FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Sanitary engineering
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Sanitary engineering is the application of scientific or mathematical principles with to the field of sanitation, especially in regards to its affect on public health. Image File history File links Nuvola_apps_kcmsystem. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, known today as the father of geometry; shown here in a detail of The School of Athens by Raphael. ... Sanitation vehicle in New York City. ... Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ...


The term sanitary engineering is sometimes viewed as an obsolete term for environmental engineering. It is, however, more limited in its scope and is not concerned with environmental factors that do not have an immediate and clearly understood effect on public health. Areas outside the purview of sanitary engineering include traffic management, concerns about noise pollution or light pollution, aesthetic concerns such as landscaping, traffic management, and environmental conservation as it pertains to plants and animals. Environmental engineering is the application of science and engineering principles to improving the environment (air, water, and/or land resources), to provide healthful water, air and land for human habitation and for other organisms, and to investigate the possibilities for remediation of polluted sites. ... Nighttime traffic captured by a camera over several seconds. ... Noise pollution, usually called environmental noise in technical venues, is displeasing human- or machine-created sound that disrupts the environment. ... This time exposure photo of New York City shows sky glow, one form of light pollution. ... Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including but not limited to: living elements, such as flora or fauna; natural elements such as landforms, terrain shape and elevation, or bodies of water; human elements such as structures, buildings, fences or other material... Nighttime traffic captured by a camera over several seconds. ... The conservation movement seeks to protect plant and animal species as well as the habitats they live in from harmful human influences. ... u fuck in ua ... The word Animals when used alone has several possible meanings in the English language. ...


Although sometimes considered synonymous with sanitary science, the phrase sanitary engineering refers specifically to an applied science in which engineering principles are utilized rather than just studied or improved. Look up Synonym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Applied science is the exact science of applying knowledge from one or more natural scientific fields to practical problems. ... Engineering is the application of scientific or mathematical principles with due reference to economics, society and environment to develop solutions to technical problems, creating products, facilities, and structures that are useful to people. ...


Skills within this field are usually employed for the primary goal of disease prevention within human beings by assuring a supply of healthy drinking water, removing garbage from inhabited areas, and so on. A disease or medical condition is an abnormality of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, distress, or death to the person afflicted or those in contact with the person. ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... It has been suggested that Safe water be merged into this article or section. ... Look up garbage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Compared to (for example) electrical engineering or mechanical engineering which are concerned primarily with closed systems, sanitary engineering is a very interdisciplinary field which may involve such elements as hydraulics, constructive modelling, information technology, project design, microbiology, pathology and the many divisions within environmental science and environmental technology. In some cases, considerations that fall within the field of social sciences must be factored in as well. Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Mechanical engineers design and build engines and power plants. ... In thermodynamics, a closed system, as contrasted with an isolated system, can exchange heat and work, but not matter, with its surroundings. ... Interdisciplinary work is that which integrates concepts across different disciplines. ... ... Information Technology (IT)[1] is a broad subject concerned with the use of technology in managing and processing information, especially in large organizations. ... An agar plate streaked with microorganisms Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are unicellular or cell-cluster microscopic organisms. ... Pathology (from Greek pathos, feeling, pain, suffering; and logos, study of; see also -ology) is the study of the processes underlying disease and other forms of illness, harmful abnormality, or dysfunction. ... jecca is very beautiful!! Environmental science is the study of the interactions among the physical, chemical and biological components of the environment; with a focus on pollution and degradation of the environment related due to human activities; and the impact on biodiversity and sustainability from local and global development. ... Environmental technology or green technology is the application of the environmental sciences to conserve the natural environment and resources, and by curbing the negative impacts of human involvement. ... The social sciences are groups of academic disciplines that study the human aspects of the world. ...


Although sanitary engineering may be most associated with the design of sewers, sewage treatment and waste water treatment facilities, recycling centers, public landfills and other things which are constructed, the term applies equally to (for example) a plan of action to reverse the affects of water pollution or soil contamination in a specific area. Sewers transport wastewater from buildings to treatment facilities. ... Sewage treatment, or domestic wastewater treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from sewage. ... Sewage treatment is the process that removes the majority of the contaminants from waste-water or sewage and produces both a liquid effluent suitable for disposal to the natural environment and a sludge. ... The international recycling symbol. ... A landfill compaction vehicle in operation A landfill, also known as a dump (US) or a tip (UK), is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment. ... Water pollution Water pollution is a large set of adverse effects upon water bodies (lakes, rivers, oceans, groundwater) caused by human activities. ... Excavation of leaking underground storage tank causing soil contamination Soil contamination is the presence of man made chemicals or other alteration to the natural soil environment. ...


Sanitary engineer

While the phrase sanitary engineer properly refers to a highly-trained professional in the field of sanitary engineering, this same phrase is often used as a humorous euphemism for waste collector, a field of work that requires considerably less specialized education. Look up Humour in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A euphemism is an expression intended by the speaker to be less offensive, disturbing, or troubling to the listener than the word or phrase it replaces, or in the case of doublespeak to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... Waste collection vehicle operating in Pragues streets A waste collector, also known as: British English Dustman Bin man Dustbin man Refuse collector US English Garbage man Garbage collector Sanitation engineer Trash collector Australian English Garbo is a person employed by a municipality/local authority or by a private company...


Municipalities

The term sanitary engineering appears in the names of many municipal departments throughout the English speaking world. The purview of these departments vary. The term Anglosphere describes a certain group of English-speaking countries. ...


Some are involved with a specific are of concern such as waste collection or the maintainance of wastewater facilities and storm water drainage systems within a district. For the corporation, see Waste Management Incorporated Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal of waste materials, usually ones produced by human activity, in an effort to reduce their effect on human health or local amenity. ... Wastewater is any water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence. ... Storm water is a term used to describe water that originates during precipitation events. ... Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area. ...


Others cover a broader scope of activities that might include the two just listed as well as such maintainance of the public water supply, collection of residential yard waste Program, disposal of hazardous waste, recycling strategies and even community programs where individuals or businesses "adopt" an area and either maintain it themselves or donate funds for doing so. A water supply system provides water to the locations that need it. ... Hazardous waste is waste that poses substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment and generally exhibits one or more of these characteristics: ignitability corrosivity reactivity toxicity Generally, toxicity is quantified through the use of the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure or TCLP test, as required by EPA. Hazardous...


References

  • The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05.
  • Cuyahoga County Sanitary Engineering Division
  • Delft University of Technology
  • Greene County Sanitary Engineering Department
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Civil engineering is the broadest of the engineering fields, partly because it is the oldest of all engineering fields.
The main subject of the field of geotechnical engineering is concerned with foundations, soil properties, soil mechanics, compression and swelling of soils, seepage, slopes, embankments, retaining walls, ground and rock anchors, use of synthetic tensile materials in soil structures, soil-structure interaction, and soil dynamics.
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