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Encyclopedia > Sandro Botticelli
Sandro Botticelli

Alleged self-portrait of Botticelli, in his Adoration of the Magi. Uffizi, Florence.
Birth name Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi
Born March 1, 1444(1444-03-01) or 1445
Florence, Italy
Died May 17, 1510 (aged 66)
Nationality Italian
Training Florentine school
Movement Renaissance

Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli or Il Botticello ("The Little Barrel"; March 1, 1445May 17, 1510)[1] was an Italian painter of the Florentine school during the Early Renaissance (Quattrocento). Less than a hundred years later, this movement, under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, was characterized by Giorgio Vasari as a "golden age", a thought, suitably enough, he expressed at the head of his Vita of Botticelli. His posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century; since then his work has been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting, and The Birth of Venus and Primavera rank now among the most familiar masterpieces of Florentine art. Botticelli is a guessing game which requires the players to have a good knowledge of biographical details of famous people. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2457, 345 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sandro Botticelli ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 2 - Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg proclaimed commander of the Albanian resistance April 16 - Truce of Tours. ... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (died 1510) March 16 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (died 1510) Albert Brudzewski, Polish astronomer (died 1497) Nicolas Chuquet, French mathematician Deaths June 5 - Leonel Power, English composer June 11 - Henry... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1510 (MDX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (died 1510) March 16 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (died 1510) Albert Brudzewski, Polish astronomer (died 1497) Nicolas Chuquet, French mathematician Deaths June 5 - Leonel Power, English composer June 11 - Henry... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1510 (MDX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other uses, see Lorenzo de Medici (disambiguation). ... Giorgio Vasari (30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, who is today famous for his biographies of Italian artists, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Birth of Venus is a painting by Sandro Botticelli. ... The Primavera is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c. ...

Contents

Biography

Youth

Details of Botticelli's life are sparse, but we know that he became an apprentice when he was about fourteen years old, which would indicate that he received a fuller education than did other Renaissance artists. Vasari reported that he was initially trained as a goldsmith by his brother Antonio.[2] Probably by 1462 he was apprenticed to Fra Filippo Lippi;[3] many of his early works have been attributed to the elder master, and attributions continue to be uncertain. Influenced also by the monumentality of Masaccio's painting, it was from Lippi that Botticelli learned a more intimate and detailed manner. As recently discovered, during this time, Botticelli could have traveled to Hungary, participating in the creation of a fresco in Esztergom, ordered in the workshop of Fra Filippo Lippi by Vitéz János, then archbishop of Hungary. Madonna and Child 1440-45, tempera on panel National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Fra Filippo Lippi (1406 - October 8?, 1469), commonly called Lippo Lippi, one of the most renowned painters of the Italian quattrocento, was born in Florence; his father, Tommaso, was a butcher. ... Masaccio (born Tommaso Cassai or in some accounts Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone; December 21, 1401 – autumn 1428), was the first great painter of the Quattrocento period of the Italian Renaissance. ... Basilica in Esztergom. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ...


By 1470 Botticelli had his own workshop. Even at this early date his work was characterized by a conception of the figure as if seen in low relief, drawn with clear contours, and minimizing strong contrasts of light and shadow which would indicate fully modeled forms.


Masterworks

The masterworks Primavera (c. 1478) and The Birth of Venus (c. 1485) were both seen by Vasari at the villa of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici at Castello in the mid-16th century, and until recently it was assumed that both works were painted specifically for the villa. Recent scholarship suggests otherwise: the Primavera was painted for Lorenzo's townhouse in Florence, and The Birth of Venus was commissioned by someone else for a different site. By 1499 both had been installed at Castello.[4]


In these works the influence of Gothic realism is tempered by Botticelli's study of the antique. But if the painterly means may be understood, the subjects themselves remain fascinating for their ambiguity. The complex meanings of these paintings continue to receive scholarly attention, mainly focusing on the poetry and philosophy of humanists who were the artist's contemporaries. The works do not illustrate particular texts; rather, each relies upon several texts for its significance. Of their beauty, characterized by Vasari as exemplifying "grace", and by John Ruskin as possessing linear rhythm, there can be no doubt. The Western (Royal) Portal at Chartres Cathedral ( 1145). ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ...

Primavera (1478): icon of the springtime renewal of the Florentine Renaissance, also at the summer palazzo of Pierfrancesco de' Medici, as a companion piece to the Birth of Venus and Pallas and the Centaur. Left to right: Mercury, the Three Graces, Venus, Flora, Chloris, Zephyrus.

primavera painted by sandro botticelli The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... primavera painted by sandro botticelli The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... The Primavera is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c. ... Events February 18 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London. ... For the game of graces, see Game of graces. ... In Roman mythology, Flora was a goddess of flowers and the season of spring. ... As she talks, her lips breathe spring roses: I was Chloris, who am now called Flora. ... Zephyr and Hyakinth; Attic red figure cup from Tarquinia, circa 480 BCE. Boston Museum of Fine Arts. ...

Maturity and later life

The Adoration of the Magi for Santa Maria Novella (c. 1475-1476, now at the Uffizi) contains the portraits of Cosimo de' Medici ("the finest of all that are now extant for its life and vigour"[5]), his grandson Giuliano de' Medici, and Cosimo's son Giovanni. The quality of the scene was hailed by Vasari as one of Botticelli's pinnacles. Jacopo Pontormo: posthumous portrait of Cosimo de Medici, 1518-1519: the laurel branch, il Broncone, was an impresa used also by his heirs. ... Portrait by Sandro Botticelli. ... Giovanni de Medici (riding the brown horse) with his brother Piero, Benozzo Gozzolis frescoes in the Magi Chapel of Palazzo Medici, Florence. ...


In 1481, Pope Sixtus IV summoned Botticelli and other prominent Florentine and Umbrian artists to fresco the walls of the Sistine Chapel. The iconological program was the supremacy of the Papacy. Sandro's contribution was moderately successful. He returned to Florence, and "being of a sophistical turn of mind, he there wrote a commentary on a portion of Dante and illustrated the Inferno which he printed, spending much time over it, and this abstention from work led to serious disorders in his living." Thus Vasari characterized the first printed Dante (1481) with Botticelli's decorations; he could not imagine that the new art of printing might occupy an artist. Year 1481 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... Sixtus IV (July 21, 1414 – August 12, 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 1471 to 1484. ... -1... Dante redirects here. ... For other uses see The Divine Comedy (disambiguation), Dantes Inferno (disambiguation), and The Inferno (disambiguation) Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelino... Dante redirects here. ... For other uses, see Print. ...


In the mid-1480s Botticelli worked on a major fresco cycle with Perugino, Ghirlandaio, and Filippino Lippi, for Lorenzo the Magnificent's villa near Volterra; in addition he painted many frescoes in Florentine churches. Christ presenting the Keys to St Peter Fresco, 335 x 550 cm Sistine Chapel, Rome Pietro Perugino (1446-1524), whose family name was properly Vannucci, Italian painter, was born at Città della Pieve in Umbria, and belongs to the Umbrian school of painting. ... An Old Man and with a Strawberry Nose (1480). ... Filippino Lippi, self-portrait Biography Filippino Lippi (ca. ... The exact same full name was also carried by his grandson Lorenzo (1492 - 1519), Duke of Urbino, with whom he is sometimes confused. ... A view of Volterra. ...


In 1491 Botticelli served on a committee to decide upon a facade for the Florence Duomo. In 1502 he was accused of sodomy, though charges were later dropped. In 1504 he was a member of the committee appointed to decide where Michelangelo's David would be placed. His later work, especially as seen in a series on the life of St. Zenobius, witnessed a diminution of scale, expressively distorted figures, and a non-naturalistic use of colour reminiscent of the work of Fra Angelico nearly a century earlier. The duomo of Milan. ... For other uses, see Michelangelo (disambiguation). ... The Statue of David, sculpted from 1501 to 1504, is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture and one of Michelangelos two greatest works of sculpture, along with the Pietà. It is the statue of the young Israelite king David alone that almost certainly holds the title of the most recognizable... Saint Zenobius ( San Zenobio or San Zanobi) (337 – 417) is venerated as the first bishop of Florence. ... The Virgin of the Annunciation Fra Angelico (c. ...

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1466x600, 161 KB) Venus and Mars by Sandro Botticelli, 1483. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1466x600, 161 KB) Venus and Mars by Sandro Botticelli, 1483. ... Venus and Mars is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, 1483. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ...

Religion

In later life, Botticelli was one of Savonarola's followers, though the full extent of Savonarola's influence is uncertain.[6] The story that he burnt his own paintings on pagan themes in the notorious "Bonfire of the Vanities" is not told by Vasari, who asserts that of the sect of Savonarola "he was so ardent a partisan that he was thereby induced to desert his painting, and, having no income to live on, fell into very great distress. For this reason, persisting in his attachement to that party, and becoming a Piagnone[7] he abandoned his work.". Botticelli biographer Ernst Steinman searched for the artist's psychological development through his Madonnas. In the "deepening of insight and expression in the rendering of Mary's physiognomy", Steinman discerns proof of Savonarola's influence over Botticelli. This means that the biographer needed to alter the dates of a number of Madonnas to substantiate his theory; specifically, they are dated ten years later than before. Steinman disagrees with Vasari's assertion that Botticelli produced nothing after coming under the influence of Girolamo Savonarola. Steinman believes the spiritual and emotional Virgins rendered by Sandro follow directly from the teachings of the Dominican monk. Girolamo Savonarola by Fra Bartolomeo, ca 1498 Girolamo Savonarola (September 21, 1452–May 23, 1498), also translated as Jerome Savonarola or Hieronymous Savonarola, was a Dominican priest and, briefly, ruler of Florence, who was known for religious reformation and anti-Renaissance preaching and his book burning and destruction of art. ... Bonfire of the Vanities refers to an event on 7 February 1497 when followers of the priest Girolamo Savonarola collected and publicly burned thousands of objects in Florence, Italy, on the Shrove Tuesday festival. ...


Earlier, Botticelli had painted an Assumption of the Virgin for Matteo Palmieri in a chapel at San Pietro Maggiore in which, it was rumored, both the patron who dictated the iconic scheme and the painter who painted it, were guilty of unidentified heresy, a delicate requirement in such a subject. The heretical notions seem to be gnostic in character: For other uses, see Heresy (disambiguation). ... Gnosticism (Greek: gnōsis, knowledge) refers to a diverse, syncretistic religious movement consisting of various belief systems generally united in the teaching that humans are divine souls trapped in a material world created by an imperfect spirit, the demiurge, who is frequently identified with the Abrahamic God. ...

By the side door of San Piero Maggiore he did a panel for Matteo Palmieri, with a large number of figures representing the Assumption of Our Lady with zones of patriarchs, prophets, apostles, evangelists, martyrs, confessors, doctors, virgins, and the orders of angels, the whole from a design given to him by Matteo, who was a worthy and educated man. He executed this work with the greatest mastery and diligence, introducing the portraits of Matteo and his wife on their knees. But although the great beauty of this work could find no other fault with it, said that Matteo and Sandro were guilty of grave heresy. Whether this be true or not, I cannot say. (Giorgio Vasari)

This is a common misconception based on a mistake by Vasari. The painting referred to here, now in the National Gallery in London, is by the artist Botticini. Vasari confused their similar sounding names. Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Francesco di Giovanni Botticini (ca. ...

Birth of Venus This work is copyrighted. ... Birth of Venus This work is copyrighted. ... The Birth of Venus is a painting by Sandro Botticelli. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ...

Posthumous eclipse

Botticelli was already little employed in 1502; after his death his reputation was eclipsed longer and more thoroughly than that of any other major European artist. His paintings remained in the churches and villas[8] for which they had been created, his frescoes in the Sistine Chapel upstaged by Michelangelo's. The first nineteenth century art historian to have looked with satisfaction at Botticelli's Sistine frescoes was Alexis-François Rio. Through Rio Mrs Jameson and Sir Charles Eastlake were alerted to Botticelli, but, while works by his hand began to appear in German collections, both the Nazarenes and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood ignored him. Walter Pater created a literary picture of Botticelli, who was then taken up by the Aesthetic movement. The first monograph on the artist was published in 1893; then, between 1900 and 1920 more books were written on Botticelli than any other painter.[9]-1... Anna Brownell Jameson (May 17, 1794 - March 17, 1860), British writer, was born in Dublin. ... For the 19th century English painter, see Sir Charles Lock Eastlake Charles Locke Eastlake (1836 - 1906) was an architect and furniture designer. ... -1... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ... Walter Horatio Pater (August 4, 1839 - July 30, 1894) was an English essayist and literary critic. ...


Recent discovery

Recently, one of four female figures on a fresco in the ruins of the Archbishop's studiolo in the castle of Esztergom, Hungary, was recognized (by Zsuzsanna Wierdl and Maria Prokopp) as possibly the first independent creation by Botticelli. The figures representing four cardinal virtues were ordered from the workshop of Fra Filippo Lippi by Vitéz János, then Archbishop of Hungary. The figure attributed to Botticelli — the temperance — has many traits of his later works.[10] Some eminent scholars in the field such as Miklos Boskovits and Louis Waldman reject the frescoes' attribution to Botticelli. In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Basilica in Esztergom. ...


Anthology of works

The Madonna and Child with an Angel is a panting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Ajaccio (IPA: , Latin: ; French: ; Corsican: ), is a town in France. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Warsaw National Museum, Masovian Voivodship, Poland - exists from May 20, 1862 as Museum of Fine Arts in Warsaw, renamed in 1916 to Warsaw National Museum(together with inclusion of collection from different museum and cultural institutions such as the Society of Care over Relics of Past, Museum of Antiquity at... Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Portrait of a Young Man is a painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, dated between 1470 and 1475. ... Early, tinted 20th-century photograph of the Palazzo Pitti, then still known as La Residenza Reale following the residency of King Emmanuel II between 1865–71, when Florence was the capital of Italy. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Madonna in Glory with Seraphim is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, 1469-1470. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Michelangelos David in the Tribuna that was built especially to house it The Accademia dell Arte del Disegno (Academy of Design) of Florence was the first academy of drawing in Europe. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The Madonna and Child with Two Angels is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, c. ... Palazzo Capodimonte. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the worlds largest and finest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Fortitude is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, finished in 1470. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum is a museum in Boston, Massachusetts with a collection of over 2,500 works of European, Asian and American art, including paintings, sculpture, tapestries, and decorative arts. ... Boston redirects here. ... Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Early, tinted 20th-century photograph of the Palazzo Pitti, then still known as La Residenza Reale following the residency of King Emmanuel II between 1865–71, when Florence was the capital of Italy. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... St. ... Events December 12 - Upon the death of Henry IV of Castile a civil war ensues between his designated successor Isabella I of Castile and her sister Juana who was supported by her husband, Alfonso V of Portugal. ... The Gemäldegalerie is an art gallery in Berlin, Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Portrait of a Man with the Medal of Cosimo de Medici is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1474-1475. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2806, 491 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sandro Botticelli Portrait of a Man with a Medal of Cosimo the Elder ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2806, 491 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sandro Botticelli Portrait of a Man with a Medal of Cosimo the Elder ... Portrait of a Man with the Medal of Cosimo de Medici is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1474-1475. ... The front view of the Accademia Carrara The Accademia Carrara (pron. ... Small street (via della Noca) leading to città alta. ... On the western edge of Grant Park in Chicago, Illinois, is the Art Institute of Chicago, one of the premier art museums and schools in the United States, known especially for the extensive collection of impressionist and American art in its museum. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Altenburg is a town in the German Bundesland of Thuringia. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The West building of the National Gallery of Art with the East building visible behind and to to the left The National Gallery of Art is an art museum, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The museum was established in 1937 by the Congress, with funds for... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The Romanesque-Gothic facade, completed by Leon Battista Alberti in 1470 Santa Maria Novella is a church in Florence. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The Portrait of Giuliano de Medici is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, 1478. ... Events February 18 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London. ... The Gemäldegalerie is an art gallery in Berlin, Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Gemäldegalerie is an art gallery in Berlin, Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Events March 6 - Treaty of Toledo - Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain recognize African conquests of Afonso of Portugal and he cedes the Canary Islands to Spain Great standing on the Ugra river - Muscovy becomes independent from the Golden Horde. ... Inside view The Church of Ognissanti, Florence (Chiesa di Ognissanti), in piazza dOgnisanti,[1] is a Franciscan church founded by the lay order of the Umiliati, who devoted their lives to physical labour, producing cloth and glass for the glory of God, and to strict personal poverty, which brought... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The Madonna of the Book, also known as the Madonna del Libro, is a small painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, circa 1483. ... Lamentation over the Dead Christ, by Sandro Botticelli. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... The Portrait of a Young Woman is a panting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, 1480-1485]. It is housed in the Stadelsches Kunstinstitut of Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... The Gemäldegalerie is an art gallery in Berlin, Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Year 1481 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... -1... Year 1481 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... -1... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Pallas and the Centaur is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, circa 1482. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Venus and Mars is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, 1483. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Portrait of a Young Man is a painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, circa 1483. ... The West building of the National Gallery of Art with the East building visible behind and to to the left The National Gallery of Art is an art museum, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The museum was established in 1937 by the Congress, with funds for... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Bold text The Museo del Prado is a famous museum and art gallery located in Madrid; the capital of Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Year 1484 was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... The Gemäldegalerie is an art gallery in Berlin, Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Birth of Venus is a painting by Sandro Botticelli. ... Year 1485 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as the Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Baltimore Museum of Art in Baltimore, Maryland, was founded in 1914. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... The Madonna of the Pomegranate is a painting of the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1487. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The Annunciation, also known as the Cestello Annunciation, is a tempera painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1489-1490. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The Alte Pinakothek (Old Pinakothek) is an art museum situated in the Kunstareal in Munich, Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Early, tinted 20th-century photograph of the Palazzo Pitti, then still known as La Residenza Reale following the residency of King Emmanuel II between 1865–71, when Florence was the capital of Italy. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The Philadelphia Museum of Art, located at the west end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphias Fairmount Park, was established in 1876 in conjunction with the Centennial Exposition of the same year and is now among the largest and most important art museums in the United States. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... The Museu de Arte de São Paulo, or MASP, was inaugurated on October 2, 1947, by Assis Chateaubriand and Pietro Maria Bardi. ... This article is about the city. ... The Holy Trinity or Pala delle Convertite is an altarpiece by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c. ... The Courtauld Institute of Art is a listed organisation of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Entrance to the Ambrosian Library. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... The Calumny of Apelles is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1494-1495. ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... The Lamentation over the Dead Christ with Saints is a painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, dated between 1490-1495. ... Lamentation over the Dead Christ, by Sandro Botticelli. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... The front view of the Accademia Carrara The Accademia Carrara (pron. ... Small street (via della Noca) leading to città alta. ... The History of Lucretia is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, painted between 1496 and 1504. ... The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum is a museum in Boston, Massachusetts with a collection of over 2,500 works of European, Asian and American art, including paintings, sculpture, tapestries, and decorative arts. ... Boston redirects here. ... The Fogg Art Museum is the oldest of Harvard Universitys art museums. ... Harvard redirects here. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - Total 7. ... The front view of the Accademia Carrara The Accademia Carrara (pron. ... Small street (via della Noca) leading to città alta. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... The Rijksmuseum Rembrandt van Rijn: The Night Watch 1642 Johannes Vermeer: Milkmaid 1658-1660 Frans Hals: Portrait of a Young Couple The Rijksmuseum (IPA: ; Dutch for National Museum) is a national museum of the Netherlands, located in Amsterdam on the Museumplein. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... The Capilla Real, or Royal Chapel, in Granada is a mausoleum that houses the remains of the Catholic Kings (Spanish: ), Don Fernando de Aragón and Doña Isabel de Castilla. ... For other uses, see Granada (disambiguation). ... The Mystical Nativity is a tempera painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1500-1501. ... Baptism of St. ... Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as the Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Last Miracle and Death of St. ... The Gemäldegalerie is one of the worlds leading collections of European art from the 13th to 18th century. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Sandro Botticelli NNDB.com
  2. ^ According to Vasari, he was still in school in February of 1458; an able pupil, he easily grew restless, and was initially apprenticed as a goldsmith. Lightbown, p. 19.
  3. ^ Lightbown, p. 20.
  4. ^ Smith, Webster: On the Original Location of the Primavera.
  5. ^ Vasari, Lives
  6. ^ Lightbown, pages 238-253; Return of a Forgotten Master, TIME
  7. ^ A "Weeper" or "Mourner", as the repentant followers of Savonarola were called. (Vasari text on-line).
  8. ^ Primavera and The Birth of Venus remained in the Grand Ducal Medici villa of Castello until 1815. (Levey 1960:292
  9. '^ This section is based on Michael Levey, "Botticelli and Nineteenth-Century England" Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 23.3/4 (July 1960:291-306).
  10. ^ Possible Botticelli fresco found in Hungary, MSNBC, June 8, 2007

The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, or Le Vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori as it was originally known in Italian, is a series of artist biographies written by 16th century Italian painter and architect Giorgio Vasari, which is considered perhaps the most famous...

References

  • Knackfuss H., Monographs On Artists, VI. Botticelli by Ernst Steinman, Translated by Campbell Dodgson, New York, Lemcke & Huachner, 1901, Pg. 112.
  • New York Times, Life of Botticelli, November 19, 1904, Page BR783.
  • Da Vinci Declassified, 2006 TLC documentary
  • Ullman, H., Sandro Botticelli, 1893
  • Yashiro, Y., Sandro Botticelli and the Florentine Renaissance, 1929
  • Lightbown, R., Sandro Botticelli: Life and Work, 1989
  • The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Macropaedia, Volume 2, 1991, Page 413-14.

The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... TLC Network is a cable TV network in the US that carries a variety of informational and reality-based programming. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Sandro Botticelli

The following list is an incomplete list of painters. ... Famous Italian painters (in alphabetical order): Francesco Albani,(1578-1660) Mariotto Albertinelli, (1474-1515) Fra Angelico, (1387-1445) Fra Bartolommeo, (1472-1517) Gentile Bellini, (c. ... This is a list of Italians or Italian-speaking/writing people that are famous. ... Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and Wife by Jan van Eyck (1434). ... The Italian Renaissance began the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement in Europe that spanned the period from the end of the 14th century to about 1600, marking the transition between Medieval and Early Modern Europe. ... See also Western art, History of painting, History of art, Art history, Painting, Outline of painting history Jan Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North 1665-1667 Édouard Manet, The Balcony 1868 The history of Western painting represents a continuous, though disrupted, tradition... // The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures. ...

External links

  • Sandro Botticelli in "A World History of Art"
  • Botticelli at Panopticon Virtual Art Gallery
The Madonna and Child with an Angel is a panting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c. ... The Annunciation, also known as the Cestello Annunciation, is a tempera painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1489-1490. ... The Portrait of a Young Man is a painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, dated between 1470 and 1475. ... Madonna in Glory with Seraphim is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, 1469-1470. ... The Madonna and Child with Two Angels is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, c. ... The Fortitude is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, finished in 1470. ... St. ... Portrait of a Man with the Medal of Cosimo de Medici is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1474-1475. ... The Portrait of Giuliano de Medici is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, 1478. ... The Madonna of the Book, also known as the Madonna del Libro, is a small painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, circa 1483. ... The Portrait of a Young Woman is a panting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, 1480-1485]. It is housed in the Stadelsches Kunstinstitut of Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ... -1... Pallas and the Centaur is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, circa 1482. ... Venus and Mars is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, 1483. ... Portrait of a Young Man is a painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, circa 1483. ... The Birth of Venus is a painting by Sandro Botticelli. ... The Madonna of the Pomegranate is a painting of the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1487. ... The Annunciation, also known as the Cestello Annunciation, is a tempera painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1489-1490. ... The Holy Trinity or Pala delle Convertite is an altarpiece by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c. ... The Calumny of Apelles is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1494-1495. ... The Lamentation over the Dead Christ with Saints is a painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, dated between 1490-1495. ... The History of Lucretia is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, painted between 1496 and 1504. ... The Mystical Nativity is a tempera painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, circa 1500-1501. ... Baptism of St. ... The Last Miracle and Death of St. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2457, 345 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sandro Botticelli ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sandro Botticelli (678 words)
Botticelli was Florentine and extremely successful at the peak of his career, with a highly individual and graceful style founded on the rhythmic capabilities of outline.
So well did this work establish Botticelli's reputation that in 1481-82 he was commissioned to join Perugino, Ghirlandaio and Rosselli (the most celebrated painters of the day) to paint frescoes for the Sistine Chapel.
The Primavera of Sandro Botticelli : A Neoplatonic Interpretation
Biography (815 words)
Almost all Botticelli's life was spent in Florence, his only significant journey from the city being in 1481-82, when he worked on the decoration of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican, where he painted side by side with Perugino, Rosselli, and Ghirlandaio.
Botticelli ran a busy studio (his most important pupil was Filippino Lippi) and his surviving output is large for a painter of his period.
Botticelli also painted religious subjects, especially panels of the Madonna, such as the Madonna of the Magnificat (1480s), Madonna of the Pomegranate (1480s), and Coronation of the Virgin (1490), all in the Uffizi, and Madonna and Child with Two Saints (1485, Staatliche Museen, Berlin).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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