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Encyclopedia > Sanskrit numerals

The Sanskrit alphabetic numerals were created in about A.D. 510 by Āryabhaa. The system is also known as Āryabhaa numeration. Events Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius is appointed a consul by Theoderic Births Gildas, Celtic monk Deaths Hashim, great-grandfather of Muhammad and ancestor of the Hashemites Categories: 510 ... Aryabhata (à¤†à¤°à¥à¤¯à¤­à¤Ÿ) Ä€ryabhaá¹­a) (476 â€“ 550) is the first of the great mathematician-astronomers of the classical age of India. ...

Numeral systems
Hindu-Arabic numerals
Western Arabic
Eastern Arabic
Indian family
Brahmi
East Asian numerals
Chinese
Japanese
Khmer
Korean
Thai

Alphabetic numerals
Armenian
Cyrillic
Ge'ez
Hebrew
Ionian
Sanskrit

Other systems
Attic
Etruscan
Roman
Babylonian
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Numeral system topics
Positional systems
Decimal base,
Binaries2, 4, 8,16, 32, 64, 128
other:  3, 9, 12, 24, 30, 36, 60, more.

## Example

 299, 792 468 Two hundred ninety-nine million, seven hundred ninety-two thousand, four hundred sixty-eight equals जल घिनि झुशु झृसृ खॄ ja-la,  ghi-ni,  jhu-śu,  jhṛ-sṛ,  khḷ.

To understand this example, one have to know that in the traditional Indian notation of numbers and thus also in their denomination, the order of the digits was inversed by comparing to our modern way. So, naturally, also Āryabhaa began with the ones, before the tens; than the hundreds and the thousands; than the myriad and the lakh ( = 105 ), a.s.o. Like it shows this more detailled table just below:

 Example:  299, 792 468 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 85, 42, 97, 99, 2 जल घिनि झुशु झृसृ खॄ ja-la ghi-ni jhu-śu jhṛ-sṛ khḷ

A lakh (also spelled lac or laksha) is a unit in a traditional number system, still widely used in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, equal to a hundred thousand. ...

## Numeral table

Here the complete table:

 The   33 × 9  =  297   Sanskrit alphabetic numerical syllables Nine vowels or syllabics -a -i -u -ṛ -ḷ -e -ai -o -au अ इ उ ऋ ऌ ए ऐ ओ औ × 10 0 10 2 10 4 10 6 10 8 1010 1012 1014 1016 Five velar plosives k - क 1 क ka कि ki कु ku कृ kṛ कॄ kḷ के ke कै kai को ko कौ kau kh - ख 2 ख kha खि khi खु khu खृ khṛ खॄ khḷ खे khe खै khai खो kho खौ khau g - ग 3 ग ga गि gi गु gu गृ gṛ गॄ gḷ गे ge गै gai गो go गौ gau gh - घ 4 घ gha घि ghi घु ghu घृ ghṛ घॄ ghḷ घे ghe घै ghai घो gho घौ ghau ŋ - ङ 5 ङ ŋa ङि ŋi ङु ŋu ङृ ŋṛ ङॄ ŋḷ ङे ŋe ङै ŋai ङो ŋo ङौ ŋau Five palatal plosives c - च 6 च ca चि ci चु cu चृ cṛ चॄ cḷ चे ce चै cai चो co चौ cau ch - छ 7 छ cha छि chi छु chu छृ chṛ छॄ chḷ छे che छै chai छो cho छौ chau j - ज 8 ज ja जि ji जु ju जृ jṛ जॄ jḷ जे je जै jai जो jo जौ jau jh - झ 9 झ jha झि jhi झु jhu झृ jhṛ झॄ jhḷ झे jhe झै jhai झो jho झौ jhau ñ - ञ 10 ञ ña ञि ñi ञु ñu ञृ ñṛ ञॄ ñḷ ञे ñe ञै ñai ञो ño ञौ ñau Five retroflex plosives ṭ - ट 11 ट ṭa टि ṭi टु ṭu टृ ṭṛ टॄ ṭḷ टे ṭe टै ṭai टो ṭo टौ ṭau ṭh - ठ 12 ठ ṭha ठि ṭhi ठु ṭhu ठृ ṭhṛ ठॄ ṭhḷ ठे ṭhe ठै ṭhai ठो ṭho ठौ ṭhau ḍ - ड 13 ड ḍa डि ḍi डु ḍu डृ ḍṛ डॄ ḍḷ डे ḍe डै ḍai डो ḍo डौ ḍau ḍh - ढ 14 ढ ḍha ढि ḍhi ढु ḍhu ढृ ḍhṛ ढॄ ḍhḷ ढे ḍhe ढै ḍhai ढो ḍho ढौ ḍhau ṇ - ण 15 ण ṇa णि ṇi णु ṇu णृ ṇṛ णॄ ṇḷ णे ṇe णै ṇai णो ṇo णौ ṇau Five dental plosives t - त 16 त ta ति ti तु tu तृ tṛ तॄ tḷ ते te तै tai तो to तौ tau th - थ 17 थ tha थि thi थु thu थृ thṛ थॄ thḷ थे the थै thai थो tho थौ thau d - द 18 द da दि di दु du दृ dṛ दॄ dḷ दे de दै dai दो do दौ dau dh - ध 19 ध dha धि dhi धु dhu धृ dhṛ धॄ dhḷ धे dhe धै dhai धो dho धौ dhau n - न 20 न na नि ni नु nu नृ nṛ नॄ nḷ ने ne नै nai नो no नौ nau Five labial plosives p - प 21 प pa पि pi पु pu पृ pṛ पॄ pḷ पे pe पै pai पो po पौ pau ph - फ 22 फ pha फि phi फु phu फृ phṛ फॄ phḷ फे phe फै phai फो pho फौ phau b - ब 23 ब ba बि bi बु bu बृ bṛ बॄ bḷ बे be बै bai बो bo बौ bau bh - भ 24 भ bha भि bhi भु bhu भृ bhṛ भॄ bhḷ भे bhe भै bhai भो bho भौ bhau m - म 25 म ma मि mi मु mu मृ mṛ मॄ mḷ मे me मै mai मो mo मौ mau Four approximants or trill y - य 30 य ya यि yi यु yu यृ yṛ यॄ yḷ ये ye यै yai यो yo यौ yau r - र 40 र ra रि ri रु ru रृ rṛ रॄ rḷ रे re रै rai रो ro रौ rau l - ल 50 ल la लि li लु lu लृ lṛ लॄ lḷ ले le लै lai लो lo लौ lau v - व 60 व va वि vi वु vu वृ vṛ वॄ vḷ वे ve वै vai वो vo वौ vau Three coronal fricatives ś - श 70 श śa शि śi शु śu शृ śṛ शॄ śḷ शे śe शै śai शो śo शौ śau ṣ - ष 80 ष ṣa षि ṣi षु ṣu षृ ṣṛ षॄ ṣḷ षे ṣe षै ṣai षो ṣo षौ ṣau s - स 90 स sa सि si सु su सृ sṛ सॄ sḷ से se सै sai सो so सौ sau One glottal fricative h - ह 100 ह ha हि hi हु hu हृ hṛ हॄ hḷ हे he है hai हो ho हौ hau
 Note: Transliteration according to IAST. Exception: The velar nasal ङ, officially Ṅṅ, here Ŋŋ, because ŋa seems to be clearer than ṅa.

Sanskrit ( à¤¸à¤‚à¤¸à¥à¤•à¥ƒà¤¤à¤®à¥ ; pronunciation: ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... A Specimen of typeset fonts and languages, by William Caslon, letter founder; from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... A numeral is a symbol or group of symbols that represents a number. ... A syllable (Ancient Greek: ) is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... This article discusses the unit of speech. ... Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate (the back part of the roof of the mouth, known also as the velum). ... A stop, plosive, or occlusive is a consonant sound produced by stopping the airflow in the vocal tract. ... Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth). ... A stop, plosive, or occlusive is a consonant sound produced by stopping the airflow in the vocal tract. ... Sub-apical retroflex plosive In phonetics, retroflex consonants are consonant sounds used in some languages. ... A stop, plosive, or occlusive is a consonant sound produced by stopping the airflow in the vocal tract. ... Dentals are consonants such as t, d, n, and l articulated with either the lower or the upper teeth, or both, rather than with the gum ridge as in English. ... A stop, plosive, or occlusive is a consonant sound produced by stopping the airflow in the vocal tract. ... Labials are consonants articulated either with both lips (bilabial articulation) or with the lower lip and the upper teeth (labiodental articulation). ... A stop, plosive, or occlusive is a consonant sound produced by stopping the airflow in the vocal tract. ... Approximants are speech sounds that could be regarded as intermediate between vowels and typical consonants. ... In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the articulator and the place of articulation. ... Coronal consonants are articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue. ... Fricatives (or spirants) are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together. ... Glottal consonants are consonants articulated with the glottis. ... Fricatives (or spirants) are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together. ... IAST, or International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration is the academic standard for writing the Sanskrit language with the Latin alphabet and very similar to National Library at Calcutta romanization standard being used with many Indic scripts. ... The velar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ...

## References

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