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Encyclopedia > Sandra Cisneros
Sandra Cisneros
Born December 20, 1954,
Chicago, Illinois
Occupation Novelist, Poet, Short Story writer
Nationality American
Genres Literary Fiction
Notable work(s) The House of Mango Street, Woman Hollering Creek
Notable award(s) American Book Award, MacArthur Fellowship
Official website

Sandra Cisneros (born December 20, 1954 in Chicago) is a Latina author and poet best known for her novel The House on Mango Street. She is also the author of Caramelo, published by Knopf in 2002, Woman Hollering Creek and Other Stories (1991), My Wicked Wicked Ways (1987) and a collection of poems, Loose Woman. Her books and poetry have been translated into over a dozen languages, including Spanish, Galician, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Norwegian, Japanese, Chinese, Turkish, and, most recently, into Greek, Thai, and Serbo-Croatian. Much of her writing is influenced by her Mexican heritage. is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... This article is about work. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Latina may refer to one of the following: The female gender of the noun Latino in reference to Latin-American immigrants and their descendants. ... A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... The House on Mango Street is a coming-of-age novella by Mexican-American writer Sandra Cisneros, published in 1984. ... Caramelo is a 2002 novel by American author Sandra Cisneros. ... Alfred A. Knopf ( September 12, 1892 – August 11, 1984) was a leading American publisher of the 20th century. ...


Early life

Sandra was the only daughter in her family of six brothers. Her family moved frequently from Mexico to Chicago. When her family finally settled in a Puerto Rican neighborhood she was frequently told to become independent by her mother while her "seven fathers" told her to be a traditional Mexican woman. Sandra felt trapped between two cultures and was very lonely growing up until she turned to books. Sandra's experiences in Chicago helped her write her books, The House on Mango Street and Caramelo. She spent her time writing and reading.

Education and Awards

In 1976, Cisneros received a Bachelor of Arts degree in English from Loyola University Chicago. She enrolled in the graduate program in creative writing at the University of Iowa Writer's Workshop and earned a master’s degree in creative writing in 1978. She taught English and Creative Writing as a visiting professor at California State University, Chico in 1987-1988, at the University of California, Berkeley in 1988-1989, at the University of California, Irvine in 1990, at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor in 1990-1991, and at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque in 1991-1992. She received a National Endowment for the Arts grant in 1982, which allowed her to stay one year at Yalven Yakatory Institute in Hong Kong China. Her first book of fiction, The House on Mango Street, was awarded the American Book Award by the Before Columbus Foundation in 1985. She received a Paisano Dobie Fellowship in 1986 and a second National Endowment for the Arts award in 1988. Cisneros has been awarded the Lannan Literary Award for fiction in 1991, an honorary Doctor of Literature degreed by the State University of New York at Purchase in 1993, and was named a MacArthur Fellow in 1995. B. A. redirects here. ... A garden sign welcomes residents and visitors to Rogers Park as home of Loyola University Chicago. ... California State University, Chico is the second-oldest campus in the California State University system. ... Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... The University of California, Irvine is a public coeducational research university situated in Irvine, California. ... University of Michigan, Ann Arbor The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor is a public coeducational university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. ... The University of New Mexico (UNM) is a public university in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... The National Endowment for the Arts is a United States federally funded program that offers support and funding for projects that exhibit artistic excellence. ... The American Book Award was established in 1978 by the Before Columbus Foundation. ... The Before Columbus Foundation is a nonprofit organization founded in 1976 by Ishmael Reed, Victor Hernández Cruz, Shawn Wong and Rudolfo Anaya[1] to be a multi-ethnic organizing dedicated to promoting a pan-cultural view of America,[2] especially through the promotion of multicultural writers. ... The Lannan Literary Awards are a series of awards and literary fellowships given out in various fields. ... The State University of New York at Purchase, also known as Purchase College and SUNY Purchase, is a public liberal, visual, and performing arts college in Purchase, New York, United States, a part of the State University of New York system. ... The MacArthur Fellows Program or MacArthur Fellowship (sometimes nicknamed the genius grant) is an award given by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation each year to typically 20 to 40 citizens or residents of the U.S., of any age and working in any field, who show exceptional...


In a 1992 interview, Cisneros said: "A story is like a Giacometti sculpture; the further you get away from it, the clearer you can see it." She has also stated that she chooses the ugliest topics she can find and writes about them, in order to inform her readers about reality. She also wrote most of her writings based on her own personal experience and what she has seen from other people's lives. She put both of them together to write her books.[citation needed] Alberto Giacometti (October 10, 1901 - January 11, 1966) was an important surrealist sculptor and painter. ...

Sandra Cisneros currently resides in San Antonio, Texas. Although her home used to be known as the infamous violet house on Guenther Street[1] (because of the controversy her paint color caused in the historic district), she has since painted it "Mexican-pink," because the purple faded to blue.[2] In addition to her writing career, she volunteers in the Esperanza Center for Peace and Justice and serves as the literature director of the Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center. In 1996 she founded the Macondo Workshop, described on its website as "a unique summer gathering for writers working on geographic, cultural, social, and spiritual borders." San Antonio redirects here. ...

See also

Literature portal
  • List of Mexican American writers

Image File history File links Open_book_01. ... Chicano literature tends to focus on themes of identity, discrimination, culture, and history, with an emphasis on validating the Mexican American experience or Chicano culture in the United States. ...


  1. ^ King William Historic District page on Literary San Antonio site
  2. ^ Official Sandra Cisneros website

http://voices.cla.umn.edu/vg/Bios/entries/cisneros_sandra.html Cisneros, Sandra. "Sandra Cisneros." author spotlight. 1 random house inc.. 14 May 2008 <http://www.randomhouse.com/author/results.pperl?authorid=4977>. Cisneros, Sandra. "Sandra Cisneros." Sandra Cosneros. 1 poets.org. 14 May 2008 <http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/747>.

  Results from FactBites:
Sandra Cisneros (973 words)
Sandra Cisneros was born on December 20, 1954, in Chicago, Illinois.
Cisneros' voice -- that of a "working-class, Mexican-American woman with an independent sexuality" (Juffer) -- is shaped by her experiences growing up in a part of America that many other authors are not familiar with.
Cisneros calls the novels narrator, Esperanza, an "anti-academic voice—a child's voice, a girl's voice, a poor girl's voice, a spoken voice, the voice of an American-Mexican" (Juffer).
Sandra Cisneros (5330 words)
Cisneros still harbored the idea of becoming a writer and, because her father did not pressure her about career objectives as he did her brothers, she was able to major in English.
The discovery of the fundamental differences between Cisneros and her classmates and the subsequent awareness that she had no equals in the program was a revelation for the author.
Cisneros concluded in her interview with AAYA: "I expect myself as a writer, coming into this community, to write about it, because it is the way in which I can do something to make change in the world.
  More results at FactBites »



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