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Encyclopedia > Sanli Urfa

Sanli Urfa (in Turkish Şanlıurfa) is a city in eastern Turkey, and the provincial capital of Sanliurfa Province. The city has been known by many names. In Syriac it is ܐܘܪܗܝ, Orhāy. In Kurdish it is Riha. In Arabic it is الروها, Ar-Ruha. In Greek it was Ορρα, Orrha. Although it is often best known by the name given it by the Seleucids, Εδεσσα, Edessa. This article needs cleanup. ... Syriac is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... Geographic distribution The Kurdish languages or Kurdish dialects are spoken in the region loosely called Kurdistan including Kurdish populations in parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. ... Arabic (العربية) is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The Seleucid Empire was one of several political states founded after the death of Alexander the Great, whose generals squabbled over the division of Alexanders empire. ...

The modern city of Urfa is situated about eighty kilometres east of the Euphrates River. The population is about 275,000 (1990). For more on historic Urfa, please see the article Edessa, Mesopotamia. The Euphrates (the traditional Greek name for the river, which is in Old Persian Ufrat, Aramaic Prâth/Frot, in Arabic الفرات, in Turkish Fırat and in ancient Assyrian language Pu-rat-tu) is the westernmost of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia (Bethnahrin in Aramaic), the other being the... Edessa is the historical name of a town in northern Mesopotamia. ...

According to Muslim tradition it is the location of Ur, and the birthplace of Abraham is said to be at a mosque in the city. The Great Mosque at Urfa was built in 1170, on the site of a Christian church the Arabs called the "red church," probably incorporating some Roman masonry. Contemporary tradition at the site identifies the well of the mosque as that into which the towel (mendil) of the prophet Jesus was thrown (see Image of Edessa). Under the Ottomans it was a centre of trade in cotton, leather, and jewellery. A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... UR, Ur, or ur can refer to several things: The City of Ur Ur, the first known continent Royal Game of Ur Ur is the name of a minor Gnostic deity. ... Abraham (אַבְרָהָם Father/Leader of many, Standard Hebrew Avraham, Tiberian Hebrew ʾAḇrāhām; Arabic ابراهيم Ibrāhīm) is the patriarch of Judaism, recognized by Christianity, and a very important prophet in Islam. ... Events December 29: Assassination of Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury, in Canterbury cathedral Eleanor of Aquitaine leaves the court of Henry II because of a string of infidelities. ... According to the legend, King Abgarus received the Image of Edessa from the apostle Thaddeus. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul (Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ... Cotton is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant, a shrub native to the tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old World and the New World. ... Modern leather-making tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides, pelts and skins of animals, primarily cows. ... Jewellery (spelled jewelry in American English) consists of ornamental devices worn by persons, typically made with gems and precious metals. ...

It still has ruins of its ancient walls and of an Arab castle. There were three Christian communities: Syrian, Armenian, and Latin. The last Syrian Christians left in 1924 and went to Aleppo (where they settled down in a place that later got called Hay Al Suryan "The Assyrian Quarter"). Saint Peters Basilica in Rome. ... Old Town Aleppo viewed from the Citadel Aleppo is also the name of two townships in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Assyrians are a Christian Syriac-speaking minority inhabiting northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey and northwestern Iran, some of whom also identify themselves as Aramaeans, Syriacs and Chaldeans. ...

The official name of the city has been changed into Sanliurfa (Şanlıurfa in Turkish spelling) in 1984 which was Urfa until this date. 'Şanlı' means great, glorious, dignified in Turkish, a reference to the city's role in the Turkish War of Independence. 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Turkish War of Independence is a part of the History of Turkey that spans from the defeat of the Ottoman Empire by the Allies in World War I to the declaration of the Republic of Turkey on October 29, 1923. ...

External links

  • English pages of the Sanliurfa Governor: Some tourist information
  • adiyamanli.org on Sanli Urfa
  • Pictures of the city

  Results from FactBites:
Şanlıurfa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (554 words)
According to Muslim tradition it is the location of Ur, and the birthplace of Abraham is said to be at a mosque in the city.
Urfa's newer districts are a sprawl of modern concrete apartment blocks, with many surprisingly leafy avenues.
Urfa has prospered on the back of the Southeastern Anatolia Project, which has provided a reliable supply of water for local farmers and fostered and agricultural boom, in turn driving significant development of light industry in the city.
Urfa - Wikipedia (332 words)
Urfa is een stad in Zuidoost-Turkije, met een geschatte bevolking van 390.000 inwoners (2004).
De voornaamste bezienswaardigheid van Urfa is haar oude citadel, gelegen oop een van de heuvels boven de stad.
Urfa's eeuwenoud belang ligt bij zijn strategische positie op de pas die de handelsweg tussen Anatolië (Centraal-Turkije) en Noord-Mesopotamië (Nord-Irak) beheerst.
  More results at FactBites »



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