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Encyclopedia > Sandzak

This page is about a region in Serbia and Montenegro; for districts of the Ottoman Empire, see Sanjak. The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul (Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ... This page is about districts of the Ottoman Empire; for a region in Serbia and Montenegro, see Sandžak. ...


Sandžak is a region of Serbia and Montenegro. It derives its name from the former Sanjak of Novibazar, a former Ottoman administrative district that covered a portion of what is referred to as the Sandzak today. It stretches from the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina to Kosovo on an area of 8,686 square kilometers. Six municipalities belong to Serbia (Novi Pazar, Sjenica, Prijepolje, Nova Varos, and Priboj), and five to Montenegro (Pljevlja, Bijelo Polje, Berane, Rozaje, and Plav). Of the total population, the Bosniaks comprise 99% in Tutin, 98% in Rozaje, 87% in Plav, 86% in Novi Pazar, 84% in Sjenica, 57% in Prijepolje, 53% in Bijelo Polje, 51% in Priboj, 46% in Berane, 37% in Pljevlja, and 18% in Nova Varos. This page is about districts of the Ottoman Empire; for a region in Serbia and Montenegro, see Sandžak. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul (Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ... Novi Pazar (Нови Пазар) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 43. ... Bosniaks (natively: Bošnjaci) are South Slavs descended from those who converted to Islam during the Ottoman period (15th-19th century). ... Novi Pazar (Нови Пазар) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 43. ...


The Sandžak has the largest population of Bosniaks outside of Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 1991 census, it was inhabited by 440,000 people of whom 228,000 (52%) were Bosniaks and 198,000 (45%) Serbs or Montenegrins. However, the results of the census undercounted the number of Bosniaks, assigning them to Serb and Montenegrin categories, hence the discrepancy. Bosniaks (natively: Bošnjaci) are South Slavs descended from those who converted to Islam during the Ottoman period (15th-19th century). ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bosniaks (natively: Bošnjaci) are South Slavs descended from those who converted to Islam during the Ottoman period (15th-19th century). ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The word Montenegrins may also refer to all residents of Montenegro, regardless of nationality. ...


70% of the Bosniaks of Sandzak derive ancestry from the areas of Montenegro and East Herzegovina, with 20% of Albanian Malesor origin, and 10% from elsewhere (Bosnia, Turkey, Slavonia, etc). Bosniaks (natively: Bošnjaci) are South Slavs descended from those who converted to Islam during the Ottoman period (15th-19th century). ... Bosnia and Herzegovina (officially Bosna i Hercegovina, shortened to BiH, also in English variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. ... Slavonia is a region in eastern Croatia. ...


Until the First Balkan War of 1912, the Sandžak was a part of the Ottoman Empire. During the centuries of Turkish rule the Sanjak of Novi Pazar was a part of the Province of Bosnia before coming under the Vilayet of Kosovo. In October 1912, the Sandžak was conquered by Serbian and Montenegrin troops. From 1914 to 1918, the Sandzak of Novibazar was under Austro-Hungary. In 1918, Serbia and Montenegro united before creating the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Between 1929 and 1941, Sandzak was part of the newly created Zetska Banovina, headquartered in Cetinje, present-day Montenegro. The Balkan Wars were two wars in South-eastern Europe in 1912-1913 in the course of which the Balkan League (Serbia, Montenegro, Greece, and Bulgaria) first conquered Ottoman-held Macedonia and most of Thrace and then fell out over the division of the spoils, Bulgaria suffering defeat at the... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul (Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ... The Province of Bosnia was a key Ottoman province, the westernmost one, based on the territory of the present day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ...


Most of Sandzak was under Italian occupation in World War II. At the end of the war, in the attempt to break up the cohesion of Bosniaks in Sandzak of Novibazar, the Communist administration divides Sandzak between Serbia and Montenegro, according to the initial division agreement between the two Orthodox Slavic states from 1912. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


Many Bosniak inhabitants of the Sandžak emigrated to Turkey and the Middle East as muhajirs, as a direct result of oppression by the new Serbo-Montenegrin lords. The emigration wave lasted from 1912 to 1970. Over a million of modern Turks have Sandžak origins or ancestry. There are numerous colonies of Sandzak Bosniaks in Turkey, in and around Edirne, Istanbul, Adapazari, Bursa, Samsun, etc. Muhajir is an Arabic word, widely used in the Muslim world that refers to someone who has emigrated from one place to another. ... Selimiye Mosque, built by Sinan in 1575 Edirne is a city in (Thrace), the westernmost part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. ... This article is about the city. ... Adapazari is the capital of the Turkish province of Sakarya. ... Bursa (formerly known as Brusa or Prusa) is the capital of the Bursa Province in northwestern Turkey. ... Samsun is a city in northern Turkey, on the coast of the Black Sea, with a population of 396,900 as of 2004. ...


The Yugoslav wars of the 1990s left the Sandžak largely unscathed, although the wars in Bosnia and Kosovo led to ethnic tensions and (in the latter case) bombing by NATO forces. According to Sandžak Bosniak political parties, some 60,000-80,000 Bosniaks emigrated from the region during this period. Census data shows a general exodus of all nationalities from this underdevelopped region. The Yugoslav wars were a series of violent conflicts in the territory of the former Yugoslavia that took place between 1991-2001. ... Events and trends Technology Explosive growth of the Internet; decrease in the cost of computers and other technology Reduction in size and cost of mobile phones leads to a massive surge in their popularity Year 2000 problem (commonly known as Y2K) Microsoft Windows operating system becomes virtually ubiquitous on IBM... The flag of NATO NATO 2002 Summit The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on April 4, 1949. ...


The Bosniak National Council of Serbia-Montenegro represented the region at the UNPO since 1993. This political pressure group organized a referendum in October 1991 where 98% of the voters opted in favour of autonomy. The Council claims a 69% turnout, although this has not been verified by an independent body. The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation (UNPO) was founded on February 11, 1991. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events Media:January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. ... Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sandzak’s Nazi Past: Still Forgotten | Carl Savich | Columns | Serbianna.com (4508 words)
Sandzak remains as the tragic detritus or residue of the rise and fall of empires and cultures.
The Sandzak became a volatile and explosive region of the former Yugoslavia with the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1990.
Sandzak Muslims are known to have sent “volunteers” to Bosnia to fight on the side of the Bosnian Muslim faction as part of the Bosnian Muslim Army.
Sandzak (411 words)
It comprises an area of 8,686 square kilometers in the border region where Serbia and Montenegro meet, between Bosnia and Herzegovina on the northwest and Metohia on the southeast.
Six Sandzak towns are in Serbia (Novi Pazar, Tutin, Sjenica, Nova Varos, Prijepolje and Priboj) and five are in Montenegro (Bijelo Polje, Rozhaje, Plav, Pljevlja and Berane).
During the centuries of Turkish rule the Sandzak of Novi Pazar, then larger than it is today, was a part of Bosnia before becoming its own administrative unit.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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