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Encyclopedia > Sanjak

Sanjak and Sandjak (other variants: sinjaq, sanjaq) are the most common English transliterations of the Turkish word Sancak, which literally means "banner". In Arabic the sanjaks were also called liwas. A banner is a flag or other piece of cloth bearing a symbol, logo, slogan or other message. ... Arabic (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ...


Sanjaks originally were the first level subdivisions of the Ottoman Empire. They arose in the mid-14th century as military districts that were part of a military-feudal system. In addition to the paid professional army, the Ottoman army had corps of cavalry soldiers (called spahis or sipahi) who performed military service in return for estates granted by the sultan (larger estates were called zaim or zeamet, smaller ones timar). Spahis gathered for war according to the Sanjak in which they lived, and were led by an official called a Sanjak-beg or Sanjakbey (roughly equivalent to "district governor"). Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Sogut (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Roland pledges his fealty to Charlemagne; from a manuscript of a chanson de geste. ... Holzschnitt nach Melchior Lorch, 1646. ... Bey is the Turkish word for chieftain, traditionally applied to the leaders of small tribal groups. ...


With the formation of new first-level divisions, the beylerbeyliks (later eyalets and vilayets), in the late 14th century, sanjaks were mostly second level divisions. Ottoman Empire, 1481-1683 The Ottoman Empire existed from 1299 to 1922 and, at the height of its power in the 16th century, it included nearly 20 million km² in Anatolia (Asia Minor), the Middle East, parts of North Africa, and much of south-eastern Europe, and the Caucasus. ... Vilâyet (also eyalet or pashaluk) was the Turkish name for the provinces of the Ottoman Empire. ... Vilâyet (also eyalet or pashaluk) was the Turkish name for the provinces of the Ottoman Empire. ...


The number of Sanjaks in the Empire varied greatly. The Tanzimat reforms of the 19th century saw the number climb to over 400, but more usually it was around 150. Not all sanjaks were part of a province; some were in newly conquered areas that had yet to be assigned to a province and others such as Benghazi and Çatalca remained independent of the province system with their leaders reporting directly to the Porte. The Tanzimat was a period of reform in the Ottoman Empire that lasted from 1839 to 1876. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Benghazi (Arabic بنغازي, transliterated BanġāzÄ«) is a seaport in Libya, Africa. ... Çatalca is a district of Istanbul Province. ... Synonym of the government of the Ottoman Empire. ...


The contemporary name of the Balkan region of Sandžak derives from its former status as the Ottoman Sanjak of Novi Pazar. The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of south-eastern Europe. ... Map of Sandžak within Serbia and Montenegro Sandžak (Санџак) is a geographical region in Serbia and Montenegro. ... Sanjak of Novi Pazar in 1878 The Sanjak of Novi Pazar (Serbian: Новопазарски санџак Novopazarski sandžak; Turkish: Yeni Pazar sancağı) was an Ottoman sanjak (second-level administrative unit) that existed until the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 in the territory of present day Serbia and Montenegro. ...


See also

Ottoman Empire, 1481-1683 The Ottoman Empire existed from 1299 to 1922 and, at the height of its power in the 16th century, it included nearly 20 million km² in Anatolia (Asia Minor), the Middle East, parts of North Africa, and much of south-eastern Europe, and the Caucasus. ...

Web Links

  • www.sanjak.org Sanjak Information Center of Novi Pazar

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sanjak - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (299 words)
Sanjaks originally were the first level subdivisions of the Ottoman Empire.
With the formation of new first-level divisions, the beylerbeyliks (later eyalets and vilayets), in the late 14th century, sanjaks were mostly second level divisions.
Not all sanjaks were part of a province; some were in newly conquered areas that had yet to be assigned to a province and others such as Benghazi and Çatalca remained independent of the province system with their leaders reporting directly to the Porte.
Search Results for "Sanjak" (251 words)
...captured by the Turks in 1456 and became an important trade center and the seat of the Turkish sanjak [district] of Novibazar (an older spelling).
A pasha of one tail is a sanjak or lowest of provincial governors.
...First known in the 16th cent., the city was a Turkish fortress and capital of a Turkish sanjak.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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