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Encyclopedia > Sandwich
French bread sandwich with chips
French bread sandwich with chips
Sandwich making
Sandwich making

A sandwich is a food item made of two or more slices of leavened bread with one or more layers of filling: typically meat, or cheese with the addition of vegetables or salad. The bread can be used as is, or it can be coated with butter, oil, mustard or other condiments to enhance flavor and texture. In North American usage, sandwich may also refer to what is more commonly referred to in the rest of the world as a hamburger. A sandwich is a food item typically consisting of two pieces of leavened bread between which are laid layers of other kinds of food. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 853 pixels, file size: 135 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 853 pixels, file size: 135 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... A typical club sandwich A club sandwich, also called a clubhouse sandwich, is a type of sandwich most frequently served as a double-decker, requiring three (rather than two) slices of bread. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 112 KB)From http://pdphoto. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 112 KB)From http://pdphoto. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2083 KB) Description: Closeup photograph of an italian sandwich (panino terracina) at a restaurant in Toronto. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2083 KB) Description: Closeup photograph of an italian sandwich (panino terracina) at a restaurant in Toronto. ... It has been suggested that Hero sandwich be merged into this article or section. ... A leavening agent (sometimes called just leavening or leaven) is a substance used in doughs and batters that causes a foaming action. ... For other uses, see Bread (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Meat (disambiguation). ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... For other uses, see Vegetable (disambiguation). ... This article deals with food. ... For other uses, see Butter (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with cooking oil. ... Look up Mustard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Salt, sugar and pepper are the most essential condiments in Western cuisine. ... This article is about the food item. ...

Contents

History

The first form of sandwich is attributed to the ancient Jewish sage Hillel the Elder, who is said to have put meat from the Paschal lamb and bitter herbs inside matzo (or flat,unleavened bread) during Passover. The filling between the matzos served as a reminder to Israelites of their forced labor constructing Egyptian buildings. For this reason, Romans referred to the meal as a "cibus Hilleli," or Hillel's Snack. [1] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hillel (הלל) (born Babylon 1st Century BCE - died ?Jerusalem, 1st Century CE) was a famous Jewish religious leader, one of the most important figures in Jewish history. ... Korban Pesach (Hebrew: קרבן פסח sacrifice [of] Passover) also known as the Paschal Lamb, is the Korban God commanded the Children of Israel to offer during the night before the Exodus from Egypt,and which they ate with special ceremonies according to divine direction. ... Maror are traditionally Jewish bitter herbs eaten on Passover, symbolizing the bitterness of slavery in Egypt. ... Machine-made shmura matza Matza (also Matzah (better Matsah) Hebrew , in Ashkenazi matzo or matzoh, and in Yiddish, matze, Greek - Masa, or Massa) is a cracker-like flatbread made of white plain flour, and water. ... This article is about the Jewish holiday. ... Look up Israelite in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


During the Middle Ages, thick slabs of coarse and usually stale bread, called "trenchers", were used as plates. After a meal, the food-soaked trencher was fed to a dog, less fortunate beggars, or eaten by the diner. Trenchers were the harbingers of open-face sandwiches.[2] The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


The first written usage of the word appeared in Edward Gibbon's journal, in longhand, referring to "bits of cold meat" as a 'Sandwich'. It was named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, an 18th-century English aristocrat, although he was neither the inventor nor sustainer of the food. It is said that Lord Sandwich was fond of this form of food because it allowed him to continue playing cards, particularly cribbage, while eating without getting his cards greasy from eating meat with his bare hands. Edward Gibbon (1737–1794). ... John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, 1783, by Sir Thomas Gainsborough For other persons of the same name, see John Montagu. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... For the pocket billiards game of the same name, see Cribbage (pool). ...


Through the 18th century, the sandwich was popularized by Montagu and remained a Spanish dish. Initially perceived as food men shared while gaming and drinking at night, the sandwich slowly began appearing in polite society as a late-night meal among the aristocracy. The sandwich's popularity in Spain and England increased dramatically during the 19th century, when the rise of industrial society and the working classes made fast, portable, and inexpensive meals essential.[3]


It was at the same time that the sandwich finally began to appear outside of Europe. In the United States, the sandwich was first promoted as an elaborate supper meal. By the early 20th century, as bread became a staple of the American diet, the sandwich became the same kind of popular, quick meal as was widespread in the Mediterranean.[4]


Usage

Sandwiches are commonly carried to work or school to be eaten as the midday meal as part of a packed lunch or lunchbox, and carried on trips, picnics etc. They are widely sold in sandwich shops and in cafes. They are popular all over the globe. Bento packed lunch. ... Categories: Stub ... Friends and family gather for a picnic in a public park in Columbus, Ohio, c. ... The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations in the United States, first enacted by Congress in 1975, exist to regulate and improve the average fuel economy of cars and light trucks (trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles) sold in the US. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is the sales weighted...


List of regional sandwich styles

Some of these are distinguished primarily by the bread or method of preparation, rather than the filling. The list does not include single-ingredient sandwiches although there are references to many on Wikipedia. A bacon butty is essentially a bacon sandwich on white bread, usually with some form of sauce on it. ... Bánh mì is a Vietnamese sandwich made with a French-inspired baguette, small slices of pickled carrots, daikon, onions, cilantro, and choice of barbecued pork, paté, and other meats. ... Barros Jarpa is a popular sandwich that includes ham and melted Cheese. ... Barros Luco is a popular sandwich that includes a beef and melted Cheese. ... A typical BLT sandwich. ... The German word Butterbrot (literally: butterbread = bread with butter) describes a slice of bread topped with butter. ... Caprese is a small city in Italy were the famous artist Michelango di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni was born. ... Cheesesteak with Cheez Whiz The cheesesteak, known outside the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area as the Philadelphia cheesesteak, Philly cheesesteak, or steak and cheese is a sandwich principally of thinly sliced pieces of steak and melted cheese on a long roll. ... Chip butty with tomato ketchup A chip sandwich or sometimes in the United Kingdom, a chip butty is a sandwich made with bread (usually white and buttered) and chips, often with some sort of sauce such as tomato sauce. ... CHiPs is an American television series produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios that aired on NBC from September 15, 1977 to July 17, 1983. ... French fried potatoes, commonly known as French fries or fries (North America) or chips (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland and Commonwealth) are pieces of potato that have been chopped into batons and deep fried. ... Street sale of choripanes in Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Chorizo (in Spanish; IPA: [tʃoriθo] or [tʃoɹɪso]) or Chouriço (in Portuguese) is a term encompassing several types of pork sausage originating from the Iberian Peninsula. ... A typical club sandwich A club sandwich, also called a clubhouse sandwich, is a type of sandwich most frequently served as a double-decker, requiring three (rather than two) slices of bread. ... A croque-monsieur is a ham and cheese sandwich which is dipped in beaten egg, then pan-fried or grilled (U.S. broiled), and served hot. ... Cuban Sandwiches ready to be pressed in a busy cafe in Ybor City, Tampa A Cuban sandwich is a variation of a ham and cheese originally created by Cuban workers, either in Cuba or in Ybor City, Tampa, Florida. ... The traditional cucumber sandwich is composed of paper-thin slices of cucumber placed between two triangular slices of lightly buttered white bread. ... Tea (a meal, as opposed to the beverage), has different meanings according to country. ... A Dagwood sandwich is a thick multi-layered sandwich made up of a wide variety of meats, cheeses, and condiments. ... Fluffernutter before assembly. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... A grilled cheese sandwich served with tomato soup. ... This article is about the food dish. ... For other uses, see Pita (disambiguation). ... Souvlaki (Greek: Σουβλάκι) is a popular Greek fast food consisting of small pieces of meat and sometimes vegetables grilled on a skewer. ... This article is about the food item. ... A Hero Aint Nothin But a Sandwich -Alice Childress A hero sandwich, also known as an Italian sub or Italian submarine sandwich, is said to have originated in New York in the late 19th century when Italian laborers wanted a convenient lunch that reminded them of home. ... The hoagie is the term for a lunch sandwich in a region including Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey, Delaware, and parts of New York. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... A melt sandwich is a type of sandwich consisting of bread, some sort of filling, and a layer of cheese, often grated. ... A melt sandwich (or tuna melt) is a type of sandwich consisting of toast bread, tuna with or without mayonnaise and a topping of grated cheese. ... A patty melt is a type of hamburger sandwich consisting of a hamburger (or ground rabbit) patty and cheese between two slices of bread (traditionally rye, though sourdough, or Texas toast have recently been substituted. ... Monte Cristo sandwich According to Websters New Millennium™ Dictionary of English, a Monte Cristo is a sandwich of ham, turkey, and Swiss cheese between batter-dipped grilled or fried bread. ... Central Grocery, origin of the muffuletta. ... Baguette and rugbrød open sandwiches An open sandwich, also known as an open face sandwich or open faced sandwich, is a sandwich consisting of one slice of bread with one or more food items on top of it. ... For other uses of Panino, see Panino (disambiguation). ... PB&J redirects here. ... This article is about a traditional sandwich. ... One half of a Reuben sandwich. ... Roti John - preparation. ... Sandwich loaf before frosting. ... Sandwiches de miga are popular food items in Argentina. ... A Sloppy joe served with a side of potato chips In the United States a Sloppy Joe is a hot sandwich typically composed of minced beef cooked in a skillet with seasoned tomato sauce or tomato paste and spread between two sides of a bun. ... Smörgåstårta garnished with prawns, egg, caviar and cucumber Smörgåstårta (sandwich cake) is a swedish dish. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Hero sandwich be merged into this article or section. ... A tea sandwich is a small prepared sandwich meant to be eaten at afternoon teatime to stave off hunger until the main meal. ... Tea (a meal, as opposed to the beverage), has different meanings according to country. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Typical Mexican Torta A torta is a Mexican sandwich, served on an oblong 6-8 inch firm, crusty white sandwich roll, called a bolillo or telera. ...


See also

For the chocolate bar, see Double Decker (chocolate bar). ...

References

  1. ^ And so we find in a fragment of Varro, preserved by Nonnius, that "cibus Hilleli est illa caesna quo panis sive caseum sive carnem sepit buturoque saepe operitur."
  2. ^ What's Cooking America, Sandwiches, History of Sandwiches. February 2, 2007.
  3. ^ Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, Solomon H. Katz, editor (Charles Scribner's Sons: New York) 2003
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, Solomon H. Katz, editor (Charles Scribner's Sons: New York) 2003

is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Open Sandwich Kent England UK, Medieval Cinqueport, Guide and History (290 words)
Find extensive history of Sandwich Kent UK, from Roman times to the present, photos, Send a postcard, take a tour, learn the origin of Sandwich and the sandwich.
The first recorded mention of Sandwich was around 664 AD but it is older than that - there was probably some kind of settlement in Roman times as the site is very close to Richborough Roman Fort (Rutupiae).
Sandwich is not only famous for the sandwich but some famous people where born or lived here.
Sandwich - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (918 words)
Sandwiches are commonly carried to work or school in lunchboxes or brown paper bags (in sandwich bags) to be eaten as the midday meal, taken on picnics, hiking trips, or other outings.
As part of a full meal sandwiches are traditionally accompanied with such side dishes as a serving of soup (soup-and-sandwich), a salad (salad-and-sandwich), or potato chips/french fries and a pickle or coleslaw.
Indeed a form of sandwich is attributed to the ancient Jewish sage Hillel the Elder, who is said to have put meat from the Paschal lamb and bitter herbs inside matzo (or flat bread) during Passover.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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