FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Sandworm (Dune)

Sandworms are fictional desert-dwelling creatures from Frank Herbert's science fiction series Dune. Among the Fremen of Arrakis (Dune) they are known as Shai-Hulud. The Fremen believe that the actions of the sandworms are the direct actions of God, and so the worms have been given numerous titles such as the Great Maker, the Worm who is God, Old Man of the Desert, Old Father Eternity, and Grandfather of the Desert. Shai' hulud is Arabic for "a thing of eternity." Alice, a fictional character based on a real character from the work of Lewis Carroll. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... Frank Patrick Herbert (October 8, 1920 – February 11, 1986) was a critically acclaimed and commercially successful American science fiction author. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... The fictional Dune universe, or Duniverse, is the political, scientific, and social setting of author Frank Herberts six-book Dune series of science fiction novels. ... Spoiler warning: The Fremen are a group of people in the Dune series of science fiction novels by Frank Herbert. ... Arrakis, (derived from the Arabic name ar-rāqiṣ, the dancer, originally a star-name for Mu Draconis) later Rakis (known colloquially as Dune) is a fictional desert planet featured in the Dune novels by Frank Herbert, where it is the home of the Fremen (Zensunni wanderers) and later, the... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ...

Contents

Sandworms, as envisioned by David Lynch for his 1984 film Dune.
Sandworms, as envisioned by David Lynch for his 1984 film Dune.

Sandworms are presumed to be animals, apparently similar to terrestrial annelids, though probably only through convergent evolution. They are cylindrical creatures with no significant appendages, though with trifaceted jaws. Like terrestrial annelids, each segment has its own autonomous nervous control; thus a worm can only be killed by destroying every one of its segments. The book describes Shai-hulud as "incredibly tough." The only known ways an adult worm can be killed is by the electrocution of every segment, by another sandworm, or by exposure to a large enough amount of water, which is poisonous to the adult sandworm. Conventional explosives in the Dune universe are capable of shattering ring segments, but as each moves with a life of its own this will be unlikely to stop a sandworm. In the novel Dune it is noted that Liet-Kynes knows of no explosives — barring atomics — capable of taking out a worm in a single strike. David Lynchs tripartite version of the Arrakeen sandworm from his Dune film. ... David Lynchs tripartite version of the Arrakeen sandworm from his Dune film. ... David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946, in Missoula, Montana) is an American filmmaker. ... Dune is a 1984 science fiction film directed by David Lynch, based on the 1965 Frank Herbert novel of the same name. ... “Animalia” redirects here. ... Classes and subclasses Class Polychaeta (paraphyletic?) Class Clitellata    Oligochaeta - Earthworms and others    Acanthobdellida    Branchiobdellida    Hirudinea - Leeches Class Myzostomida Class Archiannelida (polyphyletic) Class Echiura *Some authors consider the subclasses under Clitellata to be classes The annelids, collectively called Annelida, are a large phylum of animals, comprising the segmented worms, with about... In evolutionary biology, convergent evolution is the process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits as a result of having to adapt to similar environments or ecological niches. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... Dune is a science fiction novel written by Frank Herbert and published in 1965. ... Liet-Kynes is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ... A stone burner detonation, from the Children of Dune miniseries. ...


Sandworms grow up to hundreds of meters in length. The largest worms officially observed reach 400 meters in length and 40 meters in diameter, although Paul Atreides becomes a sandrider by summoning a worm around half a league in length, or 2,778 meters.[1] As the worms seem to retain an aspect ratio of 10:1 of body length to diameter, a worm encountered in the deep desert by Muad'Dib that had an oral diameter of 80 meters could have been as long as 800 meters. These gigantic worms burrow deep in the ground and their constant motion around Arrakis is presumed to be the cause for the sand covering the globe. The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... For other uses of this word, see Length (disambiguation). ... Paul Atreides, as portrayed by Kyle MacLachlan in David Lynchs Dune (1985), wielding the infamous Weirding Module. Paul Orestes Atreides is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ...


The non-canon Dune Encyclopedia invents a scientific name for the sandworm: Geonemotodium arraknis (also Shaihuludata gigantica). However, genus Geonemotodium would most likely be invalid, as the segmentation is like that of the terrestrial annelids, rather than simple round-worm nematodes. The Encyclopedia also hypothesizes an elaborate ritual of adult sandworm copulation. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Dune Encyclopedia was published in 1984 - its only edition. ... Classes Adenophora    Subclass Enoplia    Subclass Chromadoria Secernentea    Subclass Rhabditia    Subclass Spiruria    Subclass Diplogasteria The roundworms (Phylum Nematoda) are one of the most common phyla of animals, with over 20,000 different described species. ...


Sandworm life cycle

The crystalline teeth of the sandworm, from Dune (1984).
The crystalline teeth of the sandworm, from Dune (1984).

Sandworms begin their life as simple creatures known as sandtrout, or "Little Makers" to the Fremen. These creatures are similar to the trocophore larvae of terrestrial annelids and molluscs: simple haploid ciliated creatures. Sandtrout are drawn to water in the open desert and together multiple sandtrout will gather to encapsulate water, creating deserts safe for the adult worms. Once they have done so, they begin to make chemical alterations to the water to produce pre-spice mass, a potential water-safe nourishment for adult worms. Eventually, this process creates a build-up of gases that causes an eruption of the pre-spice mass, blasting carbon dioxide gas, water and the unique product of sandworms, the spice melange, out into the open desert. The water evaporates, leaving behind dried spice in the characteristic "spice blow" sought after by human harvesters. Spice blows can be identified by a large purplish colored patch of sand, smelling strongly of cinnamon. A view of the fearsome crystalline teeth of the sandworm from David Lynchs Dune film. ... A view of the fearsome crystalline teeth of the sandworm from David Lynchs Dune film. ... Dune is a 1984 science fiction film directed by David Lynch, based on the 1965 Frank Herbert novel of the same name. ... A photo of a sand trout from a Dune movie. ... A trochophore is a stage of larva prevalent in mollusks that looks like a spining top with tufts of cilia. ... Ploidy is the number of homologous sets of chromosomes in a biological cell. ... cross-section of two cilia, showing 9+2 structure A cilium (plural cilia) is a fine projection from a eukaryotic cell that constantly beats in one direction. ... A dune in the Egyptian desert In geography, a desert is a landscape form or region that receives little precipitation. ... A pre-spice mass is the precursor of the spice called melange, in Frank Herberts science-fiction novel Dune. ... Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. ... Look up Melange in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Most of the sandtrout die off in this eruption, but the few survivors band together and bind themselves into cysts. Inside of these cysts they undergo a metamorphosis, emerging a few years later as a miniature sandworm. A cyst is a closed sac having a distinct membrane and developing abnormally in a cavity or structure of the body. ... A Pieris rapae larva An older Pieris rapae larva A Pieris rapae pupa A Pieris rapae adult Metamorphosis is a process in biology by which an individual physically develops after birth or hatching, and involves significant change in form as well as growth and differentiation. ...


The sandworm begins the adult stage of its life at only about a meter long, rarely surfacing before reaching two meters, but their final size, as indicated above, can be several hundred meters. They seem to have a near indefinite life-span, living for thousands of years. The adult sandworm seems to be immune to all sources of heat, but are vulnerable to electrocution and water. Sign warning of possible electric shock hazard An electric shock can occur upon contact of a human or animal body with any source of voltage high enough to cause sufficient current flow through the muscles or nerves. ...


A joke among imperial ecologists goes: This is a list of ecologists who have articles, in alphabetical order by surname. ...

Question: What do the sandworms of Dune eat?
Answer: Humans.

While sandworms are capable of eating humans, the latter do contain a level of water beyond the preferred tolerances of the worms. The main diet of the worm seems to consist primarily of inorganic compounds of the Arrakeen soil, pre-spice mass and sandplankton — tiny organisms that may even be immature sandtrout. They also seem to enjoy eating melange-harvesting equipment. The sandworm is equipped with a fearsome array of crystalline teeth (something not unheard of even in the worms of Earth), used primarily for rasping rocks and sand. Crystal (disambiguation) Insulin crystals A crystal is a solid in which the constituent atoms, molecules, or ions are packed in a regularly ordered, repeating pattern extending in all three spatial dimensions. ... Adjectives: Terrestrial, Terran, Telluric, Tellurian, Earthly Atmosphere Surface pressure: 101. ...


Sandworms and the spice

As metabolic byproducts, sandworms produce three notable substances: oxygen, which is expelled from their trailing body, replacing the need for photosynthesizing plants on Arrakis; sand from the constant consumption and excretion of rock; and the extremely valuable spice melange, which is released along with water as a waste product of sandtrout. It is from the production of melange that sandworms receive their title of "Maker," but it is unclear whether or not sandworms actually generate the melange or if the process is limited to sandtrout. There are implications, especially in the latter books, that sandworms may leave behind some melange, and all attempts to create melange-systems on other planets have been highly sandworm-oriented. Sandworms poisoned by water will also generate a melange-concentrate known as the Water of Life, or spice essence. General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) very pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ... The leaf is the primary site of photosynthesis in plants. ... The Water of Life is a fictional drug from Frank Herberts science fiction novel Dune. ...


The exact process by which spice is generated is unknown. However, around the 15,000s A.G., the Bene Tleilax did develop an effective means of melange-synthesis using their axolotl tanks. The Bene Tleilax or Tleilaxu are an extremely xenophobic and isolationist society in the fictional Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ... Axlotl tanks are a technology in the fictional Dune universe created by Frank Herbert in the Dune series. ...


Following its discovery, the cinnamon-scented melange became a commodity of central importance to the universe due to its rarity and numerous remarkable properties. The most common of these properties is that it serves as a geriatric narcotic — a drug capable of extending human life well beyond its natural limits. This comes at the cost of great addiction and the denial of spice to an addict can only result in death. Spice addicts are easy to spot by their blue-in-blue eyes and are common among the aristocracy, Bene Gesserit, Spacing Guild and Fremen, although all these groups except the Fremen generally wear contact lenses to mask the blue color. Binomial name J.Presl Cassia (Chinese cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that focuses on health promotion and the prevention and treatment of disease and disability in later life. ... Look up narcotic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An addiction is a recurring compulsion by an individual to engage in some specific activity. ... The Spacing Guild is a fictional organization in Frank Herberts Dune universe created in a series of science fiction novels starting in Dune and ending with Chapterhouse Dune. ... Spoiler warning: The Fremen are a group of people in the Dune series of science fiction novels by Frank Herbert. ...


A second, and more remarkable property of melange is that it allows for users to experience prescience: to be able to see the future before it happens. This capability was taken advantage of by the Spacing Guild who saturated their navigators in melange gas, allowing them to see safe flight paths for heighliners and safely fold space using the Holtzman effect. Not everyone has the ability to obtain this prescience, as it requires a very high tolerance for melange. Paul-Muad'Dib and his son Leto Atreides II took their special role in history partly because they had especially high melange tolerances which allowed them to see the future. This ability appears to have become one carried down dominantly in all of the descendants of House Atreides since. Prescience is the ability to predict the future through vision. ... In the Dune universe, Guild Navigators are humans, mutated through high consumption of the spice melange, who are safely able to navigate interstellar space in a Heighliner. ... In the Dune world of Frank Herbert, the Heighliners of the Spacing Guild are enormous carrier spaceships used for interstellar travel. ... The Holtzman effect is a fictional scientific phenomenon in the Dune universe, created by Frank Herbert. ... Leto Atreides II, portrayed by James McAvoy in the Children of Dune miniseries Leto Atreides II is a fictional character in the Dune universe, created by Frank Herbert. ... Emblem of House Atreides from Emperor: Battle for Dune For the novel of the same name, see Dune: House Atreides. ...

Dead dwarf worm being drained of spice essence, from Dune (1984)
Dead dwarf worm being drained of spice essence, from Dune (1984)

A third property of melange pertains to the Water of Life, or spice essence. Spice essence is a bile-like extract from a worm poisoned by water. This blue fluid is then ingested by Bene Gesserit acolytes as the last stage of their training, in a ritual known as the Spice agony. The fluid is highly poisonous and the object of the trial is to use the power of their minds over their metabolic systems to transmute the fluid into something non-toxic. This experience awakens the genetic Other Memory of Bene Gesserit Reverend Mothers. Independently of the Bene Gesserit, the Fremen practice a similar ritual, drowning captive nine-meter "dwarf" worms to produce the fluid. They then have their "wild" Reverend Mothers transmute a large quantity of the fluid to produce a liquor used to incite celebratory orgies in the Fremen sietch dwellings. Paul-Muad'Dib and Leto II are notable as the only men in history to survive the spice agony, making them the male equals of Reverend Mothers, something the Bene Gesserit call the Kwisatz Haderach. Their experiences will be discussed below. A dwarf sandworm of the Minor Erg of Arrakis, drowned in water to produce the spice essence. ... A dwarf sandworm of the Minor Erg of Arrakis, drowned in water to produce the spice essence. ... The Water of Life is a fictional drug from Frank Herberts science fiction novel Dune. ... Dune is a 1984 science fiction film directed by David Lynch, based on the 1965 Frank Herbert novel of the same name. ... The Water of Life is a fictional drug from Frank Herberts science fiction novel Dune. ... Bile (or gall) is a bitter, yellow or green alkaline fluid secreted by hepatocytes from the liver of most vertebrates. ... The Bene Gesserit (as seen in the prologue of an alternate version of the David Lynch Dune film. ... This article is about religious acolytes. ... In the Dune series of science fiction books by Frank Herbert, spice agony is an ordeal, in which an acolyte of the Bene Gesserit takes a massive overdose of the spice melange and confronts her inner self, and the selves of all her female ancestors. ... // Transmutation is the conversion of one object into another. ... In Frank Herberts Dune universe, Other Memory is the ability to remember the lives of ones ancestors. ... A Reverend Mother is a fictional character appearing in the novel Dune, being a Bene Gesserit woman who has finished her training. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A sietch is a Fremen desert settlement in the Dune stories. ... The Kwisatz Haderach is a fictional name of a prophesied messiah figure in the Dune universe, created by Frank Herbert, and later extended by his son, Brian Herbert, alongside science fiction author Kevin J Anderson. ...


Spice mining

Due to these properties spice is, perhaps, the most valuable commodity in the entire universe, made especially so by the fact that it is produced on only one planet. Humans desperately seek it out across the planet to sell on the market. It is a very dangerous activity, as sandworms are territorial creatures and eagerly defend spice-blows. Harvesting is carried out by a gigantic machine called a Harvester. The Harvester is carried to and from a spice blow by an enlarged version of the ornithopter known as a Carry-All. The Harvester on the ground will have three scouting ornithopters patrolling around it watching for wormsign — the motions of sand indicating that a worm is headed towards the Harvester. The activity is made especially dangerous because sandworms are attracted to rhythmic vibrations on the ground — such as those generated by the Harvester as it extracts melange from the sand. The Fremen, who base their entire industry around the sale of spice and the manufacture of materials out of spice, have their own means for harvesting, as do smugglers. Both engage in these activities outside of the safe polar regions of Arrakis. In ethology, sociobiology and behavioral ecology, the term territory refers to any geographical area that an animal of a particular species consistently defends against conspecifics (and, occasionally, animals of other species). ... An ornithopter (from Greek ornithos bird and pteron wing) is an aircraft that flies by flapping of the wings. ...


Spice cycle

Due to the value of melange, attempts have been made to transplant production onto other planets. However, placing either adult sandworms (often smuggled with funds going to the Fremen) or sandtrout into existing deserts always met with failure. The reason for this (and a solution) was realized by Leto II, as it had perhaps been before by ecologists Liet-Kynes and Pardot Kynes. In Children of Dune, Leto II tells his twin sister Ghanima: Liet-Kynes is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ... Pardot Kynes is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ... Ghanima (meaning spoil of war in the Fremen language) is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ...

The sandtrout ... was introduced here from some other place. This was a wet planet then. They proliferated beyond the capability of existing ecosystems to deal with them. Sandtrout encysted the available free water, made this a desert planet ... and they did it to survive. In a planet sufficiently dry, they could move to their sandworm phase.

The large salt flats of Arrakis indicate that it was not always a desert, but once had oceans. As spice production relies on the existence of a complete sandworm cycle, transplanting adult worms prevented the spice cycle from beginning anew with sandtrout, and transplanting sandtrout alone into existing desert denied them the necessary water to begin the cycle. Thus, placing sandtrout on a water-rich planet would allow them to start the complete spice cycle, at the cost of turning the planet into a desert, another Dune. A salt pan is a geological formation found in deserts. ...


The Honored Matres destroyed Arrakis and the Tleilaxu (who held the secret to axlotl tank Spice production) in the hopes of eliminating the substance to damage the "Old Empire" but were thwarted when the Bene Gesserit escaped with a single sandworm. Using a process discovered by Leto II, they submerged the worm in Spice-rich water, causing it to separate into sandtrout, rather than simply die. With that they transformed their own Chapterhouse planet into another Dune and sent countless sandworms out into space. The Honored Matres are an organization in the fictional Dune universe created by Frank Herbert in his Dune series of novels. ... Below is a list of fictional planets named in the novels of the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ...


Fremen and the worms

Sandworms, due to their size and territorial nature, can be extremely dangerous even to Fremen. Sandworms are attracted to and maddened by the presence of Holtzman force fields used as personal defense shields. Due to this, these force fields have very limited utility to soldiers on Arrakis. A peculiar Fremen weapon is the pseudoshield which attracts and maddens a worm, which then goes berserk smashing anything it finds near the pseudoshield. The device is sometimes used therefore in the same manner as a time bomb, land mine or grenade. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sandworm from the cover of Heretics of Dune. ... Frank Herberts Dune was a three-part miniseries based on the 1965 novel Dune by Frank Herbert. ... The Holtzman effect is a fictional scientific phenomenon in the Dune universe, created by Frank Herbert. ...


The Fremen managed to develop a unique relationship with the sandworms. For one, they learned to avoid most worm attacks by mimicking the motions of desert animals and moving with the natural sounds of the desert, rather than the rhythmic vibration patterns that attract worms. However, they also developed a device known as a thumper with the express purpose of generating a rhythmic vibration to attract a sandworm. This can be used either as a diversion, or to summon a worm for the Fremen to ride. A mimic is any species that has evolved to appear similar to another successful species in order to dupe predators into avoiding the mimic, or dupe prey into approaching the mimic. ... Sandworm from the cover of Heretics of Dune. ... Oscillation is the variation, typically in time, of some measure as seen, for example, in a swinging pendulum. ...


Riding the worm

The Fremen secretly mastered a way to ride sandworms for transportation across the open desert. First a worm is summoned with a thumper, the worm-rider then runs alongside it and catches one of the ring-segments with special maker hooks. The hooks are used to pry up the front of the segment, exposing the soft inner-tissue to abrasive sand. To avoid irritation, the worm will rotate this to the top of its body, carrying the rider with it. The worm will then safely remain above the surface until the hooks are released. Other Fremen may then plant additional hooks for steering, or act as "beaters", hitting the worm's tail to make it increase speed. A worm can be ridden for several hundred miles and for about half of a day, at which point it will become exhausted and sit on the open desert until the hooks are released, when they will burrow back down to rest. The worm-riding ritual is used as a coming-of-age ritual among the Fremen. Worm-riding was then used by Paul-Muad'Dib for troop transport into the city of Arrakeen after using atomic weapons to blow a hole in the Shield Wall during the Battle of Arrakeen. The movie goes a bit beyond this to the point where Paul uses the worms with mounted Fremen as siege weapons. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Paul Atreides, as portrayed by Kyle MacLachlan in David Lynchs Dune (1985), wielding the infamous Weirding Module. Paul Orestes Atreides is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ... Alec Newman is a Scottish stage,television, and film actor. ... Sandworm from the cover of Heretics of Dune. ... Frank Herberts Dune was a three-part miniseries based on the 1965 novel Dune by Frank Herbert. ... Sandworm from the cover of Heretics of Dune. ... It has been suggested that Coming of Age (Unitarian Universalism) be merged into this article or section. ... Arrakis, (derived from the Arabic name ar-rāqiṣ, the dancer, originally a star-name for Mu Draconis) later Rakis (known colloquially as Dune) is a fictional desert planet featured in the Dune novels by Frank Herbert, where it is the home of the Fremen (Zensunni wanderers) and later, the... A stone burner detonation, from the Children of Dune miniseries. ...


After the reign of Leto II sandworms became unrideable, for reason elaborated on below. There was one remarkable exception, however, a young girl named Sheeana, an Atreides-descendent possessed a unique ability to control the worms and safely move around them. Sheeana Brugh is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ...


Sandworm teeth

Sandworms possess remarkable teeth inside their maws. Fremen extract these teeth and use them as knives. This special type of knife is known as a crysknife. They are usually about as long as a standard kindjal. There are two types, fixed and unfixed. Unfixed knives are raw sandworm teeth used as weapons. They need to be stored in close proximity to a magnetic field produced by the human heart or it will disintegrate after a period of time. Fixed crysknives are put through chemical processes to keep them permanently intact. A traditional Fremen battlecry ("May your blade chip and shatter!") stems from the brittle quality of knives that are not kept in close proximity to a human. In the Dune series of science fiction books by Frank Herbert, a crysknife is a weapon made from the tooth of Shai-Hulud, the giant sandworms (collectively) that live below the sands of the desert planet Arrakis. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Fremen tradition dictates that once a crysknife is drawn, it must not be sheathed until it has drawn blood. The Fremen "legend," as described in Children of Dune miniseries is that the crysknife dissolves when its owner has died. Children of Dune was the sequel to the 2000 Dune miniseries produced by the United States Sci Fi channel. ...


Paul-Muad'Dib, Leto II and the sandworms

Sheeana stands before the mighty sandworm, from the cover of Heretics of Dune.
Sheeana stands before the mighty sandworm, from the cover of Heretics of Dune.

Paul-Muad'Dib and Leto II had a unique experience with melange in their high tolerances and experiences of the spice agony. In Muad'Dib even a slight exposure to melange triggered limited prescience in him, but he built up an ever increasing resistance to it. When he went through the spice agony he was given complete prescience, a complete map of the future, as well as a complete awakening as the Kwisatz Haderach. Sheeana and the sanworm of Arrakis, from the cover of the book Heretics of Dune. ... Sheeana and the sanworm of Arrakis, from the cover of the book Heretics of Dune. ... Sheeana Brugh is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ... Heretics of Dune is a 1984 science fiction novel by Frank Herbert, fifth in a series of six novels. ...


Leto II, wishing to avoid complete prescience avoided high concentrations of melange, but was eventually kidnapped and forced to consume large amounts of it and the spice essence by Fremen Rebels. He went through the same experience as Muad'Dib, but became so super-saturated with spice that he was able to interact with sandworms and sandtrout in a different way. So saturated with spice, he was able to coax sandtrout onto his body, where they, convinced it was water, encapsulated him and buried their cilia thus fusing them into one being. The sandtrout skin enhanced his body's strength, speed and stamina, and made sandworms wary of him, as the presence of sandtrout indicated he was a mass of water. However, with the increased strength he was able to summon worms using only his foot as a thumper and ride them using his hands as maker-hooks. cross-section of two cilia, showing 9+2 structure A cilium (plural cilia) is a fine projection from a eukaryotic cell that constantly beats in one direction. ...


The effects were not all good, though; fused into the sandtrout skin, Leto's physical development ended as a pre-pubescent child, but the concentrations of spice allowed his sandtrout-body to develop. Over 3,500 years it gradually transformed itself into a worm-body, absorbing Leto into itself. It granted him near immortality, and a special role as a half-human, half-worm monster which he used to elevate himself to the role of the pharaonic God-Emperor of the universe. However, now possessing the sensitivities of the worm he could not eat, nor drink, nor have any contact to water without extreme physical pain, as well as occasionally being reflexively taken over by the worm-body in stressful situations and generating spice essence directly in his body. He retained the notable features of highly dextrous hands, but useless, undeveloped flipper-feet as well as a brain expanded into large neural-ganglia throughout the worm-body. Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ... The nervous system of an animal coordinates the activity of the muscles, monitors the organs, constructs and processes input from the senses, and initiates actions. ... GÃ…NGLÃŽÃ… is a 1 man electronic grindcore band from Los Angeles California that began in August of 1999. ...


Ultimately, Leto was assassinated by a ghola of Duncan Idaho and Siona Atreides, an Atreides descendant, by being thrown into the Idaho River. Due to his high spice saturation his worm body decomposed into sandtrout, which immediately began to undo the terraforming of Dune. Each one, according to Leto, carries in it a tiny pearl of his consciousness, trapped forever in an unending prescient dream. With the increased amount of neural-ganglia and human-like adaptiveness the worms would become too irritable to ride, but would also be able to finally be transplanted to a variety of worlds across the universe. Over the next 1500 years Arrakis, now Rakis, would be returned to a desert and the worms would thrive once more. A Ghola is a creature in the fictional Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ... James Watson as Duncan Idaho in the Dune miniseries Duncan Idaho is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ... Siona Atreides is a fictional character in Frank Herberts Dune universe. ...


However, Reverend Mother Darwi Odrade became aware that humanity was being limited by the prescient dream of Leto, that he was still controlling humanity through his worm revenants, and thus she welcomed the destruction of Rakis by the Honored Matres, as this act freed humanity, and the one remaining worm and its descendants were not enough to restore Leto's control--perhaps the ultimate intent of his Golden Path all along. The remaining worm she took back to Chapterhouse, submerged in a spice bath to generate sandtrout which then turned Chapterhouse, and later other planets, into new Dunes, with new worms and infinite potential for gathering spice. Reverend Mother Odrade, also known as Darwi Odrade or Dar is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. ... The Honored Matres are a fictional matriarchal organization in Frank Herberts science fiction universe of Dune. ... The Golden Path is Leto IIs strategy to prevent humanitys destruction in Frank Herberts fictional Dune universe. ...


The Emperor Worm

The Emperor Worm.
The Emperor Worm.

Towards the end of Emperor: Battle for Dune, it is revealed that both the Tleilaxu and the Spacing Guild have been secretly experimenting with the sandworms of Arrakis in a remote research facility in the desert as the three great Houses of the Landsraad, the Atreides, Ordos and Harkonnen are busy waging the War of Assassins amongst each other. It appears that the Tleilaxu have discovered the link between the Spice Melange and the sandworms as mentioned above. They plot to seize the Golden Lion Throne by breeding a man-worm, known as the Emperor Worm, and then fusing it with the Water of Life, mercilessly taken from the Lady Elara — who was held prisoner by the Reverend Mother (in truth a Tleilaxu Face Dancer) since the beginning of the game — giving it almost god-like powers. Image File history File links Emperor_Worm. ... Image File history File links Emperor_Worm. ... Face Dancers are a type of human in Frank Herberts fictional Dune universe. ...


All three Houses will be fighting against the Guild in a race against time to destroy the Emperor Worm before it awakes, with a different ending for each House depicting their units destroying the Worm.


One such ending revealing that, from the wreckage of the Emperor Worms scaffold, red eyes were glowing in the dark which perhaps suggests that the worm had indeed survived. Should the player fail to defeat the Emperor Worm then it becomes crowned as the new leader of the Empire of Man.


Derivative works

The concept of giant sandworms has been used in other fictional works created after Dune's release.


Film

  • In the 1988 Tim Burton film Beetlejuice, sandworms exist on Saturn (called "Sandwormland" in the cartoon series) presented as a desert planet to which the dead are transported if they leave the location of their "hauntings."
  • In the 1990 film Tremors, a small town in Nevada is beset by a number of giant worms which bear a resemblance to those in Dune. They have large round mouths full of sharp teeth, move quickly under the sand, and respond to vibrations on the surface.

// Michael Jacksons first film was Moonwalker Rain Man, starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise Who Framed Roger Rabbit, starring Bob Hoskins Coming to America, starring Eddie Murphy Big, starring Tom Hanks Twins, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and Danny DeVito Crocodile Dundee II Die Hard, starring Bruce Willis The Naked Gun... Timothy William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer known for his off-beat and quirky style. ... For the animated series based on the film, see Beetlejuice (TV series). ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 140 kPa Hydrogen >93% Helium >5% Methane 0. ... // Chris Rock and Adam Sandler join SNL February 4 - Actor Tom Cruise and actress Mimi Rogers divorce. ... Tremors is a 1990 comedic monster film about a group of people from a small Nevada town fighting subterranean worm-creatures dubbed Graboids. It was directed by Ron Underwood, and stars Kevin Bacon, Fred Ward, Finn Carter, Michael Gross and Reba McEntire. ... there is a jungle in nevada by the park This article is about the U. S. state of Nevada. ...

Games

  • In the Nintendo GameCube game F-Zero GX, a sandworm can be seen jumping the track in the background during Lap 1 of the first Sand Ocean level.
  • The Nintendo 64 game The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask features a boss which resembles a gigantic sandworm and whose arena looks very much like Arrakis.
  • The Nintendo 64 game Turok: Dinosaur Hunter features an area in the seventh level which contains an enemy called the Subterranean, a variety of giant worm that burrows through the ground and surfaces to attack the player.
  • The video game character Shadow the Hedgehog has an enemy known as the Sandworm. This Sandworms resembles a Dune sandworm, with the exception that STH's Sandworm has a single eye where its mouth would be, and also spits out smaller, missile-like worms.
  • In the video game Metroid Prime 2: Echoes, there exist Sandworm-like creatures called Amorbis who are the guardians of the Dark Agon Temple.
  • Antlions, from the computer game Half-Life 2 bear some similarities to Sandworms, being creatures which burrow underground, are attracted by vibration and are adverse to water. However, large thumper devices within the game drive away Antlions, at least in a radius around the thumper, rather than attracting them, as in Dune.
  • The computer game Star Wars Jedi Knight: Jedi Academy features a mission set on the desert planet of Blenjeel where the player must evade numerous giant worms called Sand Burrowers which are virtually identical to those in Dune.
  • The MMORPG Guild Wars features a giant worm-like enemy named Wurm that travels beneath the desert sand, only reaching the surface for attacking unprepared travellers. As the game progresses, player may encounter a few variants of this creature that are able to travel beneath earth, snow, or even volcanic rocks. In the third chapter of the series, Guild Wars Nightfall, players can obtain the ability to ride a special type of worms called Junundu throughout a deadly, sulphuric desert region.
  • World of Warcraft also has a giant sandworm called "Ouro" as a boss in the dungeon Ahn'Qiraj that a 40-man raid must conquer. He drops various items relating to Dune such as the Jom Gabbar, a reference to the Bene Gesserit gom jabbar. The World of Warcraft expansion, The Burning Crusade, features another giant sandworm named Hai'Shalud. There is a guild on the Duskwood server called shai'hulud.
  • In the constructible strategy game Pirates of the Mysterious Islands, there is a Super Rare Sea Monster named Shaihulud.
  • In the 2007 third-person shooter video game Lost Planet: Extreme Condition, there is a type of Akrid that resembles a massive worm, and attacks on an open snow plain which the player has to traverse.
  • Sandworms are common enemies in Phantasy Star IV and the Final Fantasy series.
  • In Gabriel Knight 3, Gabriel jokingly asks John Wilkes if he is looking for giant sandworms as Wilkes takes seismograph readings. The icon used to prompt Gabriel to ask the question is a picture of a Dune sandworm with splayed trifaceted jaws.
  • In Starcraft: Brood War, there is a doodad in the desert tileset that appears to be the skeleton of a sandworm.
  • In Starcraft 2, a planned zerg unit is called the Nydus Worm, which burrows out of the ground and resembles a Sandworm. It provides transportation for zerg units.

The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... F-Zero GX , F-ZERO GX) is a futuristic racing video game for the Nintendo GameCube console. ... This section needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article is about the video game character. ... Metroid Prime 2: Echoes is the direct sequel to Metroid Prime, and is the latest game in Nintendos Metroid series to appear on the GameCube. ... This article or section contains speculation and may try to argue its points. ... Half-Life 2 (HL2) is a science fiction first-person shooter computer game that is the sequel to Half-Life. ... // Spoiler warning: Aargau is one of the Deep Core Worlds, and is the headquarters of the Bank of Aargau, which is owned by the Confederacy of Independent Systems ally, the InterGalactic Banking Clan. ... An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... Guild Wars is an episodic series of multiplayer online role-playing games created by ArenaNet, a Seattle game development studio and a subsidiary of the South Korean game publisher NCsoft. ... Guild Wars Nightfall is a fantasy Competitive/Co-operative Online RolePlaying Game (CORPG) and the third stand-alone campaign in the Guild Wars computer game series developed by ArenaNet. ... World of Warcraft (commonly abbreviated as WoW) is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Blizzard Entertainment and is the fourth game in the Warcraft series, excluding expansion packs and the cancelled Warcraft Adventures: Lord of the Clans. ... The Gom Jabbar is a fictional device appearing in Frank Herberts Dune universe. ... A Constructable Strategy Game (or CSG) is a strategy game employing pieces assembled from components. ... Pirates of the Mysterious Islands is an expansion set for the constructible strategy game Pirates of the Spanish Main, by WizKids. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Phantasy Star IV: The End of the Millennium is a traditional-style console role-playing game released in 1994 for the Mega Drive/Genesis. ... For the first installment in the series, see Final Fantasy (video game). ... Gabriel Knight 3: Blood of the Sacred, Blood of the Damned is the third and final game in the Gabriel Knight series of adventure games by Sierra Online. ... StarCraft: Brood War is an expansion pack released in 1998 for StarCraft — an award winning real-time strategy computer game. ... The storyline of StarCraft II would almost certainly follow on from the events in the StarCraft storyline, which last ended with the end of game cutscene in StarCraft: Brood War, which mainly featured Kerrigan, Queen of Blades. ...

Music

  • In the song "Weapon of Choice" by Fatboy Slim, the phrase "Walk without rhythm, and you won't attract the worm" alludes to the sandworms of Dune.
  • A rare, early version of the Beastie Boys song "Intergalactic" begins with the phrase "Well the spice is the worm and the worm is the spice," an obvious reference to sandworms and their relationship to melange.
  • The metalcore band Shai Hulud drew their name from the Fremen word for the sandworms.
  • Giant Sandworms was the original name of Howe Gelb's band Giant Sand.
  • "Shai Hulud" is the title of a song on Filk artist Kathy Mar's album Plus ça Change.

Christopher Walken in Weapon of Choice. ... Fatboy Slim (born Quentin Leo Cook on July 31, 1963, also known as Norman Cook) is an English musician in the dance music genre. ... The Beastie Boys are a musical group from the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan. ... Intergalactic is a single by the Beastie Boys from their album Hello Nasty. ... Metalcore (also known as hardcore metal) is a fusion genre, mixing elements of metal and hardcore punk. ... Shai Hulud is a hardcore band. ... Giant Sand, originally The Giant Sandworms, is an American rock band, based in Tucson, Arizona (although Los Angeles, California was its home for many years). ... Filk is a musical culture, genre, and community tied to science fiction/fantasy fandom, active since the early 1950s if concentrated primarily since the mid-1970s. ...

Miscellaneous

This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Production Order Sandy, SpongeBob, and the Worm is a SpongeBob SquarePants episode from season two. ... The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy (Sometimes shortened as Billy & Mandy or Grim Adventures)., created by Maxwell Atoms, is an American animated television series that currently airs on Cartoon Network. ... Mandy the Merciless / Creating Chaos / Really Odd Couple is the 16th episode of The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy. ... God Emperor of Dune is a science fiction novel by Frank Herbert published in 1981 — the fourth novel in the Dune series. ...

References

  1. ^ Herbert, Frank [1965] (1987). Dune. Ace Books, 391. ISBN 0-441-17266-0. “It [the sandworm] appeared to be more than half a league long, and the rise of the sandwave at its cresting head was like the approach of a mountain.” 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sandworms - Behind The Scenes - Arrakis - Dune (657 words)
Nearly all of Rambaldi's sandworms were employed in a series of forced-perpective shots depicting the creatures' passage through a breach in the Arrakeen shield wall.
Barry Nolan and crew shoot a background plate of the tail section for later compositing with the live-action worm riders.
On the Churubusco backlot, Kyle MacLachlan chases after a section of sandworm that is mounted on a track and pulled by a track off picture.
Sandworm - Dune - a Wikia wiki (770 words)
The sandworm was a native lifeform of the planet Arrakis.
It lived in the vast sand dunes that stretched across the surface of the planet, and was a by-product of the same process that created the Spice Melange.
The sandworm was created when sandtrout banded together after massing on a store of water deep beneath the surface of Arrakis, and converted it into a liquid chemical that the sandworm was capable of digesting without being poisoned.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m