indias foremost sociologist. ... Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... 1952 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Ethnography (from the Greek ethnos = nation and graphein = writing) refers to the qualitative description of human social phenomena, based on months or years of fieldwork. ... A coffee plantation in Coorg Kodagu (previously called Coorg) is a district of Karnataka state, India. ... Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ in Kannada) is one of the four southern states of India. ...


The book challenged the then prevalent idea that caste was a rigid and unchangeable institution. The concept addressed the fluidity of caste relations, and of communities' desires to constantly upgrade and improve themselves. M.N.Srinivas defined sanskritisation as a process by which "a 'low' Hindu caste, or tribal or other group, changes its customs, ritual ideology, and way of life in the direction of a high and frequently 'twice-born' caste. Generally such changes are followed by a claim to a higher position in the caste hierarchy than that traditionally conceded to the claimant class by the local community..." Tribal, as a noun, refers to a type of design or image that has been influenced by tribes of indigenous peoples. ... Dwija, literally means one who is born twice in Sanskrit. ...


One clear example of sanskritisation is the acceptance, imitating the practice of twice-born castes, of vegetarianism by people belonging to the so-called low castes, who are traditionally not averse to non-vegetarian food. Dwija, literally means one who is born twice in Sanskrit. ... Vegetarianism is a dietary practice characterized by the exclusion of all body parts of any animal and products derived from animal carcasses (such as lard, tallow, gelatin, and cochineal), from ones diet. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sanskrit alphabet, pronunciation and language (454 words)
Sanskrit is the classical language of Indian and the liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
Vedic Sanskrit, the pre-Classical form of the language and the liturgical langauge of the Vedic religion, is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family.
Today Sanskrit is used mainly in Hindu religious rituals as a ceremonial language for hymns and mantras.
Sanskrit Language - MSN Encarta (533 words)
Sanskrit Language (from Sanskrit samskrta, “adorned, cultivated, perfected”), the classical sacred and literary language of the Hindus of India, belonging to the Indo-Aryan (Indic) branch of the Indo-Iranian languages, a subfamily of the Indo-European languages.
Sanskrit is distinguishable from the oldest preserved forms of Indian speech, in the Vedic religious scriptures, the Brahmanas, Vedas, and Upanishads.
The discovery by Western scholars of the existence of Sanskrit, and of Indian methods of teaching it, led both to the identification of the Indo-European language family and, under the stimulation of Panini's methodology, to the establishment of the science of comparative linguistics or comparative philology.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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