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Encyclopedia > Sangiovese
Sangiovese
Species: Vitis vinifera
Also called: Brunello, Sangiovese Grosso (more)
Origin: Italy
Notable regions: Tuscany
Hazards: Rot-prone

Contents

Sangiovese is a red wine grape variety originating in Italy whose name derives from sanguis Jovis, "the blood of Jove". It is most famous as the main component of the Chianti blend in Tuscany, but winemakers outside Italy are starting to experiment with it. Young sangiovese has fresh fruity flavours of strawberry and a little spiciness, but it readily takes on oaky, even tarry, flavours when aged in barrels.[1] Binomial name Vitis vinifera L. For thousands of years, the fruit and plant of Vitis vinifera, the European grapevine, have been harvested for both medicinal and nutritional value; its history is intimately entwined with the history of wine. ... This list of wine-producing regions catalogues significant growing regions where vineyards are planted. ... This article is about the beverage. ... This article is about the fruits of the genus Vitis. ... In Roman mythology, Jupiter (sometimes shortened to Jove) held the same role as Zeus in the Greek pantheon. ... Valdelsa (part of Chianti Colli Fiorentini sub-area). ...


History

Sangiovese appears to have originated in Tuscany, where it was known by the 16th century. Recent DNA research by José Vouillamoz of the Istituto Agrario di San Michele all’Adige suggests that Sangiovese's ancestors are Ciliegiolo and Calabrese Montenuovo. The former is well known as an ancient variety in Tuscany, the latter is an almost-extinct relic.[2]


There are 14 clones of Sangiovese,[3] of which Brunello is one of the best regarded. There was an attempt to classify the clones into Sangiovese grosso (including Brunello) and Sangiovese piccolo families, but there seems to be little evidence to support this distinction.[3]


Distribution and Wines

Australia

Sangiovese is becoming increasingly popular as a red wine grape in Australia, having been introduced by the CSIRO in the late 1960s.[4] This is part of a growing trend in Australia to use a wider range of grape varieties for winemaking. Some wineries also use Sangiovese to make rosé wines. 2006 was the first year that an Australian wine maker made a dessert style Sangiovese. Called the "Dolce Nero" (sweet black - not to be confused with the synonym for Dolcetto or Douce Noir) this new style is made by Hamiltons Bluff wines in Canowindra NSW. Dolcetto is a well-known wine grape variety widely grown in Piedmont region of Italy. ... Charbono is an uncommon grape found primarily in California. ...


The Chalk Hill winery has released a Sangiovese with an alcohol level of 16%, one of the highest levels of any wine.


Italy

The traditional home of Sangiovese is in Tuscany, although it has spread to other regions of Italy. Although it can be found as a varietal, and as a single-variety wine such as Brunello di Montalcino, Rosso di Montalcino or Sangiovese di Romagna, Sangiovese is most often found as the major component of blends such as Chianti, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano and Morellino di Scansano. The grape is also used to make some modern "Super Tuscan" wines like Tignanello. For other uses, see Tuscany (disambiguation). ... Varietal describes wines made from a single named grape variety. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... Brunello di Montalcino is a red wine, produced in the vineyards surrounding the town of Montalcino in Italy. ... Emilia-Romagna is an administrative region of Northern Italy comprising the two historic regions of Emilia and Romagna. ... Valdelsa (part of Chianti Colli Fiorentini sub-area). ... Vino Noble di Montepulciano is a red wine produced in the vineyards surrounding the town of Montepulciano, Italy. ... Morellino di Scansano is a red wine which comes from the area surrounding the village of Scansano, which lies in an arean called Maremma in the most southern part of Tuscany, Italy. ... Italian wines are those produced in Italy, the oldest wine producing region, and are considered to be among the most prestigious wines in the world. ... Marchesi Antinori Srl is an Italian wine company that can trace its history back to 1385. ...


Nowadays practically all Sangiovese in Tuscany is either Brunello or a very similar clone.


USA

Italian immigrants brought Sangiovese to California in the late 1800s [3], possibly at the Segheshio Family's "Chianti Station," near Geyserville. But it was never considered very important until the success of the Super Tuscans, since then there has been renewed interest in the grape. It has begun to be used more frequently in the Monticello wine region in Virginia by a number of winemakers with a fair amount of success. The Monticello American Viticultural Area is an American Viticultural Area (AVA) located in the central Piedmont region of the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Vine and Viticulture

Sangiovese vines are generally quite vigorous and disease resistant, but the berries are prone to rot. The small blue-black grapes are slow to ripen and thrive in hot, dry climates, but it is easy to produce quantity at the expense of quality. The grapes are 18.9mm long x 16.9mm wide, with an average weight of 3.00g.[5]


Synonyms

Brunello, Brunello Di Montalcino, Calabrese, Cardisco, Cordisio, Dolcetto Precoce, Ingannacane, Lambrusco Mendoza, Maglioppa, Montepulciano, Morellino, Morellone, Negretta, Nerino, Niella, Nielluccia, Nielluccio, Pigniuolo Rosso, Pignolo, Plant Romain, Primaticcio, Prugnolo, Prugnolo Di Montepulciano, Prugnolo Gentile, Prugnolo Gentile Di Montepulciano, Riminese, San Zoveto, Sancivetro, Sangineto, Sangiovese Dal Cannello Lungo, Sangiovese Di Lamole, Sangiovese Dolce, Sangiovese Gentile, Sangiovese Grosso, Sangiovese Nostrano, Sangiovese Toscano, Sangioveto Dell'Elba, Sangioveto Dolce, Sangioveto Grosso, Sangioveto Montanino, Sanvincetro, Sanzoveto, Tignolo, Tipsa, Toustain, Uva Abruzzi, Uva Tosca, Uvetta,[5] San Gioveto, Uva brunella and Uva Canina.[4]


See also

Italian wines are those produced in Italy, the oldest wine producing region, and are considered to be among the most prestigious wines in the world. ... Valdelsa (part of Chianti Colli Fiorentini sub-area). ... The Australian wine industry is the fourth largest in the world, [1] exporting over 400,000,000 litres a year to a large international export market that includes old world wine-producing countries such as France, Italy and Germany. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Robinson, Jancis (2006). The Oxford Companion to Wine, third edition. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860990-6.. 
  2. ^ Italian grape mysteries unraveled jancisrobinson.com
  3. ^ a b c [http://www.winepros.org/wine101/grape_profiles/sangiovese.htm.
  4. ^ a b State Library of South Australia
  5. ^ a b Maul, E.; Eibach, R. (1999-06-00). Vitis International Variety Catalogue. Information and Coordination Centre for Biological Diversity (IBV) of the Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food (BLE), Deichmanns Aue 29, 53179 Bonn, Germany. Retrieved on 2007-06-16.

Jancis Mary Robinson (born in Cumbria on April 22, 1950) is a British wine writer and journalist. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Robinson, Jancis Vines, Grapes & Wines Mitchell Beazley 1986 ISBN 1857329996

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sangiovese: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (892 words)
Sangiovese wines are typically high in acid, have moderate to high tannins and a flavor that's lightly fruity with a hint of earthiness.
One strain of Sangiovese is Brunello ("little dark one"), the grape responsible for the potent and long-lived brunello di montalcino.
Sangiovese is being planted in vineyards worldwide as part of growing fashion for Italian style wines, but some believe it has not produced wines anywhere near the quality of a great Brunello.
Sangiovese - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (257 words)
Sangiovese (synonyms: Sangiovese grosso, Brunello, Uva brunella, Morellino, Prugnolo, Prugnolo gentile, Sangioveto, Tignolo and Uva Canina) is a red wine grape variety originating in Italy where it is now recognised as a superior variety.
The traditional home of Sangiovese is in Tuscany, and it is the major component in blends such as Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano and Morellino di Scansano.
Sangiovese is becoming increasingly popular as a red wine grape in Australia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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