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Encyclopedia > Sankin kotai
Tokiwa bashi on the Nagasaki Kaido in Kitakyushu, used for sankin kotai
Tokiwa bashi on the Nagasaki Kaido in Kitakyushu, used for sankin kotai

Sankin kōtai (参勤交代) was a policy of the shogunate during most of the Edo period of Japanese history. The purpose was to control the daimyo. In adopting the policy, the shogunate was continuing and refining similar policies of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. In 1635, a law required sankin kotai, which was already an established custom. The law remained in force until 1862. ImageMetadata File history File links Tokiwa_bashi. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Tokiwa_bashi. ... Tokiwabashi in Kokura on the Nagasaki Kaido The Nagasaki Kaido was a road across Kyushu from Kokura to Nagasaki, used by daimyo for the sankin kotai, and also by the Dutch traders at Nagasaki on whom a similar obligation of visiting the Shogun was imposed. ... Kokura Castle (-jō), April 2002 Kitakyūshū (北九州市; -shi), literally north Kyushu, is a city located in Fukuoka prefecture, Japan. ... This page is about the Japanese ruler and military rank. ... The Edo period (Japanese: 江戸時代, Edo-jidai), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1867. ... For other senses of this word, see history (disambiguation). ... Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ... Hideyoshi in old age. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

The details changed throughout the twenty-six decades of Tokugawa rule, but generally, the requirement was that the daimyo of every han move periodically between Edo and his han, typically spending alternate years in each place. His wife and heir were required to remain in Edo as hostages. The expenditures necessary to maintain lavish residences in both places, and for the procession to and from Edo, placed financial strains on the daimyo making them unable to wage war. The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... The Han ) were the fiefs of feudal clans of Japan that were created by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and existed until their abolition in 1871, three years after the Meiji Restoration. ... Edo (Japanese: 江戸, literally: bay-door, estuary, pronounced //), once also spelled Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of the Japanese capital Tokyo. ...

In principle, the sankin kotai was a military service to the shogun. Each daimyo was required to furnish a number of soldiers (samurai) in accordance with the assessment of his han. These soldiers accompanied the daimyo on the processions to and from Edo. Japanese samurai in armour, 1860s. ...

With hundreds of daimyo entering or leaving Edo each year, processions (大名行列 daimyo gyoretsu) were almost daily occurrences in the shogunal capital. The main routes to the provinces were the kaido. Special lodgings, the honjin (本陣), were available to daimyo during their travels. Section of Tokaido near Hakone A kaidō (Japanese 街道 road) is an ancient road in Japan dating from the Edo period. ...

The sankin kotai figures prominently in some Edo period ukiyoe (woodblock prints), as well as in popular theater such as kabuki and bunraku. Ukiyo-e (浮世絵, a Japanese term meaning pictures of the floating world) is a style of painting, but is more commonly associated with a type of woodcut printmaking that became popular in Japan in the 18th and 19th centuries. ... For other usages see Theatre (disambiguation) Theater (American English) or Theatre (British English and widespread usage among theatre professionals in the US) is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle — indeed... The Kabukiza in Ginza is one of Tokyos leading kabuki theaters. ... // Overview Bunraku (Japanese: 文楽) is a form of traditional Japanese puppet theater. ...



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